Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorOksanen, Lauri
dc.contributor.authorVuorinen, Katariina Elsa M
dc.contributor.authorOksanen, Tarja Maarit
dc.description.abstractThe searching efficiency of predators depends on the balance between the adaptations of the predator and the counter-adaptations of the prey. In this evolutionary race, the prey should normally have the upper hand, as it can perform tradeoffs between efficiency in resource use and ability to avoid predators. In terrestrial predator–herbi-vore systems, however, the huge difference in food quality between prey and predators seems to give predators an advantage. In productive terrestrial ecosystems, predators thus chronically overexploit herbivores, i.e. regulate them at densities far below the point of maximum sustainable yield. Assuming type II functional response, this should result in violent limit cycle dynamics. In reality, however, such cycles are only common at high latitudes, whereas the herbivory-based food webs of species-rich ecosystems at middle and low latitudes are characterized by asymptotic dynamics, where numerical changes only occur in response to external forcing. One way or another, diversity thus seems to beget stability in terrestrial grazing webs. We propose that strong, donor-controlled energy flows from the detritus web and directly from plants to predators are the key for the prevalence of asymptotic dynamics at middle and low latitudes. These flows support generalists with type III functional response and, therefore, a capacity to curb budding outbreaks at an early stage. The ongoing extinction wave could critically weaken these stabilizing interactions, which could destabilize currently stable food webs. and result in violent limit cycle dynamics in ecosystems, where the dominating species have evolved under asymptotic dynamics. This could cause secondary extinc-tions and inflict large economic lossesen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectfood websen_US
dc.subjectlimit cyclesen_US
dc.subjectsearching efficiencyen_US
dc.titleThe paradox of searching efficiency or why are violent population cycles so uncommon in terrestrial ecosystemen_US
dc.title.alternativeThe paradox of searching efficiency or why are violent population cycles so uncommon in terrestrial ecosystemen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2023 The Authorsen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoology and botany: 480en_US

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal