Now showing items 798-817 of 1377

    • Macrobenthic communities in water bodies and streams of Svalbard, Norway 

      Chertoprud, Mikhail V.; Palatov, Dmitry M.; Dimante-Deimantovica, Inta (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Diversity of macrobenthic communities was studied from water bodies and streams of Spitsbergen, Svalbard archipelago, Norway. In total 162 quantitative samples from different regions of Spitsbergen were analysed in relation ...
    • Macrophytes shape trophic niche variation among generalist fishes 

      Vejříková, Ivana; Eloranta, Antti; Vejřík, Lukáš; Šmejkal, Marek; Cech, Martin; Sajdlová, Zuzana; Frouzova, Jaroslava; Kiljunen, Mikko; Peterka, Jiří (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Generalist species commonly have a fundamental role in ecosystems as they can integrate spatially distinct habitats and food-web compartments, as well as control the composition, abundance and behavior of organisms at ...
    • Making Messy Data Work for Conservation 

      Dobson, A.D.M.; Milner-Gulland, E.J.; Aebischer, Nicholas J.; Beale, Colin M.; Brozovic, Robert; Coals, Peter; Critchlow, Rob; Dancer, Anthony; Greve, Michelle; Hinsley, Amy; Ibbett, Harriet; Johnston, Alison; Kuiper, Timothy; Le Comber, Steven; Mahood, Simon P.; Moore, Jennifer F.; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Pocock, Michael J.O.; Quinn, Anthony; Travers, Henry; Wilfred, Paulo; Wright, Joss; Keane, Aidan (Journal article, 2020)
      Conservationists increasingly use unstructured observational data, such as citizen science records or ranger patrol observations, to guide decision making. These datasets are often large and relatively cheap to collect, ...
    • Managing small populations—using genetic data and trial translocations to help inform suitable conservation measures for the alpine blue-sowthistle (Cicerbita alpina) in Scotland 

      Finger, Aline; Smedley, M.; Halley, Duncan John; Frachon, N.; Ahrends, A. (Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Habitat fragmentation is causing an increasing amount of species loss around the world and creates problems at the population level. Many species are left as only small and isolated populations, which are vulnerable to ...
    • Managing Svalbard Tourism: Inconsistencies and Conflicts of Interest 

      Hovelsrud, Grete Kaare; Olsen, Julia; Nilsson, Annika E.; Kaltenborn, Bjørn Petter; Lebel, Julien (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The Svalbard Archipelago has experienced a rapid increase in tourism-related activities over the past few decades. The Norwegian Government’s ambition to develop the Archipelago’s tourism industry offers multiple socio-economic ...
    • Mapping density, diversity and species-richness of the Amazon tree flora 

      ter Steege, Hans; Pitman, Nigel C. A.; do Amaral, Iêda Leão; de Souza Coelho, Luiz; de Almeida Matos, Francisca Dionízia; de Andrade Lima Filho, Diógenes; Salomão, Rafael P.; Wittmann, Florian; Castilho, Carolina V.; Guevara, Juan Ernesto; Veiga Carim, Marcelo de Jesus; Phillips, Oliver L.; Magnusson, William E.; Sabatier, Daniel; Revilla, Juan David Cardenas; Molino, Jean-François; Irume, Mariana Victória; Martins, Maria Pires; da Silva Guimarães, José Renan; Ramos, José Ferreira; Bánki, Olaf S.; Piedade, Maria Teresa Fernandez; Cárdenas López, Dairon; Rodrigues, Domingos de Jesus; Demarchi, Layon O.; Schöngart, Jochen; Almeida, Everton José; Barbosa, Luciane Ferreira; Cavalheiro, Larissa; dos Santos, Márcia Cléia Vilela; Luize, Bruno Garcia; de Leão Novo, Evlyn Márcia Moraes; Vargas, Percy Núñez; Silva, Thiago Sanna Freire; Venticinque, Eduardo Martins; Manzatto, Angelo Gilberto; Reis, Neidiane Farias Costa; Terborgh, John; Casula, Katia Regina; Honorio Coronado, Euridice N.; Monteagudo Mendoza, Abel; Montero, Juan Carlos; Costa, Flávia R. C.; Feldpausch, Ted R.; Quaresma, Adriano Costa; Castaño Arboleda, Nicolás; Zartman, Charles Eugene; Killeen, Timothy J.; Marimon, Beatriz S.; Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur; Vasquez, Rodolfo; Mostacedo, Bonifacio; Assis, Rafael L.; Baraloto, Chris; do Amaral, Dário Dantas; Engel, Julien; Petronelli, Pascal; Castellanos, Hernán; de Medeiros, Marcelo Brilhante; Simon, Marcelo Fragomeni; Andrade, Ana; Camargo, José Luís; Laurance, William F.; Laurance, Susan G. W.; Maniguaje Rincón, Lorena; Schietti, Juliana; Sousa, Thaiane R.; de Sousa Farias, Emanuelle; Lopes, Maria Aparecida; Magalhães, José Leonardo Lima; Nascimento, Henrique Eduardo Mendonça; de Queiroz, Helder Lima; Aymard C, Gerardo A.; Brienen, Roel; Stevenson, Pablo R.; Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro; Baker, Tim R.; Cintra, Bruno Barçante Ladvocat; Feitosa, Yuri Oliveira; Mogollón, Hugo F.; Duivenvoorden, Joost F.; Peres, Carlos A.; Silman, Miles R.; Ferreira, Leandro Valle; Lozada, José Rafael; Comiskey, James A.; Draper, Freddie C.; de Toledo, José Julio; Damasco, Gabriel; García-Villacorta, Roosevelt; Lopes, Aline; Vicentini, Alberto; Cornejo Valverde, Fernando; Alonso, Alfonso; Arroyo, Luzmila; Dallmeier, Francisco; Gomes, Vitor H. F.; Jimenez, Eliana M.; Neill, David; Peñuela Mora, Maria Cristina; Noronha, Janaína Costa; de Aguiar, Daniel P. P.; Barbosa, Flávia Rodrigues; Bredin, Yennie Katarina; de Sá Carpanedo, Rainiellen; Carvalho, Fernanda Antunes; de Souza, Fernanda Coelho; Feeley, Kenneth J.; Gribel, Rogerio; Haugaasen, Torbjørn; Hawes, Joseph; Pansonato, Marcelo Petratti; Ríos Paredes, Marcos; Barlow, Jos; Berenguer, Erika; da Silva, Izaias Brasil; Ferreira, Maria Julia; Ferreira, Joice; Fine, Paul V. A.; Guedes, Marcelino Carneiro; Levis, Carolina; Licona, Juan Carlos; Villa Zegarra, Boris Eduardo; Vos, Vincent Antoine; Cerón, Carlos; Durgante, Flávia Machado; Fonty, Émile; Henkel, Terry W.; Householder, John Ethan; Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Isau; Pos, Edwin; Silveira, Marcos; Stropp, Juliana; Thomas, Raquel; Daly, Doug; Dexter, Kyle G.; Milliken, William; Molina, Guido Pardo; Pennington, Toby; Vieira, Ima Célia Guimarães; Weiss Albuquerque, Bianca; Campelo, Wegliane; Fuentes, Alfredo; Klitgaard, Bente; Pena, José Luis Marcelo; Tello, J. Sebastián; Vriesendorp, Corine; Chave, Jerome; Di Fiore, Anthony; Hilário, Renato Richard; de Oliveira Pereira, Luciana; Phillips, Juan Fernando; Rivas-Torres, Gonzalo; van Andel, Tinde R.; von Hildebrand, Patricio; Balee, William; Barbosa, Edelcilio Marques; de Matos Bonates, Luiz Carlos; Dávila Doza, Hilda Paulette; Zárate Gómez, Ricardo; Gonzales, Therany; Gallardo Gonzales, George Pepe; Hoffman, Bruce; Junqueira, André Braga; Malhi, Yadvinder; de Andrade Miranda, Ires Paula; Pinto, Linder Felipe Mozombite; Prieto, Adriana; Rudas, Agustín; Ruschel, Ademir R.; Silva, Natalino; Vela, César I. A.; Zent, Egleé L.; Zent, Stanford; Cano, Angela; Carrero Márquez, Yrma Andreina; Correa, Diego F.; Costa, Janaina Barbosa Pedrosa; Flores, Bernardo Monteiro; Galbraith, David; Holmgren, Milena; Kalamandeen, Michelle; Lobo, Guilherme; Torres Montenegro, Luis; Nascimento, Marcelo Trindade; Oliveira, Alexandre A.; Pombo, Maihyra Marina; Ramirez-Angulo, Hirma; Rocha, Maira; Scudeller, Veridiana Vizoni; Sierra, Rodrigo; Tirado, Milton; Umaña, Maria Natalia; van der Heijden, Geertje; Vilanova Torre, Emilio; Reategui, Manuel Augusto Ahuite; Baider, Cláudia; Balslev, Henrik; Cárdenas, Sasha; Casas, Luisa Fernanda; Endara, María José; Farfan-Rios, William; Ferreira, Cid; Linares-Palomino, Reynaldo; Mendoza, Casimiro; Mesones, Italo; Parada, Germaine Alexander; Torres-Lezama, Armando; Urrego Giraldo, Ligia Estela; Villarroel, Daniel; Zagt, Roderick; Alexiades, Miguel N.; de Oliveira, Edmar Almeida; Garcia-Cabrera, Karina; Hernandez, Lionel; Cuenca, Walter Palacios; Pansini, Susamar; Pauletto, Daniela; Ramirez Arevalo, Freddy; Sampaio, Adeilza Felipe; Valderrama Sandoval, Elvis H.; Gamarra, Luis Valenzuela; Levesley, Aurora; Pickavance, Georgia; Melgaço, Karina (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Using 2.046 botanically-inventoried tree plots across the largest tropical forest on Earth, we mapped tree species-diversity and tree species-richness at 0.1-degree resolution, and investigated drivers for diversity and ...
    • Mapping soil organic carbon stocks and trends with satellite-driven high resolution maps over South Africa 

      Venter, Zander; Hawkins, Heidi-Jayne; Cramer, Michael D.; Mills, Anthony J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Estimation and monitoring of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks is important for maintaining soil productivity and meeting climate change mitigation targets. Current global SOC maps do not provide enough detail for landscape- ...
    • Mapping value plurality towards ecosystem services in the case of Norwegian wildlife management: A Q analysis 

      Bredin, Yennie Katarina; Lindhjem, Henrik; van Dijk, Jiska Joanneke; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      For many deep-rooted resource conflicts where the cultural component of ecosystem services (ES) is strong, standard monetary valuation may be methodologically difficult and not always meaningful. A deeper understanding of ...
    • Marked differences in foraging area use and susceptibility to predation between two closely-related tropical seabirds 

      Fayet, Annette; Sanchez, Cheryl; Appoo, Jennifer; Constance, Jessica; Clucas, Gemma; Turnbull, Lindsay A.; Bunbury, Nancy (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Ecological theory predicts that closely-related species must occupy diferent niches to coexist. How marine top predators achieve this during breeding, when they often gather in large multi-species colonies and are constrained ...
    • Mass development of aquatic plants: Effects of contrasting management scenarios on a suite of ecosystem services 

      Vermaat, Jan E.; Thiemer, Kirstine; Immerzeel, Bart; Schneider, Susanne Claudia; Sebola, Keneilwe; Coetzee, Julie; Petruzella, Antonella; Motitsoe, Samuel N.; Baldo, Mathieu; Misteli, Benjamin; Thiébaut, Gabrielle; Hilt, Sabine; Köhler, Jan; Harpenslager, Sarah F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      1. Dense beds of aquatic plants are often perceived as nuisance and therefore mechanically removed, often at substantial cost. Such removal, however, may affect a range of ecosystem functions and consequently also the ...
    • Match between soaring modes of black kites and the fine-scale distribution of updrafts 

      Santos, Carlos D.; Hanssen, Frank Ole; Muñoz, Antonio-Román; Onrubia, Alejandro; Wikelski, Martin; May, Roelof Frans; Silva, João P. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Understanding how soaring birds use updrafts at small spatial scales is important to identify ecological constraints of movement, and may help to prevent conflicts between wind-energy development and the conservation of ...
    • Maternal Androgens Increase Sibling Aggression, Dominance, and Competitive Ability in the Siblicidal Black-Legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) 

      Müller, Martina S.; Roelofs, Yvonne; Erikstad, Kjell E; Groothuis, Ton G.G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Animals and plants routinely produce more offspring than they can afford to rear. Mothers can favour certain young by conferring on them competitive advantages such as a leading position in the birth sequence, more resources ...
    • Maternal inheritance influences homing and growth of hybrid offspring between wild and farmed Atlantic salmon 

      Jonsson, Bror; Jonsson, Nina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    • Maturation in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, Salmonidae): a synthesis of ecological, genetic, and molecular processes 

      Mobley, Kenyon B.; Aykanat, Tutku; Czorlich, Yann; House, Andrew; Kurko, Johanna; Miettinen, Antti; Moustakas-Verho, Jacqueline; Salgado, Andrés; Sinclair-Waters, Marion; Verta, Jukka-Pekka; Primmer, Craig R. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Over the past decades, Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, Salmonidae) has emerged as a model system for sexual maturation research, owing to the high diversity of life history strategies, knowledge of trait genetic architecture, ...
    • Maximum likelihood estimation for randomized shortest paths with trajectory data 

      Kivimäki, Ilkka; Van Moorter, Bram; Panzacchi, Manuela; Saramäki, Jari; Saerens, Marco (Journal article, 2020)
      Randomized shortest paths (RSPs) are tool developed in recent years for different graph and network analysis applications, such as modelling movement or flow in networks. In essence, the RSP framework considers the ...
    • Melittobia acasta (Walker, 1839) (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Eulophidae, Tetrastichinae) recorded in Norway 

      Staverløkk, Arnstein; Kim, Il-Kwon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Melittobia acasta (Walker, 1839) is reported for the first time in Norway. The species is known for its extreme sexual dimorphism and for parasitizing various hymenopterans in bee nesting sites. Comments on biology and ...
    • Memory effects on movement behavior in animal foraging 

      Bracis, Chloe; Gurarie, E.; Van Moorter, Bram; Goodwin, R Andrew (Peer reviewed; Journal article; Journal article, 2015)
    • Mercury exposure, stress and prolactin secretion in an Arctic seabird: an experimental study 

      Tartu, Sabrina; Bustamante, Paco; Angelier, Frédéric; Lendvai, Adam Z.; Moe, Børge; Blévin, Pierre; Bech, Claus; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Chastel, Olivier (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Life-history theory predicts that long-lived organisms should reduce parental effort under inclement environmental conditions in order to favour long-term survival. Seabirds are long-lived top predators often exposed to ...
    • Meta-analysis of landowner participation in voluntary incentive programs for provision of forest ecosystem services 

      Mitani, Yohei; Lindhjem, Henrik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Many voluntary incentive programs for provision of forest ecosystem services (ES) have low par-ticipation rates, insufficient enrollment areas, and inefficient ecological outcomes. Understanding participationbehavior in ...
    • Meta-analysis of multidecadal biodiversity trends in Europe 

      Pilotto, Francesca; Kühn, Ingolf; Adrian, Rita; Alber, Renate; Alignier, Audrey; Andrews, Christopher; Bäck, Jaana; Barbaro, Luc; Beaumont, Deborah; Beenaerts, Natalie; Benham, Sue; Boukal, David S.; Bretagnolle, Vincent; Camatti, Elisa; Canullo, Roberto; Cardoso, Patricia G.; Ens, Bruno J.; Everaert, Gert; Evtimova, Vesela V.; Feuchtmayr, Heidrun; García-Gonzále, Ricardo; Gómez García, Daniel; Grandin, Ulf; Gutowski, Jerzy M.; Hadar, Liat; Halada, Lubos; Halassy, Melinda; Hummel, Herman; Huttunen, Kaisa-Leena; Jaroszewicz, Bogdan; Jensen, Thomas Correll; Kalivoda, Henrik; Schmidt, Inger Kappel; Kröncke, Ingrid; Leinonen, Reima; Martinho, Filipe; Meesenburg, Henning; Meyer, Julia; Minerbi, Stefano; Monteith, Don; Nikolov, Boris P.; Oro, Daniel; Ozoliņš, Dāvis; Padedda, Bachisio M.; Pallett, Denise; Pansera, Marco; Pardal, Miguel Ângelo; Petriccione, Bruno; Pipan, Tanja (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Local biodiversity trends over time are likely to be decoupled from global trends, as local processes may compensate or counteract global change. We analyze 161 long-term biological time series (15–91 years) collected ...