Now showing items 617-636 of 950

    • The Native Bees of Lolland (Denmark) Revisited after 100 Years: The Demise of the Specialists 

      Rasmussen, Claus; Sydenham, Markus A. K.; Schmidt, Hans Thomsen; Madsen, Henning Bang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      There is a global concern over insect declines, including both species loss and population declines. In particular, declines of species, such as bees that anchor trophic interactions and shoulder many of the essential ...
    • Natural and anthropogenic drivers of escaped farmed salmon occurrence and introgression into wild Norwegian Atlantic salmon populations 

      Diserud, Ola Håvard; Fiske, Peder; Karlsson, Sten; Glover, Kevin Alan; Næsje, Tor; Aronsen, Tonje; Bakke, Gunnar O; Barlaup, Bjørn Torgeir; Erkinaro, J.; Florø-Larsen, Bjørn; Foldvik, Anders; Heino, Mikko Petteri; Kanstad-Hanssen, Øyvind; Lo, Håvard; Lund, Roar Asbjørn; Muladal, R.; Niemela, E.; Økland, Finn; Østborg, Gunnel Marie; Otterå, Håkon Magne; Skaala, Øystein; Skoglund, Helge; Solberg, Ingrid; Solberg, Monica Favnebøe; Sollien, Vegard Pedersen; Sægrov, Harald; Urdal, Kurt; Wennevik, Vidar; Hindar, Kjetil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Marine aquaculture of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is a relatively new industry where breeding programs have led to rapid genetic change in the captive populations that were built up alongside conspecific wild individuals. ...
    • Near-natural forests harbor richer saproxylic beetle communities than those in intensively managed forests 

      Jacobsen, Rannveig Margrete; Burner, Ryan C.; Olsen, Siri Lie; Skarpaas, Olav; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne (Journal article, 2020)
      Globally, boreal forests cover 33 percent of Earth's forested area, constitute the largest terrestrial carbon source, and house an important biodiversity of forest-dependent species, many of which are saproxylic taxa reliant ...
    • Need for transparent and repeatable conservation frameworks: reply to Child et al. 2019 

      Grainger, Matthew; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
    • Network characterization of the Entangled Model for sustainability indicators. Analysis of the network properties for scenarios 

      Vázquez, Pável; del Rio, Jesús A.; Cedano, Karla G.; van Dijk, Jiska; Jensen, Henrik Jeldtoft (Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Policy-makers require strategies to select a set of sustainability indicators that are useful for monitoring sustainability. For this reason, we have developed a model where sustainability indicators compete for the ...
    • A network to enhance the contributions from the social sciences and humanities to IPBES 

      Stokland, Håkon B.; Stenseke, Marie; Emery, Marla R. (Peer reviewed, 2022)
      IPBES requires enhanced contributions from the social sciences and humanities in order to meet its mandate and influence policy. However, achieving this has so far proved challenging, notably in the form of a shortage in ...
    • New and previously known species of Copepoda and Cladocera (Crustacea) from Svalbard, Norway – who are they and where do they come from? 

      Dimante-Deimantovica, Inta; Walseng, Bjørn; Chertoprud, Elena S.; Novichkova, Anna K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Arctic landscapes are characterised by an immense number of fresh and brackish water habitats – lakes, ponds and puddles. Due to a rather harsh environment, there is a limited number of species inhabiting these ecosystems. ...
    • New tools to evaluate plastic ingestion by northern fulmars applied to North Sea monitoring data 2002–2018 

      van Franeker, Jan A.; Kühn, Susanne; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Edwards, Ewan W.J.; Gallien, Fabrice; Guse, Nils; Kakkonen, Jenni E.; Mallory, Mark L.; Miles, Will; Olsen, Kåre Olav; Pedersen, John; Provencher, Jennifer; Roos, Mervyn; Stienen, Eric; Turner, Daniel M.; van Loon, Willem M.G.M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Monitoring plastic in stomachs of beached northern fulmars for OSPAR’s Ecological Quality Objectives (EcoQOs) has been incorporated into the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). This paper aims to provide ...
    • Non-native vascular flora of the Arctic: Taxonomic richness, distribution and pathways 

      Wasowicz, Pawel; Sennikov, Alexander N.; Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Spellman, Katie; Carlson, Matthew; Gillespie, Lynn J.; Saarela, Jeffery M.; Seefeldt, Steven S.; Bennett, Bruce; Bay, Christian; Ickert-Bond, Stefanie; Väre, Henry (Journal article, 2020)
      We present a comprehensive list of non-native vascular plants known from the Arctic, explore their geographic distribution, analyze the extent of naturalization and invasion among 23 subregions of the Arctic, and examine ...
    • Non-native vascular flora of the Arctic: Taxonomic richness, distribution and pathways 

      Wasowicz, Pawel; Sennikov, Alexander N.; Spellman, Katie; Carlson, Matthew; Gillespie, Lynn J.; Saarela, Jeffery M.; Seefeldt, Steven S.; Bennett, Bruce; Bay, Christian; Ickert-Bond, Stefanie; Väre, Henry (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We present a comprehensive list of non-native vascular plants known from the Arctic, explore their geographic distribution, analyze the extent of naturalization and invasion among 23 subregions of the Arctic, and examine ...
    • Non-stationary Response of Tree Growth to Climate Trends Along the Arctic Margin 

      Hofgaard, Annika; Ols, Clementine; Drobyshev, Igor; Kirchhefer, Andreas J.; Sandberg, Staffan; Söderström, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate change modulates cold-marginal forest ecosystems through changing growth constraints. Understanding spatiotemporal variations in climate– growth relationships is essential to project forest ecosystem dynamics, and ...
    • North Atlantic winter cyclones starve seabirds 

      Clairbaux, Manon; Mathewson, Paul; Porter, Warren; Fort, Jérôme; Strøm, Hallvard; Moe, Børge; Fauchald, Per; Descamps, Sebastien; Helgason, Halfdan Helgi; Bråthen, Vegard Sandøy; Merkel, Benjamin; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Bringsvor, Ingar Støyle; Chastel, Olivier; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Danielsen, Jóhannis; Daunt, Francis; Dehnhard, Nina; Erikstad, Kjell E.; Ezhov, Alexey V.; Gavrilo, Maria; Krasnov, Yuri V.; Langset, Magdalene; Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon; Newell, Mark; Olsen, Bergur; Reiertsen, Tone Kristin; Systad, Geir Helge Rødli; Thórarinsson, Thorkell L; Baran, Mark; Diamond, Tony; Fayet, Annette L.; Fitzsimmons, Michelle G.; Frederiksen, Morten; Gilchrist, Hugh G.; Guilford, Tim; Huffeldt, Nicholas P.; Jessopp, Mark; Johansen, Kasper L.; Kouwenberg, Amy-Lee; Linnebjerg, Jannie F.; Major, Heather L.; Tranquilla, Laura McFarlane; Mallory, Mark; Merkel, Flemming R.; Montevecchi, William A.; Mosbech, Anders; Petersen, Aevar; Grémillet, David (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Each winter, the North Atlantic Ocean is the stage for numerous cyclones, the most severe ones leading to seabird mass-mortality events called ‘‘winter wrecks.’’ During these, thousands of emaciated seabird carcasses are ...
    • Northward range expansion in spring‐staging barnacle geese is a response to climate change and population growth, mediated by individual experience 

      Tombre, Ingunn; Oudman, Thomas; Shimmings, Paul; Griffin, Larry; Prop, Larry (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      All long‐distance migrants must cope with changing environments, but species differ greatly in how they do so. In some species, individuals might be able to adjust by learning from individual experiences and by copying ...
    • Norway's Wolf Policy and the Bern Convention on European Wildlife: Avoiding the “Manifestly Absurd” 

      Trouwborst, Arie; Fleurke, Floor M.; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In Norway, as in many other countries, a government-sponsored campaign against large carnivores was waged well into the twentieth century and eventually led to the disappearance of gray wolves (Canis lupus) from the country.1 ...
    • Novel microsatellite markers for Dalechampia scandens (Euphorbiaceae) and closely related taxa:application to studying a species complex 

      Falahati-Anbaran, Mohsen; Stenøien, Hans K.; Bolstad, Geir Hysing; Hansen, Thomas F; Pérez‐Barrales, Rocio; Armbruster, William Scott; Pelabon, Christophe (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    • Novel tools and methods for designing and wrangling multifunctional, machine‑readable evidence synthesis databases 

      Haddaway, Neal R.; Gray, Charles T.; Grainger, Matthew (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      One of the most important steps in the process of conducting a systematic review or map is data extraction and the production of a database of coding, metadata and study data. There are many ways to structure these data, ...
    • Nuclear and mitochondrial markers suggest new 

      Ferrer-Suay, Mar; Staverløkk, Arnstein; Selfa, Jesús; Pujade-Villar, Juli; Naik, Suresh; Ekrem, Torbjørn (Journal article, 2018)
      Due to their small size and smooth body, members of the figitid genus Alloxysta can be notoriously difficult to identify based on morphology alone. Moreover, several species are suspected to contain brachypterous variants ...
    • Numerical responses of saproxylic beetles to rapid increases in dead wood availability following geometrid moth outbreaks in sub-arctic mountain birch forest 

      Laksforsmo Vindstad, Ole Petter; Schultze, Sabrina; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Biuw, Erik Martin; Kapari, Lauri Teemu; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Ims, Rolf Anker (Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Saproxylic insects play an important part in decomposing dead wood in healthy forest ecosystems, but little is known about their role in the aftermath of large-scale forest mortality caused by pest insect outbreaks. We ...
    • Nutritional state variations in a tropical seabird throughout its breeding season 

      Lerma, Miriam; Dehnhard, Nina; Castillo‑Guerrero, José Alfredo; Fernández, Guillermo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Individual body condition is frequently used to explain differences in foraging and breeding ecology in seabirds. However, little is known about the covariations of body mass with the nutritional state of animals as measured ...
    • Nyfunn av hvit skogfrue Cephalanthera longifolia i Tysnes, Hordaland, samt litt om artens økologi og skjøtselsbehov 

      Fadnes, Per; Brandrud, Tor Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Cephalanthera longifolia is redlisted as near threatened (NT) in the Norwegian Red list (2015), and is one oftotally 13 protected orchids in Norway. In South-Western Norway only a few localities with only a few plants of ...