Now showing items 1212-1231 of 1392

    • Synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem services in an alpine ecosystem grazed by sheep – An experimental approach 

      Austrheim, Gunnar; Speed, James David Mervyn; Evju, Marianne; Hester, Alison; Holand, Øystein; Loe, Leif Egil; Martinsen, Vegard; Mobæk, Ragnhild; Mulder, Jan; Steen, Harald; Thompson, Des B.A.; Mysterud, Atle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Domestic livestock drives ecosystem changes in many of the world’s mountain regions, and can be the dominant influenceon soil, habitat and wildlife dynamics. Grazing impacts on ecosystem services (ES) vary according to ...
    • A synthesis of multi-taxa management experiments to guide forest biodiversity conservation in Europe 

      Tinya, Flóra; Doerfler, Inken; de Groot, Maarten; Heilman-Clausen, Jacob; Kovács, Bence; Mårell, Anders; Nordén, Björn; Aszalós, Réka; Bässler, Claus; Brazaitis, Gediminas; Burrascano, Sabina; Camprodon, Jordi; Chudomelov, Marketa; Cizek, Lukas; D'Andrea, Ettore; Gossner, Martin; Halme, Panu; Hédl, Radim; Korboulewsky, Nathalie; Kouki, Jari; Kozel, Petr; Lõhmus, Asko; Lopez, Rosana; Máliš, František; Martín, Juan A.; Mattioli, Walter; Mundet, Roser; Müller, Jörg; Nicolas, Manuel; Oldén, Anna; Piqué, Miriam; Preiksa, Zydrunas; Ciuró, Joan Rovira; Remm, Liina; Schall, Peter; Sebek, Pavel; Seibold, Sebastian; Simoncic, Primoz; Ujhazy, Karol; Ujhazyova, Mariana; Vild, Ondrej; Vincenot, Lucie; Weisser, Wolfgang; Odor, Peter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Most European forests are used for timber production. Given the limited extent of unmanaged (and especially primary) forests, it is essential to include commercial forests in the conservation of forest biodiversity. ...
    • Systematic review and meta-analysis of PIT tagging effects on mortality and growth of juvenile salmonids 

      Vollset, Knut; Lennox, Robert J.; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Auer, Samuel; Bär, Kerstin; Larsen, Martin H.; Mahlum, Shad Kenneth; Näslund, Joacim; Stryhn, Henrik; Dohoo, Ian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the appropriate tag:fish size ratio when tagging juvenile salmonids (genera Oncorhynchus, Salmo, and Salvelinus). The review yielded 18 publications with 211 ...
    • Taking a trip to the shelf: Behavioral decisions are mediated by the proximity to foraging habitats in the black-legged kittiwake 

      Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; May, Roelof Frans; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      For marine top predators like seabirds, the oceans represent a multitude of habitats regarding oceanographic conditions and food availability. Worldwide, these marine habitats are being altered by changes in climate and ...
    • Taxonomic and functional reorganization in Central European stream macroinvertebrate communities over 25 years 

      Manfrin, Alessandro; Pilotto, Francesca; Larsen, Stefano; Tonkin, Jonathan D.; Lorenz, Armin W.; Haase, Peter; Stoll, Stefan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Climate warming can lead to a replacement of species that favour cold temperatures by species that favour warm temperatures. However, the implications of such thermic shifts for the functioning of ecosystems remain poorly ...
    • Taxonomically and Functionally Distinct Ciliophora Assemblages Inhabiting Baltic Sea Ice 

      Majaneva, Markus; Rintala, Janne-Markus; Blomster, Jaanika (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Ciliophora is a phylum of unicellular eukaryotes that are common and have pivotal roles in aquatic environments. Sea ice is a marine habitat, which is composed of a matrix of solid ice and pockets of saline water in which ...
    • Taxonomy and phylogeny of the phlegmacioid clade Camptori (Cortinarius s.l., Basidiomycota) in Europe with description of four new species 

      Schmidt-Stohn, Geert; Brandrud, Tor Erik; Bellanger, Jean-Michel; Saar, Günter; Ballarà, Josep; Armada, François; Albert, László; Frøslev, Tobias Guldberg; Dima, Bálint (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    • Technoscience and the modernization of freshwater fisheries assessment and management 

      Cooke, S.J.; Docker, M.F.; Mandrak, N.E.; Young, N.; Heath, D.D.; Jeffries, K.M.; Howarth, A.; Brownscombe, J.W.; Livernois, J.; Semeniuk, C.A.D.; Venturelli, P.A.; Danylchuk, A.J.; Lennox, Robert; Jarić, I.; Fisk, A.T.; Vandergoot, C.S.; Britton, J.R.; Muir, A.M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Inland fisheries assessment and management are challenging given the inherent com- plexity of working in diverse habitats (e.g., rivers, lakes, wetlands) that are dynamic on organisms that are often cryptic and where ...
    • Telamonioid Cortinarius species of the C. puellaris group from calcareous Tilia forests 

      Brandrud, Tor Erik; Dima, Bálint; Liimatainen, Kare; Niskanen, Tuula (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Four species belonging to the Cortinarius puellaris group are presented, including the two new species C. biriensis, C. subpuellaris and the recently described C. puellaris. Based on type studies, it is shown that the ...
    • Telamonioid species of Cortinarius, section Safranopedes in Norway with emphasis on species in calcareous Tilia forests 

