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dc.contributor.authorThant, Zaw Min
dc.contributor.authorMay, Roelof Frans
dc.contributor.authorRøskaft, Eivin
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding the underlying causes behind human–elephant conflict (HEC)-driven mortality of humans and elephants will help improve both parties’ wellbeing. The objective of this study was to examine the temporal and spatial mortality patterns of humans and elephants and the influence of local attitudes, conflict factors and habitat factors on elephant poaching. We used the Myanmar Forest Department data from 2001 to 2020 for humans and 2011 to 2020 for elephants together with explanatory data on human attitudes, habitat, and conflict factors. Approximately seven persons were killed annually in elephant attacks, with a bias towards men. The annual mortality of elephants during the study period was on average 16 individuals, and most elephants were killed by humans. There was a significant relationship between the number of killed humans and human-killed elephants around HEC villages. Villages with more property damage exhibited a higher rate of human mortality, which also correlated with negative feelings of local people towards elephants. Elephant poaching was higher in villages with less suitable habitat available for elephant use. Human encroachment is an important cause of HEC, leading to human loss and forming the main threat to the survival of wild elephants. We suggest local involvement to ensure good governance in conflict resolution and mitigation strategies and to strengthen law enforcement. Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) Human–elephant conflict (HEC) Attack Mortality Poachingen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectAsian elephant (Elephas maximus)en_US
dc.subjectHuman–elephant conflict (HEC)en_US
dc.titleHuman–elephant coexistence challenges in Myanmar: An analysis of fatal elephant attacks on humans and elephant mortalityen_US
dc.title.alternativeHuman–elephant coexistence challenges in Myanmar: An analysis of fatal elephant attacks on humans and elephant mortalityen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2022 The Authorsen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoology and botany: 480en_US
dc.source.journalJournal for Nature Conservationen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Norwegian Environment Agencyen_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal