• Payments for Ecosystem Services as a Policy Mix: Demonstrating the institutional analysis and development framework on conservation policy instruments 

      Barton, David Nicholas; Benavides, Karla; Chacón-Cascante, Adriana; Le Coq, Jean-Francois; Quiros, Miriam Miranda; Porras, Ina; Primmer, Eeva; Ring, Irene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Policy mix analysis has been applied in research on energy, climate, urban and transport policy, and more recently biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services. However, policy mix analysis has thus far been employed ...
    • Perceptions of environmental justice and the conflict surrounding large carnivore management in Norway — Implications for conflict management 

      Jacobsen, Kim S.; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Human-wildlife conflict is increasingly being recognised as containing strong elements of social conflict. The extent to which stakeholders regard a management system as being just and fair is a key social dimension of ...
    • Perfluorinated substances and telomeres in an Arctic seabird: Cross-sectional and longitudinal approaches 

      Blévin, Pierre; Angelier, Frédéric; Tartu, Sabrina; Bustamante, Paco; Herzke, Dorte; Moe, Børge; Bech, Claus; Gabrielsen, Geir Wing; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Chastel, Olivier (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Telomeres are non-coding DNA repeats located at the termini of eukaryotic chromosomes, regulated by dynamic processes balancing shortening and maintenance. Despite a mechanism to slow-down telomere shortening, cell division ...
    • Performance test and verification of an off-the-shelf automated avian radar tracking system 

      May, Roel; Steinheim, Yngve; Kvaløy, Pål; Vang, Roald; Hanssen, Frank (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Microwave radar is an important tool for observation of birds in flight and represents a tremendous increase in observation capability in terms of amount of surveillance space that can be covered at relatively low cost. ...
    • Persistent reduction of segment growth and photosynthesis in a widespread and important sub-Arctic moss species after cessation of three years of experimental winter warming 

      Bjerke, Jarle W.; Bokhorst, Stef; Callaghan, Terry V.; Phoenix, Gareth K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      1. Winter is a period of dormancy for plants of cold environments. However, winter climate is changing, leading to an increasing frequency of stochastic warm periods (winter warming events) and concomitant reductions in ...
    • Pestplanten tromsøsvineblom Jacobaea alpina x subalpina i Norge - opphav og status 

      Alm, Torbjørn; Deschamps, Amandine Maria; Often, Anders (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Jacobaea alpina (syn. Senecio alpinus, S. cordatus) and J. subalpina (syn. Senecio subalpinus) are native to the mountains of Central Europe. Both were cultivated as ornamentals in late 19th century Tromsø. From the early ...
    • Phenology and cover of plant growth forms predict herbivore habitat selection in a high latitude ecosystem 

      Iversen, Marianne; Fauchald, Per; Langeland, Knut; Ims, Rolf Anker; Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Bråthen, Kari Anne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The spatial and temporal distribution of forage quality is among the most central factors affecting herbivore habitat selection. Yet, for high latitude areas, forage quantity has been found to be more important than quality. ...
    • Phenology of deer ked (Lipoptena cervi) host-seeking flight activity and its relationship with prevailing autumn weather 

      Mysterud, Atle; Madslien, Knut; Herland, Anders; Viljugrein, Hildegunn; Ytrehus, Bjørnar (Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: The deer ked (Lipoptena cervi) is an ectoparasite on cervids that has invaded large parts of Norway, Sweden and Finland during recent decades. During their host-seeking flight activity, the adult deer keds ...
    • Physiological costs of infection: herpesvirus replication is linked to blood oxidative stress in equids 

      Costantini, David; Seeber, Peter A.; Soilemetzidou, Sanatana-Eirini; Azab, Walid; Bohner, Julia; Buuveibaata, Bayarbaatar; Czirjak, Gabor A.; East, Marion L.; Greunz, Eva Maria; Kaczensky, Petra; Lamglait, Benjamin; Melzheimer, Jörg; Uiseb, Kenneth; Ortega, Alix; Osterrieder, Nikolaus; Sandgreen, Ditte-Mari; Simon, Marie; Walzer, Chris; Greenwood, Alex D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Viruses may have a dramatic impact on the health of their animal hosts. The patho-physiological mechanisms underlying viral infections in animals are, however, not well understood. It is increasingly recognized that oxidative ...
    • Pink salmon in Norway: the reluctant invader 

      Sandlund, Odd Terje; Berntsen, Henrik Hårdensson; Fiske, Peder; Kuusela, Jorma; Muladal, Rune; Niemelä, Eero; Uglem, Ingebrigt; Forseth, Torbjørn; Mo, Tor Atle; Thorstad, Eva B.; Veselov, Alexey E.; Vollset, Knut Wiik; Zubchenko, Alexander V. (Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In 2017, Norway experienced an invasion of the Pacific salmonid pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) in numbers never before seen in rivers all along the coast. Significant numbers were also caught in other parts of ...
    • Plant functional trait change across a warming tundra biome 

      Bjorkman, Anne D.; Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Elmendorf, Sarah C.; Normand, Signe; Rüger, Nadja; Beck, Pieter S. A.; Blach-Overgaard, Anne; Blok, Daan; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Forbes, Bruce C.; Georges, Damien; Goetz, Scott J.; Guay, Kevin C.; Henry, Gregory H.R.; HilleRisLambers, Janneke; Hollister, Robert D.; Karger, Dirk N.; Kattge, Jens; Manning, Peter; Prevéy, Janet S.; Rixen, Christian; Schaepman-Strub, Gabriela; Thomas, Haydn J.D.; Vellend, Mark; Wilmking, Martin; Wipf, Sonja; Carbognani, Michele; Hermanutz, Luise; Lévesque, Esther; Molau, Ulf; Petraglia, Alessandro; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Spasojevic, Marko J.; Tomaselli, Marcello; Vowles, Tage; Alatalo, Juha M.; Alexander, Heather D.; Anadon-Rosell, Alba; Angers-Blondin, Sandra; te Beest, Mariska; Berner, Logan; Björk, Robert G.; Buchwal, Agata; Buras, Allan; Christie, Katherine; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Dullinger, Stefan; Elberling, Bo; Eskelinen, Anu; Frei, Esther R.; Grau, Oriol; Grogan, Paul; Hallinger, Martin; Semenschuk, Philipp; Speed, James David Mervyn; Hofgaard, Annika (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The tundra is warming more rapidly than any other biome on Earth, and the potential ramifications are far-reaching because of global feedback effects between vegetation and climate. A better understanding of how environmental ...
    • Plastic Population Effects and Conservative Leaf Traits in a Reciprocal Transplant Experiment Simulating Climate Warming in the Himalayas 

      Cui, Haijun; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Yang, Yan; Vandvik, Vigdis; Wang, Genxu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate warming poses considerable challenges for alpine plant species, especially for competitively inferior ones with resource-conservative adaptations to cold climates. The Himalayas are warming at rates considerably ...
    • Policy Mixes: Aligning instruments for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service provision 

      Barton, David Nicholas; Ring, Irene; Rusch, Graciela (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      “To explain the world of interactions and outcomes occurring at multiple levels, we also have to be willing to deal with complexity instead of rejecting it.” (E. Ostrom 2009 Nobel Prize Lecture) This special issue was ...
    • Polychlorinated biphenyl exposure and corticosterone levels in seven polar seabird species 

      Tartu, S.; Angelier, F.; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Moe, Børge; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Herzke, Dorte; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Verboven, N.; Verreault, J.; Labadie, P.; Budzinski, H.; Wingfield, J.C.; Chastel, O. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The role of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on exposure-related endocrine effects has been poorly investigated in wild birds. This is the case for stress hormones including corticosterone (CORT). Some studies have suggested ...
    • Population genomic evidence for plant glacial survival in Scandinavia 

      Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Zemp, Niklaus; Bruederle, Leo P.; Stenøien, Hans K.; Widmer, Alex; Fior, Simone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Quaternary glaciations have played a major role in shaping the genetic diversity and distribution of plant species. Strong palaeoecological and genetic evidence supports a postglacial recolonization of most plant species ...
    • Position choice and swimming costs of juvenile Atlantic salmon salmo salar in turbulent flow 

      Wilkes, Martin A.; Enders, E. C.; Silva, Ana T.; Acreman, Mike; Maddock, Ian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Swimming costs (SCs) for fish have been shown to be affected by turbulence. However, this idea has not yet been implemented in habitat models, which often represent hydraulics using water velocity averaged over time and ...
    • Positioning of aquatic animals based on time-of-arrival and random walk models using YAPS (Yet Another Positioning Solver) 

      Baktoft, Henrik; Gjelland, Karl Øystein; Økland, Finn; Thygesen, Uffe Høgsbro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Aquatic positional telemetry offers vast opportunities to study in vivo behaviour of wild animals, but there is room for improvement in the data quality provided by current procedures for estimating positions. Here we ...
    • Post-1980 shifts in the sensitivity of boreal tree growth to North Atlantic Ocean dynamics and seasonal climate 

      Ols, Clementine; Trouet, Valerie; Girardin, Martin P.; Hofgaard, Annika; Bergeron, Yves; Drobyshev, Igor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The mid-20th century changes in North Atlantic Ocean dynamics, e.g. slow-down of the Atlantic meridional overturning thermohaline circulation (AMOC), have been considered as early signs of tipping points in the Earth climate ...
    • Practical application of spatial ecosystem service models to aid decision support 

      Zulian, Grazia; Stange, Erik; Woods, Helen; Carvalho, Laurence; Dick, Jan; Andrews, Christopher; Baró, Francesc; Vizcaino, Pilar; Barton, David Nicholas; Nowel, Megan; Rusch, Graciela; Autunes, Paula; Fernandes, João; Ferraz, Diogo; dos Santos, Rui Ferreira; Aszalós, Réka; Arany, Ildikó; Czúcz, Bálint; Priess, Joerg A.; Hoyer, Christian; Bürger-Patriciom, Gleiciani; Lapola, David; Mederly, Peter; Halabuk, Andrej; Bezak, Peter; Kopperoinen, Leena; Viinikka, Arto (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Ecosystem service (ES) spatial modelling is a key component of the integrated assessments designed to support policies and management practices aiming at environmental sustainability. ESTIMAP (‘‘Ecosystem Service Mapping ...
    • Predation or scavenging? Prey body condition influencesdecision-making in a facultative predator, the wolverine 

      Mattisson, Jenny; Rauset, Geir Rune; Odden, John; Andren, Henrik; Linnell, John Durrus; Persson, Jens (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The interaction between predators and their prey is a key factor driving population dynamics and shaping wildlife communities. Most predators will scavenge in addition to killing their own prey, which alters predation ...