Now showing items 337-356 of 1342

    • The ecosystem effects of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) in northern Fennoscandia: Past, present and future 

      Stark, Sari; Horstkotte, Tim; Kumpula, Jouko; Olofsson, Johan; Tømmervik, Hans; Turunen, Minna (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The semi-domesticated nature of the reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L.) makes it a distinct case among the world’s herbivores. Here, we review the literature on how reindeer shape vegetation and soil carbon and nitrogen cycles ...
    • Ecosystem response to climatic change: the importance of the cold season 

      Bokhorst, Stef; Bjerke, Jarle Werner; Tømmervik, Hans; Preece, Catherine; Phoenix, Gareth K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Winter climate and snow cover are the important drivers of plant community development in polar regions. However, the impacts of changing winter climate and associated changes in snow regime have received much less attention ...
    • Ecosystem Services and Opportunity Costs Shift SpatialPriorities for Conserving Forest Biodiversity 

      Schröter, Matthias; Rusch, Graciela; Barton, David Nicholas; Blumentrath, Stefan; Nordén, Bjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Inclusion of spatially explicit information on ecosystem services in conservation planning is a fairly new practice. This study analyses how the incorporation of ecosystem services as conservation features can affect ...
    • Ecosystem services mapping and assessment for policy- and decision-making: Lessons learned from a comparative analysis of European case studies 

      Geneletti, Davide; Esmail, Blal Adem; Cortinovis, Chiara; Arany, Ildikó; Balzan, Mario; van Beukering, Pieter J. H.; Bicking, Sabine; Borges, Paulo AV; Borisova, Bilyana; Gil, Artur; Inghe, Ola; Kopperoinen, Leena; Kruse, Marion; Liekens, Inge; Lowicki, Damian; Mizgajski, Andrzej; Mulder, Sara; Nedkov, Stoyan; Ostergard, Hannah; Picanço, Ana; Ruskule, Anda; Santos-Martín, Fernando; Sieber, Ina M.; Svensson, Johan; Vačkářů, Dava; Veidemane, Kristina; Broekx, Steven; Burkhard, Benjamin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This paper analyses and compares a set of case studies on ecosystem services (ES) mapping and assessment with the purpose of formulating lessons learned and recommendations. Fourteen case studies were selected during the ...
    • Ecosystem services mapping for municipal policy: ESTIMAP and zoning for urban beekeeping 

      Stange, Erik; Zulian, Grazia; Rusch, Graciela; Barton, David Nicholas; Nowell, Megan Sara (Journal article, 2017)
      Pollinating insects are an integral part of cities’ natural capital and perform an important ecosystem function with a high degree of relevance to many cultural ecosystem services. Consequently, pollinators serve as a ...
    • Ecosystem services to support environmental and socially sustainable decision-making 

      Rusch, Veronica E.; Rusch, Graciela; Goijman, Andrea P.; Claps, Leonardo; Varela, Santiago A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The theory of ecosystem services (ES) needs to be operationalized to contribute to practices leading to sustainable use of ecosystems, which includes solving trade-offs between private and public benefits and incorporating ...
    • Ecosystem Services: A Systematic Review of Provisioning and Cultural Ecosystem Services in Estuaries 

      Booi, Sipesihle; Mishi, Syden; Andersen, Oddgeir (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      It is widely argued that humans deteriorate and vandalize ecosystems, yet little is known about the advantages they receive from the same. The study employs the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses ...
    • Effect of Habitat Size, Quality, and Isolation on Functional Groups of Beetles in Hollow Oaks 

      Pilskog, Hanne Eik; Birkemoe, Tone; Framstad, Erik; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      One of the largest threats to biodiversity is land use change and habitat loss. Hollow oaks (Quercus spp. L.) are welldefined patches that are hotspots for biodiversity and red-listed species, but they are often rare and ...
    • Effect of human–elephant conflict on local attitudes toward the conservation of wild Asian elephants in Myanmar 

      Thant, Zaw Min; May, Roelof Frans; Røskaft, Eivin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The study of attitudes toward wild elephants and human–elephant conflict (HEC) is vital to understanding what attitudes are held by local people and how to incorporate them into wild elephant conservation. This study ...
    • Effect of mesh size on baited trap catch composition for noble crayfish (Astacus Astacus) 

      Johnsen, Stein Ivar; Skurdal, Jostein; Taugbøl, Trond; Garnås, Erik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Minimum size is a common management regulation in noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) fisheries. The most used catching method baited traps, catch crayfish down to 50 mm total length (TL). In Norway the minimum size is 95 mm ...
    • Effect of sand texture on nest quality and mating success in a fish with parental care 

      Olsson, Karin H.; Forsgren, Elisabet; Merilaita, Sami; Kvarnemo, Charlotta; St. Mary, Colette (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Nest quality is an important aspect of courtship and mate choice, offering females direct benefits through offspring survival and, if it reflects male genetic quality, also indirect ones. Nest characteristics may thus ...
    • Effect of Temperature on Plant Resistance to Arthropod Pests 

      Nechols, James R.; Hough, Ashley R.; Margolies, David C.; Ruberson, John R.; McCornack, Brian P.; Sandercock, Brett; Murray, Leigh (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Temperature has a strong influence on the development, survival, and fecundity of herbivorous arthropods, and it plays a key role in regulating the growth and development of their host plants. In addition, temperature ...
    • Effect of tower base painting on willow ptarmigan collision rates with wind turbines 

