Now showing items 665-684 of 1391

    • Index Measuring Land Use Intensity—A Gradient‐Based Approach 

      Erikstad, Lars; Simensen, Trond; Bakkestuen, Vegar; Halvorsen, Rune (Journal article, 2023)
      To monitor the changes in the landscape, and to relate these to ecological processes, we need robust and reproducible methods for quantifying the changes in landscape patterns. The main aim of this study is to present, ...
    • Individual migration strategy fidelity but no habitat specialization in two congeneric seabirds 

      Merkel, Benjamin; Descamps, Sebastien; Yoccoz, Nigel; Grémillet, David; Daunt, Francis; Erikstad, Kjell E; Ezhov, Aleksey V.; Harris, Mike P.; Gavrilo, Maria; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Reiertsen, Tone Kristin; Steen, Harald; Systad, Geir Helge Rødli; Þórarinsson, Þorkell Lindberg; Wanless, Sarah; Strøm, Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Abstract Aim: In migratory species, individuals often use fixed and individual-specific migration strategies, which we term individual migration strategy fidelity (IMSF). Our goal was to test if guillemots have flexible ...
    • Individual Movement - Sequence Analysis Method (IM-SAM): characterizing spatio-temporal patterns of animal habitat use across landscapes 

      De Groeve, Johannes; Cagnacci, Francesca; Ranc, Nathan; Bonnot, Nadège C.; Gehr, Benedikt; Heurich, Marco; Hewison, A.J. Mark; Kroeschel, Max; Linnell, John Durrus; Morellet, Nicolas; Mysterud, Atle; Sandfort, Robin; Van De Weghe, Nico (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      We present methodological advances to a recently developed framework to study sequential habitat use by animals using a visually-explicit and tree-based Sequence Analysis Method (SAM), derived from molecular biology and ...
    • Individual Movement - Sequence Analysis Method (IM-SAM): characterizing spatio-temporal patterns of animal habitat use across landscapes 

      De Groeve, Johannes; Cagnacci, Francesca; Ranc, Nathan; Bonnot, Nadège C.; Gehr, Benedikt; Heurich, Marco; Hewison, A.J. Mark; Kroeschel, Max; Linnell, John Durrus; Morellet, Nicolas; Mysterud, Atle; SAndfort, Robin; Van De Weghe, Nico (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      We present methodological advances to a recently developed framework to study sequential habitat use by animals using a visually-explicit and tree-based Sequence Analysis Method (SAM), derived from molecular biology and ...
    • Individual phenotypic plasticityexplains seasonal variation in sperm morphology in a passerine bird 

      Schmoll, Tim; Kleven, Oddmund; Rusche, Maria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Background: Spermatozoa display impressive variation in size and form among and within animal species. In birds, comparative evidence suggests that post-copulatory sexual selection resulting from extra-pair copulations is ...
    • Individual recognition of Atlantic Salmon using iris biometry 

      Foldvik, Anders; Jakobsen, Frank; Ulvan, Eva Marita (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Traditional tagging methods for fishes can have issues relating to both animal welfare and economic costs. Biometric data such as iris patterns can be captured via digital cameras, which allows for non-invasive tagging and ...
    • Individual shark profiling: An innovative and environmentally 

      Clua, Eric E.G.; Linnell, John D.C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Most shark-induced human fatalities are followed by widespread and unselective culling campaigns that have limited effectiveness and may have high ecological costs for threatened species. The blanket culling strategy ...
    • Individual-Level Memory is Sufficient to Create Spatial Segregation Among Neighboring Colonies of Central Place Foragers 

      Aarts, Geert; Mul, Evert; Fieberg, John; Brasseur, Sophie; van Gils, Jan A.; Matthiopoulos, Jason; Riotte-Lambert, Louise (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is a relatively new approach to ocean management and has been widely implemented worldwide. Ideally, MSP should be established as a public process that analyzes and distributes human activities ...
    • Industry-specific impacts of global drivers in the European Arctic 

      Nygaard, Vigdis; Engen, Sigrid; Suopajärvi, Leena; Edvardsdóttir, Anna Guðrún; Iversen, Audun; Bogadóttir, R.; Tuulentie, Seija; Bjerke, Jarle Werner; Rautio, Pasi; Elomina, Jerbelle; Miettinen, J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Natural resource-based industries in the European Arctic operate in an increasingly competitive and globalized Arctic. Knowledge of key drivers and their industrial impacts provide industries, companies, communities, and ...
    • Infection by the cestodes Triaenophorus crassus and Diphyllobothrium spp. in a polymorphic whitefish population 

      Sandlund, Odd Terje; Næsje, Tor; Diserud, Ola Håvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus s.l.) stock in Lake Femunden, Norway, includes three morphs: deepwater spawning (D-), river spawning (R-) and shallow water spawning (S-) whitefish. Infections by Diphyllobothrium spp. ...
    • Influence of gear switching on recapture of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in catch-and- release fisheries 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Cooke, Steven J.; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Whoriskey, Frederick G.; Solem, Øyvind; Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Uglem, Ingebrigt (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Anglers that release Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in recreational fisheries do so with the intention that the fish will survive and contribute to succeeding generations. In some instances, salmon that are released may be ...
    • Influences of migration phenology on survival are size-dependent in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) 

      Jonsson, Bror; Jonsson, Marius; Jonsson, Nina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Long-distance migratory species can reduce mortality risks by synchronizing the migration event and create confusion by swamping predators with high densities. To reduce confusion, predators are known to primarily select ...
    • Influencia de los árboles en la vegetación herbácea de sistemas ganaderos del trópico seco de Nicaragua 

      Zapata, Piedad; Rusch, Graciela; Ibrahim, Muhammad; DeClerk, Fabrice; Casanoves, Fernando; Beer, John (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Se estudiaron las características estructurales de tres especies forestales y su efecto sobre la productividad primaria neta aérea y la composición florística de pastizales naturales en el trópico seco de Nicaragua. Las ...
    • The Inocybe-Conocybe workshops at Dombås 2021-2022 

      Brandrud, Tor Erik; Dima, Bálint (Others, 2023)
      Some results from the Inocybe(-Conocybe) workshops at Dombås 2021-2022 are presented, with emphasis on the 2021 Inocybe results, based on extensive ITS-DNA sequencing and phylogenetic analyses. Among the 60 Inocybe s. lat. ...
    • Insect herbivory strongly modifies mountain birch volatile emissions 

      Rieksta, Jolanta; Li, Tao; Junker, Robert R.; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Ryde, Ingvild; Rinnan, Riikka (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Insect herbivory is known to augment emissions of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs). Yet few studies have quantified BVOC responses to insect herbivory in natural populations in pan-Arctic regions. Here, we assess ...
    • Insights into the quantification and reporting of model-related uncertainty across different disciplines 

      Simmonds, Emily Grace; Dunn-Sigouin, Etienne; Adjei, Kwaku Peprah; Andersen, Christoffer Wold; Aspheim, Janne Cathrin Hetle; Battistin, Claudia; Bulso, Nicola; Christensen, Hannah M.; Cretois, Benjamin; Cubero, Ryan John Abat; Davidovich, Ivan Andres; Dickel, Lisa; Dunn, Benjamin Adric; Dyrstad, Karin; Einum, Sigurd; Giglio, Donata; Gjerløw, Haakon; Godefroidt, Amélie; González-Gil, Ricardo; Gonzalo Cogno, Soledad; Große, Fabian; Halloran, Paul; Jensen, Mari Fjalstad; Kennedy, John James; Langsæther, Peter Egge; Laverick, Jack H; Lederberger, Debora; Li, Camille; Mandeville, Elizabeth G; Mandeville, Caitlin; Moe, Espen; Schröder, Tobias Navarro; Nunan, David; Sicacha-Parada, Jorge; Simpson, Melanie Rae; Skarstein, Emma Sofie; Spensberger, Clemens; Stevens, Richard; Subramanian, Aneesh C.; Svendsen, Lea; Theisen, Ole Magnus; Watret, Connor; O'Hara, Robert B. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Quantifying uncertainty associated with our models is the only way we can ex- press how much we know about any phenomenon. Incomplete consideration of model-based uncertainties can lead to overstated conclusions with ...
    • Instagranimal: Animal Welfare and Animal Ethics Challenges of Animal-Based Tourism 

      Von Essen, Erica; Lindsjö, J.; Berg, Charlotte (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Animals of countless species, wild as well as tame, can now entertain tourists on their holidays. The popularity, however, of animal-based tourism comes with significant risks for the welfare of these animals. Many animals ...
    • Institutional challenges in putting ecosystem service knowledge in practice 

      Saarikoski, Heli; Primmer, Eeva; Saarela, Sanna-Riikka; Antunes, Paula; Aszalós, Réka; Baró, Francesc; Berry, Pam; Blanko, Gemma Garcia; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Carvalho, Laurence; Dick, Jan; Dunford, Robert; Hanzu, Mihail; Harrison, Paula A.; Izakovicova, Zita; Kertész, Miklós; Kopperoinen, Leena; Köhler, Berit; Langemeyer, Johannes; Lapola, David Montenegro; Liquete, Camino; Luque, Sandra; Mederly, Peter; Niemela, Jari; Palomo, Ignacio; Pastur, Guillermo Martinéz; Peri, Pablo Luis; Preda, Elena; Priess, Jörg A.; Santos, Rui; Schleyer, Christian; Turkelboom, Francis; Vadineanu, Angheluta; Verheyden, Wim; Vikström, Suvi; Young, Juliette (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The promise that ecosystem service assessments will contribute to better decision-making is not yet proven. We analyse how knowledge on ecosystem services is actually used to inform land and water management in 22 case ...
    • Insurance value of biodiversity in the Anthropocene is the full resilience value 

      Hahn, Thomas; Sioen, Giles B.; Gasparatos, Alexandros; Elmqvist, Thomas; Brondizio, Eduardo; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Folke, Carl; Setiawati, Martiwi Diah; Atmaja, Tri; Arini, Enggar Yustisi; Jarzebski, Marcin Pawel; Fukushi, Kensuke; Takeuchi, Kazuhiko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Recently two distinctly different conceptualisations of insurance value of biodiversity/ ecosystems have been developed. The ecosystem framing addresses the full resilience value without singling out subjective risk ...
    • Integrating data from different survey types for population monitoring of an endangered species: the case of the Eld’s deer 

      Bowler, DIana E.; Nilsen, Erlend B.; Bischof, Richard; O'Hara, Robert B.; Yu, Thin Thin; Oo, Tun; Aug, Myint; Linnell, John D.C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Despite its value for conservation decision-making, we lack information on population abundances for most species. Because establishing large-scale monitoring schemes is rarely feasible, statistical methods that combine ...