Now showing items 242-261 of 671

    • Forests dynamics in the montane–alpine boundary: a comparative study using satellite imagery and climate data 

      Dinca, Lucian; Nita, Mihai Daniel; Hofgaard, Annika; Alados, Concepcion L.; Broll, Gabriele; Borz, Stelian Alexandru; Wertz, Bogdan; Monteiro, Antonio T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Over the past decades, the altitudinal and latitudinal advance of forest lines has increased due to global warming and the abandonment of less productive areas previously subject to agricultural activities. The intensity ...
    • Fragmentation in calcareous grasslands: species specialization matters 

      Olsen, Siri Lie; Evju, Marianne; Endrestøl, Anders (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Habitat fragmentation resulting from anthropogenic land-use change may negatively affect both biodiversity and ecosystem structure and function. However, susceptibility to fragmentation varies between species and may be ...
    • Framing pictures: A conceptual framework to identify and correct for biases in detection probability of camera traps enabling multi‐species comparison 

      Hofmeester, Tim R.; Cromsigt, Joris P.G.M.; Odden, John; Andrén, Henrik; Kindberg, Jonas; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Obtaining reliable species observations is of great importance in animal ecology and wildlife conservation. An increasing number of studies use camera traps (CTs) to study wildlife communities, and an increasing effort is ...
    • The freshwater shrimp Gammarus lacustris (Malacostraca, Amphipoda) in lakes on the Hardangervidda mountain plateau, southern Norway: distribution and environmental requirements 

      Qvenild, Tore; Hesthagen, Tore; Fjellheim, Arne (Journal article, 2020)
      Qvenild T, Hesthagen T and Fjellheim A. 2020. The freshwater shrimp Gammarus lacustris (Malacostraca, Amphipoda) in lakes on the Hardangervidda mountain plateau, southern Norway: distribution and environmental requirements. ...
    • From Svalbard to Siberia: Passerines breeding in the High Arctic also endure the Extreme cold of the Western Steppe 

      Snell, Katherine R. S.; Stokke, Bård Gunnar; Moksnes, Arne; Thorup, Kasper; Fossøy, Frode (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Few species are adapted to high latitudes, and many over-winter in milder climates with migrations involving extensive barrier crossings. By escaping extreme conditions for the majority of the year, physiological and ...
    • Functional groups of Sahelian trees in a semiarid agroforestry system of Senegal 

      Diémé, Joseph S.; Diouf, Mayécor; Armas, Cristina; Rusch, Graciela; Pugnaire, Francisco I. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Aims Addressing plant responses to water stress is critical to understand the structure of plant communities in water-limited environments and to forecast their resilience to future changes in climate. In a semiarid ...
    • Functional responses of four Sahelian tree species to resource availability 

      Diéme, Joseph S.; Armas, Cristina; Rusch, Graciela; Pugnaire, Francisco (Journal article, 2018-11-11)
      Plants experience a fluctuating environment in time and space that affects resource supply. As human impacts on the environment directly and indirectly alter resource availability, it is important to address plant responses ...
    • Fungal Planet description sheets: 785– 867 

      Crous, P.W.; Luangsa-ard, J.J.; Wingfield, M.J.; Carnegie, A.J.; Hernández-Restrepo, M.; Lombard, L.; Roux, J.; Barreto, R.W.; Baseia, I.G.; Cano-Lira, J.F.; Martin, M.P.; Morozova, O.V.; Stchigel, A.M.; Summerell, B.A.; Brandrud, Tor Erik; Dima, B.; Garcia, D.; Giraldo, A.; Guarro, J.; Gusmão, L.F.P.; Khamsuntorn, P.; Noordeloos, M.E.; Nuankaew, S.; Pinruan, U.; Rodríguez-Andrade, E.; Souza-Motta, C.M.; Thangavel, R.; van Iperen, A.L.; V.P., Abreu; Accioly, T.; Alves, J.L.; Andrade, J.P.; Bahram, M.; Baral, H.-O.; Barbier, E.; Barnes, C.W.; Bendiksen, Egil; Bernard, E.; Bezerra, J.D.P.; Bezerra, J.L.; Bizio, E.; Blair, J.E.; Bulyonkova, T.M.; Cabral, T.S.; Caiafa, M.V.; Cantillo, T.; Colmán, A.A.; Conceição, L.B.; Cruz, S.; Cunha, A.O.B.; Ryvarden, L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Angola, Gnomoniopsis angolensis and Pseudopithomyces angolensis on unknown host plants. Australia, Dothiora corymbiae on ...
    • Fungal Planet description sheets: 868–950 

      Crous, Pedro W.; Carnegie, A.J.; Wingfield, MJ; Sharma, R.; Mughini, G.; Noordeloos, Machiel E.; Santini, A; Shouche, YS; Bezerra, JDP; Dima, B*; Guarnaccia, V; Imrefi, I; Jurjevic, Z; Knapp, DG; Kovács, Gabor G.; Magistà, D; Perrone, G; Rämä, Teppo; Rebriev, Y.A.; Shivas, R.G.; Singh, S.M.; Souza-Motta, C.M.; Thangavel, R.; Adhapure, N.N.; Alexandrova, A.V.; Alfenas, R.F.; Alvarado, P.; Alves, A.L.; Andrade, D.A.; Andrade, J.P.; Barbosa, R.N.; Barli, A.; Barnes, C.W.; Baseia, I.G.; Bellanger, J.-M.; Berlanas, C.; Bessette, A.E.; Biketova, A.Yu.; Bomfim, F.S.; Brandrud, Tor Erik; Bransgrove, K.; Brito, A.C.Q.; Cano-Lira, J.F.; Cantillo, T.; Cavalcanti, A.D.; Cheewangkoon, R.; Chikowski, R.S.; Conforto, C.; Cordeiro, T.R.L.; Craine, J.D.; Cruz, R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Australia, Chaetomella pseudocircinoseta and Coniella pseudodiospyri on Eucalyptus microcorys leaves, Cladophialophora ...
    • Future forest distribution on Finnmarksvidda, North Norway 

      Karlsen, Stein Rune; Tømmervik, Hans; Johansen, Bernt; Riseth, Jan Åge (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Finnmarksvidda is Norway’s largest mountain plateau, located in the Arctic/alpineboreal transition area. The area is also a central winter grazing area for the reindeer herds of the indigenous Sámi people. This study ...
    • Gastropod grazing may prevent reintroduction of declining N-fixing epiphytic lichens in broadleaved deciduous forests 

      Gauslaa, Yngvar; Johlander, Stina; Nordén, Björn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We studied the potential to use reintroduction of two declining N-fixing flagship lichens to identify factors affecting failure or success in SW Swedish sites that had experienced substantially reduced acidification. After ...
    • Gene flow from domesticated escapes alters thelife history of wild Atlantic salmon 

      Bolstad, Geir Hysing; Hindar, Kjetil; Robertsen, Grethe; Jonsson, Bror; Sægrov, Harald; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Fiske, Peder; Jensen, Arne Johan; Urdal, Kurt; Næsje, Tor; Barlaup, Bjørn Torgeir; Florø-Larsen, Bjørn; Lo, Håvard; Niemela, Eero; Karlsson, Sten (Journal article, 2017)
      Interbreeding between domesticated and wild animals occurs in several species. This gene flow has long been anticipated to induce genetic changes in life-history traits of wild populations, thereby influencing population ...
    • Generic genetic differences between farmed and wild Atlantic Salmon identified from a 7K SNP-chip 

      Karlsson, Sten; Moen, Thomas; Lien, Sigbjørn; Glover, Kevin A.; Hindar, Kjetil (Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Genetic interactions between farmed and wild conspecifics are of special concern in fisheries where large numbers of domesticated individuals are released into the wild. In the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), selective ...
    • Genes suggest ancestral colour polymorphisms are shared across morphologically cryptic species in Arctic Bumblebees 

      Williams, Paul H.; Byvaltsev, Alexandr M.; Cederberg, Björn; Berezin, Mikhail V.; Ødegaard, Frode; Rasmussen, Claus Nygaard; Richardson, Leif L.; Huang, Jiaxing; Sheffield, Cory S.; Williams, Suzanne T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Our grasp of biodiversity is fine-tuned through the process of revisionary taxonomy. If species do exist in nature and can be discovered with available techniques, then we expect these revisions to converge on broadly ...
    • Genetic characterization of free-ranging Asiatic wild ass in Central Asia as a basis for future conservation strategies 

      Kaczensky, Petra; Kovtun, Ekaterina; Habibrakhmanov, Rustam; Hemami, Mahmoud‑Reza; Khaleghi, Amirhossein; Linnell, John Durrus; Rustamov, Eldar; Sklyarenko, Sergey; Walzer, Chris; Zuther, Steffen; Kuehn, Ralph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Loss of genetic diversity due to drift and inbreeding reduces a population’s ability to respond to environmental change and may result in inbreeding depression. The Asiatic wild ass (Equus hemionus), regionally also known ...
    • Geographic variation in the intensity of warming and phenological mismatch between Arctic shorebirds and invertebrates 

      Kwon, Eunbi; Weiser, Emily L.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Brown, Stephen C.; Gates, Heather R.; Gilchrist, Grant; Kendall, Steve J.; Lank, David B.; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; McKinnon, Laura; Nol, Erica; Payer, David C.; Rausch, Jennie; Rinella, Daniel J.; Saalfeld, Sarah T.; Senner, Nathan R.; Smith, Paul A.; Ward, David; Wisseman, Robert W.; Sandercock, Brett (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Responses to climate change can vary across functional groups and trophic levels, leading to a temporal decoupling of trophic interactions or “phenological mismatches.” Despite a growing number of single-species studies ...
    • Global change and ecosystem connectivity: how geese link fields of central Europe to eutrophication of Arctic freshwaters 

      Hessen, Dag Olav; Tombre, Ingunn; van Geest, Gerben; Alfsnes, Kristian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Migratory connectivity by birds may mutually affect different ecosystems over large distances. Populations of geese overwintering in southern areas while breeding in high-latitude ecosystems have increased strongly ...
    • Global phenological insensitivity to shifting ocean temperatures among seabirds 

      Keogan, Katharine; Daunt, Francis; Wanless, Sarah; Phillips, Richard A.; Walling, Craig A.; Agnew, Philippa; Ainley, David G.; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Ballard, Grant; Barrett, Robert T; Barton, Kerry J.; Bech, Claus; Becker, Peter; Berglund, Per-Arvid; Bollache, Loïc; Bond, Alexander L.; Bouwhuis, Sandra; Bradley, Russell W.; Burr, Zofia; Camphuysen, Kees; Catry, Paulo; Chiaradia, Andre; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Cuthbert, Richard; Dehnhard, Nina; Descamps, Sébastien; Diamond, Tony; Divoky, George; Drummond, Hugh; Dugger, Katie M.; Dunn, Michael J.; Emmerson, Louise; Erikstad, Kjell Einar; Fort, Jérôme; Fraser, William; Genovart, Meritxell; Gilg, Olivier; González-Solís, Jacob; Granadeiro, José Pedro; Grémillet, David; Hansen, Jannik; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Harris, Mike; Hedd, April; Hinke, Jefferson; Igual, José Manuel; Jahncke, Jaime; Jones, Ian; Kappes, Peter J.; Lang, Johannes; Langset, Magdalene; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Moe, Børge; Reiertsen, Tone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Reproductive timing in many taxa plays a key role in determining breeding productivity1, and is often sensitive to climatic conditions2. Current climate change may alter the timing of breeding at different rates across ...
    • Globally consistent climate sensitivity of natural disturbances across boreal and temperate forest ecosystems 

      Seidl, Rupert; Honkaniemi, Juha; Aakala, Tuomas; Aleinikov, Alexey; Angelstam, Per; Bouchard, Mathieu; Boulanger, Yan; Burton, Philip J.; De Grandpré, Louis; Gauthier, Sylvie; Hansen, Winslow D.; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Jõgiste, Kalev; Kneeshaw, Daniel D.; Kuuluvainen, Timo; Lisitsyna, Olga; Makoto, Kobayashi; Mori, Akira S.; Pureswaran, Deepa S.; Shorohova, Ekaterina; Shubnitsina, Elena; Taylor, Anthony R.; Vladimirova, Nadezhda; Vodde, Floortje; Senf, Cornelius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Disturbance regimes are changing in forests across the world in response to global climate change. Despite the profound impacts of disturbances on ecosystem services and biodiversity, assessments of disturbances at the ...
    • GMSE: an R package for generalised management strategy evaluation 

      Duthie, A. Bradley; Cusack, Jeremy J.; Jones, Isabel L.; Minderman, Jeroen; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Pozo, Rocio A.; Rakotonarivo, O. Sarobidy; Van Moorter, Bram; Bunnefeld, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Management strategy evaluation MSE is a powerful tool for simulating all key aspects of natural resource management under conditions of uncertainty. 2. We present the R package GMSE, which applies genetic algorithms ...