      Stokke, Bård Gunnar; Nygård, Torgeir; Falkdalen, Ulla; Pedersen, Hans Christian; May, Roelof Frans (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      1. Birds colliding with turbine rotor blades is a well-known negative consequence of wind-power plants. However, there has been far less attention to the risk of birds colliding with the turbine towers, and how to mitigate ...
    • Effective biodiversity monitoring needs a culture of integration 

      Kühl, H.S.; Bowler, Diana Elizabeth; Bösch, L.; Bruelheide, H.; Dauber, J.; Eichenberg, D.; Eisehower, N.; Fernandez, N.; Guerra, Carlos A.; Henle, Klaus; Herbinger, Ilka; Isaac, Nick J.B.; Jansen, Florian; König-Ries, Birgitta; Kühn, Ingolf; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Pe'er, Guy; Richter, Anett; Schulte, Ralf; Settele, Josef; van Dam, Nicole M.; Voigt, Maria; Wägele, Wolfgang J.; Wirth, Christian; Bonn, Aletta (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Despite conservation commitments, most countries still lack large-scale biodiversity monitoring programs to track progress toward agreed targets. Monitoring program design is frequently approached from a topdown, data-centric ...
    • The effectiveness of Virkon® S disinfectant against an invasive insect and implications for Antarctic biosecurity practices 

      Bartlett, Jesamine; Radcliffe, Richard James; Convey, Pete; Hughes, Kevin A.; Hayward, Scott A.L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The flightless midge Eretmoptera murphyi is thought to be continuing its invasion of Signy Island via the treads of personnel boots. Current boot-wash biosecurity protocols in the Antarctic region rely on microbial biocides, ...
    • Effects and recovery of larvae of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Desmophyllum pertusum) exposed to suspended bentonite, barite and drill cuttings 

      Jarnegren, Johanna; Brooke, Sandra; Jensen, Henrik; (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Fossil fuel drilling operations create sediment plumes and release waste materials into the ocean. These operations sometimes occur close to sensitive marine ecosystems, such as cold-water corals. While there have been ...
    • Effects of a dispersal barrier on freshwater migration of the vimba bream (Vimba vimba) 

      Tambets, Meelis; Kärgenberg, Einar; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Økland, Finn; Thalfeldt, Mart (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      To study the effects of a dispersal barrier on migration of the semi-anadromous vimba bream in the Pärnu River, Estonia, we tagged thirty fish with acoustic transmitters and released above the barrier. Tagged fish showed ...
    • Effects of body size on estimation of mammalian area requirements 

      Noonan, Michael J.; Fleming, Christen H.; Tucker, Marlee A.; Kays, Roland; Harrison, Autumn-Lynn; Crofoot, Margaret C*; Abrahams, Briana; Alberts, Susan C.; Ali, Abdullahi H.; Altmann, Jeanne; Antunes, Pamela Castro; Belant, Jerrold L.; Attias, Nina; Beyer Jr., Dean E.; Bidner, Laura R.; Blaum, Niels; Boone, Randall B.; Caillaud, Damien; De Paula, Rogerio Cunha; de la Torre, J. Antonio; Dekker, Jasja; DePerno, Christopher S.; Farhadinia, Mohammad; Fennessy, Julian; Fichtel, Claudia; Fischer, Christina; Ford, Adam; Goheen, Jacob R.; Havmøller, Rasmus W.; Hirsch, Ben T.; Hurtado, Cindy; Isbell, Lynne A.; Janssen, René; Jeltsch, Florian; Kaczensky, Petra; Kappeler, Peter; Kaneko, Yayoi; Katna, Anjan; Kauffman, Matthew; Koch, Flavia; Kulkarni, Abhijeet; LaPoint, Scott; Leimgruber, Peter; Macdonald, David W.; Markham, A. Catherine; McMahon, Laura; Mertes, Katherine; Moorman, Christopher E.; Morato, Ronaldo G.; Moßbrucker, Alexander M.; Mourão, Guilherme; O’Connor, David; Gustavo R, Luiz; Oliveira-Santo, Luiz Gustavo R.; Pastorini, Jennifer (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Accurately quantifying species’ area requirements is a prerequisite for effective area-based conservation. This typically involves collecting tracking data on species of interest and then conducting home-range analyses. ...
    • The effects of egg incubation temperature and parental cross on the swimming activity of juvenile brown trout Salmo trutta 

      Greenberg, Larry A.; Bergman, Eva; Jonsson, Bror; Filipsson, Kari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      temperature had carry-over effects on swimming activity of juvenile brown trout, Salmo trutta. Eggs from different crosses involving anadromous and lacustrine-adfluvial parents were incubated under two temperature regimes, ...
    • Effects of episodic exposure to high-pH water on survival of Atlantic salmon eggs and juveniles: Results from laboratory and field Studies 

      Foldvik, Anders; Holthe, Espen; Bremset, Gunnbjørn; Solem, Øyvind (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Although effects of acidification on salmonidfish are well studied and documented, effects of episodic high pHhave rarely received attention. In the present study, we investigated effects of high‐pH events on Atlantic ...