Now showing items 986-1005 of 4368

    • Everyday Life and Social Death among Youth: The Meaning of Empathy, Moments of Silence, and Daydreams 

      Beyer Broch, Tuva (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      During two years of fieldwork among Norwegian inner-city youths, I observed that self-preservation was the dominant factor in their interactions with teachers, activity leaders, one another, and their natural surroundings. ...
    • EviAtlas: A tool for visualising evidence synthesis databases 

      Haddaway, Neal R.; Feierman, Andrew; Grainger, Matthew; Gray, Charles T.; Tanriver-Ayder, Ezgi; Dhaubanjar, Sanita; Westgate, Martin J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Systematic mapping assesses the nature of an evidence base, answering how much evidence exists on a particular topic. Perhaps the most useful outputs of a systematic map are an interactive database of studies and their ...
    • Evidence for overfishing of tigerfish Hydrocynus vittatus (Castelnau 1861) in the Kavango River, Namibia 

      Jacobs, F.J.; Næsje, Tor; Ulvan, Eva Marita; Hay, C.J.; Khaebeb, F.H.; Weyl, Olaf Lawrence Friedrich (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The fishery for the African tigerfish Hydrocynus vittatus in northern Namibia makes a substantial contribution to surrounding food security and stimulates the local economy through subsistence and recreational fishing. ...
    • Evidence for the linkage of survival of anadromous Arctic char and brown trout during winter to marine growth during the previous summer 

      Jensen, Arne Johan; Finstad, Bengt; Fiske, Peder (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    • The evidence synthesis and meta‑analysis in R conference (ESMARConf): levelling the playing field of conference accessibility and equitability 

      Haddaway, Neal R.; Bannach‑Brown, Alexandra; Grainger, Matthew; Hamilton, W. Kyle; Hennessy, Emily A.; Keenan, Ciara; Pritchard, Chris C.; Stojanova, Jana (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Rigorous evidence is vital in all disciplines to ensure efficient, appropriate, and fit-for-purpose decision-making with minimised risk of unintended harm. To date, however, disciplines have been slow to share evidence ...
    • Evidence synthesis for tackling research waste 

      Grainger, Matthew; Bolam, Friederike C.; Stewart, Gavin B.; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      There is an immediate need for a change in research workflows so that pre-existing knowledge is better used in designing new research. A formal assessment of the accumulated knowledge prior to research approval would reduce ...
    • Evolution of complex symbiotic relationships in a morphologically derived family of lichen-forming fungi 

      Divakar, Pradeep K.; Crespo, Ana; Wedin, Mats; Leavitt, Steven D.; Hawksworth, David L.; Myllys, Leena; McCune, Bruce; Randlane, Tiina; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Ohmura, Yoshihito; Schmitt, Imke; Boluda, Carlos G.; Alors, David; Roca-Valiente, Beatriz; Del-Prado, Ruth; Ruibal, Constantino; Buaruang, Kawinnat; Núñez-Zapata, Jano; de Paz, Guillermo Amo; Rico, Victor J.; Molina, M. Carmen; Elix, John A.; Esslinger, Theodore L.; Tronstad, Inger Kristin Kolstø; Lindgen, Hanna; Ertz, Damien; Gueidan, Cécile; Saag, Lauri; Mark, Kristiina; Singh, Garima; Dal Grande, Fransesco; Parnmen, Sittiporn; Beck, Andreas; Benatti, Michel Navarro; Blanchon, Dan; Candan, Mehmet; Clerc, Philippe; Goward, Trevor; Grube, Martin; Hodkinson, Brendan P.; Hur, Jae-Seoun; Kantvilas, Gintaras; Kirika, Paul M.; Lendemer, James; Mattsson, Jan-Eric; Messuti, Maria Ines; Miadlikowska, Jolanta; Nelsen, Matthew P.; Ohlson, Jan I.; Pérez-Ortega, Sergio; Saag, Andres; Sipman, Harrie J.M.; Sohrabi, Mohammad; Thell, Arne; Thor, Göran; Truong, Camille; Yahr, Rebecca; Upreti, Dalip K.; Cubas, Paloma; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      We studied the evolutionary history of the Parmeliaceae (Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota),one of the largest families of lichen-forming fungi with complex and variable morphologies,also including several lichenicolous fungi. ...
    • Evolution of female promiscuity in Passerides songbirds 

      Lifjeld, Jan Terje; Gohli, Jostein; Albrecht, Tomas; Garcia-del-Rey, Eduardo; Johannessen, Lars Erik; Kleven, Oddmund; Marki, Petter Z.; Omotoriogun, Taiwo Crossby; Rowe, Melissah; Johnsen, Arild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background: Female promiscuity is highly variable among birds, and particularly among songbirds. Comparative work has identified several patterns of covariation with social, sexual, ecological and life history traits. ...
    • Evolution, ecology and conservation - revisiting three decades of Arctic fox population genetic research 

      Norén, Karin; Dalén, Love; Flagstad, Øystein; Berteaux, Dominique; Wallén, Johan; Angerbjörn, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Three decades have passed since the Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) was first put into a population genetic perspective. With the aim of addressing how microevolution operates on different biological levels, we here review ...
    • Evolutionary analysis of the female-specific avianW chromosome 

      Smeds, Linnea; Warmuth, Vera; Bolivar, Paulina; Uebbing, Severin; Burri, Reto; Suh, Alexander; Nater, Alexander; Bures, Stanislav; Garamszegi, Laszlo Z.; Hogner, Silje; Moreno, Juan; Qvarnström, Anna; Ruzic, Milan; Sæther, Stein Are; Sætre, Glenn-Peter; Torok, Janos; Ellegren, Hans (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The typically repetitive nature of the sex-limited chromosome means that it is often excluded from or poorly covered in genome assemblies, hindering studies of evolutionary and population genomic processes in non-recombining ...
    • Evolutionary change in metabolic rate of Daphnia pulicaria following invasion by the predator Bythotrephes longimanus 

