Now showing items 243-262 of 809

    • Endophytes dominate fungal communities in six-year-old veteranisation wounds in living oak trunks 

      Menkis, Audrius; Redr, Deanne; Bengtsson, Vikki; Hedin, Jonas; Niklasson, Mats; Nordén, Björn; Dahlberg, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    • Ensuring a post-covid economic agenda tackles global biodiversity loss 

      McElwee, Pamela; Turnout, Esther; Chiroleu-Assouline, Mireille; Clapp, Jennifer; Isenhour, Cindy; Jackson, Tim; Kelemen, Eszter; Miller, Daniel C.; Rusch, Graciela; Spangenberg, Joachim H.; Waldron, Anthony; Baumgartner, Rupert J.; Bleys, Brent; Howard, Michael W.; Mungatana, Eric; Ngo, Hien; Ring, Irene; Santos, Rui (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The COVID-19 pandemic has caused dramatic and unprecedented impacts on both global health and economies. Many governments are now proposing recovery packages to get back to normal, but the 2019 Intergovernmental Science-Policy ...
    • Entoloma species of the rhodopolioid clade (subgenus Entoloma; Tricholomatinae, Basidiomycota) in Norway 

      Brandrud, Tor Erik; Bendiksen, Egil; Jordal, John Bjarne; Weholt, Øyvind; Eidissen, Siw Elin; Lorås, Jostein Arve; Dima, Balint; Noordeloos, Machiel E. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Gruppa omkring lutrødspore (Rhodopoliagruppa) i slekta rødspore (Entoloma) i Norge presenteres. Gruppa består av musserongaktige og flathattaktige, sjelden traktsoppaktige, mykorrhiza(sopprot)-dannende arter. I alt 24 arter ...
    • Environmental benefits of leaving offshore infrastructure in the ocean 

      Fowler, Ashley M.; Jørgensen, Anne-Mette; Svendsen, Jon C.; Macreadie, Peter I.; Jones, Daniel O.B.; Boon, Arjen R.; Booth, David J.; Brabant, Robin; Callahan, Emily; Claisse, Jeremy T.; Dahlgren, Thomas G.; Degraer, Steven; Dokken, Quenton R.; Gill, Andrew B.; Johns, David G.; Leewis, Robert J.; Lindeboom, Han J.; Linden, Olof; May, Roelof Frans; Murk, Albertinka J.; Ottersen, Geir; Schroeder, Donna M.; Shastri, Sunil M.; Teilmann, Jonas; Todd, Victoria; Hoey, Gert Van; Vanaverbeke, Jan; Coolen, Joop W.P. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The removal of thousands of structures associated with oil and gas development from the world’s oceans is well underway, yet the environmental impacts of this decommissioning practice remain unknown. Similar impacts will ...
    • Environmental change influences the life history of salmon Salmo salar in the North Atlantic Ocean 

      Jonsson, Bror; Jonsson, Nina; Albretsen, Jon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Annual mean total length (LT) of wild one-sea-winter (1SW) Atlantic salmon Salmo salar of the Norwegian River Imsa decreased from 63 to 54 cm with a corresponding decrease in condition factor (K) for cohorts migrating to ...
    • Environmental DNA (eDNA) Monitoring of Noble Crayfish Astacus astacus in Lentic Environments Offers Reliable Presence-Absence Surveillance – But Fails to Predict Population Density 

      Johnsen, Stein Ivar; Strand, David; Rusch, Johannes; Vrålstad, Trude (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Noble crayfish is the most widespread native freshwater crayfish species in Europe. It is threatened in its entire distribution range and listed on the International Union for Concervation Nature- and national red lists. ...
    • Environmental factors affecting numbers of pink-footed geese Anser brachyrhynchus utilising an autumn stopover site 

      Jensen, Gitte Høj; Tombre, Ingunn; Madsen, Jesper (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      NorwayFor huntable waterbird species, the autumn migration strategy may be important for their fitness, as their behaviour and environmental factors may influence their exposure to hunting mortality. Hunting activity may ...
    • Escape history and proportion of farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar on the coast and in an adjacent salmon fjord in Norway 

      Aronsen, Tonje; Ulvan, Eva Marita; Næsje, Tor; Fiske, Peder (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      To gain more knowledge about escaped farmed salmon Salmo salar in the wild, we investigated the proportion of escapees, body length at escape, proportion escaped as smolts/post-smolts (≤300 mm) and number of winters in the ...
    • Escaped farmed Atlantic salmon in Norwegian rivers during 1989–2013 

      Diserud, Ola Håvard; Fiske, Peder; Sægrov, Harald; Urdal, K.; Aronsen, Tonje; Lo, Håvard; Barlaup, Bjørn Torgeir; Niemela, Eero; Orell, P.; Erkinaro, J.; Lund, Roar A.; Økland, Finn; Østborg, Gunnel Marie; Hansen, Lars Petter; Hindar, Kjetil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We report on the data from an extensive monitoring programme for the occurrence of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in Norwegian rivers for 25 years. This monitoring started as a 3-year research programme in ...
    • Estrategias de los árboles para el uso eficiente del agua y tolerancia a la sequía en sistemas silvopastoriles 

      Bucheli, Pilar; Benjamin, Tamara; Rusch, Graciela; Ibrahim, Muhammad; Casals, Pere; Sánchez, Dalia; Pugnaire, Francisco (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      La adquisición de recursos del suelo por las plantas depende de la especie, las características del suelo y de otros factores del medio ambiente local. El fin de este estudio fue conocer la distribución y los tipos de ...
    • Eurasian lynx fitness shows little variation across Scandinavian human-dominated landscapes 

      López-Bao, José Vicente; Aronsson, Malin; Linnell, John Durrus; Odden, John; Persson, Jens; Andrén, Henrik (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Despite extensive research on the ecology and behavioural adaptations of large carnivores in humandominated landscapes, information about the fitness consequences of sharing landscapes is still limited. We assessed the ...
    • European catfsh (Silurus glanis) as a freshwater apex predator drives ecosystem via its diet adaptability 

      Vejřík, Lukáš; Vejříková, Ivana; Blabolil, Petr; Eloranta, Antti; Kočvara, Luboš; Peterka, Jiří; Sajdlová, Zuzana; The Chung, Son Hoang; Šmejkal, Marek; Kiljunen, Mikko; Cech, Martin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Apex predators play a key role in ecosystem stability across environments but their numbers in general are decreasing. By contrast, European catfish (Silurus glanis), the European freshwater apex predator, is on the increase. ...
    • European eel Anguilla anguilla compromise speed for safety in the early marine spawning migration 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Økland, Finn; Mitamura, Hiromichi; Cooke, Steven J.; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      There are substantial benefits to potential fitness conferred to animals that undertake migrations. However, animals must make compromises to maximize survival and compensate for the risks associated with long-distance ...
    • European mushroom assemblages are darker in cold climates 

      Franz-Sebastian, Krah; Büntgen, Ulf; Schaefer, Hanno; Müller, Jörg; Andrew, Carrie; Boddy, Lynne; Diez, Jeffrey; Egli, Simon; Freckleton, Robert; Gange, Alan C.; Halvorsen, Rune; Heegaard, Einar; Heideroth, Antje; Heibl, Christoph; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob; Høiland, Klaus; Kar, Ritwika; Kauserud, Håvard; Kirk, Paul M.; Kuyper, Thomas W.; Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard; Nordén, Jenni; Papastefanou, Phillip; Senn-Irlet, Beatrice; Bässler, Claus (Peer reviewed, 2019)
    • Evaluating citizen science data for forecasting species responses to national forest management 

      Mair, Louise; Harrison, Philip J.; Jönsson, Mari; Löbel, Swantje; Nordén, Jenni; Siitonen, Juha; Lãmås, Tomas; Lundström, Anders; Snäll, Tord (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The extensive spatial and temporal coverage of many citizen science datasets (CSD) makes them appealing for use in species distribution modeling and forecasting. However, a frequent limitation is the inability to validate ...
    • Evaluating competition for forage plants between honey bees and wild bees in Denmark 

      Rasmussen, Claus; Dupont, Yoko L.; Madsen, Henning Bang; Bogusch, Petr; Goulson, Dave; Herbertsson, Lina; Maia, Kate Pereira; Nielsen, Anders; Olesen, Jens M.; Potts, Simon G.; Roberts, Stuart P. M.; Sydenham, Markus A. K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      A recurrent concern in nature conservation is the potential competition for forage plants between wild bees and managed honey bees. Specifically, that the highly sophisticated system of recruitment and large perennial ...
    • Evaluating cumulative effects of small scale hydropower development using GIS modelling and representativeness assessments 

      Erikstad, Lars; Hagen, Dagmar; Stange, Erik; Bakkestuen, Vegar (Journal article, 2020)
      Assessing cumulative effects are a vital task for strategic environmental assessments (SEA) but lack of consistent methodology has hampered the development and implementation of useful tools. We present a model for GIS and ...
    • Evaluating interactions of forestconservation policies on avoided deforestation 

      Roballino, Juan; Sandoval, Catalina; Barton, David Nicholas; Chacon, Adriana; Pfaff, Alexander (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      We estimate the effects on deforestation that have resulted from policy interactions between parks and payments and between park buffers and payments in Costa Rica between 2000 and 2005. We show that the characteristics ...
    • Evaluating the process of ecological restoration 

      Nilsson, Christer; Aradóttir, Ása L.; Hagen, Dagmar; Halldórsson, G.; Høegh, K.; Mitchell, Ruth J.; Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten; Svavarsdottir, Kristin; Tolvanen, Anne; Wilson, Scott D. (Journal article, 2016)
      We developed a conceptual framework for evaluating the process of ecological restoration and applied it to 10 examples of restoration projects in the northern hemisphere. We identified three major phases, planning, ...
    • Evaluating the Ryman–Laikre effect for marine stock enhancement and aquaculture 

      Waples, Robin S.; Hard, Jeffrey J.; Hindar, Kjetil; Karlsson, Sten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The Ryman–Laikre (R-L) effect is an increase in inbreeding and a reduction in total effective population size (NeT) in a combined captive–wild system, which arises when a few captive parents produce large numbers of ...