Now showing items 745-764 of 1377

    • Leukocyte coping capacity: an integrative parameter for wildlife welfare within conservation interventions 

      Huber, Nikolaus; Marasco, Valeria; Painer, Johanna; Vetter, Sebastian G.; Göritz, Frank; Kaczensky, Petra; Walzer, Chris (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Wildlife management, conservation interventions and wildlife research programs often involve capture, manipulation and transport of wild animals. Widespread empirical evidence across various vertebrate taxa shows that ...
    • Life-history attributes and resource dynamics determine intraspecific home-range sizes in Carnivora 

      Duncan, Clare; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Linnell, John Durrus; Pettorelli, Nathalie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Home ranges capture a fundamental aspect of animal ecology, resulting from interactions between metabolic demands and resource availability. Yet, the understanding of their emergence is currently limited by lack of ...
    • Life-history evolution under fluctuating density-dependent selection and the adaptive alignment of pace-of-life syndromes 

      Wright, Jonathan; Bolstad, Geir Hysing; Araya-Ajoy, Yimen; Dingemanse, Niels J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We present a novel perspective on life-history evolution that combines recent theoretical advances in fluctuating density-dependent selection with the notion of pace-of-life syndromes (POLSs) in behavioural ecology. These ...
    • Light-level geolocators reveal spatial variations in interactions between northern fulmars and fisheries 

      Dupuis, Benjamin; Amélineau, Françoise; Tarroux, Arnaud; Bjørnstad, Oskar; Bråthen, Vegard Sandøy; Danielsen, Jóhannis; Descamps, Sebastien; Fauchald, Per; Hallgrimsson, Gunnar Thor; Hansen, Erpur Snær; Helberg, Morten; Helgason, Halfdan Helgi; Jónsson, Jón Einar; Kolbeinsson, Yann; Lorentzen, Erlend; Thompson, Paul; Thórarinsson, Thorkell Lindberg; Strøm, Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Seabird−fishery interactions are a common phenomenon of conservation concern. Here, we highlight how light-level geolocators provide promising opportunities to study these interactions. By examining raw light data, it ...
    • Limited domestic introgression in a final refuge of the wild pigeon 

      Smith, William J.; Sendell-Price, Ashley T.; Fayet, Annette L.; Schweizer, Teia M.; Jezierski, Michał T.; van de Kerkhof, Charles; Sheldon, Ben C.; Ruegg, Kristen C.; Kelly, Steven; Turnbull, Lindsay A.; Clegg, Sonya M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Domesticated animals have been culturally and economically important throughout history. Many of their ancestral lineages are extinct or genetically en dangered following hybridization with domesticated relatives. ...
    • Limited evidence for genetic differentiation or adaptation in two amphibian species across replicated rural–urban gradients 

      Babik, Wiesław; Marszałek, Marzena; Dudek, Katarzyna; Antunes, Bernardo; Palomar, Gemma; Zając, Bartłomiej; Taugbøl, Annette; Pabijan, Maciej (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Urbanization leads to complex environmental changes and poses multiple challenges to organisms. Amphibians are highly susceptible to the effects of urbanization, with land use conversion, habitat destruction, and degradation ...
    • Limits to the accurate and generalizable use of soundscapes to monitor biodiversity 

      Sethi, Sarab S.; Bick, Ian Avery; Ewers, Robert M.; Klinck, Holger; Ramesh, Vijay; Tuanmu, Mao-Ning; Coomes, David A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Although eco-acoustic monitoring has the potential to deliver biodiversity insight on vast scales, existing analytical approaches behave unpredictably across studies. We collated 8,023 audio recordings with paired manual ...
    • Linking embryonic temperature with adultreproductive investment in Atlantic salmonSalmo salar 

      Jonsson, Bror; Jonsson, Nina; Finstad, Anders G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      The expression of fitness-related traits, such as egg and gonad size, often varies among habitats and exhibits clinal variation along climatic and latitudinal gradients. However, the mechanisms allowing such variations ...
    • Linking green infrastructure to urban heat and human health risk mitigation in Oslo, Norway 

      Venter, Alexander Samuel; Krog, Norun Hjertager; Barton, David Nicholas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The predicted extreme temperatures of globalwarming aremagnified in cities due to the urban heat island effect. Even if the target for average temperature increase in the Paris Climate Agreement is met, temperatures during ...
    • Linking public participation in scientific research to the indicators and needs of international environmental agreements 

      Danielsen, Finn; Pirhofer-Walzl, Karin; Adrian, Teis P.; Kapijimpanga, Daniel R.; Burgess, Neil D.; Jensen, Per M.; Bonney, Rick; Funder, Mikkel; Landa, Arild Magne; Levermann, Nette; Madsen, Jesper (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Different monitoring approaches collect data that can measure progress toward achieving global environmental indicators. These indicators can: (1) Audit management actions; (2) Inform policy choices; and (3) Raise awareness ...
    • Linking social values of wild reindeer to planning and management options in Southern Norway 

      Kaltenborn, Bjørn Petter; Mehmetoglu, Mehmet; Gundersen, Vegard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Norway is home to the last remaining populations of wild mountain reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) in Europe. Concerns over anthropogenic and natural drivers have led to change in the management regime from a ...
    • Linking visitors’ spatial preferences to sustainable visitor management in a Norwegian national park 

      Selvaag, Sofie Kjendlie; Aas, Øystein; Gundersen, Vegard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The increasing numbers of tourists visiting national parks contribute to new opportunities as well as challenges. Alpine and Arctic national parks in Northern Europe are key habitats for vulnerable species such as wild ...
    • Little impact of over-winter parasitism on a free-ranging ungulate in the high Arctic 

      Carlsson, Anja M.; Albon, Steve D.; Coulson, Stephen J.; Ropstad, Erik; Stien, Audun; Wilson, Kenneth; Loe, Leif Egil; Veiberg, Vebjørn; Irvine, Robert Justin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Macroparasites have a central place in wildlife ecology because they have the potential to regulate host populations through effects on reproduction and/or survival. However, there remains a paucity of studies that have ...
    • Living with human encroachment: Status and distribution of Green Peafowl in northern stronghold of Thailand 

      Saridnirun, Ghan; Sukumal, Niti; Grainger, Matthew; Savini, Tomasso (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Green Peafowl have declined significantly across much of their historical range mostly due to habitat loss and degradation following intensive agricultural expansion, logging and infrastructure development. In Thailand, ...
    • Living with wolves: A worldwide systematic review of attitudes 

      Barmoen, Magnus; Bærum, Kim Magnus; Mathiesen, Kristin Evensen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      This systematic review of peer reviewed articles on attitudes towards gray wolves (Canis lupus), shows that attitudes are mainly measured either by mean values of attitudes or by proportional differences in attitudes. ...
    • Local buffer mechanisms for population persistence 

      Milles, Alexander; Banitz, Thomas; Bielcik, Milos; Frank, Karin; Gallagher, Cara A.; Jeltsch, Florian; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Oro, Daniel; Radchuk, Viktoriia; Grimm, Volker (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Assessing and predicting the persistence of populations is essential for the conservation and control of species. Here, we argue that local mechanisms require a better conceptual synthesis to facilitate a more holistic ...
    • Local land use associated with socio-economic development in six arctic regions 

      Ehrich, Dorothee; Thuestad, Alma Elizabeth; Tømmervik, Hans; Fauchald, Per; Hausner, Vera Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The socioeconomic causes of land use change are complex. They are highly context dependent, but most often studied through case studies. Here, we use a quasi-experimental paired block design to investigate whether better ...
    • Local opposition against high-voltage grids: public responses to agency-caused science policy trolls 

      Aas, Øystein; Qvenild, Marte; Wold, Line Camilla; Jacobsen, Gerd Blindheim; Ruud, Audun (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      High-voltage (hV) transmission grids are projects of societal importance that potentially have controversial social and environmental impacts. Former research shows that public opposition is sparked by the perception of ...
    • Local Perceptions of Ecosystem Services Across Multiple Ecosystem Types in Spain 

      García-Llorente, Marina; Castro, Antonio J.; Quintas-Soriano, Cristina; Oteros-Rozas, Elisa; Iniesta-Arandia, Irene; González, José A.; García Del Amo, David; Hernández-Arroyo, Marta; Casado-Arzuaga, Izaskun; Palomo, Ignacio; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Onaindia, Miren; Montes, Carlos; Martín-López, Berta (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      ecosystem service diversity; governance; local communities; place-based approach; socio-cultural valuation; social perception
    • Local perceptions of jaguar conservation and environmental justice in Goiás, Matto Grosso and Roraima states (Brazil) 

      Bredin, Yennie Katarina; Lescureux, Nicolas; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Wildlife conservation often leads to various conflicts with other human activities, resulting in concerns about the justice of conservation. Although species' protection e notably of large carnivores e can have negative ...