Now showing items 206-225 of 679

    • Estrategias de los árboles para el uso eficiente del agua y tolerancia a la sequía en sistemas silvopastoriles 

      Bucheli, Pilar; Benjamin, Tamara; Rusch, Graciela; Ibrahim, Muhammad; Casals, Pere; Sánchez, Dalia; Pugnaire, Francisco (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      La adquisición de recursos del suelo por las plantas depende de la especie, las características del suelo y de otros factores del medio ambiente local. El fin de este estudio fue conocer la distribución y los tipos de ...
    • Eurasian lynx fitness shows little variation across Scandinavian human-dominated landscapes 

      López-Bao, José Vicente; Aronsson, Malin; Linnell, John Durrus; Odden, John; Persson, Jens; Andrén, Henrik (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Despite extensive research on the ecology and behavioural adaptations of large carnivores in humandominated landscapes, information about the fitness consequences of sharing landscapes is still limited. We assessed the ...
    • European catfsh (Silurus glanis) as a freshwater apex predator drives ecosystem via its diet adaptability 

      Vejřík, Lukáš; Vejříková, Ivana; Blabolil, Petr; Eloranta, Antti; Kočvara, Luboš; Peterka, Jiří; Sajdlová, Zuzana; The Chung, Son Hoang; Šmejkal, Marek; Kiljunen, Mikko; Cech, Martin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Apex predators play a key role in ecosystem stability across environments but their numbers in general are decreasing. By contrast, European catfish (Silurus glanis), the European freshwater apex predator, is on the increase. ...
    • European eel Anguilla anguilla compromise speed for safety in the early marine spawning migration 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Økland, Finn; Mitamura, Hiromichi; Cooke, Steven J.; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      There are substantial benefits to potential fitness conferred to animals that undertake migrations. However, animals must make compromises to maximize survival and compensate for the risks associated with long-distance ...
    • European mushroom assemblages are darker in cold climates 

      Franz-Sebastian, Krah; Büntgen, Ulf; Schaefer, Hanno; Müller, Jörg; Andrew, Carrie; Boddy, Lynne; Diez, Jeffrey; Egli, Simon; Freckleton, Robert; Gange, Alan C.; Halvorsen, Rune; Heegaard, Einar; Heideroth, Antje; Heibl, Christoph; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob; Høiland, Klaus; Kar, Ritwika; Kauserud, Håvard; Kirk, Paul M.; Kuyper, Thomas W.; Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard; Nordén, Jenni; Papastefanou, Phillip; Senn-Irlet, Beatrice; Bässler, Claus (Peer reviewed, 2019)
    • Evaluating citizen science data for forecasting species responses to national forest management 

      Mair, Louise; Harrison, Philip J.; Jönsson, Mari; Löbel, Swantje; Nordén, Jenni; Siitonen, Juha; Lãmås, Tomas; Lundström, Anders; Snäll, Tord (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The extensive spatial and temporal coverage of many citizen science datasets (CSD) makes them appealing for use in species distribution modeling and forecasting. However, a frequent limitation is the inability to validate ...
    • Evaluating cumulative effects of small scale hydropower development using GIS modelling and representativeness assessments 

      Erikstad, Lars; Hagen, Dagmar; Stange, Erik; Bakkestuen, Vegar (Journal article, 2020)
      Assessing cumulative effects are a vital task for strategic environmental assessments (SEA) but lack of consistent methodology has hampered the development and implementation of useful tools. We present a model for GIS and ...
    • Evaluating interactions of forestconservation policies on avoided deforestation 

      Roballino, Juan; Sandoval, Catalina; Barton, David Nicholas; Chacon, Adriana; Pfaff, Alexander (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      We estimate the effects on deforestation that have resulted from policy interactions between parks and payments and between park buffers and payments in Costa Rica between 2000 and 2005. We show that the characteristics ...
    • Evaluating the process of ecological restoration 

      Nilsson, Christer; Aradóttir, Ása L.; Hagen, Dagmar; Halldórsson, G.; Høegh, K.; Mitchell, Ruth J.; Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten; Svavarsdottir, Kristin; Tolvanen, Anne; Wilson, Scott D. (Journal article, 2016)
      We developed a conceptual framework for evaluating the process of ecological restoration and applied it to 10 examples of restoration projects in the northern hemisphere. We identified three major phases, planning, ...
    • Evaluating the Ryman–Laikre effect for marine stock enhancement and aquaculture 

      Waples, Robin S.; Hard, Jeffrey J.; Hindar, Kjetil; Karlsson, Sten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The Ryman–Laikre (R-L) effect is an increase in inbreeding and a reduction in total effective population size (NeT) in a combined captive–wild system, which arises when a few captive parents produce large numbers of ...
    • Evaluating the use of local ecological knowledge (LEK) in determining habitat preference and occurrence of multiple large carnivores 

      Madsen, Emily K.; Elliot, Nicholas B.; Mjingo, Ernest E.; Masenga, Emmanuel H.; Jackson, Craig Ryan; May, Roelof Frans; Røskaft, Eivin; Broekhuis, Femke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Understanding habitat preferences and distribution of threatened species is a cornerstone of conservation, however many of the techniques available can be resource intensive. One cost-effective method is by collecting ...
    • EviAtlas: A tool for visualising evidence synthesis databases 

      Haddaway, Neal R.; Feierman, Andrew; Grainger, Matthew; Gray, Charles T.; Tanriver-Ayder, Ezgi; Dhaubanjar, Sanita; Westgate, Martin J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Systematic mapping assesses the nature of an evidence base, answering how much evidence exists on a particular topic. Perhaps the most useful outputs of a systematic map are an interactive database of studies and their ...
    • Evidence for the linkage of survival of anadromous Arctic char and brown trout during winter to marine growth during the previous summer 

      Jensen, Arne Johan; Finstad, Bengt; Fiske, Peder (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    • Evolution of female promiscuity in Passerides songbirds 

      Lifjeld, Jan Terje; Gohli, Jostein; Albrecht, Tomas; Garcia-del-Rey, Eduardo; Johannessen, Lars Erik; Kleven, Oddmund; Marki, Petter Z.; Omotoriogun, Taiwo Crossby; Rowe, Melissah; Johnsen, Arild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background: Female promiscuity is highly variable among birds, and particularly among songbirds. Comparative work has identified several patterns of covariation with social, sexual, ecological and life history traits. ...
    • Evolutionary analysis of the female-specific avianW chromosome 

      Smeds, Linnea; Warmuth, Vera; Bolivar, Paulina; Uebbing, Severin; Burri, Reto; Suh, Alexander; Nater, Alexander; Bures, Stanislav; Garamszegi, Laszlo Z.; Hogner, Silje; Moreno, Juan; Qvarnström, Anna; Ruzic, Milan; Sæther, Stein Are; Sætre, Glenn-Peter; Torok, Janos; Ellegren, Hans (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The typically repetitive nature of the sex-limited chromosome means that it is often excluded from or poorly covered in genome assemblies, hindering studies of evolutionary and population genomic processes in non-recombining ...
    • Evolutionary responses to a changing climate: Implications for reindeer population viability 

      Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      If we want to understand how climate change affects long-lived organisms, we must know how individuals allocate resources between current reproduction and survival. This trade-off is affected by expected environmental ...
    • Evolutionary signals of selection on cognition from the great tit genome and methylome 

      Laine, Veronika N.; Gossmann, Toni; Schachtschneider, Kyle M.; Garroway, Colin J.; Madsen, Ole; Verhoeven, Koen J.F.; de Jager, Victor; Megens, Hendrik-Jan; Warren, Wesley C.; Minx, Patrick; Crooijmans, Richard P.M.A.; Corcoran, Pádraic; Adriaensen, Frank; Belda, Eduardo; Bushuev, Andrey; Cichon, Mariusz; Charmantier, Anne; Dingemanse, Niels; Doligez, Blandine; Eeva, Tapio; Erikstad, Kjell E; Fedorov, Slava; Hau, Michaela; Hille, Sabine; Hinde, Camilla; Kempenaers, Bart; Kerimov, Anvar; Krist, Milos; Mand, Raivo; Matthysen, Erik; Nager, Reudi; Norte, Claudia; Orell, Markku; Richner, Heinz; Slagsvold, Tore; Tilgar, Vallo; Tinbergen, Joost; Torok, Janos; Tschirren, Barbara; Yuta, Tera; Sheldon, Ben C.; Slate, Jon; Zeng, Kai; van Oers, Kees; Visser, Marcel E.; Groenen, Martien A.M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      For over 50 years, the great tit (Parus major) has been a model species for research in evolutionary, ecological and behavioural research; in particular, learning and cognition have been intensively studied. Here, to ...
    • Exclusion of invertebrates influences saprotrophic fungal community and wood decay rate in an experimental field study 

      Jacobsen, Rannveig Margrete; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Kauserud, Håvard; Mundra, Sunil; Birkemoe, Tone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Decomposer communities perform an essential ecosystem function by recycling nutrients. However, the effect of higher trophic levels on microbial decomposer communities and rate of decomposition is poorly understood. We ...
    • Expansion speed as a generic measure of spread for alien species 

      Sandvik, Hanno (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The ecological impact of alien species is a function of the area colonised. Impact assessments of alien species are thus incomplete unless they take the spatial component of invasion processes into account. This paper ...
    • Experimental hydraulics on fish-friendly trash-racks: an ecological approach 

      Szabo-Meszaros, Marcell; Navaratnam, Christy Ushanth; Aberle, Jochen; Silva, Ana T.; Forseth, Torbjørn; Calles, Olle; Fjeldstad, Hans-Petter; Alfredsen, Knut (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)