Now showing items 329-348 of 1373

    • Downstream transport and seasonal variation in freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) eDNA concentration 

      Wacker, Sebastian; Fossøy, Frode; Larsen, Bjørn Mejdell; Brandsegg, Hege; Sivertsgård, Rolf; Karlsson, Sten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Environmental DNA (eDNA) can be used to detect the presence and abundance of aquatic organisms from water samples. Before implementing this methodology as a tool for monitoring, more knowledge is needed on variation in ...
    • Drivers of hibernation in the brown bear 

      Evans, Alina; Singh, Navinder J.; Friebe, Andrea; Arnemo, Jon Martin; Laske, Timothy; Fröbert, O.; Swenson, Jon; Blanc, S (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: Hibernation has been a key area of research for several decades, essentially in small mammals in the laboratory, yet we know very little about what triggers or ends it in the wild. Do climatic factors, an ...
    • Drivers of hibernation in the brown bear 

      Evans, Alina; Singh, N.J.; Arnemo, Jon Martin; Laske, T.G.; Fröbert, O.; Swenson, Jon; Blanc, S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Background: Hibernation has been a key area of research for several decades, essentially in small mammals in the laboratory, yet we know very little about what triggers or ends it in the wild. Do climatic factors, an ...
    • Drivers of species composition in arable-weed communities of the Austrian–Hungarian borderland region: What is the role of the country? 

      Pinke, Gyula; Vér, András; Réder, Krisztina; Koltai, Gábor; Schlögl, Gerhard; Bede-Fazekas, Ákos; Czúcz, Bálint; Botta-Dukát, Zoltán (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Questions: Due to their high ecological and agronomical variability, borderland re -gions offer an excellent opportunity to study assembly patterns. In this study we compared the influence of various factors on summer ...
    • Drivers of treeline shift in different European mountains 

      Cudlin, Pavel; Klopcic, Matija; Tognetti, Roberto; Mális, Frantisek; Alados, Concepcion L.; Bebi, Peter; Grunewald, Karsten; Zhiyanski, Miglena; Andonowski, Vlatko; La Porta, Nicola; Bratanova-Doncheva, Svetlana; Kachaunova, Eli; Edwards-Jonášová, Magda; Ninot, Josep Maria; Rigling, Andreas; Hofgaard, Annika; Hlásny, Tomáš; Skalák, Petr; Wielgolaski, Frans Emil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      A growing body of evidence suggests that processes of upward treeline expansion and shifts in vegetation zones may occur in response to climate change. However, such shifts can be limited by a variety of non-climatic ...
    • Dynamics of gastro-inestinal strongyle parasites in a group of translocated, wild-captured asiatic wild asses in Kazakhstan 

      Gliga, Diana S.; Petrova, Natalia; Linnell, John Durrus; Salemgareyev, Albert R.; Zuther, Steffen; Walzer, Chris; Kaczensky, Petra (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Asiatic wild ass (Kulan, Equus hemionus) population range and numbers became severely reduced and a reintroduction project is currently aiming to re-establish a population in the Central Steppe of Kazakhstan. Pre-emptive ...
    • Early careers on ecohydraulics: challenges, opportunities and future directions 

      Wilkes, Martin A.; Neverman, Andrew J.; Casas-Mulet, Roser; Adeva Bustos, Ana; McCluskey, Alexander H.; Ouellet, Valerie; Vanzo, Davide; Franklin, Paul A.; Silva, Ana T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Early career researchers (ECRs) play a critical role in our knowledge-based society, yet they are the most vulnerable group in the scientific community. As a young, interdisciplinary science, ecohydraulics is particularly ...
    • Echinococcus granulosussensu lato and Echinococcus multilocularis: A review 

      Woolsey, Ian David; Miller, Andrea L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Echinococcus spp. have a global distribution and are found on every continent except Antarctica. Infections with these parasites are considered extremely serious, contributing to significant morbidity and mortality in ...
    • ECKOchain: A FAIR blockchain-based database for long-term ecological data 

      Marstein, Kjell-Erik; Grytnes, John Arvid; Lewis, Robert John (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      1. Open data practices in ecology are increasingly accepted, yet primary long-term ecological data remain hard to find. Barriers preventing open long-term ecological data include social and economic constructs such as a ...
    • Ecological and Social Dimensions of Ecosystem Restoration in the Nordic Countries. Synthesis, part of a Special Feature on Ecological Restoration in Northern Regions 

      Hagen, Dagmar; Svavarsdottir, Kristin; Nilsson, Christer; Tolvanen, Anne K.; Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten; Aradòttir, Åsa L.; Fosaa, Anna Maria; Halldorsson, Gudmundur (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      An international overview of the extent and type of ecological restoration can offer new perspectives for understanding, planning, and implementation. The Nordic countries, with a great range of natural conditions but ...
    • Ecological consequences of a single introduced species to the Antarctic: terrestrial impacts of the invasive midge Eretmoptera murphyi on Signy Island 

      Bartlett, Jesamine; Convey, Peter; Newsham, Kevin K.; Hayward, S.A.L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The nutrient-poor soils of Antarctica are sensitive to change. Recent increases in the number of anthropogenic introductions mean that understanding the impact of non-native species on Antarctic soils is pertinent, and ...
    • Ecological effects of mosquito control with Bti: evidence for shifts in the trophic structure of soil- and ground-based food webs 

      McKie, Brendan G.; Taylor, Astrid; Nilsson, Tobias; Frainer, André; Goedkoop, Willem (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The microbial control agent Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) has been successfully used worldwide to reduce abundances of biting Nematocera (Diptera), often with little direct impact on non-target organisms ...
    • Ecologizar la Economía o economizar la Ecología: controversias y desafíos en torno a la valoración de los servicios de los ecosistemas 

      Gomez-Baggethun, Erik (Journal article, 2018)
      En esta presentación se aborda el divorcio entre Economía y Ecología, las implicaciones de esta separación para entender la crisis ambiental y para la búsqueda de soluciones a dicha crisis. Se hace un recorrido sintético ...
    • Ecosystem change and stability over multiple decades in the Swedish subarctic: complex processes and multiple drivers 

      Callaghan, Terry V.; Jonasson, Christer; Thierfelder, Tomas; Yang, Zhenlin; Hedenås, Henrik; Johansson, Margareta; Molau, Ulf; Van Bogaert, Rik; Michelsen, Anders; Olofsson, Johan; Gwynn-Jones, Dylan; Bokhorst, Stef; Phoenix, Gareth K.; Bjerke, Jarle Werner; Tømmervik, Hans; Christensen, Torben R.; Hanna, Edward; Koller, Eva K.; Sloan, Victoria L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The subarctic environment of northernmost Sweden has changed over the past century, particularly elements of climate and cryosphere. This paper presents a unique geo-referenced record of environmental and ecosystem ...
    • The ecosystem effects of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) in northern Fennoscandia: Past, present and future 

      Stark, Sari; Horstkotte, Tim; Kumpula, Jouko; Olofsson, Johan; Tømmervik, Hans; Turunen, Minna (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The semi-domesticated nature of the reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L.) makes it a distinct case among the world’s herbivores. Here, we review the literature on how reindeer shape vegetation and soil carbon and nitrogen cycles ...
    • Ecosystem response to climatic change: the importance of the cold season 

      Bokhorst, Stef; Bjerke, Jarle Werner; Tømmervik, Hans; Preece, Catherine; Phoenix, Gareth K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Winter climate and snow cover are the important drivers of plant community development in polar regions. However, the impacts of changing winter climate and associated changes in snow regime have received much less attention ...
    • Ecosystem Services and Opportunity Costs Shift SpatialPriorities for Conserving Forest Biodiversity 

      Schröter, Matthias; Rusch, Graciela; Barton, David Nicholas; Blumentrath, Stefan; Nordén, Bjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Inclusion of spatially explicit information on ecosystem services in conservation planning is a fairly new practice. This study analyses how the incorporation of ecosystem services as conservation features can affect ...
    • Ecosystem services mapping and assessment for policy- and decision-making: Lessons learned from a comparative analysis of European case studies 

      Geneletti, Davide; Esmail, Blal Adem; Cortinovis, Chiara; Arany, Ildikó; Balzan, Mario; van Beukering, Pieter J. H.; Bicking, Sabine; Borges, Paulo AV; Borisova, Bilyana; Gil, Artur; Inghe, Ola; Kopperoinen, Leena; Kruse, Marion; Liekens, Inge; Lowicki, Damian; Mizgajski, Andrzej; Mulder, Sara; Nedkov, Stoyan; Ostergard, Hannah; Picanço, Ana; Ruskule, Anda; Santos-Martín, Fernando; Sieber, Ina M.; Svensson, Johan; Vačkářů, Dava; Veidemane, Kristina; Broekx, Steven; Burkhard, Benjamin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This paper analyses and compares a set of case studies on ecosystem services (ES) mapping and assessment with the purpose of formulating lessons learned and recommendations. Fourteen case studies were selected during the ...
    • Ecosystem services mapping for municipal policy: ESTIMAP and zoning for urban beekeeping 

      Stange, Erik; Zulian, Grazia; Rusch, Graciela; Barton, David Nicholas; Nowell, Megan Sara (Journal article, 2017)
      Pollinating insects are an integral part of cities’ natural capital and perform an important ecosystem function with a high degree of relevance to many cultural ecosystem services. Consequently, pollinators serve as a ...
    • Ecosystem services to support environmental and socially sustainable decision-making 

      Rusch, Veronica E.; Rusch, Graciela; Goijman, Andrea P.; Claps, Leonardo; Varela, Santiago A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The theory of ecosystem services (ES) needs to be operationalized to contribute to practices leading to sustainable use of ecosystems, which includes solving trade-offs between private and public benefits and incorporating ...