Now showing items 87-106 of 1373

    • Back to nature: Norwegians sustain increased recreational use of urban green space months after the COVID-19 outbreak 

      Venter, Zander; Barton, David Nicholas; Gundersen, Vegard; Figari, Helene; Nowell, Megan Sara (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      In Oslo, as elsewhere, the COVID-19 outbreak and the following lockdown measures during spring 2020 led to increased use of urban green infrastructure. Whether this has led to more durable changes in recreation patterns ...
    • Backcrossing of a capercaillie × black grouse hybrid male in the wild revealed with molecular marker 

      Kleven, Oddmund; Brøseth, Henrik; Jonassen, Kyrre; Pedersen, Hans Christian (Journal article, 2020)
      The black grouse Lyrurus tetrix and the capercaillie Tetrao urogallus are known to produce hybrids in wild populations. In general, these hybrids are regarded as infertile; however, conclusive evidence that F1-hybrids are ...
    • Barns lek i natur – i spennet fra selvutfoldelse til kontroll 

      Skår, Margrete; Follo, Gro Irene; Gundersen, Vegard; Ingebrigtsen, Kim; Stordal, Gjertrud; Tordsson, Bjørn Stefan; Wold, Line Camilla (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      I en 3-årig studie finansiert av Norges forskningsråds program Miljø 2015 (prosjektperiode 2012–2015) har vi i bred forstand undersøkt hvordan barn erfarer natur i dag. I denne artikkelen vil vi rette fokuset mot barns lek ...
    • Bearing the brunt: Mongolian khulan (Equus hemionus hemionus) are exposed to multiple influenza A strains 

      Soilemetzidou, Eirini S.; de Bruin, Erwin; Eschke, Kathrin; Azab, Walid; Osterrieder, Nikolaus; Czirják, Gábor Á.; Buuveibaatar, Bayarbaatar; Kaczensky, Petra; Koopmans, Marion; Walzer, Chris; Greenwood, Alex D. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The majority of influenza A virus strains are hosted in nature by avian species in the orders of Anseriformes and Charadriformes. A minority of strains have been able to cross species boundaries and establish themselves ...
    • Beetles provide directed dispersal of viable spores of a keystone wood decay fungus 

      Lunde, Lisa Fagerli; Boddy, Lynne; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Jacobsen, Rannveig Margrete; Kauserud, Håvard; Birkemoe, Tone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Wood decay fungi are considered to be dispersed by wind, but dispersal by animals may also be important, and more so in managed forests where dead wood is scarce. We investigated whether beetles could disperse spores of ...
    • Behavioral buffering of extreme weather events in a high-Arctic herbivore 

      Loe, Leif Egil; Hansen, Brage Bremset; Stien, Audun; Albon, Steve D.; Bischof, Richard; Carlsson, Anja M.; Irvine, Justin; Meland, Morten; Rivrud, Inger Maren; Ropstad, Erik; Veiberg, Vebjørn; Mysterud, Atle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      As global warming advances, there is a growing concern about the impact of extreme weather events on ecosystems. In the Arctic, more frequent unseasonal warm spells and rain-on- snow events in winter cause changes in ...
    • Behavioral responses of terrestrial mammals to COVID-19 lockdowns 

      Tucker, Marlee A.; Schipper, Aafke M.; Adams, Tempe S.F.; Attias, Nina; Avgar, Tal; Babic, Natarscha L.; Barker, Kristin J.; Bastille-Rousseau, Guillaume; Behr, Dominik M.; Belant, Jerrold L.; Beyer Jr., Dean E.; Blaum, Niels; Blount, J. David; Bockmuhl, Dirk; Boulhosa, Ricardo Luiz Pires; Brown, Michael B.; Buuveibaatar, Bayarbaatar; Cagnazzi, Francesca; Calabrese, Justin M.; Cerne, Rok; Chamaillé-Jammes, Simon; Chan, Aung Nyein; Chase, Michael J.; Chaval, Yannick; Chenaux-Ibrahim, Yvette; Cherry, Seth G.; Cirovic, Dusko; Coban, Emrah; Cole, Eric K.; Conlee, Laura; Courtemanch, Alyson; Cozzi, Gabriele; Davidson, Sarah C.; DeBloois, Darren; Dejid, Nandintsetseg; DeNicola, Vickie; Desbiez, Arnaud L.J.; Douglas-Hamilton, Iain; Drake, David; Egan, Michael; Eikelboom, Jasper A.J.; Fagan, William F.; Farmer, Morgan J.; Fennessy, Julian; Finnegan, Shannon P.; Fleming, Christen H.; Fournier, Bonnie; Fowler, Nicholas L.; Gantchoff, Mariela G.; Garnier, Alexandre; Heim, Morten; Heurich, Marco Dietmar; Kaczensky, Petra; Kindberg, Jonas; Linnell, John Durrus; Meisingset, Erling L.; Van Moorter, Bram; Mysterud, Atle; Panzacchi, Manuela; Rolandsen, Christer Moe; Solberg, Erling Johan; Strand, Olav (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      COVID-19 lockdowns in early 2020 reduced human mobility, providing an opportunity to disentangle its effects on animals from those of landscape modifications. Using GPS data, we compared movements and road avoidance of ...
    • Behaviour and habitat use of first-time migrant Arctic charr: novel insights from a subarctic marine area 

      Nordli, Eivind; Strøm, John Fredrik; Bøhn, Thomas; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Serra Llinares, Rosa Maria; Nilsen, Rune; Bjørn, Pål Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Anadromous Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus is a cold-adapted salmonid that is vul nerable to climate warming and anthropogenic activities including salmon farming, hydropower regulation, and pollution, which poses a ...
    • Behaviour and mortality of downstream migrating Atlantic salmon smolts at a small power station with multiple migration routes 

      Kärgenberg, Einar; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Järvekülg, Rein; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Saadre, Ene; Økland, Finn; Thalfeldt, Mart; Tambets, Meelis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Salmon smolts were released upstream of a run‐of‐river hydropower site and recaptured downstream for inspection. Descending fish behaviour through three possible migration routes (turbines, fishway, spillway) was analysed ...
    • Behaviour and survival of wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar captured and released while surveillance angling for escaped farmed salmon 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Liberg, Egil; Cooke, Steven J.; Uglem, Ingebrigt (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In many Norwegian rivers, spawning stocks are surveyed for escaped farmed salmon with surveillance fishing by rod and reel after the recreational angling season. However, the benefits of surveillance fishing depend on the ...
    • Behaviour of anadromous brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a hydropower regulated freshwater system 

      Dahlmo, Lotte Svengård; Velle, Gaute; Nilsen, Cecilie Iden; Pulg, Ulrich; Lennox, Robert; Vollset, Knut (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Many Norwegian rivers and lakes are regulated for hydropower, which afects freshwater ecosystems and anadromous fish species, such as sea trout (Salmo trutta). Lakes are an important feature of many anadromous river systems. ...
    • Behavioural and demographic changes in impala populations after 15 years of improved conservation management 

      Flølo, Linn Marie; Hunninck, Louis Marcel; May, Roelof Frans; Jackson, Craig Ryan; Setsaas, Trine Hay; Holmern, Tomas; Røskaft, Eivin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Many protected areas (PAs) have been created globally in response to the dramatic human- induced decline in biodiversity. However, not all PAs successfully preserve their biodiversity and continued monitoring is vital to ...
    • Being stressed outside the park — conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia 

      Hunninck, Louis; Ringstad, Iris; Jackson, Craig Ryan; May, Roelof Frans; Fossøy, Frode; Uiseb, Kenneth; Killian, Werner; Røskaft, Eivin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The conservation of the African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) is of prime importance for many African countries. Interactions between elephants and humans are known to induce stress and thereby have the potential ...
    • Bending the curve: Operationalizing national Red Lists to customize conservation actions to reduce extinction risk 

      Kyrkjeeide, Magni Olsen; Pedersen, Bård; Evju, Marianne; Magnussen, Kristin; Mair, Louise; Bolam, Friederike C.; McGowan, Philip J.K.; Vestergaard, Kjetil Mastad; Braa, Jørund; Rusch, Graciela (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Human activity is accelerating biodiversity loss despite international commitments to prevent extinction and habitat degradation. To bend the curve, international goals must be translated into national targets and actions. ...
    • Benefits of protected areas for nonbreeding waterbirds adjusting their distributions under climate warming 

      Gaget, Elie; Pavòn-Jordàn, Diego; Johnston, Alison; Lehikoinen, Aleksi; Hochachka, Wesley M.; Sandercock, Brett; Soultan, Alaaeldin; Azafzaf, Hichem; Bendjedda, Nadjiba; Bino, Taulant; Božič, Luka; Clausen, Preben; Dakki, Mohamed; Devos, Koen; Domsa, Cristi; Encarnaçao, Vitor; Erciyas-Yavuz, Kiraz; Faragó, Sándor; Frost, Teresa; Gaudard, Clemence; Gosztonyi, Lívia; Haas, Fredrik; Hornman, Menno; Langendoen, Tom; Ieronymidou, Christina; Kostyushin, Vasiliy A.; Lewis, Lesley J.; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Luiujoe, Leho; Meissner, Włodzimierz; Mikuska, Tibor; Molina, Blas; Musilova, Zuzana; Natykanets, Viktor; Paquet, Jean-Yves; Petkov, Nicky; Portolou, Danae; Ridzop, Jozef; Sayoud, Samir; Šdiban, Marko; Sniauksta, Laimonas; Stīpniece, Antra; Strebel, Nicolas; Teufelbauer, Norbert; Topid, Goran; Uzunova, Danka; Vizi, Andrej; Wahl, Johannes; Zenatello, Marco; Brommer, Jon E. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Climate warming is driving changes in species distributions and community composition. Many species show a so-called climatic debt, where shifts in range have lagged behind faster shifts in temperature isoclines. Inside ...
    • Benefits of restoring ecosystem services in urban areas 

      Elmqvist, Thomas; Setälä, H.; Handel, S.N.; van der Ploeg, S.; Aronson, J.; Blignaut, J.N.; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Nowak, D.J.; Kronenberg, J.; de Groot, R. (Journal article, 2015)
      Cities are a key nexus of the relationship between people and nature and are huge centers of demand for ecosystem services and also generate extremely large environmental impacts. Current projections of rapid expansion of ...
    • Benthic macroinvertebrates in lake ecological assessment: A review of methods, intercalibration and practical recommendations 

      Poikane, Sandra; Johnson, Richard K.; Sandin, Leonard; Schartau, Ann Kristin; Solimini, Angelo G.; Urbanic, Gorazd; Arbačiauskas, Kęstutis; Aroviita, Jukka; Gabriels, Wim; Miler, Oliver; Pusch, Martin T.; Tim, Henn; Böhmer, Jürgen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Legislation in Europe has been adopted to determine and improve the ecological integrity of inland and coastal waters. Assessment is based on four biotic groups, including benthic macroinvertebrate communities. For lakes, ...
    • Berry production drives bottom – up effects on body mass and reproductive success in an omnivore 

      Hertel, Anne Gabriela; Bischof, Richard; Langval, Ola; Mysterud, Atle; Kindberg, Jonas; Swenson, Jon; Zedrosser, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Obligate herbivores dominate studies of the eff ects of climate change on mammals, however there is limited empirical evidence for how changes in the abundance or quality of plant food aff ect mammalian omnivores. Omnivores ...
    • Best practice for the use of scenarios for restoration planning 

      Metzger, Jean Paul; Esler, Karen; Krug, Cornelia; Arias, Melissa; Tambosi, Leandro; Crouzeilles, Renato; Acosta, André Luis; Brancalion, Pedro H.S.; D'Albertas, Francisco; Duarte, Gabriela Teixeira; Garcia, Letícia Couto; Grytnes, John-Arvid; Hagen, Dagmar; Jardim, André Vitor Fleuri; Kamiyama, Chiho; Latawiec, Agnieszka Ewa; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro; Ruggiero, Patricia G.C.; Sparovek, Gerd; Strassburg, Bernardo; Saraiva, Antonio Mauro; Joly, Carlos (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Scenarios are important tools to facilitate the communication among scientists, practitioners, and decision-makers, and, thus to support policy and management decisions. The use of scenarios has an enormous potential ...
    • Best practice—Is natural revegetation sufficient to achieve mitigation goals in road construction? 

      Mehlhoop, Anne Catriona; Skrindo, Astrid Brekke; Evju, Marianne; Hagen, Dagmar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Aims: The area influenced by road construction is large, and measures to re-establish vegetation in disturbed areas are routinely carried out to reduce impacts on biodiversity. However, goals of mitigation measures are ...