• Physiological costs of infection: herpesvirus replication is linked to blood oxidative stress in equids 

      Costantini, David; Seeber, Peter A.; Soilemetzidou, Sanatana-Eirini; Azab, Walid; Bohner, Julia; Buuveibaata, Bayarbaatar; Czirjak, Gabor A.; East, Marion L.; Greunz, Eva Maria; Kaczensky, Petra; Lamglait, Benjamin; Melzheimer, Jörg; Uiseb, Kenneth; Ortega, Alix; Osterrieder, Nikolaus; Sandgreen, Ditte-Mari; Simon, Marie; Walzer, Chris; Greenwood, Alex D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Viruses may have a dramatic impact on the health of their animal hosts. The patho-physiological mechanisms underlying viral infections in animals are, however, not well understood. It is increasingly recognized that oxidative ...
    • Pink salmon in Norway: the reluctant invader 

      Sandlund, Odd Terje; Berntsen, Henrik Hårdensson; Fiske, Peder; Kuusela, Jorma; Muladal, Rune; Niemelä, Eero; Uglem, Ingebrigt; Forseth, Torbjørn; Mo, Tor Atle; Thorstad, Eva B.; Veselov, Alexey E.; Vollset, Knut Wiik; Zubchenko, Alexander V. (Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In 2017, Norway experienced an invasion of the Pacific salmonid pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) in numbers never before seen in rivers all along the coast. Significant numbers were also caught in other parts of ...
    • Plant functional trait change across a warming tundra biome 

      Bjorkman, Anne D.; Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Elmendorf, Sarah C.; Normand, Signe; Rüger, Nadja; Beck, Pieter S. A.; Blach-Overgaard, Anne; Blok, Daan; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Forbes, Bruce C.; Georges, Damien; Goetz, Scott J.; Guay, Kevin C.; Henry, Gregory H.R.; HilleRisLambers, Janneke; Hollister, Robert D.; Karger, Dirk N.; Kattge, Jens; Manning, Peter; Prevéy, Janet S.; Rixen, Christian; Schaepman-Strub, Gabriela; Thomas, Haydn J.D.; Vellend, Mark; Wilmking, Martin; Wipf, Sonja; Carbognani, Michele; Hermanutz, Luise; Lévesque, Esther; Molau, Ulf; Petraglia, Alessandro; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Spasojevic, Marko J.; Tomaselli, Marcello; Vowles, Tage; Alatalo, Juha M.; Alexander, Heather D.; Anadon-Rosell, Alba; Angers-Blondin, Sandra; te Beest, Mariska; Berner, Logan; Björk, Robert G.; Buchwal, Agata; Buras, Allan; Christie, Katherine; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Dullinger, Stefan; Elberling, Bo; Eskelinen, Anu; Frei, Esther R.; Grau, Oriol; Grogan, Paul; Hallinger, Martin; Semenschuk, Philipp; Speed, James David Mervyn; Hofgaard, Annika (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The tundra is warming more rapidly than any other biome on Earth, and the potential ramifications are far-reaching because of global feedback effects between vegetation and climate. A better understanding of how environmental ...
    • Plastic Population Effects and Conservative Leaf Traits in a Reciprocal Transplant Experiment Simulating Climate Warming in the Himalayas 

      Cui, Haijun; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Yang, Yan; Vandvik, Vigdis; Wang, Genxu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate warming poses considerable challenges for alpine plant species, especially for competitively inferior ones with resource-conservative adaptations to cold climates. The Himalayas are warming at rates considerably ...
    • Policy Mixes: Aligning instruments for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service provision 

      Barton, David Nicholas; Ring, Irene; Rusch, Graciela (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      “To explain the world of interactions and outcomes occurring at multiple levels, we also have to be willing to deal with complexity instead of rejecting it.” (E. Ostrom 2009 Nobel Prize Lecture) This special issue was ...
    • The Political dimensions of illegal wolf hunting: anti-elitism, lack of trust in institutions and acceptance of illegal wolf killing among Norwegian hunters 

      Skogen, Ketil; Krange, Olve (Journal article, 2020)
      Qualitative studies have indicated that the illegal killing of wolves is often attributed a protest dimension. However, we have limited knowledge about the factors that impact this judgement. The present study investigates ...
    • Polychlorinated biphenyl exposure and corticosterone levels in seven polar seabird species 

      Tartu, S.; Angelier, F.; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Moe, Børge; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Herzke, Dorte; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Verboven, N.; Verreault, J.; Labadie, P.; Budzinski, H.; Wingfield, J.C.; Chastel, O. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The role of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on exposure-related endocrine effects has been poorly investigated in wild birds. This is the case for stress hormones including corticosterone (CORT). Some studies have suggested ...
    • Population genomic evidence for plant glacial survival in Scandinavia 

      Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Zemp, Niklaus; Bruederle, Leo P.; Stenøien, Hans K.; Widmer, Alex; Fior, Simone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Quaternary glaciations have played a major role in shaping the genetic diversity and distribution of plant species. Strong palaeoecological and genetic evidence supports a postglacial recolonization of most plant species ...
    • Position choice and swimming costs of juvenile Atlantic salmon salmo salar in turbulent flow 

      Wilkes, Martin A.; Enders, E. C.; Silva, Ana T.; Acreman, Mike; Maddock, Ian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Swimming costs (SCs) for fish have been shown to be affected by turbulence. However, this idea has not yet been implemented in habitat models, which often represent hydraulics using water velocity averaged over time and ...
    • Positioning of aquatic animals based on time-of-arrival and random walk models using YAPS (Yet Another Positioning Solver) 

      Baktoft, Henrik; Gjelland, Karl Øystein; Økland, Finn; Thygesen, Uffe Høgsbro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Aquatic positional telemetry offers vast opportunities to study in vivo behaviour of wild animals, but there is room for improvement in the data quality provided by current procedures for estimating positions. Here we ...
    • Positive impacts of important bird and biodiversity areas on wintering waterbirds under changing temperatures throughout Europe and North Africa 

      Pavòn-Jordàn, Diego; Abdou, Web; Azafzaf, Hichem; Balaž, Michal; Bino, Taulant; Borg, John J.; Božič, Luca; Butchart, Stuart H.M.; Clausen, Preben; Sniauksta, Laimonas; Dakki, Mohamed; Devos, Koen; Domsa, Cristi; Encarnaçao, Vitor; Etayeb, Khaled; Faragó, Sándor; Fox, Anthony D.; Frost, Teresa; Gaudard, Clemence; Georgiev, Valeri; Goratze, Irakli; Hornman, Menno; Keller, Verena; Kostiushyn, Vasiliy; Langendoen, Tom; Ławicki, Łukasz; Ieronymidou, Christina; Lewis, Lesley J.; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Luigujõe, Leho; Meissner, Wlodzimierz; Mikuska, Tibor; Molina, Blas; Musil, Petr; Musilova, Zuzana; Nagy, Szabolcs; Natykanets, Viktor; Nilsson, Leif; Paquet, Jean-Yves; Portolou, Danae; Ridzon, Josef; Santangeli, Andrea; Sayoud, Samir; Šćiban, Marko; Stipniece, Antra; Teufelbauer, Norbert; Topić, Goran; Uzunova, Danka; Vizi, Andrej; Wahl, Johannes; Yavuz, Kiraz E.; Zenatello, Marco; Lehikoinen, Aleksi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Migratory waterbirds require an effectively conserved cohesive network of wetland areas throughout their range and life-cycle. Under rapid climate change, protected area (PA) networks need to be able to accommodate ...
    • Post-1980 shifts in the sensitivity of boreal tree growth to North Atlantic Ocean dynamics and seasonal climate 

      Ols, Clementine; Trouet, Valerie; Girardin, Martin P.; Hofgaard, Annika; Bergeron, Yves; Drobyshev, Igor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The mid-20th century changes in North Atlantic Ocean dynamics, e.g. slow-down of the Atlantic meridional overturning thermohaline circulation (AMOC), have been considered as early signs of tipping points in the Earth climate ...
    • Practical application of spatial ecosystem service models to aid decision support 

      Zulian, Grazia; Stange, Erik; Woods, Helen; Carvalho, Laurence; Dick, Jan; Andrews, Christopher; Baró, Francesc; Vizcaino, Pilar; Barton, David Nicholas; Nowel, Megan; Rusch, Graciela; Autunes, Paula; Fernandes, João; Ferraz, Diogo; dos Santos, Rui Ferreira; Aszalós, Réka; Arany, Ildikó; Czúcz, Bálint; Priess, Joerg A.; Hoyer, Christian; Bürger-Patriciom, Gleiciani; Lapola, David; Mederly, Peter; Halabuk, Andrej; Bezak, Peter; Kopperoinen, Leena; Viinikka, Arto (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Ecosystem service (ES) spatial modelling is a key component of the integrated assessments designed to support policies and management practices aiming at environmental sustainability. ESTIMAP (‘‘Ecosystem Service Mapping ...
    • Predation or scavenging? Prey body condition influences decision-making in a facultative predator, the wolverine. Photo gallery 

      Mattisson, Jenny; Rauset, Geir Rune; Odden, John; Andrén, Henrik; Linnell, John Durrus; Persson, Jens (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      What determines whether a predator scavenges or kills its own prey? Using data on wolverines ( Gulo gulo ) in Scandinavia, we studied variation in diet and feeding strategies along a gradient of environmental productivity, ...
    • Predation or scavenging? Prey body condition influencesdecision-making in a facultative predator, the wolverine 

      Mattisson, Jenny; Rauset, Geir Rune; Odden, John; Andren, Henrik; Linnell, John Durrus; Persson, Jens (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The interaction between predators and their prey is a key factor driving population dynamics and shaping wildlife communities. Most predators will scavenge in addition to killing their own prey, which alters predation ...
    • Prediction of biodiversity hotspots in the Anthropocene: The case of veteran oaks 

      Skarpaas, Olav; Blumentrath, Stefan; Evju, Marianne; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Over the past centuries, humans have transformed large parts of the biosphere, and there is a growing need to understand and predict the distribution of biodiversity hotspots influenced by the presence of humans. Our basic ...
    • Prevailing weather conditions and dietcomposition affect chick growth and survival in the black-legged kittiwake 

      Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; May, Roelof Frans; Barrett, Robert; Langset, Magdalene; Sandercock, Brett; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      To identify priorities for management of seabirds during the breeding season, it is important to understand the ecological mechanisms driving chick growth and survival. In this study, we examined the effects of diet and ...
    • Prokelisia marginata (Van Duzee, 1897) (Hemiptera, Delphacidae) recorded for the first time in Northern Europe 

      Endrestøl, Anders; Almedal, Svein (Journal article, 2019)
      The Nearctic planthopper Prokelisia marginata (Van Duzee, 1897) (Hemiptera, Delphacidae) is native to the eastern coast of North America on its foodplant, the cordgrass Spartina alterniflora (Poaceae). Both the hostplant ...
    • Public beliefs about high-voltage powerlines in Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom: A comparative survey 

      Aas, Øystein; Devine-Wright, Patrick; Tangeland, Torvald; Batel, Susana; Ruud, Audun (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      As countries worldwide, and particularly in Europe, move to increase deployment of low carbon energy sources, significant investments in new transmission networks are planned. However, past cases of public opposition – ...
    • Public Opinions and use of various types of recreational infrastructure in boreal forest settings 

      Gundersen, Vegard; Vistad, Odd Inge (Peer reviewed, 2016)
      We have investigated public preferences for use intensity and visual quality of forest recreational infrastructure. Forest infrastructure covers five classes, along a continuum from unmarked paths to paved walkways. ...