Now showing items 399-418 of 967

    • Habitat connectivity affects specialist species richness more than generalists in veteran trees 

      Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Skarpaas, Olav; Blumentrath, Stefan; Birkemoe, Tone; Evju, Marianne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Intensified human land use continues to increase habitat loss and fragmentation, and leads to a homogenization of biodiversity. Specialized species with narrow niches seem to be declining more rapidly than generalist ...
    • Habitat connectivity and intra-population structure of an estuary-dependent fishery species 

      Childs, Amber-Robyn; Cowley, Paul D.; Næsje, Tor; Bennett, Rhett H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Habitat connectivity is a fundamental component of estuary-associated fish behaviour. Understanding this is critical to understanding population dynamics and the nursery role of estuarine habitats. This study aimed to ...
    • Habitat fragmentation has interactive effects on the population genetic diversity and individual behaviour of a freshwater salmonid fish 

      van Leeuwen, Casper; Dalen, Kristine; Museth, Jon; Junge, Claudia; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Sufficient genetic diversity can aid populations to persist in dynamic and fragmented environments. Understanding which mechanisms regulate genetic diversity of riverine fish can therefore advance current conservation ...
    • Habitat selection and space use of Upland Sandpipers at nonbreeding grounds 

      Alfaro, Matilde; Liguori, Luciano; Sandercock, Brett; Berazategui, Mauro; Arim, Matias (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Habitat requirements of migratory birds can be dynamic during the annual cycle, and understanding habitat use during the nonbreeding season is important for conservation planning. In grassland birds, habitat selection is ...
    • Habitat suitability models based on opportunistic citizen science data: Evaluating forecasts from alternative methods versus an individual-based model 

      Bradter, Ute; Ozgul, Arpat; Griesser, Michael; Layton-Matthews, Kate; Eggers, Jeannette; Singer, Alexander; Sandercock, Brett K.; Haverkamp, Paul J.; Snäll, Tord (Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Aim: To evaluate the utility of opportunistic data from citizen science programmes for forecasting species distributions against forecasts with a model of individualbased population dynamics. Location: Sweden. Methods: We ...
    • Half a century of genetic interaction between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: Status of knowledge and unanswered questions 

      Glover, Kevin; Solberg, Monica Favnebøe; McGinnity, Phil; Hindar, Kjetil; Verspoor, Eric; Coulson, Mark W.; Hansen, Michael Möller; Araki, Hitoshi; Skaala, Øystein; Svåsand, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is one of the best researched fishes, and its aquaculture plays a global role in the blue revolution. However, since the 1970s, tens of millions of farmed salmon have escaped into the wild. ...
    • Handbook of field sampling for multi-taxon biodiversity studies in European forests 

      Burrascano, Sabina; Trentanovi, Giovanni; Paillet, Yoan; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob; Giordani, Paolo; Bagella, Simonetta; Bravo-Oviedo, Andrés; Campagnaro, Thomas; Campanaro, Alessandro; Francesco, Chianucci; De Smedt, Pallieter; Itziar, García-Mijangos; Matošević, Dinka; Sitzia, Tommaso; Aszalós, Réka; Brazaitis, Gediminas; Andrea, Cutini; Ettore, D'Andrea; Doerfler, Inken; Hofmeisterr, Jeňýk; Hošeks, Jan; Janssen, Philippe; Rojas, Sebastian Kepfer; Korboulewsky, Nathalie; Kozák, Daniel; Lachat, Thibault; Lõhmus, Asko; Lopez, Rosana; Mårell, Anders; Matula, Radim; Mikoláš, Martin; Munzi, Silvana; Nordén, Björn; Pärtel, Meelis; Penner, Johannes; Runnel, Kadri; Schall, Peter; Svoboda, Miroslav; Tinya, Flóra; Ujházyová, Mariana; Vandekerkhove, Kris; Verheyen, Kris; Xystrakis, Fotios; Ódor, Péter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Forests host most terrestrial biodiversity and their sustainable management is crucial to halt biodiversity loss. Although scientific evidence indicates that sustainable forest management (SFM) should be assessed by ...
    • Harmonizing circumpolar monitoring of Arctic fox: benefits, opportunities, challenges and recommendations 

      Berteaux, Dominique; Thierry, Anne-Mathilde; Alisauskas, Ray; Angerbjörn, Anders; Buchel, Eric; Doronina, Liliya; Ehrich, Dorothee; Eide, Nina Elisabeth; Erlandsson, Rasmus; Flagstad, Øystein; Fuglei, Eva; Gilg, Olivier; Golstman, Mikhail; Henttonen, Heikki; Ims, Rolf Anker; Killengreen, Siw Turid; Kondratyev, Alexander V.; Kruchenkova, Elena; Kruckenberg, Helmut; Kulikova, Olga; Landa, Arild Magne; Lang, Johannes; Menyushina, Irina; Mikhnevich, Julia; Niemimaa, Jukka; Norén, Karin; Ollila, Tuomo; Ovsyanikov, Nikita; Pokrovskaya, Liya; Pokrovsky, Ivan G.; Rodnikova, Anna Y.; Roth, James D.; Sabard, Brigitte; Samelius, Gustaf; Schmidt, Niels-Martin; Sittler, Benoit; Sokolov, Aleksandr A.; Sokolova, Natalya A.; Stickney, Alice; Unnsteinsdóttir, Ester Rut; White, Paula A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council has developed pan-Arctic biodiversity monitoring plans to improve our ability to detect, understand and report on long-term change in Arctic biodiversity. The Arctic ...
    • Harvest models of small populations of a large carnivore using Bayesian forecasting 

      Andrén, Henrik; Hobbs, N. Thompson; Aronsson, Malin; Brøseth, Henrik; Chapron, Guillaume; Linnell, John Durrus; Odden, John; Persson, Jens; Nilssen, Erlend B. (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Harvesting large carnivores can be a management tool for meeting politically set goals for their desired abundance. However, harvesting carnivores creates its own set of conflicts in both society and among conservation ...
    • Harvest regulations and implementation uncertainty in small game harvest management 

      Moa, Pål Fossland; Eriksen, Lasse Frost; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      A main challenge in harvest management is to set policies that maximize the probability that management goals are met. While the management cycle includes multiple sources of uncertainty, only some of these has received ...
    • Hatching knowledge: a case study on the hybridization of local ecological knowledge and scientific knowledge in small-scale Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) cultivation in Norway 

      Harrison, Hannah Lee; Rybråten, Stine; Aas, Øystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We investigate drivers of hybridization of local ecological knowledge (LEK) and scientific knowledge (SK) in small-scale Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fisheries in western Norway through a case study from the Ørsta River. ...
    • Health and environmental risks from lead-based ammunition: science versus socio-politics 

      Arnemo, Jon Martin; Andersen, Oddgeir; Stokke, Sigbjørn; Thomas, Vernon G.; Krone, Oliver; Pain, Deborah J.; Mateo, Rafael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    • Heart rate and swimming activity as stress indicators for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) 

      Svendsen, Eirik; Føre, Martin; Økland, Finn; Gräns, Albin; Hedger, Richard David; Alfredsen, Jo Arve; Uglem, Ingebrigt; Rosten, Carolyn; Frank, Kevin; Erikson, Ulf Gøran; Finstad, Bengt (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      We investigated the relationship between telemetry measurements of heart rate and swimming activity and the physiological status in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) to assess the potential to use telemetry measurements ...
    • Heterocope borealis in Norway - A copepod on the move, or on the edge of its natural distribution? 

      Koksvik, Jan Ivar; Jensen, Thomas Correll; Kjærstad, Gaute (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The calanoid copepod Heterocope borealis has been assumed to have an extremely northern distribution in Norway, limited to the north-eastern parts of Finnmark county. The recent records of the species in Lake Fustvatn and ...
    • Heterogeneity among species and community dynamics – Norwegian bird communities as a case study 

      Solbu, Erik Blystad; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Kålås, John Atle; Engen, Steinar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We have in this study analysed bird communities across Norway with a heterogeneous species abundance model, where dynamical parameters can vary among species. Similarity in community composition over time, used as a measure ...
    • Hidden treasure of the Gobi: understanding how water limits range use of khulan in the Mongolian Gobi 

      Payne, John C.; Buuveibaatar, Bayarbaatar; Bowler, Diana Elizabeth; Olson, Kirk A.; Walzer, Chris; Kaczensky, Petra (Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Most large herbivores in arid landscapes need to drink which constrains their movements and makes them vulnerable to disturbance. Asiatic wild ass or khulan (Equus hemionus) were widespread and abundant throughout the arid ...
    • High inter‐ and intraspecific niche overlap among three sympatrically breeding, closely related seabird species: Generalist foraging as an adaptation to a highly variable environment? 

      Denhard, Nina; Achurch, Helen; Clarke, Judy; Michel, Loïc N.; Southwell, Colin; Sumner, Michael D.; Eens, Marcel; Emmerson, Louise (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      1. Ecological niche theory predicts sympatric species to show segregation in their spatio‐temporal habitat utilization or diet as a strategy to avoid competition. Similarly, within species individuals may specialize on ...
    • High levels of multiple paternity in a spermcast mating 

      Wacker, Sebastian; Larsen, Bjørn Mejdell; Jakobsen, Per; Karlsson, Sten (Journal article, 2018)
      Multiple paternity is an important characteristic of the genetic mating system and common across a wide range of taxa. Multiple paternity can increase within-population genotypic diversity, allowing selection to act on ...
    • High prevalence of vaterite in sagittal otoliths causes hearing impairment in farmed fish 

      Reimer, T.; Dempster, T.; Warren-Myers, F.; Jensen, Arne Johan; Swearer, S.E. (Peer reviewed, 2016)
    • High tolerance of a high-arctic willow and graminoid to simulated ice encasement 

      Bjerke, Jarle W.; Elverland, Ellen; Jaakola, Laura; Lund, Leidulf; Zagajewski, Bogdan; Bochenek, Zbigniew; Kłos, Andrzej; Tømmervik, Hans (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate change-induced snow thaw and subsequent accumulation of ice on the ground is a potential, major threat to snow-dominated ecosystems. While impacts of ground-ice on arctic wildlife are well explored, the impacts on ...