Now showing items 656-675 of 1392

    • Improving collaboration between ecosystem service communities and the IPBES science-policy platform 

      Washbourne, C.-L.; Dendoncker, N.; Jacobs, S.; Mascarenhas, A.; De Longueville, F.; van Oudenhoven, A. P. E.; Schroter, M.; Willemen, L.; Campagne, S.; Jones, S.K.; Garcia-Llorente, M.; Iniesta-Arandi, I.; Baró, F.; Fisher, J.; Forster, J. L.; Jericó-Daminelo, C.; Lecina-Diaz, J.; Lavorel, S.; Lliso, B.; Montealgre Talero, C.; Morán-Ordóñez, A.; Roces-Díaz, J.V.; Schlaepfer, M.A.; van Dijk, Jiska Joanneke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The end of the first working program of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) provided an opportunity to draw lessons from its work. This perspective paper captures ...
    • In situ measurement of salinity during seaward migration of Atlantic salmon post‑smolts using acoustic transmitters with data‑storage capabilities and conventional acoustic transmitters 

      Mitamura, Hiromichi; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Uglem, Ingebrigt; Økland, Finn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background: Development of miniature acoustic transmitters and data-storage tags has provided new insights into ecology of free-ranging aquatic animals. In this study, we used a data-storage-type and a conventional acoustic ...
    • Incentivising open ecological data using blockchain technology 

      Lewis, Robert; Marstein, Kjell-Erik Havåg; Grytnes, John Arvid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
    • Inclusive conservation and the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework: Tensions and prospects 

      Raymond, Christopher M.; Cebrian-Piqueras, Miguel A.; Andersson, Erik; Andrade, Riley; Schnell, Alberto Arroyo; Romanelli, Barbara Battioni; Filyushkina, Anna; Goodson, Devin J.; Horcea-Milcu, Andra-Ioana; Johnson, Dana N.; Keller, Rose; Kuiper, Jan J.; Lo, Veronica; Lopez-Rodrıguez, Marıa D.; March, Hug; Metzger, Marc; Oteros-Rozas, Elisa; Salcido, Evan; Sellberg, My; Stewart, William; Ruiz-Mallén, Isabel; Plieninger, Tobias; van Riper, Carena J.; Verburg, Peter H.; Wiedermann, Magdalena M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The draft Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework commits to achievement of equity and justice outcomes and represents a ‘‘relational turn’’ in how we understand inclusive conservation. Although ‘‘inclusivity’’ is drawn ...
    • Incorporating threat in hotspots and coldspots of biodiversity and ecosystem services 

      Schröter, Matthias; Kraemer, Roland; Ceausu, Silvia; Rusch, Graciela (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Spatial prioritization could help target conservation actions directed to maintain both biodiversity and ecosystem services. We delineate hotspots and coldspots of two biodiversity conservation features and five ...
    • Increased nationwide use of green spaces in Norway during the COVID-19 pandemic 

      Ulset, Vidar Sandsaunet; Venter, Zander; Kozak, Michal; Nordbø, Emma Charlott Andersson; von Soest, Tilmann Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      In recent years, there has been growing concern about the decline in human green space use and nature-based recreation in Western countries. While some evidence suggests that the COVID-19 pandemic led to increased recreational ...
    • Increasing intensities of Anisakis simplex (Rudolphi, 1809 det. Krabbe, 1878) larvae with weight and sea age in returning adult Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., of coastal waters of Norway 

      Mo, Tor Atle; Fossøy, Frode; Poppe, Trygve T (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Ninety wild Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., (1.5–10.3 kg) were caught in the Namsen Fjord near the mouth of River Namsen, mid-Norway, and examined for the presence and distribution of Anisakis simplex (Rudolphi, 1809 det. ...
    • Increasing uptake of ecosystem service assessments: best practice check-lists for practitioners in Europe 

      Barton, David Nicholas; Immerzeel, Bart; Brander, Luke; Grêt-Regamey, Adrienne; Huerta, Jarumi Kato; Kretsch, Conor; Le Clech, Solen; Rendón, Paula M.; Seguin, Joana; Coyote, Martha V. Arámbula; Almenar, Javier Babí; Balzan, Mario V.; Burkhard, Benjamin; Carvaho-Santos, Claudia; Geneletti, Davide; Goñi, Victoria Guisado; Giannakis, Elias; Liekens, Inge; Lupa, Piotr; Ryan, Gillian; Stępniewska, Małgorzata K.; Tanacs, Eszter; van ‘t Hoff, Vince; Walther, Franziska E.; Zoumides, Christos; Zwierzchowska, Iwona; Grammatikopoulou, Ioanna; Villosalda, Miguel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Aiming at understanding the role of plural values in decision-making, the IPBES Values Assessment defined nature valuation broadly as including biophysical, economic and socio-cultural assessments, including ecosystem ...
    • Increasing water temperatures exacerbate the potential for density dependence in juvenile steelhead 

      Myrvold, Knut Marius; Kennedy, Brian Patrick (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We study the potential effects of predicted climate change on the energetic demands of juvenile steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and their consequences for local population size and structure in Idaho, USA. Projected increases ...
    • Index Measuring Land Use Intensity—A Gradient‐Based Approach 

      Erikstad, Lars; Simensen, Trond; Bakkestuen, Vegar; Halvorsen, Rune (Journal article, 2023)
      To monitor the changes in the landscape, and to relate these to ecological processes, we need robust and reproducible methods for quantifying the changes in landscape patterns. The main aim of this study is to present, ...
    • Individual migration strategy fidelity but no habitat specialization in two congeneric seabirds 

      Merkel, Benjamin; Descamps, Sebastien; Yoccoz, Nigel; Grémillet, David; Daunt, Francis; Erikstad, Kjell E; Ezhov, Aleksey V.; Harris, Mike P.; Gavrilo, Maria; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Reiertsen, Tone Kristin; Steen, Harald; Systad, Geir Helge Rødli; Þórarinsson, Þorkell Lindberg; Wanless, Sarah; Strøm, Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Abstract Aim: In migratory species, individuals often use fixed and individual-specific migration strategies, which we term individual migration strategy fidelity (IMSF). Our goal was to test if guillemots have flexible ...
    • Individual Movement - Sequence Analysis Method (IM-SAM): characterizing spatio-temporal patterns of animal habitat use across landscapes 

      De Groeve, Johannes; Cagnacci, Francesca; Ranc, Nathan; Bonnot, Nadège C.; Gehr, Benedikt; Heurich, Marco; Hewison, A.J. Mark; Kroeschel, Max; Linnell, John Durrus; Morellet, Nicolas; Mysterud, Atle; Sandfort, Robin; Van De Weghe, Nico (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      We present methodological advances to a recently developed framework to study sequential habitat use by animals using a visually-explicit and tree-based Sequence Analysis Method (SAM), derived from molecular biology and ...
    • Individual Movement - Sequence Analysis Method (IM-SAM): characterizing spatio-temporal patterns of animal habitat use across landscapes 

      De Groeve, Johannes; Cagnacci, Francesca; Ranc, Nathan; Bonnot, Nadège C.; Gehr, Benedikt; Heurich, Marco; Hewison, A.J. Mark; Kroeschel, Max; Linnell, John Durrus; Morellet, Nicolas; Mysterud, Atle; SAndfort, Robin; Van De Weghe, Nico (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      We present methodological advances to a recently developed framework to study sequential habitat use by animals using a visually-explicit and tree-based Sequence Analysis Method (SAM), derived from molecular biology and ...
    • Individual phenotypic plasticityexplains seasonal variation in sperm morphology in a passerine bird 

      Schmoll, Tim; Kleven, Oddmund; Rusche, Maria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Background: Spermatozoa display impressive variation in size and form among and within animal species. In birds, comparative evidence suggests that post-copulatory sexual selection resulting from extra-pair copulations is ...
    • Individual recognition of Atlantic Salmon using iris biometry 

      Foldvik, Anders; Jakobsen, Frank; Ulvan, Eva Marita (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Traditional tagging methods for fishes can have issues relating to both animal welfare and economic costs. Biometric data such as iris patterns can be captured via digital cameras, which allows for non-invasive tagging and ...
    • Individual shark profiling: An innovative and environmentally 

      Clua, Eric E.G.; Linnell, John D.C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Most shark-induced human fatalities are followed by widespread and unselective culling campaigns that have limited effectiveness and may have high ecological costs for threatened species. The blanket culling strategy ...
    • Individual-Level Memory is Sufficient to Create Spatial Segregation Among Neighboring Colonies of Central Place Foragers 

      Aarts, Geert; Mul, Evert; Fieberg, John; Brasseur, Sophie; van Gils, Jan A.; Matthiopoulos, Jason; Riotte-Lambert, Louise (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is a relatively new approach to ocean management and has been widely implemented worldwide. Ideally, MSP should be established as a public process that analyzes and distributes human activities ...
    • Industry-specific impacts of global drivers in the European Arctic 

      Nygaard, Vigdis; Engen, Sigrid; Suopajärvi, Leena; Edvardsdóttir, Anna Guðrún; Iversen, Audun; Bogadóttir, R.; Tuulentie, Seija; Bjerke, Jarle Werner; Rautio, Pasi; Elomina, Jerbelle; Miettinen, J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Natural resource-based industries in the European Arctic operate in an increasingly competitive and globalized Arctic. Knowledge of key drivers and their industrial impacts provide industries, companies, communities, and ...
    • Infection by the cestodes Triaenophorus crassus and Diphyllobothrium spp. in a polymorphic whitefish population 

      Sandlund, Odd Terje; Næsje, Tor; Diserud, Ola Håvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus s.l.) stock in Lake Femunden, Norway, includes three morphs: deepwater spawning (D-), river spawning (R-) and shallow water spawning (S-) whitefish. Infections by Diphyllobothrium spp. ...
    • Influence of gear switching on recapture of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in catch-and- release fisheries 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Cooke, Steven J.; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Whoriskey, Frederick G.; Solem, Øyvind; Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Uglem, Ingebrigt (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Anglers that release Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in recreational fisheries do so with the intention that the fish will survive and contribute to succeeding generations. In some instances, salmon that are released may be ...