Now showing items 211-230 of 566

    • Gastropod grazing may prevent reintroduction of declining N-fixing epiphytic lichens in broadleaved deciduous forests 

      Gauslaa, Yngvar; Johlander, Stina; Nordén, Björn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We studied the potential to use reintroduction of two declining N-fixing flagship lichens to identify factors affecting failure or success in SW Swedish sites that had experienced substantially reduced acidification. After ...
    • Gene flow from domesticated escapes alters thelife history of wild Atlantic salmon 

      Bolstad, Geir Hysing; Hindar, Kjetil; Robertsen, Grethe; Jonsson, Bror; Sægrov, Harald; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Fiske, Peder; Jensen, Arne Johan; Urdal, Kurt; Næsje, Tor; Barlaup, Bjørn Torgeir; Florø-Larsen, Bjørn; Lo, Håvard; Niemela, Eero; Karlsson, Sten (Journal article, 2017)
      Interbreeding between domesticated and wild animals occurs in several species. This gene flow has long been anticipated to induce genetic changes in life-history traits of wild populations, thereby influencing population ...
    • Generic genetic differences between farmed and wild Atlantic Salmon identified from a 7K SNP-chip 

      Karlsson, Sten; Moen, Thomas; Lien, Sigbjørn; Glover, Kevin A.; Hindar, Kjetil (Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Genetic interactions between farmed and wild conspecifics are of special concern in fisheries where large numbers of domesticated individuals are released into the wild. In the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), selective ...
    • Genes suggest ancestral colour polymorphisms are shared across morphologically cryptic species in Arctic Bumblebees 

      Williams, Paul H.; Byvaltsev, Alexandr M.; Cederberg, Björn; Berezin, Mikhail V.; Ødegaard, Frode; Rasmussen, Claus Nygaard; Richardson, Leif L.; Huang, Jiaxing; Sheffield, Cory S.; Williams, Suzanne T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Our grasp of biodiversity is fine-tuned through the process of revisionary taxonomy. If species do exist in nature and can be discovered with available techniques, then we expect these revisions to converge on broadly ...
    • Genetic characterization of free-ranging Asiatic wild ass in Central Asia as a basis for future conservation strategies 

      Kaczensky, Petra; Kovtun, Ekaterina; Habibrakhmanov, Rustam; Hemami, Mahmoud‑Reza; Khaleghi, Amirhossein; Linnell, John Durrus; Rustamov, Eldar; Sklyarenko, Sergey; Walzer, Chris; Zuther, Steffen; Kuehn, Ralph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Loss of genetic diversity due to drift and inbreeding reduces a population’s ability to respond to environmental change and may result in inbreeding depression. The Asiatic wild ass (Equus hemionus), regionally also known ...
    • Geographic variation in the intensity of warming and phenological mismatch between Arctic shorebirds and invertebrates 

      Kwon, Eunbi; Weiser, Emily L.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Brown, Stephen C.; Gates, Heather R.; Gilchrist, Grant; Kendall, Steve J.; Lank, David B.; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; McKinnon, Laura; Nol, Erica; Payer, David C.; Rausch, Jennie; Rinella, Daniel J.; Saalfeld, Sarah T.; Senner, Nathan R.; Smith, Paul A.; Ward, David; Wisseman, Robert W.; Sandercock, Brett (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Responses to climate change can vary across functional groups and trophic levels, leading to a temporal decoupling of trophic interactions or “phenological mismatches.” Despite a growing number of single-species studies ...
    • Global change and ecosystem connectivity: how geese link fields of central Europe to eutrophication of Arctic freshwaters 

      Hessen, Dag Olav; Tombre, Ingunn; van Geest, Gerben; Alfsnes, Kristian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Migratory connectivity by birds may mutually affect different ecosystems over large distances. Populations of geese overwintering in southern areas while breeding in high-latitude ecosystems have increased strongly ...
    • Global phenological insensitivity to shifting ocean temperatures among seabirds 

      Keogan, Katharine; Daunt, Francis; Wanless, Sarah; Phillips, Richard A.; Walling, Craig A.; Agnew, Philippa; Ainley, David G.; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Ballard, Grant; Barrett, Robert T; Barton, Kerry J.; Bech, Claus; Becker, Peter; Berglund, Per-Arvid; Bollache, Loïc; Bond, Alexander L.; Bouwhuis, Sandra; Bradley, Russell W.; Burr, Zofia; Camphuysen, Kees; Catry, Paulo; Chiaradia, Andre; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Cuthbert, Richard; Dehnhard, Nina; Descamps, Sébastien; Diamond, Tony; Divoky, George; Drummond, Hugh; Dugger, Katie M.; Dunn, Michael J.; Emmerson, Louise; Erikstad, Kjell Einar; Fort, Jérôme; Fraser, William; Genovart, Meritxell; Gilg, Olivier; González-Solís, Jacob; Granadeiro, José Pedro; Grémillet, David; Hansen, Jannik; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Harris, Mike; Hedd, April; Hinke, Jefferson; Igual, José Manuel; Jahncke, Jaime; Jones, Ian; Kappes, Peter J.; Lang, Johannes; Langset, Magdalene; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Moe, Børge; Reiertsen, Tone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Reproductive timing in many taxa plays a key role in determining breeding productivity1, and is often sensitive to climatic conditions2. Current climate change may alter the timing of breeding at different rates across ...
    • GMSE: an R package for generalised management strategy evaluation 

      Duthie, A. Bradley; Cusack, Jeremy J.; Jones, Isabel L.; Minderman, Jeroen; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Pozo, Rocio A.; Rakotonarivo, O. Sarobidy; Van Moorter, Bram; Bunnefeld, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Management strategy evaluation MSE is a powerful tool for simulating all key aspects of natural resource management under conditions of uncertainty. 2. We present the R package GMSE, which applies genetic algorithms ...
    • Good-bye to tropical alpine plant giants under warmer climates? Loss of range and genetic diversity in Lobelia rhynchopetalum 

      Gelete, Desalegn Chala; Brochmann, Christian; Psomas, Achilleas; Ehrich, Dorothee; Gizaw, Abel; Masao, Catherine; Bakkestuen, Vegar; Zimmermann, Niklaus E (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The main aim of this paper is to address consequences of climate warming on loss of habitat and genetic diversity in the enigmatic tropical alpine giant rosette plants using the Ethiopian endemic Lobelia rhynchopetalum as ...
    • Goose management schemes to resolve conflicts with agriculture:Theory, practice and effects 

      Eythórsson, Einar; Tombre, Ingunn; Madsen, Jesper (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In 2012, the four countries hosting the Svalbard population of pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus along its flyway launched an International Species Management Plan for the population. One of the aims was to reduce ...
    • Governance of ecosystem services: A framework for empirical analysis 

      Primmer, Eeva; Jokinen, Pekka; Blicharska, Malgorzata; Barton, David Nicholas; Bugter, Rob; Potschin, Marion (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Biodiversity conservation policies justified with science and intrinsic value arguments have produced disappointing outcomes, and the need for conservation is now being additionally justified with the concept of ecosystem ...
    • Grazing and warming effects on shrub growth and plant 

      Løkken, Jørn Olav; Hofgaard, Annika; Dalen, Linda; Hytteborn, Håkan (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Questions: Vegetation in the forest–tundra ecotone faces changes in both climate and land‐use. While climate warming is an important driver of vegetation growth and composition, herbivory may have opposing effects. In ...
    • Green urban cemeteries: more than just parks 

      Skår, Margrete; Nordh, Helena; Swensen, Grete (Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Inspired of Lefebvre’s and De Certau’s perspectives on social production of space, this study aims to explore cemeteries’ functions in urban life nowadays. Our starting point is that green urban cemeteries have two main ...
    • Growth variable-specific moisture and temperature limitations in co-occuring alpine tree and shrub species, central Himalayas, Nepal 

      Rayback, S.A.; Shrestha, K.B.; Hofgaard, Annika (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Trees and shrubs found in the forest-tundra ecotone (FTE) are considered to be highly sensitive to climate change, but their response to climatic drivers is only partially understood. We use dendrochronological techniques ...
    • Habitat connectivity affects specialist species richness more than generalists in veteran trees 

      Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Skarpaas, Olav; Blumentrath, Stefan; Birkemoe, Tone; Evju, Marianne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Intensified human land use continues to increase habitat loss and fragmentation, and leads to a homogenization of biodiversity. Specialized species with narrow niches seem to be declining more rapidly than generalist ...
    • Habitat connectivity and intra-population structure of an estuary-dependent fishery species 

      Childs, Amber-Robyn; Cowley, Paul D.; Næsje, Tor; Bennett, Rhett H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Habitat connectivity is a fundamental component of estuary-associated fish behaviour. Understanding this is critical to understanding population dynamics and the nursery role of estuarine habitats. This study aimed to ...
    • Habitat fragmentation has interactive effects on the population genetic diversity and individual behaviour of a freshwater salmonid fish 

      van Leeuwen, Casper; Dalen, Kristine; Museth, Jon; Junge, Claudia; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Sufficient genetic diversity can aid populations to persist in dynamic and fragmented environments. Understanding which mechanisms regulate genetic diversity of riverine fish can therefore advance current conservation ...
    • Half a century of genetic interaction between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: Status of knowledge and unanswered questions 

      Glover, Kevin; Solberg, Monica Favnebøe; McGinnity, Phil; Hindar, Kjetil; Verspoor, Eric; Coulson, Mark W.; Hansen, Michael Möller; Araki, Hitoshi; Skaala, Øystein; Svåsand, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is one of the best researched fishes, and its aquaculture plays a global role in the blue revolution. However, since the 1970s, tens of millions of farmed salmon have escaped into the wild. ...
    • Harmonizing circumpolar monitoring of Arctic fox: benefits, opportunities, challenges and recommendations 

      Berteaux, Dominique; Thierry, Anne-Mathilde; Alisauskas, Ray; Angerbjörn, Anders; Buchel, Eric; Doronina, Liliya; Ehrich, Dorothee; Eide, Nina Elisabeth; Erlandsson, Rasmus; Flagstad, Øystein; Fuglei, Eva; Gilg, Olivier; Golstman, Mikhail; Henttonen, Heikki; Ims, Rolf Anker; Killengreen, Siw Turid; Kondratyev, Alexander V.; Kruchenkova, Elena; Kruckenberg, Helmut; Kulikova, Olga; Landa, Arild Magne; Lang, Johannes; Menyushina, Irina; Mikhnevich, Julia; Niemimaa, Jukka; Norén, Karin; Ollila, Tuomo; Ovsyanikov, Nikita; Pokrovskaya, Liya; Pokrovsky, Ivan G.; Rodnikova, Anna Y.; Roth, James D.; Sabard, Brigitte; Samelius, Gustaf; Schmidt, Niels-Martin; Sittler, Benoit; Sokolov, Aleksandr A.; Sokolova, Natalya A.; Stickney, Alice; Unnsteinsdóttir, Ester Rut; White, Paula A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council has developed pan-Arctic biodiversity monitoring plans to improve our ability to detect, understand and report on long-term change in Arctic biodiversity. The Arctic ...