Now showing items 43-62 of 679

    • Assessing the effectiveness of the Ramsar Convention in preserving wintering waterbirds in the Mediterranean 

      Gaget, E.; Le Viol, I.; Pavón-Jordán, Diego; Cazalis, V.; Kerbiriou, C.; Jiguet, F.; Popoff, N.; Dami, L.; Mondain-Monval, J.Y.; Defos du Rau, P.; Abdou, W.A.I.; Bozic, L.; Dakki, M.; Encarnação, V.M.F.; Erciyas-Yavuz, K.; Etayeb, K.S.; Molina, B.; Petkov, N.; Uzunova, D.; Zenatello, M.; Galewski, T. (Journal article, 2020)
      lthough biological conservation is based on international agreements, its effectiveness depends on how countries implement such recommendations as effective conservation tools. The Ramsar Convention is the oldest international ...
    • Assessing the effects of climate on host-parasite interactions: a comparative study of European birds and their parasites 

      Møller, Anders Pape; Merino, Santiago; Soler, Juan José; Antonov, Anton; Badás, Elisa P.; Calero-Torralbo, Miguel A.; de Lope, Florentino; Eeva, Tapio; Figuerola, Jordi; Flensted-Jensen, Einar; Garamszegi, László Zsolt; González-Braojos, Sonia; Gwinner, Helga; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Heylen, Dieter; Ilmone, Petteri; Klarborg, Kurt; Korpimäki, Erkki; Martínez, Javier; Martínez-de la Puente, Josue; Marzal, Alfonso; Matthysen, Erik; Matyjasiak, Piotr; Molina-Morales, Mercedes; Moreno, Juan; Mousseau, Timothy A.; Nielsen, Jan Tøttrup; Pap, Peter László; Rivero-de Aguilar, Juan; Shurulinkov, Peter; Slagsvold, Tore; Szép, Tibor; Szöllösi, Eszter; Török, Janos; Vaclav, Radovan; Valera, Fransisco; Ziane, Nadia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: Climate change potentially has important effects on distribution, abundance, transmission and virulence of parasites in wild populations of animals. Methodology/Principal Finding: Here we analyzed paired ...
    • Assessing the resilient provision of ecosystem services by social-ecological systems: introduction and theory 

      Sarkki, Simo; Ficko, Andrej; Wielgolaski, Frans Emil; Abraham, Eleni M.; Bratanova-Doncheva, Svetla; Grunewald, Karsten; Hofgaard, Annika; Holtmeier, Friedrich-Karl; Kyriazopoulos, Apostolos P.; Broll, Gabriele; Nijnik, Maria; Sutinen, Marja-Liisa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    • Assessing the Use of Artificial Hibernacula by the Great Crested Newt (Triturus cristatus) and Smooth Newt (Lissotriton vulgaris) in Cold Climate in Southeast Norway 

      Dervo, Børre Kind; Museth, Jon; Skurdal, Jostein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Construction of artificial overwintering habitats, hibernacula, or newt hotels, is an important mitigation measure for newt populations in urban and agricultural areas. We have monitored the use of four artificial hotels ...
    • At which spatial and temporal scales can fungi indicate habitat connectivity? 

      Nordén, Jenni; Åström, Jens; Josefsson, Torbjörn; Blumentrath, Stefan; Ovaskainen, Otso; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Nordén, Björn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Isolation of habitats in space and time affects species globally and in a multitude of ecosystems. It is however often difficult to assess the level of isolation from the point of view of the focal species. Indicator species ...
    • Attitudes towards returning wolves (Canis lupus) in Germany: exposure, information sources and trust matter 

      Arbieu, Ugo; Mehring, Marion; Bunnefeld, Nils; Kaczensky, Petra; Reinhardt, Ilka; Ansorge, Hermann; Böhning-Gaesea, Katrin; Glikman, Jenny A.; Kluth, Gesa; Nowak, Carsten; Müller, Thomas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Understanding how exposure and information affect public attitudes towards returning large carnivores in Europe is critical for human-carnivore coexistence, especially for developing efficient and de-escalating communication ...
    • “Å, nå telte han deg også” – er det noe vits da? 

      Wold, Line Camilla; Gundersen, Vegard; Fangel, Kirstin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Automatiske ferdselstellere benyttes i stadig flere naturområder. Vi får vite hvor mange mennesker som gikk her eller der. Vi sitter med et tall. Men hva sier tallene oss egentlig, og hvordan kan vi bruke dem i en adaptiv ...
    • Backcrossing of a capercaillie × black grouse hybrid male in the wild revealed with molecular marker 

      Kleven, Oddmund; Brøseth, Henrik; Jonassen, Kyrre; Pedersen, Hans Christian (Journal article, 2020)
      The black grouse Lyrurus tetrix and the capercaillie Tetrao urogallus are known to produce hybrids in wild populations. In general, these hybrids are regarded as infertile; however, conclusive evidence that F1-hybrids are ...
    • Barns lek i natur – i spennet fra selvutfoldelse til kontroll 

      Skår, Margrete; Follo, Gro Irene; Gundersen, Vegard; Ingebrigtsen, Kim; Stordal, Gjertrud; Tordsson, Bjørn Stefan; Wold, Line Camilla (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      I en 3-årig studie finansiert av Norges forskningsråds program Miljø 2015 (prosjektperiode 2012–2015) har vi i bred forstand undersøkt hvordan barn erfarer natur i dag. I denne artikkelen vil vi rette fokuset mot barns lek ...
    • Behavioral buffering of extreme weather events in a high-Arctic herbivore 

      Loe, Leif Egil; Hansen, Brage Bremset; Stien, Audun; Albon, Steve D.; Bischof, Richard; Carlsson, Anja M.; Irvine, Justin; Meland, Morten; Rivrud, Inger Maren; Ropstad, Erik; Veiberg, Vebjørn; Mysterud, Atle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      As global warming advances, there is a growing concern about the impact of extreme weather events on ecosystems. In the Arctic, more frequent unseasonal warm spells and rain-on- snow events in winter cause changes in ...
    • Behaviour and mortality of downstream migrating Atlantic salmon smolts at a small power station with multiple migration routes 

      Kärgenberg, Einar; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Järvekülg, Rein; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Saadre, Ene; Økland, Finn; Thalfeldt, Mart; Tambets, Meelis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Salmon smolts were released upstream of a run‐of‐river hydropower site and recaptured downstream for inspection. Descending fish behaviour through three possible migration routes (turbines, fishway, spillway) was analysed ...
    • Behaviour and survival of wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar captured and released while surveillance angling for escaped farmed salmon 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Liberg, Egil; Cooke, Steven J.; Uglem, Ingebrigt (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In many Norwegian rivers, spawning stocks are surveyed for escaped farmed salmon with surveillance fishing by rod and reel after the recreational angling season. However, the benefits of surveillance fishing depend on the ...
    • Being stressed outside the park — conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia 

      Hunninck, Louis; Ringstad, Iris; Jackson, Craig Ryan; May, Roelof Frans; Fossøy, Frode; Uiseb, Kenneth; Killian, Werner; Røskaft, Eivin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The conservation of the African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) is of prime importance for many African countries. Interactions between elephants and humans are known to induce stress and thereby have the potential ...
    • Benefits of restoring ecosystem services in urban areas 

      Elmqvist, Thomas; Setälä, H.; Handel, S.N.; van der Ploeg, S.; Aronson, J.; Blignaut, J.N.; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Nowak, D.J.; Kronenberg, J.; de Groot, R. (Journal article, 2015)
      Cities are a key nexus of the relationship between people and nature and are huge centers of demand for ecosystem services and also generate extremely large environmental impacts. Current projections of rapid expansion of ...
    • Berry production drives bottom – up effects on body mass and reproductive success in an omnivore 

      Hertel, Anne Gabriela; Bischof, Richard; Langval, Ola; Mysterud, Atle; Kindberg, Jonas; Swenson, Jon; Zedrosser, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Obligate herbivores dominate studies of the eff ects of climate change on mammals, however there is limited empirical evidence for how changes in the abundance or quality of plant food aff ect mammalian omnivores. Omnivores ...
    • Best practice for the use of scenarios for restoration planning 

      Metzger, Jean Paul; Esler, Karen; Krug, Cornelia; Arias, Melissa; Tambosi, Leandro; Crouzeilles, Renato; Acosta, André Luis; Brancalion, Pedro H.S.; D'Albertas, Francisco; Duarte, Gabriela Teixeira; Garcia, Letícia Couto; Grytnes, John-Arvid; Hagen, Dagmar; Jardim, André Vitor Fleuri; Kamiyama, Chiho; Latawiec, Agnieszka Ewa; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro; Ruggiero, Patricia G.C.; Sparovek, Gerd; Strassburg, Bernardo; Saraiva, Antonio Mauro; Joly, Carlos (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Scenarios are important tools to facilitate the communication among scientists, practitioners, and decision-makers, and, thus to support policy and management decisions. The use of scenarios has an enormous potential ...
    • Bias in estimates of electrofishing capture probability of juvenile Atlantic salmon 

      Hedger, Richard David; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Saksgård, Laila M.; Ugedal, Ola; Bremset, Gunnbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We evaluated the effect of the total number of passes used, and the application of block nets, on multi-pass electrofishing removal sampling for estimating juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) abundance and body size ...
    • Bigger, more diverse and better? Mapping structural diversity and its recreational value in urban green spaces 

      Soy Massoni, Emma; Barton, David Nicholas; Rusch, Graciela; Gundersen, Vegard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-07)
      Are bigger green spaces more diverse in terms of their natural and manmade elements? Does higher diversity mean they are more attractive to users and encourage more diversity of activities, and thereby provide a wider range ...
    • Biocide Treatment of Invasive Signal Crayfish: Successes, Failures and Lessons Learned 

      Peay, Stephanie; Johnsen, Stein Ivar; Bean, Colin W.; Dunn, Alison M.; Sandodden, Roar; Edsman, Lennart (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Signal crayfish, as an invasive alien species in Europe, have caused impacts on aquatic communities and losses of native crayfish. Eradication of recently established populations may be possible in small ponds (<2.5 ha) ...
    • Biodiversity may wax or wane depending on metrics or taxa 

      Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Ellingsen, Kari Elsa; Tveraa, Torkild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)