Now showing items 23-42 of 671

    • Aligning evidence generation and use across health, development, and environment 

      Tallis, Heather; Kreis, Katharine; Olander, Lydia; Ringler, Claudia; Ameyaw, David; Borsuk, Mark E.; Fletscher, Diana; Game, Edward; Gilligan, Daniel O.; Jeuland, Marc; Kennedy, Gina; Masuda, Yuta J.; Mehta, Sumi; Miller, Nicholas; Parker, Megan; Pollino, Carmel; Rajaratnam, Julie; Wilkie, David; Zhang, Wei; Ahmed, Selena; Ajayi, Oluyede C.; Alderman, Harold; Arhonditsis, George; Azevedo, Ines; Badola, Ruchi; Bailis, Rob; Balvanera, Patricia; Barbour, Emiliy; Bardini, Mark; Barton, David Nicholas; Baumgartner, Jill; Benton, Tim G.; Bobrow, Emily; Bossio, Deborah; Boström, Ann; Braimoh, Ademola; Brondizio, Eduardo; Brown, Joe; Bryant, Benjamin P.; Calder, Ryan S.D.; Chaplinn-Kramer, Becky; Cullen, Allison; DeMello, Nicole; Dickinson, Katherine L.; Ebi, Kristie L.; Eves, Heather E.; Fanzoo, Jessica (Journal article, 2019)
      Tallis, Heather; Kreis, Katharine; Olander, Lydia; Ringler, Claudia; Ameyaw, David; Borsuk, Mark E.; Fletschner, Diana; Game, Edward; Gilligan, Daniel O.; Jeuland, Marc; Kennedy, Gina; Masuda, Yuta J.; Mehta, Sumi; Miller, ...
    • All carnivores are not equal in the rural people's view. Should we develop conservation plans for functional guilds or individual species in the face of conflicts? 

      Trajçe, Aleksandër; Ivanov, Gjorge; Keçi, Erjola; Majic, Aleksandra; Melovski, Dime; Mersini, Kujtim; Mustafa, Sabit; Skrbinsek, Tomaz; Stojanov, Aleksandar; Todorovska, Aleksandra; von Arx, Manuela; Linnell, John D.C. (Peer reviewed, 2019)
    • Allelic Variation in a Willow Warbler Genomic Region Is Associated with Climate Clines 

      Larson, Keith W; Liedvogel, Miriam; Addison, BriAnne; Kleven, Oddmund; Laskemoen, Terje; Lifjeld, Jan Terje; Lundberg, Max; Åkesson, Susanne; Bensch, Staffan (Journal article, 2014)
      Local adaptation is an important process contributing to population differentiation which can occur in continuous or isolated populations connected by various amounts of gene flow. The willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) ...
    • Allometric scaling of intraspecific space use 

      Rosten, Carolyn; Gozlan, Rudolphe E.; Lucas, Martyn C. (Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Allometric scaling relationships enable exploration of animal space-use patterns, yet interspecific studies cannot address many of the underlying mechanisms.We present the first intraspecific study of home range (HR) ...
    • Alpine bullhead (Cottus poecilopus Heckel): a potential refuge for Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957 (Monogenea) 

      Bakke, Tor A.; Paterson, Rachel; Cable, Jo (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The notifiable freshwater pathogen Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957 tends to be a generalist in contrast to other monogeneans. Whilst it causes most damage to its primary host, the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar Linnaeus), ...
    • Alpine garden plants from six continents show high vulnerability to ice encasement 

      Bjerke, Jarle W.; Elvebakk, Arve; Tømmervik, Hans (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Icy surfaces impose challenges for northern societies, wildlife and agriculture. However, there have been relatively few studies of the impacts of anoxic ground ice on non-agricultural plants. During the winter of 2009–2010, ...
    • An illustrated key to the cuckoo wasps (Hymenoptera, Chrysididae) of the Nordic and Baltic countries, with description of a new species 

      Paukkunen, Juho; Berg, Alexander; Soon, Villu; Ødegaard, Frode; Rosa, Paolo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The Chrysididae are a group of cleptoparasitic and parasitoid aculeate wasps with a large number of rare and endangered species. The taxonomy of this group has long been confusing due to the similarity of species and ...
    • Anisomeridium viridescens and Arthopyrenia callunae, two pyrenolichens new to Fennoscandia 

      Nordén, Björn; Aptroot, André (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Lichens with perithecioid ascomata (‘pyrenolichens’), especially weakly lichenized species, are poorly known in Norway, and Fennoscandia. Several new country records for Norway have been published recently (Nordén et al. ...
    • Annual adult survival drives trends in Arctic-breeding shorebirds but knowledge gaps in other vital rates remain 

      Weiser, Emily L.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Brown, Stephen C.; Gates, H. River; Bêty, Joël; Boldenow, Megan L.; Brook, Rodney W.; Brown, Glen S.; English, Willow B.; Flemming, Scott A.; Franks, Samantha E.; Gilchrist, H. Grant; Giroux, Marie-Andrée; Johnson, Andrew; Koloski, Laura; Kwon, Eunbi; Lamarre, Jean-François; Lank, David B.; Latty, Christopher J.; Lecomte, Nicolas; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; McGuire, Rebecca L.; McKinnon, Laura; Nol, Erica; Payer, David; Perz, Johanna; Rausch, Jennie; Robards, Martin; Saalfeld, Sarah T.; Senner, Nathan R.; Smith, Paul A.; Soloviev, Mikhail; Solovyeva, Diana; Ward, David H.; Woodard, Paul F.; Sandercock, Brett; Kendall, Steve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Conservation status and management priorities are often informed by population trends. Trend estimates can be derived from population surveys or models, but both methods are associated with sources of uncertainty. Many ...
    • Antarctic petrels ‘on the ice rocks’: wintering strategy of an Antarctic seabird 

      Delord, Karine; Kato, A.; Tarroux, Arnaud; Orgeret, F.; Cotté, C.; Ropert-Coudert, Yan; Cherel, Y.; Descamps, Sebastien (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      There is a paucity of information on the foraging ecology, especially individual use of sea-ice features and icebergs, over the non-breeding season in many seabird species. Using geolocators and stable isotopes, we defined ...
    • Anti-parasite treatment and blood biochemistry in raptor nestlings 

      Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Sonne, Christian; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Schnug, Lisbeth; Bourgeon, Sophie; Ballesteros, Manuel; Eulaers, Igor; Moum, Truls Borg; Johnsen, Trond Vidar; Kjelgaard-Hansen, Mads; Herzke, Dorte; Jaspers, Veerle; Covaci, Adrian; Eens, Marcel; Halley, Duncan John; Erikstad, Kjell Einar; Ims, Rolf Anker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We investigated the effects of parasite removal on various blood clinical–chemical variables (BCCVs). BCCVs are indicators of health, reflecting, e.g., homeostasis of liver, kidney function, and bone metabolism. The study ...
    • Application of Landsat-derived vegetation trends over South Africa: Potential for monitoring land degradation and restoration 

      Venter, Alexander Samuel; Scott, Samantha Luise; Desmet, Philip G.; Hoffmann, Michael Timm (Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Monitoring vegetation change is important because the nature, extent and rate of change in key measures, such as plant biomass, cover and species composition, provides critical insight into broader environmental and land ...
    • Arctic avian predators synchronise their spring migration with the northern progression of snowmelt 

      Curk, Teja; Pokrovsky, Ivan; Lecomte, Nicolas; Aarvak, Tomas; Burnham, Kurt; Dietz, Andreas; Franke, Alastair; Gauthier, Gilles; Jacobsen, Karl-Otto; Kidd, Jeff; Lewis, Stephen B.; Øien, Ingar J.; Solheim, Roar; Wiebe, Karen; Wikelski, Martin; Therrien, Jean-François; Safi, Kamran (Journal article, 2020)
    • Arctic browning: extreme events and trends reversing arctic greening 

      Phoenix, G. K.; Bjerke, Jarle W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    • Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) re-established in a formerly acidified and highly dilute mountain lake under declining acidic deposition 

      Hesthagen, Trygve H.; Saksgård, Randi J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Arctic charr in Rondvatn, a formerly highly acidified mountain lake in southern Norway, was re-established through stocking. The population became extinct during the early 1980s when the lake had an annual mean pH of ...
    • Arctic greening from warming promotes declines in caribou populations 

      Fauchald, Per; Park, Taejin; Tømmervik, Hans; Myneni, Ranga B.; Hausner, Vera Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Themigratory tundra caribou herds in North America follow decadal population cycles, and browsing from abundant caribou could be expected to counteract the current climate-driven expansion of shrubs in the circumpolar ...
    • Area use and movement patterns of wild and escaped farmed Atlantic salmon before and during spawning in a large Norwegian river 

      Moe, Karina; Næsje, Tor; Haugen, Thrond Oddvar; Ulvan, Eva Marita; Aronsen, Tonje; Sandnes, Tomas; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak (Journal article, 2016)
      We compared the within-river movements and distribution of wild and escaped farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar before and during spawning in the Namsen river system of Central Norway. A total of 74 wild and 43 escaped ...
    • Assessing ecosystem services from multifunctional trees in pastures using Bayesian belief networks 

      Barton, David Nicholas; Benjamin, Tamara; Cerdán, Carlos R.; DeClerck, Fabrice; Madsen, Anders L.; Rusch, Graciela; Salazar, Álvaro; Sánchez, Dalia; Villanueva, Cristóbal (Journal article, 2016)
    • Assessing incidental bycatch of seabirds in Norwegian coastal commercial fisheries: Empirical and methodological lessons 

      Fangel, Kirstin; Aas, Øystein; Vølstad, Jon Helge; Bærum, Kim Magnus; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Nedreaas, Kjell Harald; Overvik, Modolf; Wold, Line Camilla; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      With diminishing seabird populations and little knowledge on incidental bycatch in fisheries in the Northeast Atlantic, this study aimed to screen seabird bycatch in Norwegian coastal fisheries in 2009. The purpose was ...
    • Assessing the consequences of habitat fragmentation for two migratory salmonid fishes 

      Junge, Claudia; Museth, Jon; Hindar, Kjetil; Kraabøl, Morten; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      1. Man-made barriers such as dams affect the movement of aquatic species, reducing gene flow and Genetic variability. Such encroachments may also lead to selective changes in life history and behaviour. Hydropower construction ...