Viser treff 1-20 av 663

    • Green Apartheid: Urban green infrastructure remains unequally distributed across income and race geographies in South Africa 

      Venter, Alexander Samuel; Shackleton, Charlie M.; Van Staden, Francini; Selomane, Odirilwe; Masterson, Vanessa A. (Journal article, 2020)
      Urban green infrastructure provides ecosystem services that are essential to human wellbeing. A dearth of national-scale assessments in the Global South has precluded the ability to explore how political regimes, such as ...
    • The Political dimensions of illegal wolf hunting: anti-elitism, lack of trust in institutions and acceptance of illegal wolf killing among Norwegian hunters 

      Skogen, Ketil; Krange, Olve (Journal article, 2020)
      Qualitative studies have indicated that the illegal killing of wolves is often attributed a protest dimension. However, we have limited knowledge about the factors that impact this judgement. The present study investigates ...
    • The firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Hemiptera, Heteroptera) new to the Norwegian fauna – with an explosive expansion in Northern Europe 

      Endrestøl, Anders; Roth, Steffen (Journal article, 2020)
      The Firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Hemiptera, Heteroptera) is presented new to the Norwegian fauna. Several hundred individuals were observed in a residential area in southeast Norway, centred around two ...
    • Parturition dates in wild Eurasian lynx: evidence of a second oestrus? 

      Mattisson, Jenny; Odden, John; Linnell, John Durrus; Painer, Johanna; Persson, Jens; Andrén, Henrik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Understanding reproductive physiology of a species is important to assess their potential to respond to environmental variation and perturbation of their social system during the mating or pre-mating seasons. We report 175 ...
    • Annual adult survival drives trends in Arctic-breeding shorebirds but knowledge gaps in other vital rates remain 

      Weiser, Emily L.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Brown, Stephen C.; Gates, H. River; Bêty, Joël; Boldenow, Megan L.; Brook, Rodney W.; Brown, Glen S.; English, Willow B.; Flemming, Scott A.; Franks, Samantha E.; Gilchrist, H. Grant; Giroux, Marie-Andrée; Johnson, Andrew; Koloski, Laura; Kwon, Eunbi; Lamarre, Jean-François; Lank, David B.; Latty, Christopher J.; Lecomte, Nicolas; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; McGuire, Rebecca L.; McKinnon, Laura; Nol, Erica; Payer, David; Perz, Johanna; Rausch, Jennie; Robards, Martin; Saalfeld, Sarah T.; Senner, Nathan R.; Smith, Paul A.; Soloviev, Mikhail; Solovyeva, Diana; Ward, David H.; Woodard, Paul F.; Sandercock, Brett; Kendall, Steve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Conservation status and management priorities are often informed by population trends. Trend estimates can be derived from population surveys or models, but both methods are associated with sources of uncertainty. Many ...
    • High-resolution modeling of uplift landscapes can inform micrositing of wind turbines for soaring raptors 

      Hanssen, Frank Ole; May, Roelof Frans; Nygård, Torgeir (Journal article, 2020)
      Collision risk of soaring birds is partly associated with updrafts to which they are attracted. To ident ify the risk-enhancinglandscape features, a micrositing tool was developed to model orographic and thermal updraft ...
    • Wolf habitat selection when sympatric or allopatric with brown bears in Scandinavia 

      Ordiz Fernandez, Andres Avelino; Uzal, Antonio; Milleret, Cyril Pierre; Sanz-Perez, Ana; Zimmermann, Barbara; Wikenros, Camilla; Wabakken, Petter; Kindberg, Jonas; Swenson, Jon; Sand, Håkan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Habitat selection of animals depends on factors such as food availability, landscape features, and intraand interspecific interactions. Individuals can show several behavioral responses to reduce competition for habitat, ...
    • Impacts of a weir and power station on downstream migrating Atlantic salmon smolts in a German river 

      Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Borcherding, Jost; Heermann, Lisa; Teichert, Maxim A. K.; Ingendahl, Detlev; Tambets, Meelis; Sæther, Stein Are; Økland, Finn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Weirs are barriers built across rivers for a wide range of other purposes than hydropower production. Like hydropower installations, weirs can negatively impact fish migrations. Downstream migration and mortality of Atlantic ...
    • Delineation of the forest-tundra ecotone using texture-based classification of satellite imagery 

      Guo, Wenkai; Rees, Gareth; Hofgaard, Annika (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The transition zone between the boreal forest and Arctic tundra, the forest-tundra ecotone (FTE), is an area of high ecological and climatological significance. Despite its importance, a globally consistent high spatial ...
    • Highways associated with expansion of boreal scavengers into the alpine tundra of Fennoscandia 

      Rød-Eriksen, Lars; Skrutvold, Johanna; Herfindal, Ivar; Jensen, Henrik; Eide, Nina Elisabeth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      1. Habitat fragmentation may affect species distributions through, for example, altered resource availability and shifts in species interactions. Fragmentation by roads has had negative impacts on Fennoscandian alpine ...
    • Positive impacts of important bird and biodiversity areas on wintering waterbirds under changing temperatures throughout Europe and North Africa 

      Pavòn-Jordàn, Diego; Abdou, Web; Azafzaf, Hichem; Balaž, Michal; Bino, Taulant; Borg, John J.; Božič, Luca; Butchart, Stuart H.M.; Clausen, Preben; Sniauksta, Laimonas; Dakki, Mohamed; Devos, Koen; Domsa, Cristi; Encarnaçao, Vitor; Etayeb, Khaled; Faragó, Sándor; Fox, Anthony D.; Frost, Teresa; Gaudard, Clemence; Georgiev, Valeri; Goratze, Irakli; Hornman, Menno; Keller, Verena; Kostiushyn, Vasiliy; Langendoen, Tom; Ławicki, Łukasz; Ieronymidou, Christina; Lewis, Lesley J.; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Luigujõe, Leho; Meissner, Wlodzimierz; Mikuska, Tibor; Molina, Blas; Musil, Petr; Musilova, Zuzana; Nagy, Szabolcs; Natykanets, Viktor; Nilsson, Leif; Paquet, Jean-Yves; Portolou, Danae; Ridzon, Josef; Santangeli, Andrea; Sayoud, Samir; Šćiban, Marko; Stipniece, Antra; Teufelbauer, Norbert; Topić, Goran; Uzunova, Danka; Vizi, Andrej; Wahl, Johannes; Yavuz, Kiraz E.; Zenatello, Marco; Lehikoinen, Aleksi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Migratory waterbirds require an effectively conserved cohesive network of wetland areas throughout their range and life-cycle. Under rapid climate change, protected area (PA) networks need to be able to accommodate ...
    • End-user involvement to improve predictions and management of populations with complex dynamics and multiple drivers 

      Henden, John-André; Ims, Rolf Anker; Yoccoz, Nigel; Asbjørnsen, Einar Johannes; Stien, Audun; Mellard, Jarad Pope; Tveraa, Torkild; Marolla, Filippo; Jepsen, Jane Uhd (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Sustainable management of wildlife populations can be aided by building models that both identify current drivers of natural dynamics and provide near-term predictions of future states. We employed a Strategic Foresight ...
    • Globally consistent climate sensitivity of natural disturbances across boreal and temperate forest ecosystems 

      Seidl, Rupert; Honkaniemi, Juha; Aakala, Tuomas; Aleinikov, Alexey; Angelstam, Per; Bouchard, Mathieu; Boulanger, Yan; Burton, Philip J.; De Grandpré, Louis; Gauthier, Sylvie; Hansen, Winslow D.; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Jõgiste, Kalev; Kneeshaw, Daniel D.; Kuuluvainen, Timo; Lisitsyna, Olga; Makoto, Kobayashi; Mori, Akira S.; Pureswaran, Deepa S.; Shorohova, Ekaterina; Shubnitsina, Elena; Taylor, Anthony R.; Vladimirova, Nadezhda; Vodde, Floortje; Senf, Cornelius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Disturbance regimes are changing in forests across the world in response to global climate change. Despite the profound impacts of disturbances on ecosystem services and biodiversity, assessments of disturbances at the ...
    • Antarctic petrels ‘on the ice rocks’: wintering strategy of an Antarctic seabird 

      Delord, Karine; Kato, A.; Tarroux, Arnaud; Orgeret, F.; Cotté, C.; Ropert-Coudert, Yan; Cherel, Y.; Descamps, Sebastien (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      There is a paucity of information on the foraging ecology, especially individual use of sea-ice features and icebergs, over the non-breeding season in many seabird species. Using geolocators and stable isotopes, we defined ...
    • Setting reference levels and limits for good ecological condition in terrestrial ecosystems – Insights from a case study based on the IBECA approach 

      Jakobsson, Simon; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Evju, Marianne; Framstad, Erik; Lyngstad, Anders; Pedersen, Bård; Sickel, Hanne; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Vandvik, Vigdis; Velle, Liv Guri; Aarrestad, Per Arild (Journal article, 2020)
      Effective evidence-based nature conservation and habitat management relies on developing and refining our methodological toolbox for detecting critical ecological changes at an early stage. This requires not only optimizing ...
    • Development of new metrics to assess and quantify climatic drivers of Extreme event driven Arctic browning 

      Treharne, Rachael; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Tømmervik, Hans; Phoenix, Gareth H. (Journal article, 2020)
      Rapid climate change in Arctic regions is resulting in more frequent extreme climatic events. These can cause large-scale vegetation damage, and are therefore among key drivers of declines in biomass and productivity (or ...
    • Effects and recovery of larvae of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Desmophyllum pertusum) exposed to suspended bentonite, barite and drill cuttings 

      Jarnegren, Johanna; Brooke, Sandra; Jensen, Henrik; (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Fossil fuel drilling operations create sediment plumes and release waste materials into the ocean. These operations sometimes occur close to sensitive marine ecosystems, such as cold-water corals. While there have been ...
    • Multi‑generational genetic consequences of reinforcement in a bird metapopulation 

      Ranke, Peter Sjolte; Skjelseth, Sigrun; Hagen, Ingerid Julie; Billing, Anna Maria; Borg Pedersen, Åsa Alexandra; Pärn, Henrik; Ringsby, Tor Harald; Sæther, Bernt Erik; Jensen, Henrik (Journal article, 2020)
      Translocation of conspecific individuals to reduce extinction risk of small, isolated populations and prevent genetic depletion is a powerful tool in conservation biology. An important question is how the translocated ...
    • Hvorfor og hvordan endres Kyst-Norge. Hva mener fagfolk? 

      Kaltenborn, Bjørn Petter; Wold, Line Camilla; Rybråten, Stine (Journal article, 2020)
      Coastal environments are under pressure worldwide. The challenges of environmental degradation, increasing resource exploitation, and population growth are being exacerbated by climate change. Coastal zone management has ...
    • Conserving Wolves by Transforming Them? The Transformative E!fects of Technologies of Government in Biodiversity Conservation 

      Stokland, Håkon B. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This article investigates the construction of instruments and techniques employed in the management of Norwegian wolves since the early 1980s by construing the tools as technologies of government. The proliferation of such ...