      Rani, Varsha; Burton, Tim; Walsh, Matthew; Einum, Sigurd (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Metabolic rate is a trait that may evolve in response to the direct and indirect effects of predator-induced mortality. Predators may indirectly alter selection by lowering prey densities and increasing resource availability ...
    • Evolutionary responses to a changing climate: Implications for reindeer population viability 

      Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      If we want to understand how climate change affects long-lived organisms, we must know how individuals allocate resources between current reproduction and survival. This trade-off is affected by expected environmental ...
    • Evolutionary signals of selection on cognition from the great tit genome and methylome 

      Laine, Veronika N.; Gossmann, Toni; Schachtschneider, Kyle M.; Garroway, Colin J.; Madsen, Ole; Verhoeven, Koen J.F.; de Jager, Victor; Megens, Hendrik-Jan; Warren, Wesley C.; Minx, Patrick; Crooijmans, Richard P.M.A.; Corcoran, Pádraic; Adriaensen, Frank; Belda, Eduardo; Bushuev, Andrey; Cichon, Mariusz; Charmantier, Anne; Dingemanse, Niels; Doligez, Blandine; Eeva, Tapio; Erikstad, Kjell E; Fedorov, Slava; Hau, Michaela; Hille, Sabine; Hinde, Camilla; Kempenaers, Bart; Kerimov, Anvar; Krist, Milos; Mand, Raivo; Matthysen, Erik; Nager, Reudi; Norte, Claudia; Orell, Markku; Richner, Heinz; Slagsvold, Tore; Tilgar, Vallo; Tinbergen, Joost; Torok, Janos; Tschirren, Barbara; Yuta, Tera; Sheldon, Ben C.; Slate, Jon; Zeng, Kai; van Oers, Kees; Visser, Marcel E.; Groenen, Martien A.M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      For over 50 years, the great tit (Parus major) has been a model species for research in evolutionary, ecological and behavioural research; in particular, learning and cognition have been intensively studied. Here, to ...
    • The evolving story of catadromy in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) 

      Durif, Caroline; Arts, M.; Bertolini, F.; Cresci, Alessandro; Daverat, F.; Karlsbakk, Egil Erlingsson; Koprivnikar, J.; Moland, Even; Olsen, Esben Moland; Parzanini, C.; Power, M.; Rohtla, Mehis; Skiftesvik, Anne Berit; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn; Browman, Howard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Anguillid eels were once considered to be the classic example of catadromy. However, alternative life cycles have been reported, including skipping the freshwater phase and habitat shifting between fresh, brackish, and ...
    • Ex situ versus in situ Eurasian lynx populations: implications for successful breeding and genetic rescue 

      Krojerová‑Prokešová, Jarmila; Gajdárová, Barbora; Reiners, Tobias Erik; Bolechová, Petra; Kleven, Oddmund; Koubek, Petr; Nowak, Carsten; Ozoliņš, Jānis; Tám, Branislav; Voloshina, Inna; Vallo, Peter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The main aim of ex situ programmes in conservation is to provide a suitable source of individuals for future reintroductions or reinforcement of existing populations. A fundamental prerequisite is creating and maintaining ...
    • Exceptionally high apparent adult survival in three tropical species of plovers in Madagascar 

      Jones, William; Eberhart-Hertel, Luke J.; Freckleton, Robert P.; Hoffman, Joseph I.; Krüger, Oliver; Sandercock, Brett; Vincze, Orsolya; Zefania, Sama; Székely, Tamás (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Adult survival is a key component of population dynamics, and understanding variation in and the drivers of adult survival rates and longevity is critical for ecological and evolutionary studies, as well as for conservation ...
    • Exclusion of invertebrates influences saprotrophic fungal community and wood decay rate in an experimental field study 

      Jacobsen, Rannveig Margrete; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Kauserud, Håvard; Mundra, Sunil; Birkemoe, Tone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Decomposer communities perform an essential ecosystem function by recycling nutrients. However, the effect of higher trophic levels on microbial decomposer communities and rate of decomposition is poorly understood. We ...
    • Existing evidence on the use of participatory scenarios in ecological restoration: a systematic map 

      Durrant, Eleanor; Howson, Pete; Puttick, Bekah; Potts, Samantha; Shennan‑Farpón, Yara; Sari, Novieta; Allen, Nicholas; Jo, Yeongeun; Grainger, Matthew; Teh, Yit Arn; Pfeifer, Marion (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Background and context The scale of land degradation worldwide has led to nearly one billion hectares committed to restoration globally. However, achieving such restoration targets will necessitate complex trade-offs against ...
    • Expanding the spatial scale in DNA-based monitoring schemes: ascertainment bias in transnational assessments 

      Kopatz, Alexander; Norman, Anita J.; Spong, Göran; Valtonen, Mia; Kojola, Ilpo; Aspi, Jouni; Kindberg, Jonas; Flagstad, Øystein; Kleven, Oddmund (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Harmonising methodology between countries is crucial in transborder population monitoring. However, immediate application of alleged, established DNA-based methods across the extended area can entail drawbacks and may lead ...
    • Expansion speed as a generic measure of spread for alien species 

      Sandvik, Hanno (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The ecological impact of alien species is a function of the area colonised. Impact assessments of alien species are thus incomplete unless they take the spatial component of invasion processes into account. This paper ...