Now showing items 957-976 of 1284

    • Quantifying and mapping species threat abatement opportunitiesto support national target setting 

      Mair, Louise; Amorim, Eduardo; Bicalho, Monira; Brooks, Thomas M.; Calfo, Vincente; Capellão, Renata de T.; Clubbe, Colin; Evju, Marianne; Fernandez, Eduardo P.; Ferreira, Gláucia C.; Hawkins, Frank; Jiménez, Randall R.; Jordão, Lucas S.B.; Kyrkjeeide, Magni Olsen; Macfarlane, Nicholas B. W.; Mattos, Bianca C.; de Melo, Pablo H.A.; Monteiro, Lara M.; Lughadha, Eimear Nic; Pougy, Nina; Raimondo, Domitilla C.; Setsaas, Trine Hay; Shen, Xiaoli; de Siqueira, Marinez Ferreira; Strassburg, Bernardo B. N.; McGowan, Philip J. K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The successful implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s post-2020Global Biodiversity Framework will rely on effective translation of targets from global tonational level and increased engagement across ...
    • Quantifying risk of overharvest when implementation is uncertain 

      Eriksen, Lasse Frost; Moa, Pål Fossland; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      1. Sustainable harvest management implies an ability to control harvest rates. This is challenging in systems that have limited control of resources and resource users, which is often the case in small game harvest management. ...
    • Quantifying suitable late summer brood habitats for willow ptarmigan in Norway 

      Kvasnes, Mikkel Andreas Jørnsøn; Pedersen, Hans Christian; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: Habitat models provide information about which habitat management should target to avoid species extinctions or range contractions. The willow ptarmigan inhabits alpine- and arctic tundra habitats in the northern ...
    • Quantifying the checks and balances of collaborative governance systems for adaptive carnivore management 

      Cusack, Jeremy J.; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Israelsen, Markus Fjellstad; Andrén, Henrik; Grainger, Matthew; Linnell, John Durrus; Odden, John; Bunnefeld, Nils (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      1. Recovering or threatened carnivore populations are often harvested to minimise their impact on human activities, such as livestock farming or game hunting. Increasingly, harvest quota decisions involve a set of scientific, ...
    • Quantitative fatty acid signature analysis reveals a high level of dietary specialization in killer whales across the North Atlantic 

      Remili, Anaïs; Dietz, Rune; Sonne, Christian; Samarra, Filipa I. P.; Rikardsen, Audun H.; Kettemer, Lisa Elena; Ferguson, Steven H.; Watt, Cortney A.; Matthews, Cory J. D.; Kiszka, Jeremy J.; Jourdain, Eve Marie; Borgå, Katrine; Ruus, Anders; Granquist, Sandra M.; Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu; McKinney, Melissa A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
    • The quest for successful Atlantic salmon restoration: perspectives, priorities, and maxims 

      Lennox, Robert; Alexandre, Carlos M; Almeida, Pedro R; Bailey, Kevin M.; Barlaup, Bjørn Torgeir; Bøe, Kristin; breukelaar, Andre; Erkinaro, Jaakko; Forseth, Torbjørn; Gabrielsen, Sven-Erik; Halfyard, Edmund; Hanssen, Erlend Mjelde; Karlsson, Sten; Koch, Stephanie; Koed, Anders; Langåker, Roy, M; Lo, Håvard; Lucas, Martyn C.; Mahlum, Shad Kenneth; Perrier, Charles; Pulg, Ulrich; Sheehan, Timothy F.; Skoglund, Helge; Svenning, Martin; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Velle, Gaute; Whoriskey, Frederick G.; Vollset, Knut (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Atlantic salmon is often a focal species of restoration efforts throughout the north Atlantic and it is therefore an excellent case study for how best to design programmes to address and mitigate threats and correct ...
    • The ‘quiet hunt’: the significance of mushroom foraging among Russian-speaking immigrants in New York City 

      Marquina, Tatiana; Emery, Marla R.; Hurley, Patrick; Gould, Rachelle K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Urban foraging provides city dwellers with numerous ecosystem services, but this human- nature interaction is largely missing from the urban ecosystem services scholarship. This exploratory study aims to address this gap ...
    • Raising offspring increases ageing: Differences in senescence among three populations of a long-lived seabird, the Atlantic puffin 

      Landsem, Terje Lorentzen; Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Layton-Matthews, Kate; Hilde, Christoffer Høyvik; Harris, Michael P; Wanless, Sarah; Daunt, Francis; Reiertsen, Tone Kristin; Erikstad, Kjell E.; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      1. Actuarial senescence, the decline of survival with age, is well documented in the wild. Rates of senescence vary widely between taxa, to some extent also between sexes, with the fastest life histories showing the highest ...
    • Rangifer management controls a climate-sensitive tundra state transition 

      Bråthen, Kari Anne; Ravolainen, Virve Tuulia; Stien, Audun; Tveraa, Torkild; Ims, Rolf Anker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Rangifer (caribou/reindeer) management has been suggested to mitigate the temperature- driven transition of Arctic tundra into a shrubland state, yet how this happens is uncertain. Here we study this much focused ecosystem ...
    • Ranid Herpesvirus 3 Infection in Common Frog Rana temporaria Tadpoles 

      Origg, Francesco C.; Taugbøl, Annette (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Ranid herpesvirus 3 (RaHV3) is a recently discovered virus associated with skin disease in frogs. We detected RaHV3 DNA in free-ranging common frog (Rana temporaria) tadpoles, consistent with premetamorphic infection. Our ...
    • Rapid evolution of genetic and phenotypic divergence in Atlantic salmon following the colonisation of two new branches of a watercourse 

      Jensen, Arne Johan; Hansen, Lars Petter; Johnsen, Bjørn Ove; Karlsson, Sten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background: Selection acts strongly on individuals that colonise a habitat and have phenotypic traits that deviate from the local optima. Our objective was to investigate the evolutionary rates in Atlantic salmon (Salmo ...
    • Raptor Interactions with Wind Energy: Case Studies from Around the World 

      Watson, Richard T.; Kolar, Patrick S; Ferrer, Miguel; Nygård, Torgeir; Johnston, Naira; Hunt, W; Smit-Robinson, Hanneline A; Farmer, Christopher J; Huso, Manuela; Katzner, Todd E (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      The global potential for wind power generation is vast, and the number of installations is increasing rapidly. We review case studies from around the world of the effects on raptors of wind-energy development. Collision ...
    • Rare, whitish–pale ochre Cortinarius species of sect. Calochroi from calcareous Tilia forests in South East Norway 

      Brandrud, Tor Erik; Frøslev, Tobias Guldberg; Dima, Bálint (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Rare, whitish–pale ochre Cortinarius species of sect. Calochroi from calcareous Tilia forests in South East Norway
    • Rebuilding green infrastructure in boreal production forest given future global wood demand 

      Moor, Helen; Eggers, Jeannette; Fabritius, Henna; Forsell, Nicklas; Henckel, Laura; Bradter, Ute; Mazziotta, Adriano; Nordén, Jenni; Snäll, Tord (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      1. Global policy for future biodiversity conservation is ultimately implemented at landscape and local scales. In parallel, green infrastructure planning needs to account for socioeconomic dynamics at national and global ...
    • Recent forest on abandoned agricultural land in the boreonemoral zone – Biodiversity of plants and fungi in relation to historical and present tree cover 

      Nordén, Björn; Olsen, Siri Lie; Haug, Solveig; Rusch, Graciela (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Recent forests may be an asset for green infrastructure and ecological restoration, but studies are needed of the variation in forest biodiversity among sites, and possible reasons for observed patterns. In boreonemoral ...
    • Recognising institutional context in simulating and generalising exchange values for monetary ecosystem accounts 

      Barton, David Nicholas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The paper argues that monetary valuation of ecosystem services for ecosystem accounting needs to be sensitive to institutional context, when simulating markets to generate exchange values where none was available previously ...
    • Recommendations on size and position of surgically and gastrically implanted electronic tags in European silver eel 

      Økland, Finn; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Background: Information on European silver eel Anguilla anguilla anatomy was collected to gain information on limitations on size and placement of electronic tags. Findings: To reduce the eel’s ability to bite its own ...
    • Record-low primary productivity and highplant damage in the Nordic Arctic Region in2012 caused by multiple weather events andpest outbreaks 

      Bjerke, Jarle W.; Karlsen, Stein Rune; Høgda, Kjell Arild; Malnes, Eirik; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Lovibond, Sarah; Vikhamar-Schuler, Dagrun; Tømmervik, Hans (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      The release of cold temperature constraints on photosynthesis has led to increased productivity (greening) in significant parts (32–39%) of the Arctic, but much of the Arctic shows stable (57–64%) or reduced productivity ...
    • The recovery of European freshwater biodiversity has come to a halt 

      Haase, Peter; Bowler, Diana Elizabeth; Baker, Nathan J.; Bonada, Núria; Domisch, Sami; Marquez, Jaime R. Garcia Marquez; Heino, Jani; Hering, Daniel; Jähnig, Sonja C.; Schmidt-Kloiber, Astrid; Stubbington, Rachel; Altermatt, Florian; Álvarez-Cabria, Mario; Amatulli, Giuseppe; Angeler, David G.; Archambaud-Suard, Gaït; Jorrín, Iñaki Arrate; Aspin, Thomas; Azpiroz, Iker; Bañares, Iñaki; Ortiz, José Barquín; Bodin, Christian L.; Bonacina, Luca; Bottarin, Roberta; Cañedo-Argüelles, Miguel; Csabai, Zoltán; Datry, Thibault; De Eyto, Elvira; Dohet, Alain; Dörflinger, Gerald; Drohan, Emma; Eikland, Knut Andreas; England, Judy; Eriksen, Tor E.; Evtimova, Vesela; Feio, Maria J.; Ferréol, Martial; Floury, Mathieu; Forcellini, Maxence; Forio, Marie Anne Eurie; Fornaroli, Riccardo; Friberg, Nikolai; Fruget, Jean-François; Georgieva, Galia; Goethals, Peter; Graça, Manuel A. S.; Graf, Wolfram; House, Andy; Huttunen, Kaisa-Leena; Jensen, Thomas Correll; Pilotto, Francesca; Rasmussen, Jes Jessen; Sandin, Leonard; Velle, Gaute (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      wing to a long history of anthropogenic pressures, freshwater ecosystems are among the most vulnerable to biodiversity loss1 . Mitigation measures, including wastewater treatment and hydromorphological restoration, have ...
    • Recovery of vegetation on former alpine roads: how long does it take? 

      Evju, Marianne; Hagen, Dagmar; Olsen, Siri Lie; Mehlhoop, Anne Catriona (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Alpine areas worldwide are under heavy land-use pressure and degradation. Active restoration treatments can contribute to accelerating recovery of degraded areas. However, monitoring data are needed to understand the ...