Now showing items 1282-1301 of 1392

    • Time series analysis reveals synchrony and asynchrony between conflict management effort and increasing large grazing bird populations in northern Europe 

      Cusack, Jeremy J.; Duthie, Brad; Rakotonarivo, Sarobidy; Pozo, Rocio A.; Mason, Tom H.E.; Månsson, Johan; Nilsson, Lovisa; Tombre, Ingunn; Eythórsson, Einar; Madsen, Jesper; Tulloch, Ayesha; Hearn, Richard D.; Redpath, Steve; Bunnefeld, Nils (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      The management of conflicts between wildlife conservation and agricultural practices often involves the implementation of strategies aimed at reducing the cost of wildlife impacts on crops. Vital to the success of these ...
    • Timing and pattern of annual silver eel migration in two European watersheds are determined by similar cues 

      Sandlund, Odd Terje; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Poole, Russell; Bergesen, Knut Aanestad; Dillane, Mary; Rogan, Gerard; Durif, Caroline; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Many animals perform long-distance migrations in order to maximize lifetime reproductive success. The European eel migrates several thousand kilometers between their feeding habitats in continental waters (fresh-,brackish, ...
    • Timing and synchrony of birth in Eurasian lynx across Europe 

      Mattisson, Jenny; Linnell, John Durrus; Anders, Ole; Belotti, Elisa; Breitenmoser-Würsten, Christine; Bufka, Ludek; Fuxjäger, Christian; Heurich, Marco Dietmar; Ivanov, Gjorge; Jędrzejewski, Włodzimierz; Kont, Radio; Kowalczyk, Rafał; Krofel, Miha; Melovski, Dime; Mengüllüoğlu, Deniz; Middelhoff, Tomma Lilli; Molinari-Jobin, Anja; Odden, John; Ozoliņš, Jānis; Okarma, Henryk; Persson, Jens; Schmidt, Krzysztof; Vogt, Kristina; Zimmermann, Fridolin; Andrén, Henrik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The ecology and evolution of reproductive timing and synchrony have been a topic of great interest in evolutionary ecology for decades. Originally motivated by questions related to behavioral and reproductive adaptation ...
    • Timing is everything: Survival of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar postsmolts during events of high salmon lice densities 

      Bøhn, Thomas; Gjelland, Karl Øystein; Serra-Llinares, Rosa Maria; Finstad, Bengt; Primicerio, Raul; Nilsen, Rune; Karlsen, Ørjan; Sandvik, Anne Dagrun; Skilbrei, Ove Tommy; Elvik, Kristine Marit Schrøder; Skaala, Øystein; Bjørn, Pål Arne (Journal article, 2020)
      1. Atlantic salmon in aquaculture act as reservoir hosts and vectors of parasites like salmon lice and this parasite is shown to harm wild salmonid populations. 2. In this study, n = 29,817 tagged Atlantic salmon were ...
    • Top-down control of a marine mesopredator: Increase in native white-tailed eagles accelerates the extinction of an endangered seabird population 

      Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Fayet, Annette; Aarvak, Tomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      1. Bottom-up control is an important regulator of marine mesopredators such as seabirds. The prevalence of top-down control on these species is however less well understood. In particular, how native predators affect seabird ...
    • Toward a decade of ocean science for sustainable development through acoustic animal tracking 

      Alós, Josep; Aarestrup, Kim; Abecasis, David; Afonso, Pedro; Alonso-Fernandez, Alexandre; Aspillaga, Eneko; Barcelo-Serra, Margarida; Bolland, Jonathan; Cabanellas-Reboredo, Miguel; Lennox, Robert; McGill, Ross; Özgül, Aytaç; Reubens, Jan; Villegas-Ríos, David (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The ocean is a key component of the Earth's dynamics, providing a great variety of ecosystem services to humans. Yet, human activities are globally changing its structure and major components, including marine biodiversity. ...
    • Toward improved impact evaluation of community forest management in Indonesia 

      Meijaard, Erik; Santika, Truly; Wilson, Kerrie A.; Budiharta, Sugeng; Kusworo, Ahmad; Law, Elizabeth; Friedman, Rachel; Hutabarat, Joseph A.; Indrawan, Tito P.; Sherman, Julie; St.John, Freya A.V.; Struebig, Matthew J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Many tropical countries continue to devolve forest management to forest-dwelling communities. The assumption is that local knowledge of forests and community engagement in forest management will attain multiple social and ...
    • Towards a systematics of ecodiversity: The EcoSyst framework 

      Halvorsen, Rune; Skarpaas, Olav; Bryn, Anders; Bratli, Harald; Erikstad, Lars; Simensen, Trond; Lieungh, Eva (Journal article, 2020)
      Background Although a standard taxonomy of organisms has existed for nearly 300 years, no consensus has yet been reached on principles for systematization of ecological diversity (i.e., the co‐ordinated variation of abiotic ...
    • Towards an Urban Resilience Index: A Case Study in 50 Spanish Cities 

      Suárez, Marta; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Benayas, Javier; Tilbury, Daniella (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Urbanization is a major driver of land use change and global environmental decline. With accelerated urbanization worldwide, it is essential to put in place new policies to conserve urban ecosystems, species and the services ...
    • Tracking animals in freshwater with electronic tags: past, present and future 

