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dc.contributor.authorSeidl, Rupert
dc.contributor.authorHonkaniemi, Juha
dc.contributor.authorAakala, Tuomas
dc.contributor.authorAleinikov, Alexey
dc.contributor.authorAngelstam, Per
dc.contributor.authorBouchard, Mathieu
dc.contributor.authorBoulanger, Yan
dc.contributor.authorBurton, Philip J.
dc.contributor.authorDe Grandpré, Louis
dc.contributor.authorGauthier, Sylvie
dc.contributor.authorHansen, Winslow D.
dc.contributor.authorJepsen, Jane Uhd
dc.contributor.authorJõgiste, Kalev
dc.contributor.authorKneeshaw, Daniel D.
dc.contributor.authorKuuluvainen, Timo
dc.contributor.authorLisitsyna, Olga
dc.contributor.authorMakoto, Kobayashi
dc.contributor.authorMori, Akira S.
dc.contributor.authorPureswaran, Deepa S.
dc.contributor.authorShorohova, Ekaterina
dc.contributor.authorShubnitsina, Elena
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Anthony R.
dc.contributor.authorVladimirova, Nadezhda
dc.contributor.authorVodde, Floortje
dc.contributor.authorSenf, Cornelius
dc.identifier.citationEcography. 2020, 43 1-12.en_US
dc.description.abstractDisturbance regimes are changing in forests across the world in response to global climate change. Despite the profound impacts of disturbances on ecosystem services and biodiversity, assessments of disturbances at the global scale remain scarce. Here, we analyzed natural disturbances in boreal and temperate forest ecosystems for the period 2001–2014, aiming to 1) quantify their within- and between-biome variation and 2) compare the climate sensitivity of disturbances across biomes. We studied 103 unmanaged forest landscapes with a total land area of 28.2 × 106 ha, distributed across five continents. A consistent and comprehensive quantification of disturbances was derived by combining satellite-based disturbance maps with local expert knowledge of disturbance agents. We used Gaussian finite mixture models to identify clusters of landscapes with similar disturbance activity as indicated by the percent forest area disturbed as well as the size, edge density and perimeter–area-ratio of disturbed patches. The climate sensitivity of disturbances was analyzed using Bayesian generalized linear mixed effect models and a globally consistent climate dataset. Within-biome variation in natural disturbances was high in both boreal and temperate biomes, and disturbance patterns did not vary systematically with latitude or biome. The emergent clusters of disturbance activity in the boreal zone were similar to those in the temperate zone, but boreal landscapes were more likely to experience high disturbance Activity than their temperate counterparts. Across both biomes high disturbance activity was particularly associated with wildfire, and was consistently linked to years with warmer and drier than average conditions. Natural disturbances are a key driver of variability in boreal and temperate forest ecosystems, with high similarity in the disturbance patterns between both biomes. The universally high climate sensitivity of disturbances across boreal and temperate ecosystems indicates that future climate change could substantially increase disturbance activity.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleGlobally consistent climate sensitivity of natural disturbances across boreal and temperate forest ecosystemsen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2020 The Authors.en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Zoology and botany: 480en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal