Now showing items 222-241 of 1682

    • Commonness and rarity in the marine biosphere 

      Connolly, Sean R.; MacNeil, M. Aaron; Caley, M. Julian; Knowlton, Nancy; Cripps, Ed; Hisano, Mizue; Thibaut, Loïc M.; Bhattacharya, Bhaskar D.; Benedetti-Cecchif, Lisandro; Brainard, Russell E.; Brandt, Angelika; Bulleri, Fabio; Ellingsen, Kari Elsa; Kaiser, Stefanie; Kröncke, Ingrid; Linse, Katrin; Maggi, Elena; O'Hara, Timothy D.; Plaisance, Laetitia; Poore, Gary C.B.; Sarkar, Santosh K.; Sathpaty, Kamala K.; Schückel, Ulrike; Williams, Alan; Wilson, Robin S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Contributed by Nancy Knowlton, April 28, 2014 (sent for review November 25, 2013; reviewed by Brian McGill and Fangliang He) Explaining patterns of commonness and rarity is fundamental for understanding and managing ...
    • Community-wide mesocarnivore response to partial ungulate migration 

      Henden, John-André; Stien, Audun; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Ims, Rolf Anker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      1.Mesocarnivores increase in number and geographic range in human-disturbed ecosystems with cascading negative impact on biodiversity. To mitigate such impacts, it is essential to identify the proximate causes of such ...
    • Community-wide mesocarnivore response to partial ungulate migration 

      Henden, John-André; Stien, Audun; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Ims, Rolf Anker (Journal article, 2014)
      1. Mesocarnivores increase in number and geographic range in human-disturbed ecosystems with cascading negative impact on biodiversity. To mitigate such impacts, it is essential to identify the proximate causes of such ...
    • Comparing land use impacts using ecosystem quality, biogenic carbon emissions, and restoration costs in a case study of hydropower plants in Norway 

      Lillesund, Vilde Fluge; Hagen, Dagmar; Michelsen, Ottar; Foldvik, Anders; Barton, David Nicholas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Purpose Habitat destruction is today the most severe threat to global biodiversity. Despite decades of efforts, there is still no proper methodology on how to assess all aspects of impacts on biodiversity from land use and ...
    • Comparisons of reproductive function and fatty acid fillet quality between triploid and diploid farm Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) 

      Murray, D.S.; Kainz, M.J.; Hebberecht, L.; Sales, K.R.; Hindar, Kjetil; Gage, Matthew J.G. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Triploidy could prevent escaped farm salmon breeding in the wild, while also improving nutrient quality within farmed fillets. Despite these potential advantages, triploid Atlantic salmon have not been widely used in ...
    • Competition between apex predators? Brown bears decrease wolf kill rate on two continents 

      Tallian, Aimee; Ordiz, Andres; Metz, Matthew C.; Milleret, Cyril; Wikenros, Camilla; Smith, Douglas W.; Stahler, Daniel R.; Kindberg, Jonas; MacNulty, Daniel R.; Wabakken, Petter; Swenson, Jon; Sand, Håkan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Trophic interactions are a fundamental topic in ecology, but we know little about how competition between apex predators affects predation, the mechanism driving top-down forcing in ecosystems.We used long-term datasets ...
    • Complacency or resilience? Perceptions of environmental and social change in Lofoten and Vesterålen in northern Norway 

      Kaltenborn, Bjørn Petter; Linnell, John Durrus; Thomassen, Jørn; Lindhjem, Henrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Arctic and northern coastal regions are among the least developed in the world in terms of density of settlements, population and resource exploitation. It is often assumed that these regions will be frontiers of future ...
    • Complexity revealed in the greening of the Arctic 

      Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Kerby, Jeffrey T.; Phoenix, Gareth K.; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Epstein, Howard E.; Assmann, Jakob J.; John, Christian; Andreu-Hayles, Laia; Angers-Blondin, Sandra; Beck, Pieter S. A.; Berner, Logan T.; Bhatt, Uma S.; Bjorkman, Anne D.; Blok, Daan; Bryn, Anders; Christiansen, Casper Tai; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Cunliffe, Andrew M.; Elmendorf, Sarah C.; Forbes, Bruce C.; Goetz, Scott J.; Hollister, Robert D.; de Jong, Rogier; Loranty, Michael M.; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Maseyk, Kadmiel; Normand, Signe; Olofsson, Johan; Parker, Thomas C.; Parmentier, Frans-Jan W.; Post, Eric; Schaepman-Strub, Gabriela; Stordal, Frode; Sullivan, Patrick F.; Thomas, Haydn J.D.; Tømmervik, Hans; Treharne, Rachael; Tweedie, Craig E.; Walker, Donald A.; Wilmking, Martin; Wipf, Sonja (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      As the Arctic warms, vegetation is responding, and satellite measures indicate widespread greening at high latitudes. This ‘greening of the Arctic’ is among the world’s most important large-scale ecological responses to ...
    • Composición florística de pastizales en Muy Muy y Rivas, Nicaragua 

      Morales, Julio; Rusch, Graciela; Casanoves, Fernando; Söderström, Lars; Rocha, Lester (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      A pesar de ser ecosistemas manejados, surgidos de la transformación de ambientes naturales, los pastizales compuestos por especies nativas y exóticas pueden tener un papel importante en la conservación de la biodiversidad ...
    • Concern about climate change, biodiversity loss, habitat degradation andlandscape change: Embedded in different packages of environmental concern? 

      Skogen, Ketil; Helland, Håvard; Kaltenborn, Bjørn Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate change and biodiversity loss are often seen as the two most serious environmental threats facing humanity. It also seems to be a common notion that concerns about these issues are embedded in the same package of ...
    • Consequences of barriers and changing seasonality on population dynamics and harvest of migratory ungulates 

      Van Moorter, Bram; Engen, Steinar; Fryxell, John M.; Panzacchi, Manuela; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Mysterud, Atle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Many animal populations providing ecosystem services, including harvest, live in seasonal environments and migrate between seasonally distinct ranges. Unfortunately, two major sources of human-induced global change threaten ...
    • Conservation professionals agree on challenges to coexisting with large carnivores but not on solutions 

      Lute, Michelle L.; Carter, Neil H.; López-Bao, José V.; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Although many studies explore characteristics of stakeholders or publics “for” or “against” large carnivores, disagreements among conservation professionals advocating different conservation strategies also occur, but are ...
    • Conservation professionals' views on governing for coexistence with large carnivores 

      Lute, Michelle L.; Carter, Neil H.; López-Bao, José V.; Linnell, John Durrus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Decision-making about large carnivores is complex and controversial, and processes vary from deliberation and expert analysis to ballot boxes and courtrooms. Decision-makers range from neighboring landowners to the United ...
    • Conserving on the edge: genetic variation and structure in Northern populations of the endangered plant Dracocephalum ruyschiana L. (Lamiaceae) 

      Kyrkjeeide, Magni Olsen; Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Kleven, Oddmund; Evju, Marianne; Endrestøl, Anders; Brandrud, Marie Kristine; Stabbetorp, Odd Egil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Loss of biodiversity is accelerating, including the loss of genetic diversity. Conservation of small, isolated populations may be important, as they can provide valuable contributions to overall genetic variation and ...
    • Conserving Wolves by Transforming Them? The Transformative E!fects of Technologies of Government in Biodiversity Conservation 

      Stokland, Håkon B. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This article investigates the construction of instruments and techniques employed in the management of Norwegian wolves since the early 1980s by construing the tools as technologies of government. The proliferation of such ...
    • Constraining forest certificate's market to improve cost-effectiveness of biodiversity conservation in São Paulo state, Brazil 

      Bernasconi, Paula; Blumentrath, Stefan; Barton, David Nicholas; Rusch, Graciela; Romeiro, Ademar R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The recently launched Brazilian ªforest certificatesº market is expected to reduce environmental compliance costs for landowners through an offset mechanism, after a long history of conservation laws based in command-and-control ...
    • Contemporary ocean warming and freshwater conditions are related to later sea age at maturity in Atlantic salmon spawning in Norwegian rivers 

      Villar, Jaime Otero; Jensen, Arne Johan; Stenseth, Nils Christian; Storvik, Geir Olve; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn; L'Abée Lund, Henning (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Atlantic salmon populations are reported to be declining throughout its range, raising major management concerns. Variation in adult fish abundance may be due to variation in survival, growth, and timing of life history ...
    • Contrasting multi-taxa functional diversity patterns along vegetation structure gradients of woody pastures 

      Jakobsson, Simon; Wood, Heather; Ekroos, Johan; Lindborg, Regina (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Woody pastures represent keystone habitats for biodiversity in agricultural landscapes, contributing to increased resource availability, landscape heterogeneity and structural variability. High taxonomic diversity is closely ...
    • Contrasting survival and physiological responses of sub-Arctic plant types to extreme winter warming and nitrogen 

      Bokhorst, Stef; Jaakola, Laura; Karppinen, Katja; Edvinsen, Guro Kristine; Mæhre, Hanne Kirsti; Bjerke, Jarle W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Main conclusion Evergreen plants are more vulnerable than grasses and birch to snow and temperature variability in the sub-Arctic. Most Arctic climate impact studies focus on single factors, such as summer warming, while ...
    • Controlled exposure reduces fear of brown bears 

      Johansson, Maria; Flykt, Anders; Frank, Jens; Støen, Ole-Gunnar (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Fear of large carnivores such as brown bears may restrict people’s outdoor activities regardless of experts’ estimated risk of attack. This research study empirically examined three exposure interventions in the form of ...