Now showing items 282-301 of 671

    • High inter‐ and intraspecific niche overlap among three sympatrically breeding, closely related seabird species: Generalist foraging as an adaptation to a highly variable environment? 

      Denhard, Nina; Achurch, Helen; Clarke, Judy; Michel, Loïc N.; Southwell, Colin; Sumner, Michael D.; Eens, Marcel; Emmerson, Louise (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      1. Ecological niche theory predicts sympatric species to show segregation in their spatio‐temporal habitat utilization or diet as a strategy to avoid competition. Similarly, within species individuals may specialize on ...
    • High levels of multiple paternity in a spermcast mating 

      Wacker, Sebastian; Larsen, Bjørn Mejdell; Jakobsen, Per; Karlsson, Sten (Journal article, 2018)
      Multiple paternity is an important characteristic of the genetic mating system and common across a wide range of taxa. Multiple paternity can increase within-population genotypic diversity, allowing selection to act on ...
    • High prevalence of vaterite in sagittal otoliths causes hearing impairment in farmed fish 

      Reimer, T.; Dempster, T.; Warren-Myers, F.; Jensen, Arne Johan; Swearer, S.E. (Peer reviewed, 2016)
    • High tolerance of a high-arctic willow and graminoid to simulated ice encasement 

      Bjerke, Jarle W.; Elverland, Ellen; Jaakola, Laura; Lund, Leidulf; Zagajewski, Bogdan; Bochenek, Zbigniew; Kłos, Andrzej; Tømmervik, Hans (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate change-induced snow thaw and subsequent accumulation of ice on the ground is a potential, major threat to snow-dominated ecosystems. While impacts of ground-ice on arctic wildlife are well explored, the impacts on ...
    • High-resolution modeling of uplift landscapes can inform micrositing of wind turbines for soaring raptors 

      Hanssen, Frank Ole; May, Roelof Frans; Nygård, Torgeir (Journal article, 2020)
      Collision risk of soaring birds is partly associated with updrafts to which they are attracted. To ident ify the risk-enhancinglandscape features, a micrositing tool was developed to model orographic and thermal updraft ...
    • Highways associated with expansion of boreal scavengers into the alpine tundra of Fennoscandia 

      Rød-Eriksen, Lars; Skrutvold, Johanna; Herfindal, Ivar; Jensen, Henrik; Eide, Nina Elisabeth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      1. Habitat fragmentation may affect species distributions through, for example, altered resource availability and shifts in species interactions. Fragmentation by roads has had negative impacts on Fennoscandian alpine ...
    • Historical human impact on Productivity and biodiversity in a subalpine oligotrophic lake in Scandinavia 

      Jensen, Thomas Correll; Zawiska, Izabela; Oksman, Mimmi; Słowiński, Michał; Woszczyk, Michał; Luoto, Tomi P.; Tylmann, Wojciech; Nevalainen, Liisa; Obremska, Milena; Schartau, Ann Kristin; Walseng, Bjørn (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We conducted a paleolimnological study to examine how changes in human activity interacted with climate to influence productivity and biodiversity over the past millennium in oligotrophic Lake Atnsjøen, SE Norway. The study ...
    • Historical human impact on Productivity and biodiversity in a subalpine oligotrophic lake in Scandinavia 

      Jensen, Thomas Correll; Zawiska, Izabela; Oksman, Mimmi; Słowiński, Michał; Woszczyk, Michał; Luoto, Tomi P.; Tylmann, Wojciech; Nevalainen, Liisa; Obremska, Milena; Schartau, Ann Kristin; Walseng, Bjørn (Journal article, 2019)
      We conducted a paleolimnological study to examine how changes in human activity interacted with climate to influence productivity and biodiversity over the past millennium in oligotrophic Lake Atnsjøen, SE Norway. The study ...
    • Holder fisketrappene mål i forhold til Vannforskriften? 

      Kraabøl, Morten; Museth, Jon; Skurdal, Jostein; Johnsen, Stein Ivar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
    • Home garden ecosystem services valuation through a gender lens: A case study in the Catalan Pyrenees 

      Calvet-Mir, Laura; March, Hugo; Corbacho-Monné, Daniel; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Reyes-García, Victoria (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Ecosystem services have become a critical issue in the environmental literature, however knowledge on whether women and men similarly value ecosystem services is still nascent. We aim at advancing the understanding of ...
    • Honningblom Herminium monorchis – overvåking av artens tre populasjoner på Hvaler 

      Kravdal, Liv Ingrid; Evju, Marianne; Klanderud, Kari (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The musk orchid Herminium monorchis (L.) R.Br. is one of Norway’s rarest vascular plants, listed as Critically Endangered in the Red-list for species. Since 2011 the species has also been listed as a Priority Species under ...
    • Host specificity drives genetic structure in a freshwater mussel 

      Wacker, Sebastian; Larsen, Bjørn Mejdell; Karlsson, Sten; Hindar, Kjetil (Journal article, 2019)
      Parasites often depend on their hosts for long distance transport, and genetic population structure can be strongly affected by host specificity and dispersal. Freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) populations ...
    • How many routes lead to migration? Comparison of methods to assess and characterize migratory movements 

      Cagnacci, Francesca; Focardi, Stefano; Ghisla, Anne; Van Moorter, Bram; Merril, Evelyn H.; Gurarie, Eliezer; Heurich, Marco; Mysterud, Atle; Linnell, John Durrus; Panzacchi, Manuela; May, Roelof Frans; Nygård, Torgeir; Rolandsen, Christer Moe; Hebblewhite, Mark (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Summary 1. Decreasing rate of migration in several species as a consequence of climate change and anthropic pressure, together with increasing evidence of space-use strategies intermediate between residency and complete ...
    • How natural capital delivers ecosystem services: a typology derived from a systematic review 

      Smith, A.C.; Harrison, P.A.; Pérez Soba, M.; Archaux, F.; Blicharska, M.; Egoh, B.N.; Erős, T.; Fabrega Domenech, N.; György, Á. I.; Haines-Young, R.; Li, S.; Lommelen, E.; Meiresonne, L.; Miguel Ayala, L.; Mononen, L.; Simpson, G.; Stange, Erik; Turkelboom, Francis; Uiterwijk, M.; Veerkamp, C.J.; Wyllie de Echeverria, V. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-29)
      There is no unified evidence base to help decision-makers understand how the multiple components of natural capital interact to deliver ecosystem services. We systematically reviewed 780 papers, recording how natural ...
    • How to induce defense responses in wild plant populations? Using bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) as example 

      Seldal, Tarald; Hegland, Stein Joar; Rydgren, Knut; Rodriguez-Saona, Cesar; Töpper, Joachim Paul (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Inducible plant defense is a beneficial strategy for plants, which imply that plants should allocate resources from growth and reproduction to defense when herbivores attack. Plant ecologist has often studied defense ...
    • Human behaviour can trigger large carnivore attacks in developed countries 

      Penteriani, Vincenzo; del Mar Delgado, Maria; Pinchera, Francesco; Naves, Javier; Fernández-Gil, Alberto; Kojola, Ilpo; Härkönen, Sauli; Norberg, Harri; Frank, Jens; Fedriani, José María; Sahlèn, Veroncia; Støen, Ole-Gunnar; Swenson, Jon; Wabakken, Petter; Pellegrini, Mario; Herrero, Stephen; López-Bao, José Vicente (Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The media and scientific literature are increasingly reporting an escalation of large carnivore attacks on humans in North America and Europe. Although rare compared to human fatalities by other wildlife, the media often ...
    • Human–wildlife conflict in India. Addressing the source 

      Miller, Jennie; Linnell, John Durrus; Athreya, Vidya; Sen, Subharanjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Approaches for resolving incidences of human–wildlife conflict such as predator attacks on people or livestock typically use methods that address physical loss but ignore social, cultural, and emotional trauma. To holistically ...
    • Hunter opinions on the management of migratory geese: a case of stakeholder involvement in adaptive harvest management 

      Holmgaard, Sanne Bech; Eythórsson, Einar; Tombre, Ingunn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Knowledge of hunter attitudes toward goose management is essential for the involvement of hunters in adaptive harvest management. Our study provides insight into processes of stakeholder involvement in adaptive harvest ...
    • Hunters as citizen scientists: Contributions to biodiversity monitoring in Europe 

      Cretois, Benjamin; Linnell, John Durrus; Grainger, Matthew; Nilsen, Erlend B.; Rød, Jan Ketil (Journal article, 2020)
      Monitoring biodiversity characteristics at large scales and with adequate resolution requires considerable effort and resources. Overall, there is clearly a huge scope for European hunters, a special and often overlooked ...
    • Hunting migratory geese: is there an optimal practice? 

      Jensen, Gitte Høj; Madsen, Jesper; Tombre, Ingunn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Since the mid-20th century, many European and North American goose populations have increased dramatically in numbers, causing conflict with agricultural interests in their staging and wintering areas. In some cases, to ...