Now showing items 308-327 of 572

    • Little impact of over-winter parasitism on a free-ranging ungulate in the high Arctic 

      Carlsson, Anja M.; Albon, Steve D.; Coulson, Stephen J.; Ropstad, Erik; Stien, Audun; Wilson, Kenneth; Loe, Leif Egil; Veiberg, Vebjørn; Irvine, Robert Justin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Macroparasites have a central place in wildlife ecology because they have the potential to regulate host populations through effects on reproduction and/or survival. However, there remains a paucity of studies that have ...
    • Local land use associated with socio-economic development in six arctic regions 

      Ehrich, Dorothee; Thuestad, Alma Elizabeth; Tømmervik, Hans; Fauchald, Per; Hausner, Vera Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The socioeconomic causes of land use change are complex. They are highly context dependent, but most often studied through case studies. Here, we use a quasi-experimental paired block design to investigate whether better ...
    • Local opposition against high-voltage grids: public responses to agency-caused science policy trolls 

      Aas, Øystein; Qvenild, Marte; Wold, Line Camilla; Jacobsen, Gerd Blindheim; Ruud, Audun (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      High-voltage (hV) transmission grids are projects of societal importance that potentially have controversial social and environmental impacts. Former research shows that public opposition is sparked by the perception of ...
    • Local perceptions of jaguar conservation and environmental justice in Goiás, Matto Grosso and Roraima states (Brazil) 

      Bredin, Yennie Katarina; Lescureux, Nicolas; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Wildlife conservation often leads to various conflicts with other human activities, resulting in concerns about the justice of conservation. Although species' protection e notably of large carnivores e can have negative ...
    • Local resources, linear elements and mass-flowering crops determine bumblebee occurrences in moderately intensified farmlands 

      Kallioniemi, Eveliina; Åström, Jens; Rusch, Graciela; Dahle, Sondre; Åström, Sandra Charlotte Helene; Gjershaug, Jan Ove (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      There is consensus that land-use change is a main driver behind the recent declines of many pollinator populations in Europe. However, it is still not adequately understood how the local resource quality and landscape ...
    • Locating human-wildlife interactions: landscape constructions andresponses to large carnivore conservation in India and Norway 

      Ghosal, Sunetro; Skogen, Ketil; Krishnan, Siddhartha (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      People’s reactions to large carnivores take many forms, ranging from support and coexistence to resistance and conflict. While these reactions are the outcome of many different factors, in this paper we specifically ...
    • Long-distance plant dispersal to North Atlantic islands:colonization routes and founder effect 

      Alsos, Inger Greve; Ehrich, Dorothee; Eidesen, Pernille Bronken; Solstad, Heidi Merethe; Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Schonswetter, Peter; Tribsch, Andreas; Birkeland, Siri; Elven, Reidar; Brochmann, Christian (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Long-distance dispersal (LDD) processes influence the founder effect on islands.We use genetic data for 25 Atlantic species and similarities among regional floras to analyse colonization, and test whether the genetic ...
    • Longest terrestrial migrations and movements around the world 

      Joly, Kyle; Gurarie, Eliezer; Sorum, Mathew S.; Kaczensky, Petra; Cameron, Matthew D.; Jakes, Andrew F .; Borg, Bridget L.; Nandintsetseg, Dejid; Hopcraft, J. Grant C.; Buuveibaatar, Bayarbaatar; Jones, Paul F.; Mueller, Thomas; Walzer, Chris; Olson, Kirk A.; Payne, John C.; Yadamsuren, Adiya; Hebblewhite, Mark (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Long-distance terrestrial migrations are imperiled globally. We determined both round-trip migration distances (straight-line measurements between migratory end points) and total annual movement (sum of the distances ...
    • Long-lasting effects of logging on beetles in hollow oaks 

      Pilskog, Hanne Eik; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Evju, Marianne; Framstad, Erik; Birkemoe, Tone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      There is growing evidence that biodiversity is important for ecosystem functions. Thus, identification of habitat requirements essential for current species richness and abundance to persist is crucial. Hollow oaks (Quercus ...
    • Long-term community responses to droughts in the early modern period: the case study of Terrassa, Spain 

      Grau-Satorras, Mar; Otero, Iago; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Reyes-García, Victoria (Peer reviewed, 2016)
      New challenges posed by global environmental change have motivated scholars to pay growing attention to historical long-term strategies to deal with climate extremes. We aim to understand long-term trends in community ...
    • Long-term effects of nutrient enrichment controlling plant species and functional composition in a boreal rich fen 

      Øien, Dag-Inge; Pedersen, Bård; Kozub, Łukasz; Goldstein, Klara; Wilk, Mateusz (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Questions: How does long-term increase in nutrient availability affect species composition, species diversity and functional composition in boreal rich fens, and how does this differ from short-term effects? What are the ...
    • Long-term environmental monitoring for assessment of change: measurement inconsistencies over time and potential solutions 

      Ellingsen, Kari Elsa; Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Tveraa, Torkild; Hewitt, Judi E.; Thrush, Simon F. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The importance of long-term environmental monitoring and research for detecting and understanding changes in ecosystems and human impacts on natural systems is widely acknowledged. Over the last decades, a number of critical ...
    • Long‑term PIT tag retention rates in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) 

      Foldvik, Anders; Kvingedal, Eli (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: Passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags are widely used in studies of various aspects of fish survival, movement and behaviour. Quality of such studies depends on the fish retaining the tags over the study ...
    • Long-term variation in numbers and biomass of silver eels being produced in two European river systems 

      Poole, W. Russell; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Durif, Caroline; Dolan, Conor; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Bergesen, Knut Aanestad; Rogan, Gerard; Kelly, Sean D.; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The European eel (Anguilla anguilla) population has been in decline at least since the 1960s and reliable regional information, particularly on the spawner production and escapement (i.e. the silver eel life stage), is a ...
    • Low cardiac output as physiological phenomenon in hibernating, free-ranging Scandinavian brown bears (Ursus arctos) - an observational study 

      Jørgensen, Peter Godsk; Arnemo, Jon Martin; Swenson, Jon; Jensen, Jan S.; Galatius, Søren; Frøbert, Ole (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background: Despite 5-7 months of physical inactivity during hibernation, brown bears (Ursus arctos) are able to cope with physiological conditions that would be detrimental to humans. During hibernation, the tissue ...
    • Low cardiac output as physiological phenomenon in hibernating, free-ranging Scandinavian brown bears (Ursus arctos) - an observational study 

      Jørgensen, Peter Godsk; Arnemo, Jon; Swenson, Jon E.; Jensen, Jan S.; Galatius, Søren; Frøbert, Ole (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background: Despite 5-7 months of physical inactivity during hibernation, brown bears (Ursus arctos) are able to cope with physiological conditions that would be detrimental to humans. During hibernation, the tissue metabolic ...
    • Low impact of dry conditions on the CO2 exchange of aNorthern-Norwegian blanket bog. 

      Lund, Magnus; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Drake, Bert G.; Engelsen, Ola; Hansen, Georg Heinrich; Parmentier, Frans-Jan W.; Powell, Thomas; Silvennoinen, Hanna Marika; Sottocornola, Matteo; Tømmervik, Hans; Weldon, Simon Mark; Rasse, Daniel (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Northern peatlands hold large amounts of organic carbon (C) in their soils and are as such important in a climate change context. Blanket bogs, i.e. nutrient-poor peatlands restricted to maritime climates, may be extra ...
    • Lynx predation on semi-domestic reindeer: do age and sex matter? 

      Mattisson, Jenny; Arntsen, Gustav Busch; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Loe, Leif Egil; Linnell, John Durrus; Odden, John; Persson, J.; Andrén, H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The Eurasian lynx is an efficient stalking predator mainly selecting small-sized ungulates. In northern Scandinavia, semi-domestic reindeer are the only ungulate species available for Eurasian lynx year round and consequently ...
    • Macrobenthic communities in water bodies and streams of Svalbard, Norway 

      Chertoprud, Mikhail V.; Palatov, Dmitry M.; Dimante-Deimantovica, Inta (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Diversity of macrobenthic communities was studied from water bodies and streams of Spitsbergen, Svalbard archipelago, Norway. In total 162 quantitative samples from different regions of Spitsbergen were analysed in relation ...
    • Macrophytes shape trophic niche variation among generalist fishes 

      Vejříková, Ivana; Eloranta, Antti; Vejřík, Lukáš; Šmejkal, Marek; Cech, Martin; Sajdlová, Zuzana; Frouzova, Jaroslava; Kiljunen, Mikko; Peterka, Jiří (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Generalist species commonly have a fundamental role in ecosystems as they can integrate spatially distinct habitats and food-web compartments, as well as control the composition, abundance and behavior of organisms at ...