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dc.contributor.authorBurrascano, Sabina
dc.contributor.authorTrentanovi, Giovanni
dc.contributor.authorPaillet, Yoan
dc.contributor.authorHeilmann-Clausen, Jacob
dc.contributor.authorGiordani, Paolo
dc.contributor.authorBagella, Simonetta
dc.contributor.authorBravo-Oviedo, Andrés
dc.contributor.authorCampagnaro, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorCampanaro, Alessandro
dc.contributor.authorFrancesco, Chianucci
dc.contributor.authorDe Smedt, Pallieter
dc.contributor.authorItziar, García-Mijangos
dc.contributor.authorMatošević, Dinka
dc.contributor.authorSitzia, Tommaso
dc.contributor.authorAszalós, Réka
dc.contributor.authorBrazaitis, Gediminas
dc.contributor.authorAndrea, Cutini
dc.contributor.authorEttore, D'Andrea
dc.contributor.authorDoerfler, Inken
dc.contributor.authorHofmeisterr, Jeňýk
dc.contributor.authorHošeks, Jan
dc.contributor.authorJanssen, Philippe
dc.contributor.authorRojas, Sebastian Kepfer
dc.contributor.authorKorboulewsky, Nathalie
dc.contributor.authorKozák, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorLachat, Thibault
dc.contributor.authorLõhmus, Asko
dc.contributor.authorLopez, Rosana
dc.contributor.authorMårell, Anders
dc.contributor.authorMatula, Radim
dc.contributor.authorMikoláš, Martin
dc.contributor.authorMunzi, Silvana
dc.contributor.authorNordén, Björn
dc.contributor.authorPärtel, Meelis
dc.contributor.authorPenner, Johannes
dc.contributor.authorRunnel, Kadri
dc.contributor.authorSchall, Peter
dc.contributor.authorSvoboda, Miroslav
dc.contributor.authorTinya, Flóra
dc.contributor.authorUjházyová, Mariana
dc.contributor.authorVandekerkhove, Kris
dc.contributor.authorVerheyen, Kris
dc.contributor.authorXystrakis, Fotios
dc.contributor.authorÓdor, Péter
dc.description.abstractForests host most terrestrial biodiversity and their sustainable management is crucial to halt biodiversity loss. Although scientific evidence indicates that sustainable forest management (SFM) should be assessed by monitoring multi-taxon biodiversity, most current SFM criteria and indicators account only for trees or consider indirect biodiversity proxies. Several projects performed multi-taxon sampling to investigate the effects of forest management on biodiversity, but the large variability of their sampling approaches hampers the identification of general trends, and limits broad-scale inference for designing SFM. Here we address the need of common sampling protocols for forest structure and multi-taxon biodiversity to be used at broad spatial scales. We established a network of researchers involved in 41 projects on forest multi-taxon biodiversity across 13 European countries. The network data structure comprised the assessment of at least three taxa, and the measurement of forest stand structure in the same plots or stands. We mapped the sampling approaches to multi-taxon biodiversity, standing trees and deadwood, and used this overview to provide operational answers to two simple, yet crucial, questions: what to sample? How to sample? The most commonly sampled taxonomic groups are vascular plants (83% of datasets), beetles (80%), lichens (66%), birds (66%), fungi (61%), bryophytes (49%). They cover different forest structures and habitats, with a limited focus on soil, litter and forest canopy. Notwithstanding the common goal of assessing forest management effects on biodiversity, sampling approaches differed widely within and among taxonomic groups. Differences derive from sampling units (plots size, use of stand vs. plot scale), and from the focus on different substrates or functional groups of organisms. Sampling methods for standing trees and lying deadwood were relatively homogeneous and focused on volume calculations, but with a great variability in sampling units and diameter thresholds. We developed a handbook of sampling methods (SI 3) aimed at the greatest possible comparability across taxonomic groups and studies as a basis for European-wide biodiversity monitoring programs, robust understanding of biodiversity response to forest structure and management, and the identification of direct indicators of SFM. Biodiversity Field methods Multi-taxon Indicators Sampling protocol Forest stand structureen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectField methodsen_US
dc.subjectSampling protocolen_US
dc.subjectForest stand structureen_US
dc.titleHandbook of field sampling for multi-taxon biodiversity studies in European forestsen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2021 The Authorsen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoology and botany: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoology and botany: 480en_US
dc.source.journalEcological Indicatorsen_US
dc.relation.projectEC/H2020/COST Action CA18207en_US

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