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dc.contributor.authorGeist, Juergen
dc.contributor.authorThielen, Frankie
dc.contributor.authorLavictoire, Louise
dc.contributor.authorHoess, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorAltmueller, Reinhard
dc.contributor.authorBaudrimont, Magalie
dc.contributor.authorBlaize, Christine
dc.contributor.authorCampos, Miquel
dc.contributor.authorCarrol, Paul
dc.contributor.authorDaill, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorDegelmann, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.authorDettmer, Rainer
dc.contributor.authorDenic, Marco
dc.contributor.authorDury, Pierrick
dc.contributor.authorde Eyto, Elvira
dc.contributor.authorGrunicke, Felix
dc.contributor.authorGumpinger, Clemens
dc.contributor.authorJakobsen, Per J.
dc.contributor.authorKaldma, Katrin
dc.contributor.authorKlaas, Kunnar
dc.contributor.authorLegeay, Alexia
dc.contributor.authorMagerøy, Jon Hamner
dc.contributor.authorMoorkens, Evelyn A.
dc.contributor.authorMotte, Gregory
dc.contributor.authorNakamura, Keiko
dc.contributor.authorOndina, Paz
dc.contributor.authorÖsterling, Martin
dc.contributor.authorPichler-Scheder, Christian
dc.contributor.authorSpisar, Ondrej
dc.contributor.authorReis, Joaquim
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Lea D.
dc.contributor.authorSchwarzer, Arno
dc.contributor.authorSelheim, Heidi
dc.contributor.authorSoler, Joaquín
dc.contributor.authorTaskinen, Jouni
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, John
dc.contributor.authorStrachan, Ben
dc.contributor.authorWengstrom, Niklas
dc.contributor.authorZając, Tadeusz
dc.description.abstract1. Freshwater mussels are declining throughout their range. Their importantecological functions along with insufficient levels of natural recruitment haveprompted captive breeding for population augmentation and questions about the usefulness and applicability of such measures. 2. This article reviews the current state of captive breeding and rearing programmes for freshwater mussels in Europe. It considers the various species, strategies, andtechniques of propagation, as well as the different levels of effort requiredaccording to rearing method, highlighting the key factors of success. 3. Within the last 30 years, 46 breeding activities in 16 European countries have been reported, mainly of Margaritifera margaritifera and Unio crassus. Some facilities propagate species that are in a very critical situation, such as Pseudunio auricularius, Unio mancus, and Unio ravoisieri, or multiple species concurrently. Insome streams, the number of released captive-bred mussels already exceeds the size of the remaining natural population. 4. Rearing efforts range from highly intensive laboratory incubation to lowerintensity methods using in-river mussel cages or silos. Most breeding efforts are funded by national and EU LIFE(+) grants, are well documented, and consider the genetic integrity of the propagated mussels. Limited long-term funding perspectives, the availability of experienced staff, water quality, and feeding/survival during early life stages are seen as the most important challenges. 5. Successful captive breeding programmes need to be combined with restoration ofthe habitats into which the mussels are released. This work will benefit from anevidence-based approach, knowledge exchange among facilities, and an overall breeding strategy comprising multiple countries and conservation units. aquaculture, captive breeding, conservation translocation, freshwater mussel culturing, Margaritifera margaritifera, propagation, reintroduction, Unio crassusen_US
dc.description.abstractCaptive breeding of European freshwater mussels as aconservation tool: A reviewen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectcaptive breedingen_US
dc.subjectconservation translocationen_US
dc.subjectfreshwater mussel culturingen_US
dc.subjectMargaritifera margaritiferaen_US
dc.titleCaptive breeding of European freshwater mussels as aconservation tool: A reviewen_US
dc.title.alternativeCaptive breeding of European freshwater mussels as aconservation tool: A reviewen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2023 The Authorsen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoology and botany: 480en_US
dc.source.journalAquatic conservationen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: European Cooperation in Science and Technology CA 18239en_US

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