Now showing items 1084-1103 of 1342

    • Seasonal variation in urban pollen resource use by north temperate European honeybees 

      Davey, Marie Louise; Blaalid, Rakel; Dahle, Sondre; Stange, Erik; Barton, David Nicholas; Rusch, Graciela Monica (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Urban green infrastructure can provide important habitats for pollinators and support urban ecosystem services. Therefore, these areas must be managed to maximize biodiversity and density of pollinating insects. We used ...
    • Seasonal variation of mercury contamination in Arctic seabirds: A pan-Arctic assessment 

      Albert, Céline; Helgason, Halfdan Helgi; Brault-Favrou, Maud; Robertson, Gregory J.; Descamps, Sebastien; Amélineau, Françoise; Danielsen, Jóhannis; Dietz, Rune; Elliott, Kyle; Erikstad, Kjell E.; Eulaers, Igor; Ezhov, Alexey V.; Fitzsimmo, Michelle G.; Gavrilo, Maria; Golubova, Elena; Grémillet, David; Hatch, Scott; Huffeldt, Nicholas P.; Jakubas, Dariusz; Kitaysky, Alexander S.; Kolbeinsson, Yann; Krasnov, Yuri V.; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Lorentzen, Erlend; Mallory, Mark L.; Merkel, Benjamin; Merkel, Flemming Ravn; Montevecchi, William A.; Mosbech, Anders; Olsen, Bergur; Orben, Rachael A.; Patterson, Allison; Provencher, Jennifer; Plumejeaud, Christine; Pratte, Isabeau; Reiertsen, Tone Kristin; Renner, Heather M.; Rojek, Nora; Romano, Marco; Strøm, Hallvard; Systad, Geir Helge Rødli; Takahashi, Akinori; Thiebot, Jean-Baptiste; Thórarinsson, Thorkell Lindberg; Will, Alexis P.; Wojczulanis-Jakubas, Katarzyna; Bustamante, Paco; Fort, Jérôme (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Mercury (Hg) is a natural trace element found in high concentrations in top predators, including Arctic seabirds. Most current knowledge about Hg concentrations in Arctic seabirds relates to exposure during the summer ...
    • Seeing the Forest for the Trees: A Review-Based Framework for Better Harmonization of Timber Production, Biodiversity, and Recreation in Boreal Urban Forests 

      Gundersen, Vegard; Köhler, Berit; Myrvold, Knut Marius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Forested lands serve multiple needs, and the priorities that go into balancing the competing demands can vary over time. In addition to being the source of timber and other natural resources, forested lands provide a ...
    • Segmented forest realities: The ontological politics of biodiversity mapping 

      Aspøy, Håkon; Stokland, Håkon B. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Since the late 1990 s, biodiversity mapping has been a key instrument for preventing loss of species and habitats in Norwegian productive forests. Having major implications for the abilities of actors to pursue their ...
    • Selecting methods for ecosystem service assessment: A decision tree approach 

      Harrison, Paula A.; Dunford, Robert; Barton, David Nicholas; Kelemen, Eszter; Martín-López, Berta; Norton, Lisa; Termansen, Mette; Saarikoski, Heli; Hendriks, Kees; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Czúcz, Balint; García-Llorente, Marina; Howard, David; Jacobs, Sander; Karlsen, Martin; Kopperoinen, Leena; Madsen, Andes; Rusch, Graciela; van Eupen, Michiel; Verweij, Peter; Smith, Ron; Tuomasjukka, Diana; Zulian, Grazia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      A range of methods are available for assessing ecosystem services. Methods differ in their aims; from mapping and modelling the supply and demand of ecosystem services to appraising their economic and non-economic importance ...
    • Selection against individuals from genetic introgression of escaped farmed salmon in a natural population of Atlantic salmon 

      Wacker, Sebastian; Aronsen, Tonje; Karlsson, Sten; Ugedal, Ola; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Ulvan, Eva Marita; Hindar, Kjetil; Næsje, Tor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The viability of wild Atlantic salmon populations is threatened by genetic introgression from escaped farmed salmon. Farmed Atlantic salmon are genetically improved for important commercial traits and a life in captivity ...
    • Selection of a diversionary field and other habitats by large grazing birds in a landscape managed for agriculture and wetland biodiversity 

      Nilsson, Lovisa; Månsson, Johan; Elmberg, Johan; Liljebäck, Niklas; Tombre, Ingunn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      1. Several populations of cranes, geese, and swans are thriving and increasing in modern agricultural landscapes. Abundant populations are causing conservation conflicts, as they may affect agricultural production and ...
    • Selective removal of problem individuals as an environmentally responsible approach for managing shark bites on humans 

      Clua, Eric E.G.; Linnell, John Durrus; Planes, Serge; Meyer, Carl G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Selective removal of problem individuals following shark bite incidents would be consistent with current management practices for terrestrial predators, and would be more effective and more environmentally responsible than ...
    • Sensitivity to environmental change of the treeline ecotone and its associated biodiversity in European mountains 

      Wielgolaski, Frans Emil; Hofgaard, Annika; Holtmeier, Friedrich-Karl (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Transition zones between mountain forests and treeless tundra, i.e. treeline ecotones, are characterized by great regional variety. In this paper, we discuss the biodiversity in various trophic levels in treeline ecotones ...
    • Servicescape of the Greater Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem: Visualizing the linkages between land use, biodiversity and the delivery of wildlife-related ecosystem services 

      May, Roel; Jackson, Craig; Bevanger, Kjetil; Røskaft, Eivin (Journal article, 2019)
      Understanding how anthropogenic activities and management actions influence the delivery of ecosystem services is complicated by the interrelated nature of diverse factors. We present a Bayesian Belief Network to highlight ...
    • Setting reference levels and limits for good ecological condition in terrestrial ecosystems – Insights from a case study based on the IBECA approach 

      Jakobsson, Simon; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Evju, Marianne; Framstad, Erik; Lyngstad, Anders; Pedersen, Bård; Sickel, Hanne; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Vandvik, Vigdis; Velle, Liv Guri; Aarrestad, Per Arild (Journal article, 2020)
      Effective evidence-based nature conservation and habitat management relies on developing and refining our methodological toolbox for detecting critical ecological changes at an early stage. This requires not only optimizing ...
    • Settle down! ranging behaviour responses of roe deer to different capture and release methods 

      Bergvall, Ulrika A.; Morellet, Nicolas; Kjellander, Petter; Rauset, Geir R.; De Groeve, Johannes; Borowik, Tomasz; Brieger, Falko; Gehr, Benedikt; Heurich, Marco; Hewison, A.J. Mark; Kröschel, Max; Pellerin, Maryline; Saïd, Sonia; Soennichsen, Leif; Sunde, Peter; Cagnacci, Francesca (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Research in global change ecology relies heavily on global climatic grids derived from estimates of air temperature in open areas at around 2 m above the ground. These climatic grids do not reflect conditions below vegetation ...
    • Sex in murky waters: algal-induced turbidity increases sexual selection in pipefish 

      Sundin, Josefin; Aronsen, Tonje; Rosenqvist, Gunilla; Berglund, Anders (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Algal-induced turbidity has been shown to alter several important aspects of reproduction and sexual selection. However, while turbidity has been shown to negatively affect reproduction and sexually selected traits in ...
    • Sexual size dimorphism, disassortative pairing, and annual survival of Broad-billed Sandpipers in northern Norway 

      Sandercock, Brett; Rae, Robert; Rae, Stuart; Whitfield, D. Philip (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus is an elusive and seldom studied species of wader that breeds in wet fen habitats in the Palearctic taiga. In a 25-year population study from 1995–2019 near Kautokeino, Norway, ...
    • Sharing data improves monitoring of trans-boundary populations: the case of wolverines in central Scandinavia 

      Gervasi, Vincenzo; Brøseth, Henrik; Gimenez, Olivier; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Odden, John; Flagstad, Øystein; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      of wide-ranging species are likely to extend across multiple jurisdictions, including national and international borders. This requires that local institutions implement data sharing and a standardization of monitoring ...
    • Sharing the neighbourhood: assessing the impact of kelp harvest on foraging behaviour of the European shag 

      Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Mattisson, Jenny; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Coastal kelp forest ecosystems create dynamic and productive habitats, supporting a wide range of epiphytic flora, invertebrates, fish and seabirds. Worldwide, kelp is harvested commercially, affecting kelp-associated ...
    • Shifting seasonality of annual growth through ontogeny for red deer at northern latitudes 

      Vindenes, Yngvild; Langvatn, Rolf; Mysterud, Atle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Large mammals at northern latitudes show annual cycles of body mass gain insummer and body mass loss in winter. The amplitude and seasonal timing of these cycles may vary through ontogeny depending on trade-offs toward ...
    • Shifts in risk sensitivity and resource availability alter fat stores for a large mammal following extreme winter conditions 

      LaSharr, Tayler N.; Jakopak, Rhiannon P.; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Robinson, Timothy J.; Dwinnell, Samantha Paige; Randall, Jill; Kaiser, Rusty C.; Thonhoff, Mark; Scurlock, Brandon; Fieseler, Troy; Hymas, Neil; Monteith, Kevin L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      For species that inhabit environments where resource availability may be unpredictable, balance of resource allocation to life-history traits can have heightened consequences for survival, reproduction, and ultimately, ...
    • Short stories from Sphagnum of rare species, taxonomy, and speciation 

      Kyrkjeeide, Magni Olsen; Meleshko, Olena; Flatberg, Kjell Ivar; Hassel, Kristian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Conserving species and their genetic variation are a global priority to safeguard evolu-tionary potential in a rapidly changing world. Species are fundamental units in research and nature management, but taxonomic work is ...
    • Short‑lived species move uphill faster under climate change 

      Couet, Joséphine; Marjakangas, Emma‑Liina; Santangeli, Andrea; Kålås, John Atle; Lindström, Åke; Lehikoinen, Aleksi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Climate change is pushing species ranges and abundances towards the poles and mountain tops. Although many studies have documented local altitudinal shifts, knowledge of general patterns at a large spatial scale, such as ...