• Alien species in Norway: results from quantitative ecological impact assessments 

      Sandvik, Hanno; Hilmo, Olga; Henriksen, Snorre; Elven, Reidar; Åsen, Per Arvid; Hegre, Hanne; Pedersen, Oddvar; Pedersen, Per Anker; Solstad, Heidi; Vandvik, Vigdis; Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Ødegaard, Frode; Åström, Sandra Charlotte Helene; Elven, Hallvard; Endrestøl, Anders; Gammelmo, Øivind; Hatteland, Bjørn Arild; Solheim, Halvor; Nordén, Björn; Sundheim, Leif; Talgø, Venche; Falkenhaug, Tone; Gulliksen, Bjørn; Jelmert, Anders; Oug, Eivind; Sundet, Jan Henry; Forsgren, Elisabet; Finstad, Anders Gravbrøt; Hesthagen, Trygve H.; Nedreaas, Kjell Harald; Wienerroither, Rupert; Husa, Vivian; Fredriksen, Stein; Sjøtun, Kjersti; Steen, Henning; Hansen, Haakon; Hamnes, Inger Sofie; Karlsbakk, Egil; Magnusson, Christer; Ytrehus, Bjørnar; Pedersen, Hans Christian; Swenson, Jon; Syvertsen, Per Ole; Stokke, Bård Gunnar; Gjershaug, Jan Ove; Dolmen, Dag; Kjærstad, Gaute; Johnsen, Stein Ivar; Jensen, Thomas Correll; Hassel, Kristian; Gederaas, Lisbeth (Journal article, 2020)
      1. Due to globalisation, trade and transport, the spread of alien species is increasing dramatically. Some alien species become ecologically harmful by threatening native biota. This can lead to irreversible changes in ...
    • An assessment of relative habitat use as a metric for species’ habitat association and degree of specialization 

      O'Reilly, Enya; Gregory, Richard D.; Aunins, Ainars; Brotons, Llúis; Chodkiewicz, Tomasz; Escandell, Virginia; Foppen, Ruud P. B.; Gamero, Anna; Herrando, Sergi; Jiguet, Frédéric; Kålås, John Atle; Kamp, Johannes; Klvanova, Alena; Lehikoinen, Aleksi; Lindström, Åke; Massimino, Dario; Øien, Ingar Jostein; Reif, Jiri; Šilarová, Eva; Teufelbauer, Norbert; Trautmann, Sven; van Turnhout, Chris; Vikstrøm, Thomas; Vorisek, Petr; Butler, Simon J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      In order to understand species’ sensitivity to habitat change, we must correctly determine if a species is associated with a habitat or not, and if it is associated, its degree of specialization for that habitat. However, ...
    • Climatic forcing and individual heterogeneity in a resident mountain bird: legacy data reveal effects on reproductive strategies 

      Eriksen, Lasse Frost; Ringsby, Thor Harald; Pedersen, Hans Christian; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Optimization of clutch size and timing of reproduction have substantial effects on lifetime reproductive success in vertebrates, and both individual quality and environmental variation may impact life history strategies. ...
    • Coprophagy in moose: A first observation 

      Spitzer, Robert; Åström, Cecilia; Felton, Annika M.; Eriksson, Monica; Meisingset, Erling L.; Solberg, Erling Johan; Rolandsen, Christer Moe (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Coprophagy, the eating of feces, has been documented in a wide range of species but appears to be rare or difficult to detect in deer (Cervidae). Here, we report the first observation of coprophagy in moose Alces alces, ...
    • Defining ecological buffer mechanisms should consider diverse approaches 

      Milles, Alexander; Bielcik, Milos; Banitz, Thomas; Gallagher, Cara A.; Jeltsch, Florian; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Oro, Daniel; Radchuk, Viktoriia; Grimm, Volker (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      In their response letter, Gascoigne et al. propose a relevant approach to characterizing ecological buffer mechanisms, akin to the study of buffer mechanisms in chemistry [1]. Their chemistry-inspired viewpoint enables ...
    • Disentangling the roles of plant functional diversity and plaint traits in regulating plant nitrogen accumulation and denitrification in freshwaters 

      Choudhury, Maidul I.; Hallin, Sara; Ecke, Frauke; Hubalek, Valerie; Juhanson, Jaanis; Frainer, André; McKie, Brendan G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      1. There is a growing recognition that functional measures of diversity, based on quantification of functionally important species traits, are useful for explaining variation in ecosystem processes. However, the mechanisms ...
    • ECKOchain: A FAIR blockchain-based database for long-term ecological data 

      Marstein, Kjell-Erik; Grytnes, John Arvid; Lewis, Robert John (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      1. Open data practices in ecology are increasingly accepted, yet primary long-term ecological data remain hard to find. Barriers preventing open long-term ecological data include social and economic constructs such as a ...
    • Effects of mountain biking versus hiking on trails under different environmental conditions 

      Evju, Marianne; Hagen, Dagmar; Jokerud, Mari; Olsen, Siri Lie; Selvaag, Sofie Kjendlie; Vistad, Odd Inge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Recreational use of nature areas is increasing worldwide. All trail-based activities have a certain degradation effect on vegetation and soil, and conflicts between conservation values and recreation may occur. Controversy ...
    • Evaluating the use of local ecological knowledge (LEK) in determining habitat preference and occurrence of multiple large carnivores 

      Madsen, Emily K.; Elliot, Nicholas B.; Mjingo, Ernest E.; Masenga, Emmanuel H.; Jackson, Craig Ryan; May, Roelof Frans; Røskaft, Eivin; Broekhuis, Femke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Understanding habitat preferences and distribution of threatened species is a cornerstone of conservation, however many of the techniques available can be resource intensive. One cost-effective method is by collecting ...
    • Exclusion of invertebrates influences saprotrophic fungal community and wood decay rate in an experimental field study 

      Jacobsen, Rannveig Margrete; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Kauserud, Håvard; Mundra, Sunil; Birkemoe, Tone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Decomposer communities perform an essential ecosystem function by recycling nutrients. However, the effect of higher trophic levels on microbial decomposer communities and rate of decomposition is poorly understood. We ...
    • A flexible and efficient Bayesian implementation of point process models for spatial capture‐recapture data 

      Wei, Zhang; Chipperfield, Joseph; Illian, Janine; Dupont, Pierre; Milleret, Cyril Pierre; de Valpine, Perry; Bischof, Richard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Spatial capture–recapture (SCR) is now routinely used for estimating abundance and density of wildlife populations. A standard SCR model includes sub-models for the distribution of individual activity centers (ACs) and for ...
    • For quantitative criteria in alien species assessment 

      Sandvik, Hanno (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Impact or risk assessments of alien species can use qualitative criteria (such as verbally described categories) or quantitative criteria (numerically defined threshold values of empirically measurable quantities). According ...
    • Implementing code review in the scientific workflow: Insights from ecology and evolutionary biology 

      Ivimey-Cook, Edward R.; Pick, Joel L.; Bairos-Novak, Kevin R.; Culina, Antica; Gould, Elliot; Grainger, Matthew; Marshall, Benjamin M.; Moreau, David; Paquet, Matthieu; Royauté, Raphaël; Sanchez-Tojar, Alfredo; Silva, Inês; Windecker, Saras M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Code review increases reliability and improves reproducibility of research. As such, code review is an inevitable step in software development and is common in fields such as computer science. However, despite its importance, ...
    • Limits to the accurate and generalizable use of soundscapes to monitor biodiversity 

      Sethi, Sarab S.; Bick, Ian Avery; Ewers, Robert M.; Klinck, Holger; Ramesh, Vijay; Tuanmu, Mao-Ning; Coomes, David A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Although eco-acoustic monitoring has the potential to deliver biodiversity insight on vast scales, existing analytical approaches behave unpredictably across studies. We collated 8,023 audio recordings with paired manual ...
    • Long-term effects of colonization–extinction dynamics of generalist versus specialist wood-decaying fungi 

      Moor, Helen; Nordén, Jenni; Pentitilä, Reijo; Siitonen, Juha; Snäll, Tord (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      1. Long-term metapopulation persistence is mediated by the dynamics of colonization and extinction. To understand and predict future species occupancy in changing landscapes, we must account for the dynamic rates that shape ...
    • Managing small populations—using genetic data and trial translocations to help inform suitable conservation measures for the alpine blue-sowthistle (Cicerbita alpina) in Scotland 

      Finger, Aline; Smedley, M.; Halley, Duncan John; Frachon, N.; Ahrends, A. (Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Habitat fragmentation is causing an increasing amount of species loss around the world and creates problems at the population level. Many species are left as only small and isolated populations, which are vulnerable to ...
    • Mass development of aquatic plants: Effects of contrasting management scenarios on a suite of ecosystem services 

      Vermaat, Jan E.; Thiemer, Kirstine; Immerzeel, Bart; Schneider, Susanne Claudia; Sebola, Keneilwe; Coetzee, Julie; Petruzella, Antonella; Motitsoe, Samuel N.; Baldo, Mathieu; Misteli, Benjamin; Thiébaut, Gabrielle; Hilt, Sabine; Köhler, Jan; Harpenslager, Sarah F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      1. Dense beds of aquatic plants are often perceived as nuisance and therefore mechanically removed, often at substantial cost. Such removal, however, may affect a range of ecosystem functions and consequently also the ...
    • Metrics for quantifying how much different threats contribute to red lists of species and ecosystems 

      Sandvik, Hanno; Pedersen, Bård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Red lists are a crucial tool for the management of threatened species and ecosystems. Among the information red lists provide, the threats affecting the listed species or ecosystem, such as pollution or hunting, are of ...
    • Not just for programmers: How GitHub can accelerate collaborative and reproducible research in ecology and evolution 

      Braga, Pedro Henrique Pereira; Hébert, Katherine; Hudgins, Emma J.; Scott, Eric R.; Edwards, Brandon P. M.; Reyes, Luna L. Sánchez; Grainger, Matthew; Foroughirad, Vivienne; Hillemann, Friederike; Binley, Allison D.; Brookson, Cole B.; Gaynor, Kaitlyn M.; Sabet, Saeed Shafiei; Güncan, Ali; Weierbach, Helen; Gomes, Dylan G.E.; Crystal-Ornelas, Robert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      1. Researchers in ecology and evolutionary biology are increasingly dependent on computational code to conduct research. Hence, the use of efficient methods to share, reproduce, and collaborate on code as well as document ...
    • Recommendations for quantitative uncertainty consideration in ecology and evolution 

      Simmonds, Emily Grace; Adjei, Kwaku Peprah; Cretois, Benjamin; Dickel, Lisa; González-Gil, Ricardo; Laverick, Jack H; Mandeville, Caitlin Marie; Mandeville, Elizabeth G; Ovaskainen, Otso Tapio; Sicacha-Parada, Jorge; Skarstein, Emma Sofie; O'Hara, Robert Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Ecological and evolutionary studies are currently failing to achieve complete and consistent reporting of model-related uncertainty. We identify three key barriers – a focus on parameter-related uncertainty, obscure ...