Viser treff 1-20 av 597

    • Expansion speed as a generic measure of spread for alien species 

      Sandvik, Hanno (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The ecological impact of alien species is a function of the area colonised. Impact assessments of alien species are thus incomplete unless they take the spatial component of invasion processes into account. This paper ...
    • The economy of selective cutting in recent mixed stands during restoration of temperate deciduous forest 

      Nordén, Björn; Rørstad, Per Kristian; Magnér, Jacob; Götmark, Frank; Löf, Magnus (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Forest cover is increasing in many regions due to spontaneous reforestation on abandoned pastures and fields. The resulting recent forests may need management to improve ecosystem quality, and this could possibly be combined ...
    • The Brown bear as a translational model for sedentary lifestyle-related diseases 

      Fröbert, Ole; Fröbert, Anne Mette; Kindberg, Jonas; Arnemo, Jon Martin; Overgaard, Michael Toft (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Sedentary lifestyle accelerates biological ageing, is a major risk factor for developing metabolic syndrome and is associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, kidney failure, sarcopenia and osteoporosis. ...
    • The effects of hydrodynamics on the three-dimensional downstream migratory movement of Atlantic salmon 

      Silva, Ana T.; Bærum, Kim Magnus; Hedger, Richard David; Baktoft, Henrik; Fjeldstad, Hans-Petter; Gjelland, Karl Øystein; Økland, Finn; Forseth, Torbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Anthropogenic structures in rivers are major threats for fish migration and effective mitigation is imperative given the worldwide expansion of such structures. Fish behaviour is strongly influenced by hydrodynamics, but ...
    • Individual Movement - Sequence Analysis Method (IM-SAM): characterizing spatio-temporal patterns of animal habitat use across landscapes 

      De Groeve, Johannes; Cagnacci, Francesca; Ranc, Nathan; Bonnot, Nadège C.; Gehr, Benedikt; Heurich, Marco; Hewison, A.J. Mark; Kroeschel, Max; Linnell, John Durrus; Morellet, Nicolas; Mysterud, Atle; SAndfort, Robin; Van De Weghe, Nico (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We present methodological advances to a recently developed framework to study sequential habitat use by animals using a visually-explicit and tree-based Sequence Analysis Method (SAM), derived from molecular biology and ...
    • Multiple paternity promotes genetic diversity in captive breeding of a freshwater mussel 

      Wacker, Sebastian; Larsen, Bjørn Mejdell; Jakobsen, Per Johan; Karlsson, Sten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Captive breeding can be an important supplement to habitat restoration in the Conservation of threatened species. Careful choice of breeding regimes and genetic monitoring are essential to maintain genetic integrity and ...
    • The risk of individual fish being captured multiple times in a catch and release fishery 

      Thorstad, Eva B.; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Solem, Øyvind; Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Bjørum, Lars Rasmus Oftedal; Kristensen, Torstein; Urke, Henning Andre; Johansen, Martin Rognli; Lennox, Robert J.; Fiske, Peder; Uglem, Ingebrigt (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The proportion of angled Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. being caught and released has increased. If individuals are repeatedly captured, this may have fish welfare consequences. Of 995 Atlantic salmon tagged during catch ...
    • Exploratory and confirmatory research in the open science era 

      Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Bowler, Diana Elizabeth; Linnell, John Durrus (Peer reviewed, 2002)
      1. Applied ecological research is increasingly inspired by the open science movement. However, new challenges about how we define our science when biodiversity data are being shared and reused are not solved. Among these ...
    • Complexity revealed in the greening of the Arctic 

      Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Kerby, Jeffrey T.; Phoenix, Gareth K.; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Epstein, Howard E.; Assmann, Jakob J.; John, Christian; Andreu-Hayles, Laia; Angers-Blondin, Sandra; Beck, Pieter S. A.; Berner, Logan T.; Bhatt, Uma S.; Bjorkman, Anne D.; Blok, Daan; Bryn, Anders; Christiansen, Casper Tai; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Cunliffe, Andrew M.; Elmendorf, Sarah C.; Forbes, Bruce C.; Goetz, Scott J.; Hollister, Robert D.; de Jong, Rogier; Loranty, Michael M.; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Maseyk, Kadmiel; Normand, Signe; Olofsson, Johan; Parker, Thomas C.; Parmentier, Frans-Jan W.; Post, Eric; Schaepman-Strub, Gabriela; Stordal, Frode; Sullivan, Patrick F.; Thomas, Haydn J.D.; Tømmervik, Hans; Treharne, Rachael; Tweedie, Craig E.; Walker, Donald A.; Wilmking, Martin; Wipf, Sonja (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      As the Arctic warms, vegetation is responding, and satellite measures indicate widespread greening at high latitudes. This ‘greening of the Arctic’ is among the world’s most important large-scale ecological responses to ...
    • Large-scale spatial variation of chronic stress signals in moose 

      Spong, Göran; Gould, Nicholas P.; Sahlén, Ellinor; Cromsigt, Joris P.G.M.; Kindberg, Jonas; DePerno, Christopher S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The physiological effects of short-term stress responses typically lead to increased individual survival as it prepares the body for fight or flight through catabolic reactions in the body. These physiological effects trade ...
    • Cardiac adaptation in hibernating, free-ranging Scandinavian Brown Bears (Ursus arctos 

      Jørgensen, Peter Godsk; Evans, Alina; Kindberg, Jonas; Olsen, Lisbeth Høier; Galatius, Søren; Fröbert, Ole (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      During six months of annual hibernation, the brown bear undergoes unique physiological changes to adapt to decreased metabolic rate. We compared cardiac structural and functional measures of hibernating and active bears ...
    • Image dimensions of two Scandinavian endurance winter sport events 

      Sagheim, Kristine Blekastad; Aas, Øystein (Peer reviewed, 2020)
      This study investigates event images of two Scandinavian endurance skiing events. It adds to the relatively limited literature on endurance sport event images and provides a better understanding of how participants perceive ...
    • Linking visitors’ spatial preferences to sustainable visitor management in a Norwegian national park 

      Selvaag, Sofie Kjendlie; Aas, Øystein; Gundersen, Vegard (Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The increasing numbers of tourists visiting national parks contribute to new opportunities as well as challenges. Alpine and Arctic national parks in Northern Europe are key habitats for vulnerable species such as wild ...
    • Young birds switch but old birds lead: How Barnacle Geese adjust migratory habits to environmental change 

      Oudman, Thomas; Laland, Kevin; Ruxton, Graeme; Tombre, Ingunn; Shimmings, Paul; Proup, Jouke (Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Long-distance migratory animals must contend with global climate change, but they differ greatly in whether and how they adjust. Species that socially learn their migration routes may have an advantage in this process ...
    • Boat disturbance effects on moulting common eiders Somateria mollissima 

      Dehnhard, Nina; Skei, Jørgen; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; May, Roelof Frans; Halley, Duncan John; Ringsby, Thor Harald; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon (Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Ship and boat traffic are increasing sources of disturbance to marine wildlife. During moult, sea ducks are flightless and rely on productive and shallow feeding areas. However, this period coincides with the peak of the ...
    • Seeing the Forest for the Trees: A Review-Based Framework for Better Harmonization of Timber Production, Biodiversity, and Recreation in Boreal Urban Forests 

      Gundersen, Vegard; Köhler, Berit; Myrvold, Knut Marius (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Forested lands serve multiple needs, and the priorities that go into balancing the competing demands can vary over time. In addition to being the source of timber and other natural resources, forested lands provide a ...
    • Diet of the European badgers (Meles meles) in urban and rural areas of Norway 

      Gomes, Duarte J.; Wierzbowska, Izabela A.; Bevanger, Kjetil Modolv; O'Mahony, Declan; Rola, Kaja (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The constant expansion of urban habitats provides new opportunities for various wildlife species, referred to as urban exploiters or adapters that allow them to thrive in new conditions. The Eurasian badger (Meles meles) ...
    • Seasonal variation in growth, consumption and growth efficiency in overwintering juvenile steelhead 

      Myrvold, Knut Marius; Kennedy, Brian Patrick (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Food availability and thermal regimes can largely govern growth opportunities in fishes. In temperate regions, streams can exhibit summer temperatures that exceed the optima for coolwater-adapted species relative to the ...
    • Harvest models of small populations of a large carnivore using Bayesian forecasting 

      Andrén, Henrik; Hobbs, N. Thompson; Aronsson, Malin; Brøseth, Henrik; Chapron, Guillaume; Linnell, John Durrus; Odden, John; Persson, Jens; Nilssen, Erlend B. (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Harvesting large carnivores can be a management tool for meeting politically set goals for their desired abundance. However, harvesting carnivores creates its own set of conflicts in both society and among conservation ...
    • Linking green infrastructure to urban heat and human health risk mitigation in Oslo, Norway 

      Venter, Alexander Samuel; Krog, Norun Hjertager; Barton, David Nicholas (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The predicted extreme temperatures of globalwarming aremagnified in cities due to the urban heat island effect. Even if the target for average temperature increase in the Paris Climate Agreement is met, temperatures during ...