Now showing items 1246-1265 of 1345

    • Tracking animals in freshwater with electronic tags: past, present and future 

      Cooke, Steven J.; Midwood, Jonathan D.; Thiem, Jason D.; Klimley, Peter; Lucas, Martyn C.; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Eiler, John H.; Holbrook, Chris; Ebner, Brendan C (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Considerable technical developments over the past half century have enabled widespread application of electronic tags to the study of animals in the wild, including in freshwater environments. We review the constraints ...
    • Tracking neighbours promotes the coexistence of large carnivores 

      López-Bao, José Vicente; Mattisson, Jenny; Persson, Jens; Aronsson, Malin; Andrén, Henrik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      The study of competition and coexistence among similar interacting species has long been considered a cornerstone in evolutionary and community ecology. However, understanding coexistence remains a challenge. Using two ...
    • Training future generations to deliver evidence-based conservation and ecosystem management 

      Downey, Harriet; Amano, Tatsuya; Cadotte, Mark; Cook, Carly N.; Cooke, Steven J.; Haddaway, Neal R.; Jones, Julia P. G.; Littlewood, Nick; Walsh, Jessica C.; Abrahams, Mark I.; Adum, Gilbert; Akasaka, Munemitsu; Alves, Jose A.; Antwis, Rachael E.; Arellano, Eduardo C.; Axmacher, Jan; Barclay, Holly; Batty, Lesley; Benítez-López, Ana; Bennett, Joseph R.; Berg, Maureen J.; Bertolino, Sandro; Biggs, Duan; Bolam, Friederike C.; Bray, Tim; Brook, BarryW.; Bull, Joseph W.; Burivalova, Zuzana; Cabeza, Mar; Chauvenet, Alienor L. M.; Christie, Alec P.; Cole, Lorna; Cotton, Alison J.; Cotton, Sam; Cousins, Sara A.O.; Craven, Dylan; Cresswell, Will; Cusack, Jeremy J.; Dalrymple, Sarah E.; Davies, Zoe G.; Diaz, Anita; Dodd, Jennifer A.; Felton, Adam; Fleishman, Erica; Gardner, Charlie J.; Garside, Ruth; Ghoddousi, Arash; Gilroy, James J.; Gill, David A.; Gill, Jennifer A.; Glew, Louise; Grainger, Matthew (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      1. To be effective, the next generation of conservation practitioners andmanagers need to be critical thinkers with a deep understanding of how to make evidence-based decisions and of the value of evidence synthesis. 2. ...
    • Trans-Equatorial Migration Routes, Staging Sites and Wintering Areas of a High-Arctic Avian Predator: The Long-tailed Skua (Stercorarius longicaudus) 

      Gilg, Olivier; Moe, Børge; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Schmidt, Niels Martin; Sittler, Benoit; Hansen, Jannik; Reneerkens, Jeroen; Sabard, Brigitte; Chastel, Olivier; Moreau, Jérôme; Phillips, Richard A.; Oudman, Thomas; Biersma, Elisabeth M.; Fenstad, Anette; Lang, Johannes; Bollache, Loïc (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The Long-tailed Skua, a small (,300 g) Arctic-breeding predator and seabird, is a functionally very important component of the Arctic vertebrate communities in summer, but little is known about its migration and winter ...
    • Transformative governance of biodiversity: insights for sustainable development 

      Visseren-Hamakers, Ingrid; Razzaque, Jona; McElwee, Pamela; Turnhout, Esther; Kelemen, Eszter; Rusch, Graciela; Fernández-Llamazares, Álvaro; Chan, Ivis; Lim, Michelle; Islar, Mine; Gautam, Ambika P.; Williams, Meryl; Mungatana, Eric; Karim, Md Saiful; Muradian, Roldan; Gerber, Leah R.; Lui, Gabriel; Liu, Jinlong; Spangenberg, Joachim H.; Zaleski, Dara (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      While there is much debate on transformative change amongacademics and policymakers, the discussion on how to governsuch change is still in its infancy. This article argues thattransformative governance is needed to enable ...
    • Transformative potential of nature-based values that influence the relationships between reported and intended pro-environmental behavior 

      Johnson, Dana N.; van Riper, Carena J.; Rogowski, Julianna; Salcido, Evan; Stewart, William P.; Keller, Rose (Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Protected area landscapes embody multiple values of nature that can create meaning in everyday life. Though the values ascribed to these environments theoretically inspire changes in human behavior, surprisingly few studies ...
    • Transitions of social-ecological subsistence systems in the Arctic 

      Fauchald, Per; Hausner, Vera Helene; Schmidt, Jennifer Irene; Clark, Douglas A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Transitions of social-ecological systems (SES) expose governance systems to new challenges. This is particularly so in the Arctic where resource systems are increasingly subjected to global warming, industrial development ...
    • Transmission dynamics of the monogenean Gyrodactylus salaris under seminatural conditions 

      Hendrichsen, Ditte Katrine; Kristoffersen, Roar; Gjelland, Karl Øystein; Knudsen, Rune; Kusterle, Stefan; Rikardsen, Audun H.; Henriksen, Eirik Haugstvedt; Smalås, Aslak; Olstad, Kjetil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
    • Transplanting turfs to facilitate recovery in a low-alpine environment — What matters? 

      Mehlhoop, Anne Catriona; Evju, Marianne; Hagen, Dagmar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Questions: Restoration of disturbed alpine ecosystems is difficult due to harsh environmental conditions. Transplanting of vegetation turfs into disturbed areas has been used as a restoration method in disturbed alpine ...
    • Trawling disturbance on megabenthos and sediment in the Barents Sea: Chronic effects on density, diversity, and composition 

      Buhl-Mortensen, Lene; Ellingsen, Kari Elsa; Buhl-Mortensen, Pål; Skaar, Kristian Landmark; Gonzalez-Mirelis, Genoveva (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Bottom-trawl fisheries are expanding into deeper habitats and higher latitudes, but our understanding of their effects in these areas is limited. The ecological importance of habitat-forming megabenthos and their vulnerability ...
    • Trees enhance soil carbon sequestration and nutrient cycling in a silvopastoral system in south-western Nicaragua 

      Hoosbeek, Marcel R.; Remme, Roy P.; Rusch, Graciela (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Tree occurrence in silvopastoral systems of Central America has been under pressure for various reasons including attempts to improve grassland productivity and the need for wood. However, scattered isolated trees are ...
    • Trends in the start of the growing season in Fennoscandia 1982–2011 

      Høgda, Kjell Arild; Tømmervik, Hans; Karlsen, Stein Rune (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Global temperature is increasing, and this is affecting the vegetation phenology in many parts of the world. In Fennoscandia, as well as Northern Europe, the advances of phenological events in spring have been recorded in ...
    • Triiodothyronine (T3) levels fluctuate in response to ambient temperature rather than nutritional status in a wild tropical ungulate 

      Hunninck, Louis Marcel; Jackson, Craig Ryan; May, Roelof Frans; Røskaft, Eivin; Palme, R; Sheriff, M.J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Animals can employ a range of physiological mechanisms in response to unpredictable changes within their environment, such as changes in food availability and human disturbances. For example, impala exhibit higher faecal ...
    • Trophic ecology of piscivorous Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus (L.)) in subarctic lakes with contrasting food-web structures 

      Kahilainen, Kimmo Kalevi; Thomas, Stephen; Harrod, Chris; Hayden, Brian; Eloranta, Antti (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The trophic ecology of piscivorous Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus (L.); charr) in the food webs of large subarctic lakes is not well understood. We assessed charr diets, parasites, growth, maturity, and stable isotope ...
    • Trophic niche similarity among sea trout Salmo trutta in Central Norway investigated using different time-integrated trophic tracers 

      Davidsen, Jan Grimsrud; Knudsen, Rune; Power, Michael; Sjursen, Aslak Darre; Rønning, Lars; Hårsaker, Karstein; Næsje, Tor; Arnekleiv, Jo Vegar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      From 2011 to 2013, anadromous brown trout Salmo trutta (213−730 mm, total body length, LT) were collected during or shortly after their marine feeding migration at 7 different localities in central Norway. The mean volume ...
    • Tundra greenness 

      Epstein, Howard E.; Bhatt, U.S.; Raynolds, M.; Walker, D.; Pinzon, J.; Tucker, C.J.; Forbes, B.C.; Horstkotte, T.; Macias-Fauria, M.; Martin, A.; Phoenix, G.; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Tømmervik, Hans; Fauchald, Per; Vickers, H.; Myneni, R.; Park, T.; Dickerson, C. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Tundra greenness 

      Epstein, H.; Bhatt, U.S.; Raynolds, M.K.; Walker, D.A.; Forbes, B.C.; Phoenix, G.K.; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Tømmervik, Hans; Karlsen, Stein Rune; Myneni, R.; Park, T.; Goetz, S.; Jia, G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
    • Twenty species of bitunicate ascomycetes new to Norway 

      Nordén, Björn; Jäntti, Mari; Jordal, John Bjarne; Læssøe, Thomas; Voglmayr, Hermann; Jaklitsch, Walter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We here report the following 20 species of non-lichenized bitunicate ascomycetes as new to Norway: Antealophiotrema brunneosporum, Botryosphaeria corticola, Capronia munkii, Capronia normandinae, Capronia parasitica, ...
    • Two introduced species of Typhlocybinae (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae) new to Norway 

      Endrestøl, Anders; Olsen, Kjell Magne; Gustad, Jørn R. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      This paper present two species of Typhlocybinae (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae) new to Norway, Zonocyba bifasciata (Boheman, 1852) and Zyginella pulchra Löw, 1885. Both species are reported from plant importers and from established ...
    • Two species of ant symbionts in colonies of Tetramorium caespitum (Linnaeus, 1758) new to Norway 

      Staverløkk, Arnstein; Ødegaard, Frode (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Two species of symbionts associated with the ant species Tetramorium caespitum (Linnaeus, 1758) are recorded for the first time in Norway; Chennium bituberculatum Latreille, 1807 (Coleoptera; Staphylinidae; Pselaphinae) ...