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dc.contributor.authorLarsson, Petter
dc.contributor.authorvon Seth, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorHagen, Ingerid Julie Hagen
dc.contributor.authorGötherström, Anders
dc.contributor.authorAndrosov, Semyon
dc.contributor.authorGermonpré, Mietje
dc.contributor.authorBergfeldt, Nora
dc.contributor.authorFedorov, Sergey
dc.contributor.authorEide, Nina E.
dc.contributor.authorSokolova, Natalia
dc.contributor.authorBerteaux, Dominique
dc.contributor.authorAngerbjörn, Anders
dc.contributor.authorFlagstad, Øystein
dc.contributor.authorPlotnikov, Valeri
dc.contributor.authorNorén, Karin
dc.contributor.authorDíez-del-Molino, David
dc.contributor.authorDussex, Nicolas
dc.contributor.authorStanton, David W.G.
dc.contributor.authorDalén, Love
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-15T12:32:49Z
dc.date.available2019-11-15T12:32:49Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn0962-8436
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11250/2628745
dc.description.abstractAncient DNA provides a powerful means to investigate the timing, rate and extent of population declines caused by extrinsic factors, such as past climate change and human activities. One species probably affected by both these factors is the arctic fox, which had a large distribution during the last glaciation that subsequently contracted at the start of the Holocene. More recently, the arctic fox population in Scandinavia went through a demographic bottleneck owing to human persecution. To investigate the consequences of these processes, we generated mitogenome sequences from a temporal dataset comprising Pleistocene, historical and modern arctic fox samples. We found no evidence that Pleistocene populations in mid-latitude Europe or Russia contributed to the present-day gene pool of the Scandinavian population, suggesting that postglacial climate warming led to local population extinctions. Furthermore, during the twentieth-century bottleneck in Scandinavia, at least half of the mitogenome haplotypes were lost, consistent with a 20-fold reduction in female effective population size. In conclusion, these results suggest that the arctic fox in mainland Western Europe has lost genetic diversity as a result of both past climate change and human persecution. Consequently, it might be particularly vulnerable to the future Challenges posed by climate change. This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘The past is a Foreign country: how much can the fossil record actually inform conservation?’nb_NO
dc.language.isoengnb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.no*
dc.subjectmitochondrial DNAnb_NO
dc.subjectmitogenomenb_NO
dc.subjectarctic foxnb_NO
dc.subjectbottlenecknb_NO
dc.subjectclimate changenb_NO
dc.subjectevolutionnb_NO
dc.subjectgeneticsnb_NO
dc.subjectgenomicsnb_NO
dc.titleConsequences of past climate change and recent human persecution on mitogenomic diversity in the arctic foxnb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.description.versionpublishedVersionnb_NO
dc.rights.holder© 2019 The Authors.nb_NO
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480nb_NO
dc.source.volume374nb_NO
dc.source.journalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciencesnb_NO
dc.identifier.doi10.1098/rstb.2019.0212
dc.identifier.cristin1746706


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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal