Now showing items 377-396 of 950

    • A global synthesis of ecosystem services provided and disrupted by freshwater bivalvemolluscs 

      Zieritz, Alexandra; Sousa, Ronaldo; Aldridge, David C.; Douda, Karel; Esteves, Eduardo; Ferreira-Rodríguez, Noé; Magerøy, Jon Hamner; Nizzoli, Daniele; Österling, Martin; Reis, Joaquim; Riccardi, Nicoletta; Daill, Daniel; Gumpinger, Clemens; Vaz, Ana Sofia (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Identification of ecosystem services, i.e. the contributions that ecosystems make to human well-being, has proven instru-mental in galvanising public and political support for safeguarding biodiversity and its benefits to ...
    • Global trends in aquatic animal tracking with acoustic telemetry 

      Matley, Jordan K.; Klinard, Natalie V.; Martins, Ana P. Barbosa; Aarestrup, Kim; Aspillaga, Eneko; Cooke, Steven J.; Cowley, Paul D.; Heupel, Michelle R.; Lowe, Christopher G.; Lowerre-Barbieri, Susan K.; Mitamura, Hiromichi; Moore, Jean-Sebastien; Simpfendorfer, Colin A.; Stokesbury, Michael J.W.; Taylor, Matthew D.; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Vandergoot, Christopher S.; Fisk, Aaron T. (Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Acoustic telemetry (AT) is a rapidly evolving technique used to track the movements of aquatic animals. As the capacity of AT research expands it is important to optimize its relevance to management while still pursuing ...
    • Globally consistent climate sensitivity of natural disturbances across boreal and temperate forest ecosystems 

      Seidl, Rupert; Honkaniemi, Juha; Aakala, Tuomas; Aleinikov, Alexey; Angelstam, Per; Bouchard, Mathieu; Boulanger, Yan; Burton, Philip J.; De Grandpré, Louis; Gauthier, Sylvie; Hansen, Winslow D.; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Jõgiste, Kalev; Kneeshaw, Daniel D.; Kuuluvainen, Timo; Lisitsyna, Olga; Makoto, Kobayashi; Mori, Akira S.; Pureswaran, Deepa S.; Shorohova, Ekaterina; Shubnitsina, Elena; Taylor, Anthony R.; Vladimirova, Nadezhda; Vodde, Floortje; Senf, Cornelius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Disturbance regimes are changing in forests across the world in response to global climate change. Despite the profound impacts of disturbances on ecosystem services and biodiversity, assessments of disturbances at the ...
    • GMSE: an R package for generalised management strategy evaluation 

      Duthie, A. Bradley; Cusack, Jeremy J.; Jones, Isabel L.; Minderman, Jeroen; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Pozo, Rocio A.; Rakotonarivo, O. Sarobidy; Van Moorter, Bram; Bunnefeld, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Management strategy evaluation MSE is a powerful tool for simulating all key aspects of natural resource management under conditions of uncertainty. 2. We present the R package GMSE, which applies genetic algorithms ...
    • Good-bye to tropical alpine plant giants under warmer climates? Loss of range and genetic diversity in Lobelia rhynchopetalum 

      Gelete, Desalegn Chala; Brochmann, Christian; Psomas, Achilleas; Ehrich, Dorothee; Gizaw, Abel; Masao, Catherine; Bakkestuen, Vegar; Zimmermann, Niklaus E (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The main aim of this paper is to address consequences of climate warming on loss of habitat and genetic diversity in the enigmatic tropical alpine giant rosette plants using the Ethiopian endemic Lobelia rhynchopetalum as ...
    • Goose management schemes to resolve conflicts with agriculture:Theory, practice and effects 

      Eythórsson, Einar; Tombre, Ingunn; Madsen, Jesper (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In 2012, the four countries hosting the Svalbard population of pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus along its flyway launched an International Species Management Plan for the population. One of the aims was to reduce ...
    • Governance of ecosystem services: A framework for empirical analysis 

      Primmer, Eeva; Jokinen, Pekka; Blicharska, Malgorzata; Barton, David Nicholas; Bugter, Rob; Potschin, Marion (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Biodiversity conservation policies justified with science and intrinsic value arguments have produced disappointing outcomes, and the need for conservation is now being additionally justified with the concept of ecosystem ...
    • Grazing and warming effects on shrub growth and plant 

      Løkken, Jørn Olav; Hofgaard, Annika; Dalen, Linda; Hytteborn, Håkan (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Questions: Vegetation in the forest–tundra ecotone faces changes in both climate and land‐use. While climate warming is an important driver of vegetation growth and composition, herbivory may have opposing effects. In ...
    • Green Apartheid: Urban green infrastructure remains unequally distributed across income and race geographies in South Africa 

      Venter, Alexander Samuel; Shackleton, Charlie M.; Van Staden, Francini; Selomane, Odirilwe; Masterson, Vanessa A. (Journal article, 2020)
      Urban green infrastructure provides ecosystem services that are essential to human wellbeing. A dearth of national-scale assessments in the Global South has precluded the ability to explore how political regimes, such as ...
    • Green urban cemeteries: more than just parks 

      Skår, Margrete; Nordh, Helena; Swensen, Grete (Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Inspired of Lefebvre’s and De Certau’s perspectives on social production of space, this study aims to explore cemeteries’ functions in urban life nowadays. Our starting point is that green urban cemeteries have two main ...
    • Growth variable-specific moisture and temperature limitations in co-occuring alpine tree and shrub species, central Himalayas, Nepal 

      Rayback, S.A.; Shrestha, K.B.; Hofgaard, Annika (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Trees and shrubs found in the forest-tundra ecotone (FTE) are considered to be highly sensitive to climate change, but their response to climatic drivers is only partially understood. We use dendrochronological techniques ...
    • Growth-enhanced salmon modify stream ecosystem functioning 

      Cucherousset, Julien; Sundt-Hansen, Line Elisabeth Breivik; Buoro, Mathieu; Zavorka, Libor; Lassus, Remy; Bækkelie, Knut Andreas Eikland; Fleming, Ian A.; Björnsson, Björn Thrandur; Johnsson, Jörgen I.; Hindar, Kjetil (Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Use of fast-growing domesticated and/or genetically modified strains of fish isbecoming increasingly common in aquaculture, increasing the likelihood of deliberateor accidental introductions into the wild. To date, their ...
    • Guarding crops from monkey troops: farmer-monkey interaction near a nature reserve in Guangxi, China 

      Li, Wenxiu; Von Essen, Erica (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    • Habitat connectivity affects specialist species richness more than generalists in veteran trees 

      Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Skarpaas, Olav; Blumentrath, Stefan; Birkemoe, Tone; Evju, Marianne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Intensified human land use continues to increase habitat loss and fragmentation, and leads to a homogenization of biodiversity. Specialized species with narrow niches seem to be declining more rapidly than generalist ...
    • Habitat connectivity and intra-population structure of an estuary-dependent fishery species 

      Childs, Amber-Robyn; Cowley, Paul D.; Næsje, Tor; Bennett, Rhett H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Habitat connectivity is a fundamental component of estuary-associated fish behaviour. Understanding this is critical to understanding population dynamics and the nursery role of estuarine habitats. This study aimed to ...
    • Habitat fragmentation has interactive effects on the population genetic diversity and individual behaviour of a freshwater salmonid fish 

      van Leeuwen, Casper; Dalen, Kristine; Museth, Jon; Junge, Claudia; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Sufficient genetic diversity can aid populations to persist in dynamic and fragmented environments. Understanding which mechanisms regulate genetic diversity of riverine fish can therefore advance current conservation ...
    • Habitat selection and space use of Upland Sandpipers at nonbreeding grounds 

      Alfaro, Matilde; Liguori, Luciano; Sandercock, Brett; Berazategui, Mauro; Arim, Matias (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Habitat requirements of migratory birds can be dynamic during the annual cycle, and understanding habitat use during the nonbreeding season is important for conservation planning. In grassland birds, habitat selection is ...
    • Habitat suitability models based on opportunistic citizen science data: Evaluating forecasts from alternative methods versus an individual-based model 

      Bradter, Ute; Ozgul, Arpat; Griesser, Michael; Layton-Matthews, Kate; Eggers, Jeannette; Singer, Alexander; Sandercock, Brett K.; Haverkamp, Paul J.; Snäll, Tord (Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Aim: To evaluate the utility of opportunistic data from citizen science programmes for forecasting species distributions against forecasts with a model of individualbased population dynamics. Location: Sweden. Methods: We ...
    • Half a century of genetic interaction between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: Status of knowledge and unanswered questions 

      Glover, Kevin; Solberg, Monica Favnebøe; McGinnity, Phil; Hindar, Kjetil; Verspoor, Eric; Coulson, Mark W.; Hansen, Michael Möller; Araki, Hitoshi; Skaala, Øystein; Svåsand, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is one of the best researched fishes, and its aquaculture plays a global role in the blue revolution. However, since the 1970s, tens of millions of farmed salmon have escaped into the wild. ...
    • Handbook of field sampling for multi-taxon biodiversity studies in European forests 

      Burrascano, Sabina; Trentanovi, Giovanni; Paillet, Yoan; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob; Giordani, Paolo; Bagella, Simonetta; Bravo-Oviedo, Andrés; Campagnaro, Thomas; Campanaro, Alessandro; Francesco, Chianucci; De Smedt, Pallieter; Itziar, García-Mijangos; Matošević, Dinka; Sitzia, Tommaso; Aszalós, Réka; Brazaitis, Gediminas; Andrea, Cutini; Ettore, D'Andrea; Doerfler, Inken; Hofmeisterr, Jeňýk; Hošeks, Jan; Janssen, Philippe; Rojas, Sebastian Kepfer; Korboulewsky, Nathalie; Kozák, Daniel; Lachat, Thibault; Lõhmus, Asko; Lopez, Rosana; Mårell, Anders; Matula, Radim; Mikoláš, Martin; Munzi, Silvana; Nordén, Björn; Pärtel, Meelis; Penner, Johannes; Runnel, Kadri; Schall, Peter; Svoboda, Miroslav; Tinya, Flóra; Ujházyová, Mariana; Vandekerkhove, Kris; Verheyen, Kris; Xystrakis, Fotios; Ódor, Péter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Forests host most terrestrial biodiversity and their sustainable management is crucial to halt biodiversity loss. Although scientific evidence indicates that sustainable forest management (SFM) should be assessed by ...