Now showing items 262-281 of 679

    • Global change and ecosystem connectivity: how geese link fields of central Europe to eutrophication of Arctic freshwaters 

      Hessen, Dag Olav; Tombre, Ingunn; van Geest, Gerben; Alfsnes, Kristian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Migratory connectivity by birds may mutually affect different ecosystems over large distances. Populations of geese overwintering in southern areas while breeding in high-latitude ecosystems have increased strongly ...
    • Global phenological insensitivity to shifting ocean temperatures among seabirds 

      Keogan, Katharine; Daunt, Francis; Wanless, Sarah; Phillips, Richard A.; Walling, Craig A.; Agnew, Philippa; Ainley, David G.; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Ballard, Grant; Barrett, Robert T; Barton, Kerry J.; Bech, Claus; Becker, Peter; Berglund, Per-Arvid; Bollache, Loïc; Bond, Alexander L.; Bouwhuis, Sandra; Bradley, Russell W.; Burr, Zofia; Camphuysen, Kees; Catry, Paulo; Chiaradia, Andre; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Cuthbert, Richard; Dehnhard, Nina; Descamps, Sébastien; Diamond, Tony; Divoky, George; Drummond, Hugh; Dugger, Katie M.; Dunn, Michael J.; Emmerson, Louise; Erikstad, Kjell Einar; Fort, Jérôme; Fraser, William; Genovart, Meritxell; Gilg, Olivier; González-Solís, Jacob; Granadeiro, José Pedro; Grémillet, David; Hansen, Jannik; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Harris, Mike; Hedd, April; Hinke, Jefferson; Igual, José Manuel; Jahncke, Jaime; Jones, Ian; Kappes, Peter J.; Lang, Johannes; Langset, Magdalene; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Moe, Børge; Reiertsen, Tone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Reproductive timing in many taxa plays a key role in determining breeding productivity1, and is often sensitive to climatic conditions2. Current climate change may alter the timing of breeding at different rates across ...
    • Globally consistent climate sensitivity of natural disturbances across boreal and temperate forest ecosystems 

      Seidl, Rupert; Honkaniemi, Juha; Aakala, Tuomas; Aleinikov, Alexey; Angelstam, Per; Bouchard, Mathieu; Boulanger, Yan; Burton, Philip J.; De Grandpré, Louis; Gauthier, Sylvie; Hansen, Winslow D.; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Jõgiste, Kalev; Kneeshaw, Daniel D.; Kuuluvainen, Timo; Lisitsyna, Olga; Makoto, Kobayashi; Mori, Akira S.; Pureswaran, Deepa S.; Shorohova, Ekaterina; Shubnitsina, Elena; Taylor, Anthony R.; Vladimirova, Nadezhda; Vodde, Floortje; Senf, Cornelius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Disturbance regimes are changing in forests across the world in response to global climate change. Despite the profound impacts of disturbances on ecosystem services and biodiversity, assessments of disturbances at the ...
    • GMSE: an R package for generalised management strategy evaluation 

      Duthie, A. Bradley; Cusack, Jeremy J.; Jones, Isabel L.; Minderman, Jeroen; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Pozo, Rocio A.; Rakotonarivo, O. Sarobidy; Van Moorter, Bram; Bunnefeld, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Management strategy evaluation MSE is a powerful tool for simulating all key aspects of natural resource management under conditions of uncertainty. 2. We present the R package GMSE, which applies genetic algorithms ...
    • Good-bye to tropical alpine plant giants under warmer climates? Loss of range and genetic diversity in Lobelia rhynchopetalum 

      Gelete, Desalegn Chala; Brochmann, Christian; Psomas, Achilleas; Ehrich, Dorothee; Gizaw, Abel; Masao, Catherine; Bakkestuen, Vegar; Zimmermann, Niklaus E (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The main aim of this paper is to address consequences of climate warming on loss of habitat and genetic diversity in the enigmatic tropical alpine giant rosette plants using the Ethiopian endemic Lobelia rhynchopetalum as ...
    • Goose management schemes to resolve conflicts with agriculture:Theory, practice and effects 

      Eythórsson, Einar; Tombre, Ingunn; Madsen, Jesper (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In 2012, the four countries hosting the Svalbard population of pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus along its flyway launched an International Species Management Plan for the population. One of the aims was to reduce ...
    • Governance of ecosystem services: A framework for empirical analysis 

      Primmer, Eeva; Jokinen, Pekka; Blicharska, Malgorzata; Barton, David Nicholas; Bugter, Rob; Potschin, Marion (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Biodiversity conservation policies justified with science and intrinsic value arguments have produced disappointing outcomes, and the need for conservation is now being additionally justified with the concept of ecosystem ...
    • Grazing and warming effects on shrub growth and plant 

      Løkken, Jørn Olav; Hofgaard, Annika; Dalen, Linda; Hytteborn, Håkan (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Questions: Vegetation in the forest–tundra ecotone faces changes in both climate and land‐use. While climate warming is an important driver of vegetation growth and composition, herbivory may have opposing effects. In ...
    • Green Apartheid: Urban green infrastructure remains unequally distributed across income and race geographies in South Africa 

      Venter, Alexander Samuel; Shackleton, Charlie M.; Van Staden, Francini; Selomane, Odirilwe; Masterson, Vanessa A. (Journal article, 2020)
      Urban green infrastructure provides ecosystem services that are essential to human wellbeing. A dearth of national-scale assessments in the Global South has precluded the ability to explore how political regimes, such as ...
    • Green urban cemeteries: more than just parks 

