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dc.contributor.authorOrdiz Fernandez, Andres Avelino
dc.contributor.authorUzal, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorMilleret, Cyril Pierre
dc.contributor.authorSanz-Perez, Ana
dc.contributor.authorZimmermann, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorWikenros, Camilla
dc.contributor.authorWabakken, Petter
dc.contributor.authorKindberg, Jonas
dc.contributor.authorSwenson, Jon
dc.contributor.authorSand, Håkan
dc.coverage.spatialScandinavia, Skandinavia, Norway, Sweden, Denmarken_US
dc.description.abstractHabitat selection of animals depends on factors such as food availability, landscape features, and intraand interspecific interactions. Individuals can show several behavioral responses to reduce competition for habitat, yet the mechanisms that drive them are poorly understood. This is particularly true for large carnivores, whose fine-scale monitoring is logistically complex and expensive. In Scandinavia, the home-range establishment and kill rates of gray wolves (Canis lupus) are affected by the coexistence with brown bears (Ursus arctos). Here, we applied resource selection functions and a multivariate approach to compare wolf habitat selection within home ranges of wolves that were either sympatric or allopatric with bears. Wolves selected for lower altitudes in winter, particularly in the area where bears and wolves are sympatric, where altitude is generally higher than where they are allopatric. Wolves may follow the winter migration of their staple prey, moose (Alces alces), to lower altitudes. Otherwise, we did not find any effect of bear presence on wolf habitat selection, in contrast with our previous studies. Our new results indicate that the manifestation of a specific driver of habitat selection, namely interspecific competition, can vary at different spatial-temporal scales. This is important to understand the structure of ecological communities and the varying mechanisms underlying interspecific interactions.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleWolf habitat selection when sympatric or allopatric with brown bears in Scandinaviaen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© The Author(s) 2020en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoology and botany: 480en_US
dc.source.journalScientific Reportsen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Carl Tryggers Foundationen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Miljødiktorateten_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Swedish Environmental Protection Agencyen_US
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: xxxxxxxen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Swedish Research Council Formasen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Austrian Science Funden_US
dc.relation.projectEgen institusjon: Norwegian institute for nature researchen_US
dc.relation.projectEgen institusjon: Inland Norway University of Applied Sciencesen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Olle and Signhild Engkvists Foundationsen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: WWF (Sweden)en_US
dc.relation.projectEgen institusjon: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciencesen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Office of Environmental Affairs in Hedmark Countyen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Swedish Association for Hunting and Wildlife Managementen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Swedish Carnivore Associationen_US
dc.relation.projectAndre: Marie‐ Claire Cronstedts Foundationen_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal