Now showing items 999-1018 of 4396

    • Evolution of complex symbiotic relationships in a morphologically derived family of lichen-forming fungi 

      Divakar, Pradeep K.; Crespo, Ana; Wedin, Mats; Leavitt, Steven D.; Hawksworth, David L.; Myllys, Leena; McCune, Bruce; Randlane, Tiina; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Ohmura, Yoshihito; Schmitt, Imke; Boluda, Carlos G.; Alors, David; Roca-Valiente, Beatriz; Del-Prado, Ruth; Ruibal, Constantino; Buaruang, Kawinnat; Núñez-Zapata, Jano; de Paz, Guillermo Amo; Rico, Victor J.; Molina, M. Carmen; Elix, John A.; Esslinger, Theodore L.; Tronstad, Inger Kristin Kolstø; Lindgen, Hanna; Ertz, Damien; Gueidan, Cécile; Saag, Lauri; Mark, Kristiina; Singh, Garima; Dal Grande, Fransesco; Parnmen, Sittiporn; Beck, Andreas; Benatti, Michel Navarro; Blanchon, Dan; Candan, Mehmet; Clerc, Philippe; Goward, Trevor; Grube, Martin; Hodkinson, Brendan P.; Hur, Jae-Seoun; Kantvilas, Gintaras; Kirika, Paul M.; Lendemer, James; Mattsson, Jan-Eric; Messuti, Maria Ines; Miadlikowska, Jolanta; Nelsen, Matthew P.; Ohlson, Jan I.; Pérez-Ortega, Sergio; Saag, Andres; Sipman, Harrie J.M.; Sohrabi, Mohammad; Thell, Arne; Thor, Göran; Truong, Camille; Yahr, Rebecca; Upreti, Dalip K.; Cubas, Paloma; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      We studied the evolutionary history of the Parmeliaceae (Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota),one of the largest families of lichen-forming fungi with complex and variable morphologies,also including several lichenicolous fungi. ...
    • Evolution of female promiscuity in Passerides songbirds 

      Lifjeld, Jan Terje; Gohli, Jostein; Albrecht, Tomas; Garcia-del-Rey, Eduardo; Johannessen, Lars Erik; Kleven, Oddmund; Marki, Petter Z.; Omotoriogun, Taiwo Crossby; Rowe, Melissah; Johnsen, Arild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background: Female promiscuity is highly variable among birds, and particularly among songbirds. Comparative work has identified several patterns of covariation with social, sexual, ecological and life history traits. ...
    • Evolution, ecology and conservation - revisiting three decades of Arctic fox population genetic research 

      Norén, Karin; Dalén, Love; Flagstad, Øystein; Berteaux, Dominique; Wallén, Johan; Angerbjörn, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Three decades have passed since the Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) was first put into a population genetic perspective. With the aim of addressing how microevolution operates on different biological levels, we here review ...
    • Evolutionary analysis of the female-specific avianW chromosome 

      Smeds, Linnea; Warmuth, Vera; Bolivar, Paulina; Uebbing, Severin; Burri, Reto; Suh, Alexander; Nater, Alexander; Bures, Stanislav; Garamszegi, Laszlo Z.; Hogner, Silje; Moreno, Juan; Qvarnström, Anna; Ruzic, Milan; Sæther, Stein Are; Sætre, Glenn-Peter; Torok, Janos; Ellegren, Hans (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The typically repetitive nature of the sex-limited chromosome means that it is often excluded from or poorly covered in genome assemblies, hindering studies of evolutionary and population genomic processes in non-recombining ...
    • Evolutionary change in metabolic rate of Daphnia pulicaria following invasion by the predator Bythotrephes longimanus 

      Rani, Varsha; Burton, Tim; Walsh, Matthew; Einum, Sigurd (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Metabolic rate is a trait that may evolve in response to the direct and indirect effects of predator-induced mortality. Predators may indirectly alter selection by lowering prey densities and increasing resource availability ...
    • Evolutionary responses to a changing climate: Implications for reindeer population viability 

      Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      If we want to understand how climate change affects long-lived organisms, we must know how individuals allocate resources between current reproduction and survival. This trade-off is affected by expected environmental ...
    • Evolutionary signals of selection on cognition from the great tit genome and methylome 

      Laine, Veronika N.; Gossmann, Toni; Schachtschneider, Kyle M.; Garroway, Colin J.; Madsen, Ole; Verhoeven, Koen J.F.; de Jager, Victor; Megens, Hendrik-Jan; Warren, Wesley C.; Minx, Patrick; Crooijmans, Richard P.M.A.; Corcoran, Pádraic; Adriaensen, Frank; Belda, Eduardo; Bushuev, Andrey; Cichon, Mariusz; Charmantier, Anne; Dingemanse, Niels; Doligez, Blandine; Eeva, Tapio; Erikstad, Kjell E; Fedorov, Slava; Hau, Michaela; Hille, Sabine; Hinde, Camilla; Kempenaers, Bart; Kerimov, Anvar; Krist, Milos; Mand, Raivo; Matthysen, Erik; Nager, Reudi; Norte, Claudia; Orell, Markku; Richner, Heinz; Slagsvold, Tore; Tilgar, Vallo; Tinbergen, Joost; Torok, Janos; Tschirren, Barbara; Yuta, Tera; Sheldon, Ben C.; Slate, Jon; Zeng, Kai; van Oers, Kees; Visser, Marcel E.; Groenen, Martien A.M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      For over 50 years, the great tit (Parus major) has been a model species for research in evolutionary, ecological and behavioural research; in particular, learning and cognition have been intensively studied. Here, to ...
    • The evolving story of catadromy in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) 

      Durif, Caroline; Arts, M.; Bertolini, F.; Cresci, Alessandro; Daverat, F.; Karlsbakk, Egil Erlingsson; Koprivnikar, J.; Moland, Even; Olsen, Esben Moland; Parzanini, C.; Power, M.; Rohtla, Mehis; Skiftesvik, Anne Berit; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn; Browman, Howard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Anguillid eels were once considered to be the classic example of catadromy. However, alternative life cycles have been reported, including skipping the freshwater phase and habitat shifting between fresh, brackish, and ...
    • Ex situ versus in situ Eurasian lynx populations: implications for successful breeding and genetic rescue 

      Krojerová‑Prokešová, Jarmila; Gajdárová, Barbora; Reiners, Tobias Erik; Bolechová, Petra; Kleven, Oddmund; Koubek, Petr; Nowak, Carsten; Ozoliņš, Jānis; Tám, Branislav; Voloshina, Inna; Vallo, Peter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The main aim of ex situ programmes in conservation is to provide a suitable source of individuals for future reintroductions or reinforcement of existing populations. A fundamental prerequisite is creating and maintaining ...
    • Exceptionally high apparent adult survival in three tropical species of plovers in Madagascar 

      Jones, William; Eberhart-Hertel, Luke J.; Freckleton, Robert P.; Hoffman, Joseph I.; Krüger, Oliver; Sandercock, Brett; Vincze, Orsolya; Zefania, Sama; Székely, Tamás (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Adult survival is a key component of population dynamics, and understanding variation in and the drivers of adult survival rates and longevity is critical for ecological and evolutionary studies, as well as for conservation ...
    • Exclusion of invertebrates influences saprotrophic fungal community and wood decay rate in an experimental field study 

      Jacobsen, Rannveig Margrete; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Kauserud, Håvard; Mundra, Sunil; Birkemoe, Tone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Decomposer communities perform an essential ecosystem function by recycling nutrients. However, the effect of higher trophic levels on microbial decomposer communities and rate of decomposition is poorly understood. We ...
    • Existing evidence on the use of participatory scenarios in ecological restoration: a systematic map 

      Durrant, Eleanor; Howson, Pete; Puttick, Bekah; Potts, Samantha; Shennan‑Farpón, Yara; Sari, Novieta; Allen, Nicholas; Jo, Yeongeun; Grainger, Matthew; Teh, Yit Arn; Pfeifer, Marion (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Background and context The scale of land degradation worldwide has led to nearly one billion hectares committed to restoration globally. However, achieving such restoration targets will necessitate complex trade-offs against ...
    • Expanding the spatial scale in DNA-based monitoring schemes: ascertainment bias in transnational assessments 

      Kopatz, Alexander; Norman, Anita J.; Spong, Göran; Valtonen, Mia; Kojola, Ilpo; Aspi, Jouni; Kindberg, Jonas; Flagstad, Øystein; Kleven, Oddmund (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Harmonising methodology between countries is crucial in transborder population monitoring. However, immediate application of alleged, established DNA-based methods across the extended area can entail drawbacks and may lead ...
    • Expansion speed as a generic measure of spread for alien species 

      Sandvik, Hanno (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The ecological impact of alien species is a function of the area colonised. Impact assessments of alien species are thus incomplete unless they take the spatial component of invasion processes into account. This paper ...
    • Experimental ecosystem accounting in the Oslo Region 

      Barton, David N. (Urban EEA Technical Brief;2017-1, Others, 2017)
      Barton, D. 2017. Experimental ecosystem accounting in the Oslo Region. Urban EEA Technical Brief 2017-1
    • Experimental hydraulics on fish-friendly trash-racks: an ecological approach 

      Szabo-Meszaros, Marcell; Navaratnam, Christy Ushanth; Aberle, Jochen; Silva, Ana T.; Forseth, Torbjørn; Calles, Olle; Fjeldstad, Hans-Petter; Alfredsen, Knut (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Experimental hydraulics on fish-friendly trash-racks: an ecological approach 

      Szabo-Meszaros, Marcell; Navaratnam, Christy Ushanth; Aberle, Jochen; Silva, Ana T.; Forseth, Torbjørn; Calles, Olle; Fjeldstad, Hans-Petter; Alfredsen, Knut (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Experimental warming increases fungal alpha diversity in an oligotrophic maritime Antarctic soil 

      Newsham, Kevin K.; Misiak, Marta; Goodall-Copestake, William P.; Dahl, Malin Stapnes; Boddy, Lynne; Hopkins, David W.; Davey, Marie Louise (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The climate of maritime Antarctica has altered since the 1950s. However, the effects of increased temperature, precipitation and organic carbon and nitrogen availability on the fungal communities inhabiting the barren and ...
    • Experimental warming increases fungal alpha diversity in an oligotrophic maritime Antarctic soil 

      Newsham, Kevin K.; Misiak, Marta; Goodall-Copestake, William P.; Stapnes Dahl, Malin; Boddy, Lynne; Hopkins, David W.; Davey, Marie Louise (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The climate of maritime Antarctica has altered since the 1950s. However, the effects of increased temperature, precipitation and organic carbon and nitrogen availability on the fungal communities inhabiting the barren and ...
    • Explaining variation in brood parasitism rates between potential host species with similar habitat requirements 

      Li, Donglai; Zhang, Zhengwang; Grim, Tomas; Liang, Wei; Stokke, Bård Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Host specialization evolved in many parasite-host systems. Evolution and maintenance of host specificity may be influenced by host life-history traits, active host selection by the parasite, and host anti-parasite ...