Now showing items 995-1014 of 1391

    • Population recovery of peregrine falcons in central Norway in the 4 decades since the DDT-ban 

      Nygård, Torgeir; Sandercock, Brett; Reinsborg, Tore; Einvik, Kjell (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The breeding population of peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) in Norway was almost exterminated by the early 1970’s. Long-term monitoring of breeding pairs has been conducted since 1976 up to present. Peregrine falcons ...
    • Population status, breeding biology and diet of Norwegian Great Cormorants 

      Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Barrett, Robert; Systad, Geir Helge Rødli (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Two subspecies of the Great Cormorant breed in Norway, the continental Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis in the south, along the Skagerrak coast, and the marine P. c. carbo from central Norway and northwards. Here we review the ...
    • Position choice and swimming costs of juvenile Atlantic salmon salmo salar in turbulent flow 

      Wilkes, Martin A.; Enders, E. C.; Silva, Ana T.; Acreman, Mike; Maddock, Ian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Swimming costs (SCs) for fish have been shown to be affected by turbulence. However, this idea has not yet been implemented in habitat models, which often represent hydraulics using water velocity averaged over time and ...
    • Positioning aquatic animals with acoustic transmitters 

      Lennox, Robert; Aarestrup, Kim; Alós, Josep; Arlinghaus, Robert; Aspillaga, Eneko; Bertram, Michael G.; Birnie-Gauvin, Kim; Brodin, Tomas; Cooke, Steven J.; Dahlmo, Lotte Svengård; Dhellemmes, Félicie; Gjelland, Karl Øystein; Hellström, Gustav; Hershey, Henry; Holbrook, Christopher; Klefoth, Thomas; Lowerre-Barbieri, Susan; Monk, Christopher T.; Nilsen, Cecilie Iden; Pauwels, Ine; Pickholtz, Renanel; Prchalová, Marie; Reubens, Jan; Říha, Milan; Villegas-Ríos, David; Vollset, Knut; Westrelin, Samuel; Baktoft, Henrik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      1. Geolocating aquatic animals with acoustic tags has been ongoing for decades, relying on the detection of acoustic signals at multiple receivers with known positions to calculate a 2D or 3D position, and ultimately ...
    • Positioning of aquatic animals based on time-of-arrival and random walk models using YAPS (Yet Another Positioning Solver) 

      Baktoft, Henrik; Gjelland, Karl Øystein; Økland, Finn; Thygesen, Uffe Høgsbro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Aquatic positional telemetry offers vast opportunities to study in vivo behaviour of wild animals, but there is room for improvement in the data quality provided by current procedures for estimating positions. Here we ...
    • Positive impacts of important bird and biodiversity areas on wintering waterbirds under changing temperatures throughout Europe and North Africa 

      Pavòn-Jordàn, Diego; Abdou, Web; Azafzaf, Hichem; Balaž, Michal; Bino, Taulant; Borg, John J.; Božič, Luca; Butchart, Stuart H.M.; Clausen, Preben; Sniauksta, Laimonas; Dakki, Mohamed; Devos, Koen; Domsa, Cristi; Encarnaçao, Vitor; Etayeb, Khaled; Faragó, Sándor; Fox, Anthony D.; Frost, Teresa; Gaudard, Clemence; Georgiev, Valeri; Goratze, Irakli; Hornman, Menno; Keller, Verena; Kostiushyn, Vasiliy; Langendoen, Tom; Ławicki, Łukasz; Ieronymidou, Christina; Lewis, Lesley J.; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Luigujõe, Leho; Meissner, Wlodzimierz; Mikuska, Tibor; Molina, Blas; Musil, Petr; Musilova, Zuzana; Nagy, Szabolcs; Natykanets, Viktor; Nilsson, Leif; Paquet, Jean-Yves; Portolou, Danae; Ridzon, Josef; Santangeli, Andrea; Sayoud, Samir; Šćiban, Marko; Stipniece, Antra; Teufelbauer, Norbert; Topić, Goran; Uzunova, Danka; Vizi, Andrej; Wahl, Johannes; Yavuz, Kiraz E.; Zenatello, Marco; Lehikoinen, Aleksi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Migratory waterbirds require an effectively conserved cohesive network of wetland areas throughout their range and life-cycle. Under rapid climate change, protected area (PA) networks need to be able to accommodate ...
    • Post-1980 shifts in the sensitivity of boreal tree growth to North Atlantic Ocean dynamics and seasonal climate 

      Ols, Clementine; Trouet, Valerie; Girardin, Martin P.; Hofgaard, Annika; Bergeron, Yves; Drobyshev, Igor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The mid-20th century changes in North Atlantic Ocean dynamics, e.g. slow-down of the Atlantic meridional overturning thermohaline circulation (AMOC), have been considered as early signs of tipping points in the Earth climate ...
    • Potential for increased connectivity between differentiated wolverine populations 

      Lansink, G.M.; Kleven, Oddmund; Ekblom, R.; Spong, G.; Kopatz, Alexander; Mattisson, Jenny; Persson, J.; Kojola, I.; Holmala, K.; Ollila, T.; Ellegren, H.; Kindberg, Jonas; Flagstad, Øystein; Aspi, J.; Kvist, L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Information on genetic population structure provides important knowledge for species conservation. Yet, few studies combine extensive genetic data to evaluate the structure and population dynamics of transboundary populations. ...
    • Potential natural immunization against atherosclerosis in hibernating bears 

      Samal, Shailesh Kumar; Fröbert, Ole; Kindberg, Jonas; Stenvinkel, Peter; Frostegård, Johan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Brown bears (Ursus arctos) hibernate for 5–6 months during winter, but despite kidney insufciency, dyslipidemia and inactivity they do not seem to develop atherosclerosis or cardiovascular disease (CVD). IgM antibodies ...
    • The potential of geospatial analysis and Bayesian networks to enable i-Tree Eco assessment of existing tree inventories 

