Now showing items 4216-4235 of 4305

    • Why do we find dead bumblebees under linden trees? 

      Vinnes, Malene Kyrkjebø; Haugen, Inger Marie Aalberg; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Ødegaard, Frode; Gjershaug, Jan Ove (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      1. Linden trees (Tilia spp.) have for a long time been associated with bumblebee (Bombus spp.) mortality in Europe and North America. Several explanations have been suggested for this phenomenon. This study aimed to explore ...
    • Why humans kill animals and why we cannot avoid it 

      Allen, Benjamin L.; Bobier, Christopher; Dawson, Stuart; Fleming, Peter J.S.; Hampton, Jordan; Jachowski, David; Kerley, Graham I.H.; Linnell, John Durrus; Marnewick, Kelly; Minnie, Liaan; Muthersbaugh, Mike; O'Riain, M. Justin; Parker, Dan; Proulx, Gilbert; Somers, Michael J.; Titus, Keifer (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Killing animals has been a ubiquitous human behaviour throughout history, yet it is becoming increasingly controversial and criticised in some parts of contemporary human society. Here we review 10 primary reasons why ...
    • Widening evaluative space for ecosystem services: a taxonomy of plural values and valuation methods 

      Arias-Arévalo, Paola; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Martín-López, Berta; Pérez-Rincón, Mario (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Widespread genetic introgression of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon in wild salmon populations 

      Karlsson, Sten; Diserud, Ola H.; Fiske, Peder; Hindar, KJetil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) escape from net pens and enter rivers to spawn, potentially resulting in genetic introgression and reduced fitness of wild salmon. Here, we quantify genetic introgression of farmed to ...
    • The wild boar Sus scrofa in northern Eurasia: a review of range expansion history, current distribution, factors affecting the northern distributional limit, and management strategies 

      Markov, Nickolay; Economov, Alexander; Hjeljord, Olav; Rolandsen, Christer Moe; Bergqvist, Göran; Danilov, Pjotr; Dolinin, Vadim; Kambalin, Victor; Kondratov, Alexander; Krasnoshapka, Nikolay; Kunnasranta, Mervi; Mamontov, Victor; Panchcenko, Danila; Senchik, Alexander (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      1. The wild boar Sus scrofa is one of the most widely distributed large mammal species in the world, existing on all continents except Antarctica. In the late 20th Century, its geographical range expanded naturally and ...
    • Wild Mountain reindeer Rangifer tarandus tarandus winter foraging: snow-free areas a key resource for feeding 

      Holtan, Marijanne; Strand, Olav; Kastdalen, Leif; Bjerketvedt, Dag Kjartan; Odland, Arvid; Pape, Roland; Heggenes, Jan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      In a landscape with patchily distributed forage resources, an animal’s distribution may reflect the distribution of the resources if the population is forage-limited in time or space. This may be particularly explicit in ...
    • Wild versus domestic prey: Variation in the kill-site behavior of two large felids 

      Tallian, Aimee Grace; Mattisson, Jenny; Samelius, Gustaf; Odden, John; Mishra, Charudutt; Linnell, John Durrus; Lkhagvajav, Purevjav; Johansson, Örjan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Livestock depredation is an important source of conflict for many terrestrial large carnivore species. Understanding the foraging behavior of large carnivores on domestic prey is therefore important for both mitigating ...
    • Wildlife Camera Monitoring Revealed the Northern Goshawk as a Predator on Gyrfalcon Nestlings 

      Moen, Børje Cato; Kroglund, Rolf Terje; Østnes, Jan Eivind; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Nygård, Torgeir (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Accipiter gentilis; Falco rusticolus; intraguild predation; nestling; nocturnal foraging; predation.
    • Wildlife in a Politically Divided World: Insularism Inflates Estimates of Brown Bear Abundance 

      Bischof, Richard; Brøseth, Henrik; Gimenez, Olivier (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Political borders dictate how biological diversity is monitored and managed, yet wild animals often move freely between jurisdictions. We quantified bias in brown bear (Ursus arctos) abundance estimates introduced when ...
    • Wildlife-Human Interactions : From Conflict to Coexistence in Sustainable Landscapes 

      Thomassen, Jørn; Linnell, John Durrus; Skogen, Ketil (NINA rapport;736, Research report, 2011)
      Thomassen, J., Linnell, J. & Skogen, K. 2011. Wildlife-Human In teractions: From Co nflict to Coexistence in Sustainable La ndscapes. Final report from a j oint Indo-Norwegian project 2007- 2011. - NINA Report 736. 83 ...
    • Will accelerated soil development be a driver of Arctic Greening in the late 21st century? 

      Doetterl, Sebastian; Alexander, Jake M.; Fior, Simone; Frossard, Aline; Magnabosco, Cara; van de Broek, Marijn; Westergaard, Kristine Bakke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Climate warming is transforming the Arctic at an unprecedented rate with previously barren and sparsely vegetated landscapes undergoing “greening”. We postulate that the observed vegetation changes throughout the Arctic ...
    • Wind turbines cause functional habitat loss for migratory soaring birds 

      Marques, Ana T.; Santos, Carlos D.; Hanssen, Frank Ole; Muñoz, Antonio-Román; Onrubia, Alejandro; Wikelski, Martin; Moreira, Francisco; Palmeirim, Jorge Manuel; Silva, João P. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      1 . Wind energy production has expanded to meet climate change mitigation goals, but negative impacts of wind turbines have been reported on wildlife. Soaring birds are among the most affected groups with alarming fatality ...
    • Winter decrease of zooplankton abundance and biomass in subalpine oligotrophic Lake Atnsjøen (SE Norway) 

      Jensen, Thomas Correll (Journal article, 2019)
      Despite the rapidly changing winter conditions in temperate ecosystems, little attention has been devoted to the effects of these changes on lake ecology. Few studies on the seasonal changes in abundance and biomass of the ...
    • Wolf attacks on humans: an update for 2002–2020 

      Linnell, John D.C.; Kovtun, Ekaterina; Rouart, Ive (NINA Report;1942, Research report, 2021)
      Linnell, J. D. C., Kovtun, E. & Rouart, I. 2021. Wolf attacks on humans: an update for 2002–2020. NINA Report 1944. Norwegian Institute for Nature Research. The degree to which wolves pose a threat to human safety has ...
    • Wolf habitat selection when sympatric or allopatric with brown bears in Scandinavia 

      Ordiz Fernandez, Andres Avelino; Uzal, Antonio; Milleret, Cyril Pierre; Sanz-Perez, Ana; Zimmermann, Barbara; Wikenros, Camilla; Wabakken, Petter; Kindberg, Jonas; Swenson, Jon; Sand, Håkan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Habitat selection of animals depends on factors such as food availability, landscape features, and intraand interspecific interactions. Individuals can show several behavioral responses to reduce competition for habitat, ...
    • Wolverines in a Changing World. Final report of the Norwegian Wolverine Project 2003-2007 

      May, Roelof Frans; Dijk, Jiska Joanneke van; Andersen, Roy; Landa, Arild Magne (NINA Rapport;434, Research report, 2009)
      In 2003 the Norwegian Wolverine Project “Wolverines in a Changing World” was initiated with the principle objective to gain a better insight in the ecological role wolverines Gulo gulo have in ecosystem dynamics and their ...
    • Women in freshwater science: challenges and solutions for achieving equity 

      Lester, Rebecca E.; Rosten, Carolyn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    • Wooded hay meadows as viable production systems in sustainable small-scale farming 

      Rydgren, Knut; Austad, Ingvild; Hamre, Liv Norunn; Töpper, Joachim Paul (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Wooded hay meadows provide livestock fodder in the form of both foliage from pollarded trees and hay from the understorey, and can be part of an environmentally friendly agroforestry system. However, trees may also have a ...
    • Words apart: Standardizing forestry terms and definitions across European biodiversity studies 

      Trentanovi, Giovanni; Campagnaro, Thomas; Sitzia, Tommaso; Chianucci, Francesco; Vacchiano, Giorgio; Ammer, Christian; Ciach, Michał; Nagel, Thomas A.; del Río, Miren; Paillet, Yoan; Munzi, Silvana; Vandekerkhove, Kris; Bravo-Oviedo, Andrés; Cutini, Andrea; D'Andrea, Ettore; De Smedt, Pallieter; Doerfler, Inken; Fotakis, Dimitris; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob; Hofmeister, Jenýk; Hošek, Jan; Janssen, Philippe; Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian; Korboulewsky, Nathalie; Kovács, Bence; Kozák, Daniel; Lachat, Thibault; Mårell, Anders; Matula, Radim; Mikoláš, Martin; Nordén, Björn; Ódor, Péter; Perovic, Marko; Pötzelsberger, Elisabeth; Schall, Peter; Svoboda, Miroslav; Tinya, Flóra; Ujházyová, Mariana; Burrascano, Sabina (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Forest biodiversity studies conducted across Europe use a multitude of forestry terms, often inconsistently. This hinders the comparability across studies and makes the assessment of the impacts of forest management on ...