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dc.contributor.authorLennox, Robert
dc.contributor.authorBrownscombe, Jacob W.
dc.contributor.authorDarimont, Chris
dc.contributor.authorHorodysky, Andrij
dc.contributor.authorLevi, Taal
dc.contributor.authorRaby, Graham D.
dc.contributor.authorCooke, Steven J.
dc.identifier.citationPeople and Nature. 2022, 4 (5), .en_US
dc.description.abstractIn nearly every ecosystem, human predators (hunters and fishers) exploit animals at extraordinarily high rates, as well as target different age classes and phenotypes, compared to other apex predators. Demographically decoupled from prey populations and technologically advanced, humans now impose widespread and significant ecological and evolutionary change. In this paper, we investigate whether there is evidence that humans provide complementary services and whether ecosystem services of predators can be maintained by humans where wild predators are lost. Our objective is to contribute to two key ecological themes: the compatibility of human harvesting within ecosystems and management approaches in consideration of the intentional or unintentional loss of predators. We reviewed evidence for five key effects of predators: natural selection of prey, disease dynamics, landscape effects, carbon cycling and human well-being. Without carefully designed management strategies, such changes can impose harm to ecosystems and their constituents, including humankind. Ultimately, we applied this information to consider management paradigms in which humans could better support the role of, and potentially behave more like, apex predators and discuss the challenges to such coexistence.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectecosystem functionen_US
dc.subjectfisheries managementen_US
dc.subjectnutrient cyclingen_US
dc.subjectpredator–prey dynamicsen_US
dc.subjectwildlife managementen_US
dc.titleThe roles of humans and apex predators in sustaining ecosystem structure and function: Contrast, complementarity and coexistenceen_US
dc.title.alternativeThe roles of humans and apex predators in sustaining ecosystem structure and function: Contrast, complementarity and coexistenceen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2022 The Authorsen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Økologi: 488en_US
dc.source.journalPeople and Natureen_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal