Now showing items 938-957 of 1342

    • Physiological costs of infection: herpesvirus replication is linked to blood oxidative stress in equids 

      Costantini, David; Seeber, Peter A.; Soilemetzidou, Sanatana-Eirini; Azab, Walid; Bohner, Julia; Buuveibaata, Bayarbaatar; Czirjak, Gabor A.; East, Marion L.; Greunz, Eva Maria; Kaczensky, Petra; Lamglait, Benjamin; Melzheimer, Jörg; Uiseb, Kenneth; Ortega, Alix; Osterrieder, Nikolaus; Sandgreen, Ditte-Mari; Simon, Marie; Walzer, Chris; Greenwood, Alex D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Viruses may have a dramatic impact on the health of their animal hosts. The patho-physiological mechanisms underlying viral infections in animals are, however, not well understood. It is increasingly recognized that oxidative ...
    • Phytobaenus amabilis R. F. Sahlberg, 1834 (Coleoptera, Aderidae) recorded for the first time in Norway 

      Laugsand, Endre; Staverløkk, Arnstein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The first record of Phytobaenus amabilis R. F. Sahlberg, 1834 in Norway is reported. Notes on the biology and preferred habitat of the species are provided. The locality is described, and the origin of the specimens are ...
    • Pink salmon in Norway: the reluctant invader 

      Sandlund, Odd Terje; Berntsen, Henrik Hårdensson; Fiske, Peder; Kuusela, Jorma; Muladal, Rune; Niemelä, Eero; Uglem, Ingebrigt; Forseth, Torbjørn; Mo, Tor Atle; Thorstad, Eva B.; Veselov, Alexey E.; Vollset, Knut Wiik; Zubchenko, Alexander V. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      In 2017, Norway experienced an invasion of the Pacific salmonid pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) in numbers never before seen in rivers all along the coast. Significant numbers were also caught in other parts of ...
    • The pink salmon invasion: a Norwegian perspective 

      Mo, Tor Atle; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Berntsen, Johan Henrik Hårdensson; Fiske, Peder; Uglem, Ingebrigt (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      In the period 1956–1979, more than 220 million of pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792) eggs from the southern part of Sakhalin Island in the Pacific Ocean were transported to the northwestern part of Russia ...
    • Planktonic ciliate community driven by environmental variables and cyanobacterial blooms: A 9-year study in two subtropical reservoirs 

      Abdullah Al, Mamun; Wang, Wenping; Jin, Lei; Chen, Huihuang; Xue, Yuanyuan; Jeppesen, Erik; Majaneva, Markus; Xu, Henglong; Yang, Jun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      It is well-established that environmental variability and cyanobacterial blooms have major effects on the assembly and functioning of bacterial communities in both marine and freshwater habitats. It remains unclear, however, ...
    • Plant functional trait change across a warming tundra biome 

      Bjorkman, Anne D.; Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Elmendorf, Sarah C.; Normand, Signe; Rüger, Nadja; Beck, Pieter S. A.; Blach-Overgaard, Anne; Blok, Daan; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Forbes, Bruce C.; Georges, Damien; Goetz, Scott J.; Guay, Kevin C.; Henry, Gregory H.R.; HilleRisLambers, Janneke; Hollister, Robert D.; Karger, Dirk N.; Kattge, Jens; Manning, Peter; Prevéy, Janet S.; Rixen, Christian; Schaepman-Strub, Gabriela; Thomas, Haydn J.D.; Vellend, Mark; Wilmking, Martin; Wipf, Sonja; Carbognani, Michele; Hermanutz, Luise; Lévesque, Esther; Molau, Ulf; Petraglia, Alessandro; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Spasojevic, Marko J.; Tomaselli, Marcello; Vowles, Tage; Alatalo, Juha M.; Alexander, Heather D.; Anadon-Rosell, Alba; Angers-Blondin, Sandra; te Beest, Mariska; Berner, Logan; Björk, Robert G.; Buchwal, Agata; Buras, Allan; Christie, Katherine; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Dullinger, Stefan; Elberling, Bo; Eskelinen, Anu; Frei, Esther R.; Grau, Oriol; Grogan, Paul; Hallinger, Martin; Semenschuk, Philipp; Speed, James David Mervyn; Hofgaard, Annika (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The tundra is warming more rapidly than any other biome on Earth, and the potential ramifications are far-reaching because of global feedback effects between vegetation and climate. A better understanding of how environmental ...
    • Plasma proteomics data from hibernating and active Scandinavian brown bears 

      Fröbert, Anne Mette; Gregersen, Simon; Brohus, Malene; Welinder, Karen G.; Kindberg, Jonas; Fröbert, Ole; Overgaard, Michael T. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      In this article, we present mass-spectrometry based plasma proteomics data from hibernating and active free-ranging Scandinavian brown bears (Ursus arctos). The brown bear hibernates for half the year. Despite obesity when ...
    • Plastic Population Effects and Conservative Leaf Traits in a Reciprocal Transplant Experiment Simulating Climate Warming in the Himalayas 

      Cui, Haijun; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Yang, Yan; Vandvik, Vigdis; Wang, Genxu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate warming poses considerable challenges for alpine plant species, especially for competitively inferior ones with resource-conservative adaptations to cold climates. The Himalayas are warming at rates considerably ...
    • Policy Mixes: Aligning instruments for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service provision 

      Barton, David Nicholas; Ring, Irene; Rusch, Graciela (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      “To explain the world of interactions and outcomes occurring at multiple levels, we also have to be willing to deal with complexity instead of rejecting it.” (E. Ostrom 2009 Nobel Prize Lecture) This special issue was ...
    • The Political dimensions of illegal wolf hunting: anti-elitism, lack of trust in institutions and acceptance of illegal wolf killing among Norwegian hunters 

      Skogen, Ketil; Krange, Olve (Journal article, 2020)
      Qualitative studies have indicated that the illegal killing of wolves is often attributed a protest dimension. However, we have limited knowledge about the factors that impact this judgement. The present study investigates ...
    • Polychlorinated biphenyl exposure and corticosterone levels in seven polar seabird species 

      Tartu, S.; Angelier, F.; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Moe, Børge; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Herzke, Dorte; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Verboven, N.; Verreault, J.; Labadie, P.; Budzinski, H.; Wingfield, J.C.; Chastel, O. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The role of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on exposure-related endocrine effects has been poorly investigated in wild birds. This is the case for stress hormones including corticosterone (CORT). Some studies have suggested ...
    • Pool-Type Fishway Design for a Potamodromous Cyprinid in the Iberian Peninsula: The Iberian Barbel—Synthesis and Future Directions 

      Silva, Ana T.; Bermúdez, María; Santos, Jose Maria; Rabunal, Juan R.; Puertas, Jerónimo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The Iberian barbel (Luciobarbus bocagei) is one of the most common cyprinids in the Iberian Peninsula, whose migratory routes are often hampered by anthropogenic barriers. Fishways might be an effective mitigation measure ...
    • Population and distribution of beavers Castor fiber and Castor canadensis in Eurasia 

      Halley, Duncan John; Saveljev, Alexander P.; Rosell, Frank Narve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      1. A century ago, overhunting had reduced Eurasian beaver Castor fiber populations to c. 1200 animals in scattered refugia from France to Mongolia. Reintroductions and natural spread have since restored the species to large ...
    • Population densities, vegetation green-up, and plant productivity: impacts on reproductive success and juvenile body mass in reindeer 

      Tveraa, Torkild; Stien, Audun; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Fauchald, Per (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Global warming is expected to cause earlier springs and increased primary productivity in the Arctic. These changes may improve food availability for Arctic herbivores, but may also have negative effects by generating a ...
    • Population fitness has a concave relationship with migration distance in Sanderlings 

      Sandercock, Brett (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      n Focus: Reneerkens, J., Versluijs, T. S. L., Piersma, T., Alves, J. A., Boorman, M., Corse, C., ... Lok, T. (2020). Low fitness at low latitudes: wintering in the tropics in-creases migratory delays and ...
    • Population genetics of the wolverine in Finland: the road to recovery? 

      Lansink, Gerhardus M.J.; Esparza-Salas, Rodrigo; Joensuu, Maija; Koskela, Anni; Bujnákova, Dominika; Kleven, Oddmund; Flagstad, Øystein; Ollila, Tuomo; Kojola, Ilpo; Aspi, Jouni; Kvist, Lauta (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      After decades, even centuries of persecution, large carnivore populations are widely recovering in Europe. Considering the recent recovery of the wolverine (Gulo gulo) in Finland, our aim was to evaluate genetic variation ...
    • Population genomic evidence for plant glacial survival in Scandinavia 

      Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Zemp, Niklaus; Bruederle, Leo P.; Stenøien, Hans K.; Widmer, Alex; Fior, Simone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Quaternary glaciations have played a major role in shaping the genetic diversity and distribution of plant species. Strong palaeoecological and genetic evidence supports a postglacial recolonization of most plant species ...
    • Population recovery of peregrine falcons in central Norway in the 4 decades since the DDT-ban 

      Nygård, Torgeir; Sandercock, Brett; Reinsborg, Tore; Einvik, Kjell (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The breeding population of peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) in Norway was almost exterminated by the early 1970’s. Long-term monitoring of breeding pairs has been conducted since 1976 up to present. Peregrine falcons ...
    • Population status, breeding biology and diet of Norwegian Great Cormorants 

      Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Barrett, Robert; Systad, Geir Helge Rødli (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Two subspecies of the Great Cormorant breed in Norway, the continental Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis in the south, along the Skagerrak coast, and the marine P. c. carbo from central Norway and northwards. Here we review the ...
    • Position choice and swimming costs of juvenile Atlantic salmon salmo salar in turbulent flow 

      Wilkes, Martin A.; Enders, E. C.; Silva, Ana T.; Acreman, Mike; Maddock, Ian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Swimming costs (SCs) for fish have been shown to be affected by turbulence. However, this idea has not yet been implemented in habitat models, which often represent hydraulics using water velocity averaged over time and ...