      Brandrud, Tor Erik; Bendiksen, Egil; Dima, Bálint (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The Cortinarius (telamonioid) species of sect. Safranopedes (= sect. Rubricosi s. auct.) in Norway are presented, with emphasis on our calcareous Tilia forest species. Altogether 15 species from the section are now known ...
    • Temperature and vegetation seasonality diminishment over northern lands 

      Xu, L.; Myneni, R.B.; Chapin III, F.S.; Callaghan, T.V.; Pinzon, J.E.; Tucker, Compton J.; Zhu, Z.; Bi, J.; Ciais, P.; Tømmervik, Hans; Euskirchen, E.S.; Forbes, B. C.; Piao, S.L.; Anderson, B.T.; Ganguly, S.; Nemani, R.R.; Goetz, S.J.; Beck, P.S.A.; Bunn, A.G.; Cao, C.; Stroeve, J.C. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Global temperature is increasing, especially over Northern lands (>50 N), owing to positive feedbacks. As this increase is most pronounced in winter, temperature seasonality (ST)—conventionally defined as the difference ...
    • Temporal changes in the relative abundance of anadromous Arctic charr, brown trout, and Atlantic salmon in northern Europe: Do they reflect changing climates? 

      Svenning, Martin; Falkegård, Morten; Dempson, J. Brian; Power, Michael; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Guðbergsson, Gudni; Fauchald, Per (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      1. Warming temperatures resulting from climate change may alter the distribution and abundance of many freshwater fish species, especially those in northern latitudes. Owing to interspecific differences in temperature ...
    • Temporal non-independence of foraging dive and surface duration sequences in the European shag Gulosus aristotelis 

      Carlsen, Astrid A.; Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon; Mattisson, Jenny; Wright, J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Studies of foraging behaviour and respiratory physiology in breath-holding divers often assume that each dive cycle (dive plus surface duration) is physiologically and ecologically independent within a series (or “bout”) ...
    • Temporal patterns in the soundscape of a Norwegian gateway to the Arctic 

      Aniceto, Ana Sofia; Ferguson, Elizabeth L.; Pedersen, Geir; Tarroux, Arnaud; Primicerio, Raul (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      As an Arctic gateway, the Norwegian Sea sustains a rich diversity of seasonal and resident species of soniferous animals, vulnerable to the effects of climate change and anthropogenic activities. We show the occurrence of ...
    • Temporal patterns of moose-vehicle collisions with and without personal injuries 

      Niemi, Milla; Rolandsen, Christer Moe; Neumann, Wiebke; Kukko, Tuomas; Tiilikainen, Raisa; Pusenius, Jyrki; Solberg, Erling Johan; Ericsson, Göran (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      tCollisions with wild ungulates are an increasing traffic safety issue in boreal regions. Crashes involvingsmaller-bodied deer species usually lead to vehicle damage only, whereas collisions with a large animal,such as the ...
    • Temporal quota corrections based on timing of harvest in a small game species 

      Brøseth, Henrik; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Pedersen, Hans-Christian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Theoretical models have shown that the effect of removing a given proportion of the population can be profoundly different if the harvest takes place late in the season compared to early. We explore the effect of these ...
    • Temporal shifts in the marine feeding of individual Atlantic salmon inferred from scale isotope ratios 

      Power, Michael; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Forseth, Torbjørn; Fiske, Peder (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Given the limited information on prey use during the marine residency period for Atlantic salmon, scales were collected from salmon at return to the River Namsen (Norway) for spawning after 1 year at sea, and scale material ...
    • Temporal variation in circulating concentrations of organochlorine pollutants in a pelagic seabird breeding in the high arctic 

      Bustnes, Jan Ove; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Moe, Børge; Herzke, Dorte; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Sagerup, Kjetil; Bech, Claus; Nordstad, Tore; Chastel, Olivier; Tartu, Sabrina; Gabrielsen, Geir W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The present study explored short-term temporal variations in circulating concentrations of 3 legacy organochlorines with different physicochemical properties (polychlorinated biphenyl 153 [PCB-153], p,p0-dichlorodiphenyl ...
    • Temporal variation in trophic relationships among three congeneric penguin species breeding in sympatry 

      Tarroux, Arnaud; Lydersen, Christian; Trathan, Philip N.; Kovacs, Kit M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Penguins are a monophyletic group in which many species are found breeding sympatrically, raising questions regarding how these species coexist successfully. Here, the isotopic niche of three sympatric pygoscelid penguin ...
    • Territory location and quality, together with climate, affect the timing of breeding in the whitethroated dipper 

      Nilsson, Anna; Slagsvold, Tore; Røstad, Ole Wiggo; Knudsen, E.; Jerstad, Kurt; Cadahia, Luis; Reitan, Trond; Helberg, Morten; Walseng, Bjørn; Stenseth, Nils Christian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Recent climate change has led to advanced spring phenology in many temperate regions. The phenological response to variation in the local environment, such as the habitat characteristics of the territories birds occupy, ...