Now showing items 346-365 of 572

    • Monitoring climate sensitivity shifts in tree-rings of Eastern Boreal North America using model-data comparison. Shifts in tree growth sensivity to climate 

      Ols, Clementine; Girardin, Martin P.; Hofgaard, Annika; Bergeron, Yves; Drobyshev, Igor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The growth of high-latitude temperature-limited boreal forest ecosystems is projected to become more constrained by soil water availability with continued warming. The purpose of this study was to document ongoing shifts ...
    • Monitoring cultural heritage environments in Svalbard – Smeerenburg, a whaling station on Amsterdam Island 

      Thuestad, Alma Elizabeth; Tømmervik, Hans; Solbø, Stian; Barlindhaug, Stine; Flyen, Anne Cathrine; Myrvoll, Elin Rose; Johansen, Bernt (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Cultural environments are not static and unchanging, they are subject to a number of site transfor-mation processes. Environmental hazards and human activity are among the primary degradation parameters for cultural heritage ...
    • Monitoring methods for the Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos in Norway 

      Gjershaug, Jan Ove; Brøseth, Henrik; Kleven, Oddmund; Kålås, John Atle; Mattisson, Jenny; Tovmo, Mari (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Capsule: A description of the methods used for monitoring the Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos in Norway Aims: To provide a comprehensive description of monitoring methods. Methods: The intensive monitoring of the Golden ...
    • Monitoring presence and abundance of two gyrodactylid ectoparasites and their salmonid hosts using environmental DNA 

      Fossøy, Frode; Brandsegg, Hege; Sivertsgård, Rolf; Pettersen, Oskar; Sandercock, Brett K.; Solem, Øyvind; Hindar, Kjetil; Mo, Tor Atle (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background: Invasive species represent a major challenge for the conservation of biodiversity. The invasive ectoparasitic fluke Gyrodactylus salaris is considered one of the major threats to the Atlantic salmon (Salmo ...
    • Monitoring visitors to natural areas in wintertime: issues in counter accuracy 

      Andersen, Oddgeir; Gundersen, Vegard; Wold, Line Camilla; Stange, Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The sustainable management of vulnerable natural areas requires accurate measurement of visitor flows, especially in mountain and protected areas. Pyroelectric sensors that detect the heat radiation emitted by human bodies ...
    • More frequent extreme climate events stabilize reindeer population dynamics 

      Hansen, Brage B.; Gamelon, Marlène; Albon, Steve D.; Lee, Aline M.; Stien, Audun; Irvine, R. Justine; Sæther, Bernt-Erik; Loe, Leif E.; Ropstad, Erik; Veiberg, Vebjørn; Grøtan, Vidar (Journal article, 2019)
      treme climate events often cause population crashes but are difficult to account for in population-dynamic studies. Especially in long-lived animals, density dependence and demography may induce lagged impacts of ...
    • More stable productivity of semi natural grasslands than sown pastures in a seasonally dry climate 

      Ospina, Sonia; Rusch, Graciela; Pezo, Danilo; Casanoves, Fernando; Sinclair, Fergus L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      In the Neotropics the predominant pathway to intensify productivity is generally thought to be to convert grasslands to sown pastures, mostly in monoculture. This article examines how above-ground net primary productivity ...
    • Moth Outbreaks Reduce Decomposition in Subarctic Forest Soils 

      Sandén, Hans; Mayer, Mathias; Stark, Sari; Sandén, Taru; Nilsson, Lars Ola; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Wäli, Oiippa Ritta; Rewald, Boris (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Tree mortality from insect infestations can significantly reduce carbon storage in forest soils. In subarctic birch forests (Betula pubescens), ecosystem C cycling is largely affected by recurrent outbreaks of defoliating ...
    • Moult location and diet of auks in the North Sea inferred from coupled light-based and isotope-based geolocation 

      Glew, Katie St. John; Wanless, Sarah; Harris, Michael P.; Daunt, Francis; Erikstad, Kjell E; Strøm, Hallvard; Trueman, Clive N. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Many pelagic seabirds moult their feathers while at sea, which is an energetically costly behaviour. Mortality rates during moult can be high, so spatial and trophic ecology during this critical period is important for ...
    • Movement and heart rate in the Scandinavian brown bear (Ursus arctos) 

      Blanchet, Leslie; Fuchs, Boris; Støen, Ole-Gunnar; Ordiz, Andre; Laske, Timothy G.; Arnemo, Jon Martin; Evans, Alina (Journal article, 2019)
      Background: Understanding animal movement facilitates better management and conservation. The link between movement and physiology holds clues to the basic drivers of animal behaviours. In bears, heart rate increases with ...
    • Movement patterns of juvenile and adult noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) in a small stream, determined by radiotelemetry 

      Daněk, Tomáš; Musil, Jiří; Vlašánek, Petr; Svobodová, Jitka; Barteková, Tereza; Štrunc, David; Barankiewicz, Miroslav; Bouše, Eduard; Svobodová, Eva; Johnsen, Stein Ivar; Andersen, Oddgeir (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      This article reports on the results of the first radiotelemetric field study comparing the movement patterns of juvenile and adult noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) over the 24-h cycle. During our study (in summer, outside ...
    • Movements of dead fish in rivers 

      Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Økland, Finn; Teichert, Maxim A.K.; Heermann, L.; Borcherding, J; Sæther, Stein Are; Tambets, M.; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background: The aim of telemetry studies is often to determine the fate and mortality rates of ish. A moving ish is usually regarded as alive and a long-term stationary ish as dead—and the site where it became stationary ...
    • Moving in the Anthropocene: Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements 

      Tucker, Marlee A.; Böhning-Gaese, Katrin; Fagan, William F.; Fryxell, John M.; Van Moorter, Bram; Alberts, Susan C.; Ali, Abdullahi H.; Allen, Andrew M.; Attias, Nina; Avgar, Tal; Bartlam-Brooks, Hattie; Bayarbaatar, Buuveibaatar; Belant, Jerrold L.; Bertassoni, Alessandra; Beyer, Dean; Bidner, Laura; van Beest, Floris M.; Blake, Stephen; Blaum, Niels; Bracis, Chloe; Brown, Danielle; de Bruyn, P. J. Nico; Cagnacci, Francesca; Calabrese, Justin M.; Camilo-Alves, Constança; Chamaille-Jammes, Simon; Chiaradia, Andre; Davidson, Sarah C.; Todd, Dennis; DeStefano, Stephen; Diefenbach, Duane; Douglas-Hamilton, Iain; Fennesy, Julian; Fichtel, Claudia; Fiedler, Wolfgang; Fischer, Christina; Fischoff, Ilya; Fleming, Christen H.; Ford, Adam T.; Fritz, Susanne A.; Gehr, Benedikt; Goheen, Jacob R.; Gurarie, Eliezer; Hebblewhite, Mark; Heurich, Marco; Hewison, A.J.Mark; Hof, Christian; Hurme, Edward; Isbell, Lynne A.; Janssen, René; Jeltsch, Florian; Kaczensky, Petra; Linnell, John Durrus; Mattisson, Jenny; Mysterud, Atle; Odden, John; Rolandsen, Christer Moe; Solberg, Erling Johan; Strand, Olav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Multiannual effects of induced plant defenses: Are defended plants good or bad neighbors? 

      Benevenuto, Rafael Fonseca; Hegland, Stein Joar; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Rydgren, Knut; Moe, Stein Ragnar; Rodriguez-Saona, Cesar; Seldal, Tarald (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Defenses induced by herbivore feeding or phytohormones such as methyl jasmonate (MeJA) can affect growth, reproduction, and herbivory, not only on the affected individual but also in its neighboring plants. Here, we report ...
    • Multi-colony tracking reveals spatio-temporal variation in carry-over effects between breeding success and winter movements in a pelagic seabird 

      Bogdanova, Maria I.; Butler, Adam; Wanless, Sarah; Moe, Børge; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Frederiksen, Morten; Boulinier, Thierry; Chivers, Lorraine S.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Descamps, Sébastien; Harris, Michael P.; Newell, Mark; Olsen, Bergur; Phillips, Richard A.; Shaw, Deryk; Steen, Harald; Strøm, Hallvard; Thórarinsson, Thorkell L; Daunt, Francis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Carry-over effects, whereby events in one season have consequences in subsequent seasons, have important demographic implications. Although most studies examine carry-over effects across 2 seasons in single populations, ...
    • Multi-criteria decision analysis and cost-benefit analysis: comparing alternative frameworks for integrated valuation of ecosystem services 

      Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Antunes, Paula; Keune, Hans; Geneletti, Davide; Barton, David Nicholas; Mustajoki, Jyri; Saarikoski, Heli; Marttunen, Mika; Santos, Rui; Langemeyer, Johannes (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methods has been promoted as an alternative approach to monetary economic valuation of ecosystem services in Cost-Benefit Analysis framework (CBA). We discuss the potential of MCDA ...
    • Multilevel processes and cultural adaptation: examples from past and present small-scale societies 

      Reyes-Garcia, Victoria; Balbo, Andrea Luca; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Gueze, Maximilien; Mesoudi, Alex; Richerson, Peter J.; Rubio-Campillo, Xavier; Ruiz-Mallén, Isabel; Shennan, Stephen. J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The last two decades have seen a proliferation of research frameworks that emphasise the importance of understanding adaptive processes that happen at different levels. We contribute to this growing body of literature by ...
    • Multiple recolonization routes towards the north: Population history of the Fennoscandian red fox (Vulpes vulpes) 

      Wallen, Johan; Statham, Mark J.; Ågren, Eirik; Isomursu, Marja; Flagstad, Øystein; Bjørneboe-Berg, Thomas; Sacks, Benjamin N.; Norén, Karin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Understanding the response of boreal species to past climate warming can help to predict future responses to climate change. In the Northern Hemisphere, the distribution and abundance of northern populations have been ...
    • Multiple stressors: modeling the effect of pollution, climate, and predation on viability of a sub-arctic marine bird 

      Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Bustnes, Jan Ove (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Negative effects of long-transported pollutants, such as many persistent organic pollutants (POPs), on seabirds and other top predators have been documented for decades. Yet, the concentrations, and hence, the negative ...
    • Multiple Stressors in a Top Predator Seabird:Potential Ecological Consequences ofEnvironmental Contaminants, PopulationHealth and Breeding Conditions 

      Bustnes, Jan Ove; Bourgeon, Sophie; Leat, Eliza H. K.; Magnusdottir, Ellen; Strøm, Hallvard; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Petersen, Aevar; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Furness, Robert W. (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Environmental contaminants may have impacts on reproduction and survival in wildlife populations suffering from multiple stressors. This study examined whether adverse effects of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) ...