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dc.contributor.authorFrainer, André
dc.contributor.authorMcKie, Brendan G.
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Applied Ecology. 2021, 1-12.en_US
dc.description.abstract1. Forest clearance is a pervasive disturbance worldwide, but many of its impacts are regarded as transient, diminishing in intensity as forest recovers. However, forests can take decades to centuries to recover after severe disturbances, and temporal lags in recovery of ecosystem properties for different forest habitats are mostly unknown. This includes forest streams, where most studies of the impacts of forest clearance are restricted to the first years of recovery, typically finding that temporary increases in light and nutrient run-off diminish as forest recovers. Implications of longer term changes remain little investigated. 2. In a space-for-time substitution experiment, we assessed changes in organic matter processing and in the functional and taxonomic composition of litter-consuming detritivores along a riparian forest age gradient ranging from 1 to 120 years since last timber harvesting. 3. Variation in organic matter processing and detritivore functional diversity along the forest succession gradient were both expressed as second-order polynomial relationships (peaking at ~50 years along the forest age gradient). Decomposition rates were lowest in both the more recently clear-cut and older riparian forest streams. 4. Variation of litter decomposition rates among litter bags within streams, meas ured by the coefficient of variation, was lowest in recent clear-cuts and increased linearly along the succession gradient. This result indicates higher within-stream heterogeneity in decomposition rates in older forest streams. 5. Synthesis and applications. We found that the decomposition of leaf litter, a com ponent of carbon cycling in forests, was higher in streams flowing through inter mediately aged forest, and that several key attributes of the organisms regulating litter decomposition also varied systematically with forest age. These findings highlight the longer term consequences of forest succession following forest clear-cutting for stream habitats. Our findings further illustrate complications arising from the use of forested sites as references for newly cleared sites without properly accounting for forest age, given conclusions regarding biotic responses will depend on the age of the reference forests. Finally, our results emphasise the potential of intensive forest management centred on vast, one-time clear-cutting events to drive long-term homogenisation not only in forest age structure but also in the functioning of associated forest stream habitats.. clear-cutting, detritivores, disturbance legacy, forest succession, forestry, functional diversity, litter decomposition, space-for-time substitutionen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectdisturbance legacyen_US
dc.subjectforest successionen_US
dc.subjectfunctional diversityen_US
dc.subjectlitter decompositionen_US
dc.subjectspace-for-time substitutionen_US
dc.titleThe legacy of forest disturbance on stream ecosystem functioningen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2021 The Authorsen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Økologi: 488en_US
dc.source.journalJournal of Applied Ecologyen_US

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