      Skår, Margrete; Nordh, Helena; Swensen, Grete (Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Inspired of Lefebvre’s and De Certau’s perspectives on social production of space, this study aims to explore cemeteries’ functions in urban life nowadays. Our starting point is that green urban cemeteries have two main ...
    • Growth variable-specific moisture and temperature limitations in co-occuring alpine tree and shrub species, central Himalayas, Nepal 

      Rayback, S.A.; Shrestha, K.B.; Hofgaard, Annika (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Trees and shrubs found in the forest-tundra ecotone (FTE) are considered to be highly sensitive to climate change, but their response to climatic drivers is only partially understood. We use dendrochronological techniques ...
    • Habitat connectivity affects specialist species richness more than generalists in veteran trees 

      Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Skarpaas, Olav; Blumentrath, Stefan; Birkemoe, Tone; Evju, Marianne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Intensified human land use continues to increase habitat loss and fragmentation, and leads to a homogenization of biodiversity. Specialized species with narrow niches seem to be declining more rapidly than generalist ...
    • Habitat connectivity and intra-population structure of an estuary-dependent fishery species 

      Childs, Amber-Robyn; Cowley, Paul D.; Næsje, Tor; Bennett, Rhett H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Habitat connectivity is a fundamental component of estuary-associated fish behaviour. Understanding this is critical to understanding population dynamics and the nursery role of estuarine habitats. This study aimed to ...
    • Habitat fragmentation has interactive effects on the population genetic diversity and individual behaviour of a freshwater salmonid fish 

      van Leeuwen, Casper; Dalen, Kristine; Museth, Jon; Junge, Claudia; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Sufficient genetic diversity can aid populations to persist in dynamic and fragmented environments. Understanding which mechanisms regulate genetic diversity of riverine fish can therefore advance current conservation ...
    • Habitat selection and space use of Upland Sandpipers at nonbreeding grounds 

      Alfaro, Matilde; Liguori, Luciano; Sandercock, Brett; Berazategui, Mauro; Arim, Matias (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Habitat requirements of migratory birds can be dynamic during the annual cycle, and understanding habitat use during the nonbreeding season is important for conservation planning. In grassland birds, habitat selection is ...
    • Half a century of genetic interaction between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: Status of knowledge and unanswered questions 

      Glover, Kevin; Solberg, Monica Favnebøe; McGinnity, Phil; Hindar, Kjetil; Verspoor, Eric; Coulson, Mark W.; Hansen, Michael Möller; Araki, Hitoshi; Skaala, Øystein; Svåsand, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is one of the best researched fishes, and its aquaculture plays a global role in the blue revolution. However, since the 1970s, tens of millions of farmed salmon have escaped into the wild. ...
    • Harmonizing circumpolar monitoring of Arctic fox: benefits, opportunities, challenges and recommendations 

      Berteaux, Dominique; Thierry, Anne-Mathilde; Alisauskas, Ray; Angerbjörn, Anders; Buchel, Eric; Doronina, Liliya; Ehrich, Dorothee; Eide, Nina Elisabeth; Erlandsson, Rasmus; Flagstad, Øystein; Fuglei, Eva; Gilg, Olivier; Golstman, Mikhail; Henttonen, Heikki; Ims, Rolf Anker; Killengreen, Siw Turid; Kondratyev, Alexander V.; Kruchenkova, Elena; Kruckenberg, Helmut; Kulikova, Olga; Landa, Arild Magne; Lang, Johannes; Menyushina, Irina; Mikhnevich, Julia; Niemimaa, Jukka; Norén, Karin; Ollila, Tuomo; Ovsyanikov, Nikita; Pokrovskaya, Liya; Pokrovsky, Ivan G.; Rodnikova, Anna Y.; Roth, James D.; Sabard, Brigitte; Samelius, Gustaf; Schmidt, Niels-Martin; Sittler, Benoit; Sokolov, Aleksandr A.; Sokolova, Natalya A.; Stickney, Alice; Unnsteinsdóttir, Ester Rut; White, Paula A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council has developed pan-Arctic biodiversity monitoring plans to improve our ability to detect, understand and report on long-term change in Arctic biodiversity. The Arctic ...
    • Harvest models of small populations of a large carnivore using Bayesian forecasting 

      Andrén, Henrik; Hobbs, N. Thompson; Aronsson, Malin; Brøseth, Henrik; Chapron, Guillaume; Linnell, John Durrus; Odden, John; Persson, Jens; Nilssen, Erlend B. (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Harvesting large carnivores can be a management tool for meeting politically set goals for their desired abundance. However, harvesting carnivores creates its own set of conflicts in both society and among conservation ...
    • Harvest regulations and implementation uncertainty in small game harvest management 

      Moa, Pål Fossland; Eriksen, Lasse Frost; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      A main challenge in harvest management is to set policies that maximize the probability that management goals are met. While the management cycle includes multiple sources of uncertainty, only some of these has received ...
    • Hatching knowledge: a case study on the hybridization of local ecological knowledge and scientific knowledge in small-scale Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) cultivation in Norway 

      Harrison, Hannah Lee; Rybråten, Stine; Aas, Øystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We investigate drivers of hybridization of local ecological knowledge (LEK) and scientific knowledge (SK) in small-scale Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fisheries in western Norway through a case study from the Ørsta River. ...