Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorSchartau, Ann Kristin
dc.contributor.authorMariash, Heather L.
dc.contributor.authorChristoffersen, Kirsten Seestern
dc.contributor.authorBogan, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorDubovskaya, Olga P.
dc.contributor.authorFefilova, Elena B.
dc.contributor.authorHayden, Brian
dc.contributor.authorIngvason, Haraldur R.
dc.contributor.authorIvanova, Elena A.
dc.contributor.authorKononova, Olga N.
dc.contributor.authorKravchuk, Elena S.
dc.contributor.authorLento, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorMajaneva, Markus
dc.contributor.authorNovichkova, Anna A.
dc.contributor.authorRautio, Milla
dc.contributor.authorRühland, Kathleen M.
dc.contributor.authorShaftel, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorSmol, John P.
dc.contributor.authorVrede, Tobias
dc.contributor.authorKahilainen, Kimmo K.
dc.coverage.spatialUSA, Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russiaen_US
dc.identifier.citationFreshwater Biology. 2021, .en_US
dc.description.abstract1. Arctic freshwaters are facing multiple environmental pressures, including rapid climate change and increasing land-use activities. Freshwater plankton assemblages are expected to reflect the effects of these stressors through shifts in species distributions and changes to biodiversity. These changes may occur rapidly due to the short generation times and high dispersal capabilities of both phyto- and zooplankton. 2. Spatial patterns and contemporary trends in plankton diversity throughout the circumpolar region were assessed using data from more than 300 lakes in the U.S.A. (Alaska), Canada, Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. The main objectives of this study were: (1) to assess spatial patterns of plankton diversity focusing on pelagic communities; (2) to assess dominant component of β diversity (turnover or nestedness); (3) to identify which environmental factors best explain diversity; and (4) to provide recommendations for future monitoring and assessment of freshwater plankton communities across the Arctic region. 3. Phytoplankton and crustacean zooplankton diversity varied substantially across the Arctic and was positively related to summer air temperature. However, for zooplankton, the positive correlation between summer temperature and species numbers decreased with increasing latitude. Taxonomic richness was lower in the high Arctic compared to the sub- and low Arctic for zooplankton but this pattern was less clear for phytoplankton. Fennoscandia and inland regions of Russia represented hotspots for, respectively, phytoplankton and zooplankton diversity, hereas isolated regions had lower taxonomic richness. Ecoregions with high α diversity generally also had high β diversity, and turnover was the most important component of β diversity in all ecoregions. 4. For both phytoplankton and zooplankton, climatic variables were the most important environmental factors influencing diversity patterns, consistent with previous studies that examined shorter temperature gradients. However, barriers to dispersal may have also played a role in limiting diversity on islands. A better understanding of how diversity patterns are determined by colonisation history, environmental variables, and biotic interactions requires more monitoring data with locations dispersed evenly across the circumpolar Arctic. Furthermore, the importance of turnover in regional diversity patterns indicates that more extensive sampling is required to fully characterise the species pool of Arctic lakes. α diversity, β diversity, ecoregions, latitude, taxonomic richness, temperatureen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectβ diversityen_US
dc.subjecttaxonomic richnessen_US
dc.titleFirst circumpolar assessment of Arctic freshwater phytoplankton and zooplankton diversity: Spatial patterns and environmental factorsen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2021 The Authorsen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoology and botany: 480en_US
dc.source.journalFreshwater Biologyen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: RFBR, Grant/Award Number: 20-04- 00145_ aen_US

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal