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dc.contributor.authorGajdárová, Barbora
dc.contributor.authorBelotti, Elisa
dc.contributor.authorBufka, Luděk
dc.contributor.authorWölfl, Sybille
dc.contributor.authorMináriková, Tereza
dc.contributor.authorHollerbach, Laura
dc.contributor.authorDul'a, Martin
dc.contributor.authorKleven, Oddmund
dc.contributor.authorKutal, Miroslav
dc.contributor.authorNowak, Carsten
dc.contributor.authorOzoliņš, Jānis
dc.contributor.authorTám, Branislav
dc.contributor.authorBryja, Josef
dc.contributor.authorKoubek, Petr
dc.contributor.authorKrojerová-Prokešová, Jarmila
dc.contributor.authorVolfová, Josefa
dc.coverage.spatialCentral Europeen_US
dc.description.abstractWhere reintroduced wildlife populations are considered as vulnerable this is generally due to limited founder size and isolation. While many of these populations show low levels of genetic diversity, little is known about the temporal patterns of genetic diversity loss and the role of initial founder effects vs. ongoing genetic drift. Here we analysed genotype data from 582 Eurasian lynx samples from the reintroduced Bohemian-Bavarian-Austrian population (BBA) over a time span of 35 years, representing approximately 13 generations. Two-wave reintroduction of lynx from at least two distinct West-Carpathian areas resulted in relatively high start-up of genetic diversity. After the initial decline when the population lost about a quarter of its genetic diversity compared to the Carpathian source population, the genetic diversity and effective population size remained almost unchanged over the next 20 years. Despite confirmed isolation of BBA and thus absence of gene flow, we detected relatively low inbreeding during the two recent decades within the slightly increasing population size, which may have prevented ongoing loss of genetic diversity. Given the current status of BBA, we do not support genetic reinforcement to maintain its long-term viability; but urge the importance of facilitating gene flow with neighbouring lynx populations through an improvement of landscape connectivity and by strengthening law enforcement as well as the prevention of illegal killings. A sound genetic monitoring alongside regular camera trap-based monitoring of population size, health status and reproduction is pivotal to decide on future conservation interventions.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectCentral Europeen_US
dc.subjectFounder effecten_US
dc.subjectGenetic diversityen_US
dc.subjectLynx lynxen_US
dc.titleLong-term genetic monitoring of a reintroduced Eurasian lynx population does not indicate an ongoing loss of genetic diversityen_US
dc.title.alternativeLong-term genetic monitoring of a reintroduced Eurasian lynx population does not indicate an ongoing loss of genetic diversityen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2023 The Authorsen_US
dc.source.journalGlobal Ecology and Conservationen_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal