Now showing items 141-160 of 584

    • Documenting lemming population change in the Arctic: Can we detect trends? 

      Ehrich, Dorothee; Schmidt, Niels M.; Gauthier, Gilles; Alisauskas, Ray; Angerbjörn, Anders; Clark, Karin; Ecke, Frauke; Eide, Nina Elisabeth; Framstad, Erik; Frandsen, Jay; Franke, Alastair; Gilg, Olivier; Giroux, Marie-Andrée; Henttonen, Heikki; Hörnfeldt, Birger; Ims, Rolf Anker; Kataev, Gennadiy D.; Kharitonov, Sergey P.; Killengreen, Siw Turid; Krebs, Charles J.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Lecomte, Nicolas; Menyushina, Irina; Morris, Douglas W.; Morrisson, Guy; Oksanen, Lauri; Oksanen, Tarja Maarit; Olofsson, Johan; Pokrovsky, Ivan G.; Popov, Igor Yu.; Reid, Don; Roth, James D.; Saalfeld, Sarah T.; Samelius, Gustaf; Sittler, Benoit; Sleptsov, Sergey M.; Smith, Paul; Sokolov, Aleksandr A.; Sokolova, Natalya A.; Soloviev, Mikhail Y.; Solovyeva, Diana (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Lemmings are a key component of tundra food webs and changes in their dynamics can affect the whole ecosystem. We present a comprehensive overview of lemming monitoring and research activities, and assess recent trends ...
    • Does Catch-and-Release Angling Alter the Behavior and Fate of Adult Atlantic Salmon During Upriver Migration? 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Uglem, Ingebrigt; Cooke, Steven J.; Næsje, Tor; Whoriskey, Frederick G.; Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Ulvan, Eva Marita; Solem, Øyvind; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      To reproduce, Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar return to freshwater rivers and migrate upriver to spawning areas. This migration is the basis for recreational fisheries, which for conservation reasons are increasingly characterized ...
    • Downstream transport and seasonal variation in freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) eDNA concentration 

      Wacker, Sebastian; Fossøy, Frode; Larsen, Bjørn Mejdell; Brandsegg, Hege; Sivertsgård, Rolf; Karlsson, Sten (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Environmental DNA (eDNA) can be used to detect the presence and abundance of aquatic organisms from water samples. Before implementing this methodology as a tool for monitoring, more knowledge is needed on variation in ...
    • ‘Do you care about the river?’ A critical discourse analysis and lessons for management of social conflict over Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) conservation in the case of voluntary stocking in Wales 

      Harrison, Hannah L.; Kochalski, Sophia; Arlinghaus, Robert; Aas, Øystein (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      1. Stakeholders with shared interests in fish conservation often disagree about which specific conservation measures are appropriate, leading to conflicts with sometimes long‐lasting and disruptive social and political ...
    • Drivers of hibernation in the brown bear 

      Evans, Alina; Singh, Navinder J.; Friebe, Andrea; Arnemo, Jon Martin; Laske, Timothy; Fröbert, O.; Swenson, Jon; Blanc, S (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: Hibernation has been a key area of research for several decades, essentially in small mammals in the laboratory, yet we know very little about what triggers or ends it in the wild. Do climatic factors, an ...
    • Drivers of hibernation in the brown bear 

      Evans, Alina; Singh, N.J.; Arnemo, Jon Martin; Laske, T.G.; Fröbert, O.; Swenson, Jon; Blanc, S. (Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: Hibernation has been a key area of research for several decades, essentially in small mammals in the laboratory, yet we know very little about what triggers or ends it in the wild. Do climatic factors, an ...
    • Drivers of treeline shift in different European mountains 

      Cudlin, Pavel; Klopcic, Matija; Tognetti, Roberto; Mális, Frantisek; Alados, Concepcion L.; Bebi, Peter; Grunewald, Karsten; Zhiyanski, Miglena; Andonowski, Vlatko; La Porta, Nicola; Bratanova-Doncheva, Svetlana; Kachaunova, Eli; Edwards-Jonášová, Magda; Ninot, Josep Maria; Rigling, Andreas; Hofgaard, Annika; Hlásny, Tomáš; Skalák, Petr; Wielgolaski, Frans Emil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      A growing body of evidence suggests that processes of upward treeline expansion and shifts in vegetation zones may occur in response to climate change. However, such shifts can be limited by a variety of non-climatic ...
    • Early careers on ecohydraulics: challenges, opportunities and future directions 

      Wilkes, Martin A.; Neverman, Andrew J.; Casas-Mulet, Roser; Adeva Bustos, Ana; McCluskey, Alexander H.; Ouellet, Valerie; Vanzo, Davide; Franklin, Paul A.; Silva, Ana T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Early career researchers (ECRs) play a critical role in our knowledge-based society, yet they are the most vulnerable group in the scientific community. As a young, interdisciplinary science, ecohydraulics is particularly ...
    • Ecologizar la Economía o economizar la Ecología: controversias y desafíos en torno a la valoración de los servicios de los ecosistemas 

      Gomez-Baggethun, Erik (Journal article, 2018)
      En esta presentación se aborda el divorcio entre Economía y Ecología, las implicaciones de esta separación para entender la crisis ambiental y para la búsqueda de soluciones a dicha crisis. Se hace un recorrido sintético ...
    • Ecosystem change and stability over multiple decades in the Swedish subarctic: complex processes and multiple drivers 

      Callaghan, Terry V.; Jonasson, Christer; Thierfelder, Tomas; Yang, Zhenlin; Hedenås, Henrik; Johansson, Margareta; Molau, Ulf; Van Bogaert, Rik; Michelsen, Anders; Olofsson, Johan; Gwynn-Jones, Dylan; Bokhorst, Stef; Phoenix, Gareth K.; Bjerke, Jarle Werner; Tømmervik, Hans; Christensen, Torben R.; Hanna, Edward; Koller, Eva K.; Sloan, Victoria L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The subarctic environment of northernmost Sweden has changed over the past century, particularly elements of climate and cryosphere. This paper presents a unique geo-referenced record of environmental and ecosystem ...
    • Ecosystem response to climatic change: the importance of the cold season 

      Bokhorst, Stef; Bjerke, Jarle Werner; Tømmervik, Hans; Preece, Catherine; Phoenix, Gareth K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Winter climate and snow cover are the important drivers of plant community development in polar regions. However, the impacts of changing winter climate and associated changes in snow regime have received much less attention ...
    • Ecosystem services mapping for municipal policy: ESTIMAP and zoning for urban beekeeping 

      Stange, Erik; Zulian, Grazia; Rusch, Graciela; Barton, David Nicholas; Nowell, Megan Sara (Journal article, 2017)
      Pollinating insects are an integral part of cities’ natural capital and perform an important ecosystem function with a high degree of relevance to many cultural ecosystem services. Consequently, pollinators serve as a ...
    • Ecosystem services to support environmental and socially sustainable decision-making 

      Rusch, Veronica E.; Rusch, Graciela; Goijman, Andrea P.; Claps, Leonardo; Varela, Santiago A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The theory of ecosystem services (ES) needs to be operationalized to contribute to practices leading to sustainable use of ecosystems, which includes solving trade-offs between private and public benefits and incorporating ...
    • Effect of Habitat Size, Quality, and Isolation on Functional Groups of Beetles in Hollow Oaks 

      Pilskog, Hanne Eik; Birkemoe, Tone; Framstad, Erik; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      One of the largest threats to biodiversity is land use change and habitat loss. Hollow oaks (Quercus spp. L.) are welldefined patches that are hotspots for biodiversity and red-listed species, but they are often rare and ...
    • Effect of sand texture on nest quality and mating success in a fish with parental care 

      Olsson, Karin H.; Forsgren, Elisabet; Merilaita, Sami; Kvarnemo, Charlotta; St. Mary, Colette (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Nest quality is an important aspect of courtship and mate choice, offering females direct benefits through offspring survival and, if it reflects male genetic quality, also indirect ones. Nest characteristics may thus ...
    • Effects of a dispersal barrier on freshwater migration of the vimba bream (Vimba vimba) 

      Tambets, Meelis; Kärgenberg, Einar; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Økland, Finn; Thalfeldt, Mart (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      To study the effects of a dispersal barrier on migration of the semi-anadromous vimba bream in the Pärnu River, Estonia, we tagged thirty fish with acoustic transmitters and released above the barrier. Tagged fish showed ...
    • Effects of Landscape Characteristics on Annual Survival of Lesser Prairie-Chickens 

      Robinson, Samantha G.; Haukos, David A.; Plumb, Reid T.; Kraft, John D.; Sullins, Daniel S.; Lautenbach, Joseph M.; Lautenbach, Jonathan D.; Sandercock, Brett; Hagen, Christian A.; Bartuszevige, Anne; Rice, Mindy A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Agriculture and development have caused landscape change throughout the southwestern Great Plains in the range of the lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus). Landscape alteration within the lesser prairie-chicken ...
    • Effects of leg flags on nest survival of four species of Arctic-breeding shorebirds 

      Weiser, Emily L.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Brown, Stephen C. W.; Gates, H. River; Bentzen, Rebecca L.; Boldenow, Megan L.; Cunningham, Jenny A.; Doll, Andrew; Donnelly, Tyrone F.; English, Willow B.; Franks, Samantha E.; Grond, Kirsten; Herzog, Patrick; Hill, Brooke L.; Kendall, Steve; Kwon, Eunbi; Lank, David B.; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; Rausch, Jennie; Saalfeld, Sarah T.; Taylor, Audrey R.; Ward, David H.; Woodard, Paul F.; Sandercock, Brett (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Marking wild birds is an integral part of many field studies. However, if marks affect the vital rates or behavior of marked individuals, any conclusions reached by a study might be biased relative to the general population. ...
    • Effects of livestock on occurrence of the Vulnerable red panda Ailurus fulgens in Rara National Park, Nepal 

      Sharma, Hari Prasad; Belant, Jerrold L.; Swenson, Jon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The Vulnerable red panda Ailurus fulgens is endemic to the Himalayas. Anthropogenic activities, including deforestation, have degraded the species’ habitat but the effects of livestock have not been examined. We assessed ...
    • Effects of patch-burn grazing on breeding density and territory size of Dickcissels 

      Verheijen, Bram H.F.; Clipp, Hannah L.; Bartolo, Alessandro; Jensen, William E.; Sandercock, Brett (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Ongoing habitat loss and intensification of management of remaining grasslands have led to large population declines of grassland songbirds in North America. As an alternative to intensive and homogeneous use of rangelands, ...