      Cimburova, Zofie; Barton, David Nicholas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Valuing the ecosystem services of urban trees is important for gaining public and political support for urban tree conservation and maintenance. The i-Tree Eco software application can be used to estimate regulating ecosystem ...
    • Practical application of spatial ecosystem service models to aid decision support 

      Zulian, Grazia; Stange, Erik; Woods, Helen; Carvalho, Laurence; Dick, Jan; Andrews, Christopher; Baró, Francesc; Vizcaino, Pilar; Barton, David Nicholas; Nowel, Megan; Rusch, Graciela; Autunes, Paula; Fernandes, João; Ferraz, Diogo; dos Santos, Rui Ferreira; Aszalós, Réka; Arany, Ildikó; Czúcz, Bálint; Priess, Joerg A.; Hoyer, Christian; Bürger-Patriciom, Gleiciani; Lapola, David; Mederly, Peter; Halabuk, Andrej; Bezak, Peter; Kopperoinen, Leena; Viinikka, Arto (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Ecosystem service (ES) spatial modelling is a key component of the integrated assessments designed to support policies and management practices aiming at environmental sustainability. ESTIMAP (‘‘Ecosystem Service Mapping ...
    • A practical conservation tool to combine diverse types of evidence for transparent evidence-based decision-making 

      Christie, Alec P.; Downey, Harriet; Frick, Winifred F.; Grainger, Matthew; O'Brien, David; Tinsley-Marshall, Paul; White, Thomas B.; Winter, Michael; Sutherland, William J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Making the reasoning and evidence behind conservation management decisions clear and transparent is a key challenge for the conservation community. Similarly, combining evidence from diverse sources (e.g., scientific and ...
    • Predation of Atlantic salmon across ontogenetic stages and impacts on populations 

      Falkegård, Morten; Lennox, Robert; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Einum, Sigurd; Fiske, Peder; Garmo, Øyvind Aaberg; Garseth, Åse Helen; Skoglund, Helge; Solberg, Monica Favnebøe; Utne, Kjell Rong; Vollset, Knut; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn; Wennevik, Vidar; Forseth, Torbjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Managers and stakeholders increasingly ask whether predation is a driving force behind the poor status of many species, and whether predator control is likely to be a successful management action to intervene. We review ...
    • Predation on livestock as an indicator of drastic prey decline? The indirect effects of an African swine fever epidemic on predator–prey relations in Poland 

      Klich, Daniel; Sobczuk, Maria; Basak, Sayantani M.; Wierzbowska, Izabela A.; Tallian, Aimee Grace; Hędrzak, Magdalena; Popczyk, Bartłomiej; Żoch, Krzysztof (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      ABSTRACT The gray wolf (Canis lupus) is one of the most conflictual mammals in Europe. Wild boar (Sus scrofa) are an essential part of gray wolf diet in central Europe, but after the emergence of African swine fever (ASF) ...
    • Predation or scavenging? Prey body condition influences decision-making in a facultative predator, the wolverine. Photo gallery 

      Mattisson, Jenny; Rauset, Geir Rune; Odden, John; Andrén, Henrik; Linnell, John Durrus; Persson, Jens (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      What determines whether a predator scavenges or kills its own prey? Using data on wolverines ( Gulo gulo ) in Scandinavia, we studied variation in diet and feeding strategies along a gradient of environmental productivity, ...
    • Predation or scavenging? Prey body condition influencesdecision-making in a facultative predator, the wolverine 

      Mattisson, Jenny; Rauset, Geir Rune; Odden, John; Andren, Henrik; Linnell, John Durrus; Persson, Jens (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The interaction between predators and their prey is a key factor driving population dynamics and shaping wildlife communities. Most predators will scavenge in addition to killing their own prey, which alters predation ...
    • Predation research with electronic tagging 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Dahlmo, Lotte Svengård; Ford, Adam T.; Sortland, Lene K.; Vogel, Emma; Vollset, Knut Wiik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Predation is a fundamental aspect of ecology that drives ecosystem structure and function. A better understanding of predation can be facilitated by using electronic tags that log or transmit positions of predator or prey ...
    • Predation, parasitism, and drought counteract the benefits of patch-burn grazing for the reproductive success of grassland songbirds 

      Verheijen, Bram H. F.; Erickson, Amy N.; Boyle, W. Alice; Leveritte, Kiana S.; Sojka, Jennifer L.; Spahr, Lauren A.; Williams, Emily J.; Winnicki, Sarah K.; Sandercock, Brett (Journal article, 2022)
      Intensification of livestock production has reduced heterogeneity in vegetative structure in managed grasslands, which has been linked to widespread declines in grassland songbird populations throughout North America. ...
    • Predation, parasitism, and drought counteract the benefits of patch-burn grazing for the reproductive success of grassland songbirds 

      Verheijen, Bram H. F.; Erickson, Amy N.; Boyle, W. Alice; Leveritte, Kiana S.; Sojka, Jennifer L.; Spahr, Lauren A.; Williams, Emily J.; Winnicki, Sarah K.; Sandercock, Brett (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Intensification of livestock production has reduced heterogeneity in vegetative structure in managed grasslands, which has been linked to widespread declines in grassland songbird populations throughout North America. ...
    • Predators, stewards, or sportsmen – how do Norwegian hunters perceive their role in carnivore management? 

      Kaltenborn, Bjørn Petter; Andersen, Oddgeir; Linnell, John Durrus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Hunting is increasingly seen as a management strategy in regulating large carnivore populations and reducing conflicts with human interests. A central theme in the carnivore debate is the role of the hunter in simulating ...