      Cooke, Steven J.; Midwood, Jonathan D.; Thiem, Jason D.; Klimley, Peter; Lucas, Martyn C.; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Eiler, John H.; Holbrook, Chris; Ebner, Brendan C (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Considerable technical developments over the past half century have enabled widespread application of electronic tags to the study of animals in the wild, including in freshwater environments. We review the constraints ...
    • Tracking neighbours promotes the coexistence of large carnivores 

      López-Bao, José Vicente; Mattisson, Jenny; Persson, Jens; Aronsson, Malin; Andrén, Henrik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      The study of competition and coexistence among similar interacting species has long been considered a cornerstone in evolutionary and community ecology. However, understanding coexistence remains a challenge. Using two ...
    • Training future generations to deliver evidence-based conservation and ecosystem management 

      Downey, Harriet; Amano, Tatsuya; Cadotte, Mark; Cook, Carly N.; Cooke, Steven J.; Haddaway, Neal R.; Jones, Julia P. G.; Littlewood, Nick; Walsh, Jessica C.; Abrahams, Mark I.; Adum, Gilbert; Akasaka, Munemitsu; Alves, Jose A.; Antwis, Rachael E.; Arellano, Eduardo C.; Axmacher, Jan; Barclay, Holly; Batty, Lesley; Benítez-López, Ana; Bennett, Joseph R.; Berg, Maureen J.; Bertolino, Sandro; Biggs, Duan; Bolam, Friederike C.; Bray, Tim; Brook, BarryW.; Bull, Joseph W.; Burivalova, Zuzana; Cabeza, Mar; Chauvenet, Alienor L. M.; Christie, Alec P.; Cole, Lorna; Cotton, Alison J.; Cotton, Sam; Cousins, Sara A.O.; Craven, Dylan; Cresswell, Will; Cusack, Jeremy J.; Dalrymple, Sarah E.; Davies, Zoe G.; Diaz, Anita; Dodd, Jennifer A.; Felton, Adam; Fleishman, Erica; Gardner, Charlie J.; Garside, Ruth; Ghoddousi, Arash; Gilroy, James J.; Gill, David A.; Gill, Jennifer A.; Glew, Louise; Grainger, Matthew (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      1. To be effective, the next generation of conservation practitioners andmanagers need to be critical thinkers with a deep understanding of how to make evidence-based decisions and of the value of evidence synthesis. 2. ...
    • Trans-Equatorial Migration Routes, Staging Sites and Wintering Areas of a High-Arctic Avian Predator: The Long-tailed Skua (Stercorarius longicaudus) 

      Gilg, Olivier; Moe, Børge; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Schmidt, Niels Martin; Sittler, Benoit; Hansen, Jannik; Reneerkens, Jeroen; Sabard, Brigitte; Chastel, Olivier; Moreau, Jérôme; Phillips, Richard A.; Oudman, Thomas; Biersma, Elisabeth M.; Fenstad, Anette; Lang, Johannes; Bollache, Loïc (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The Long-tailed Skua, a small (,300 g) Arctic-breeding predator and seabird, is a functionally very important component of the Arctic vertebrate communities in summer, but little is known about its migration and winter ...
    • Transformative governance of biodiversity: insights for sustainable development 

      Visseren-Hamakers, Ingrid; Razzaque, Jona; McElwee, Pamela; Turnhout, Esther; Kelemen, Eszter; Rusch, Graciela; Fernández-Llamazares, Álvaro; Chan, Ivis; Lim, Michelle; Islar, Mine; Gautam, Ambika P.; Williams, Meryl; Mungatana, Eric; Karim, Md Saiful; Muradian, Roldan; Gerber, Leah R.; Lui, Gabriel; Liu, Jinlong; Spangenberg, Joachim H.; Zaleski, Dara (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      While there is much debate on transformative change amongacademics and policymakers, the discussion on how to governsuch change is still in its infancy. This article argues thattransformative governance is needed to enable ...
    • Transformative potential of nature-based values that influence the relationships between reported and intended pro-environmental behavior 

      Johnson, Dana N.; van Riper, Carena J.; Rogowski, Julianna; Salcido, Evan; Stewart, William P.; Keller, Rose (Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Protected area landscapes embody multiple values of nature that can create meaning in everyday life. Though the values ascribed to these environments theoretically inspire changes in human behavior, surprisingly few studies ...
    • Transitions of social-ecological subsistence systems in the Arctic 

      Fauchald, Per; Hausner, Vera Helene; Schmidt, Jennifer Irene; Clark, Douglas A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Transitions of social-ecological systems (SES) expose governance systems to new challenges. This is particularly so in the Arctic where resource systems are increasingly subjected to global warming, industrial development ...
    • Transmission dynamics of the monogenean Gyrodactylus salaris under seminatural conditions 

      Hendrichsen, Ditte Katrine; Kristoffersen, Roar; Gjelland, Karl Øystein; Knudsen, Rune; Kusterle, Stefan; Rikardsen, Audun H.; Henriksen, Eirik Haugstvedt; Smalås, Aslak; Olstad, Kjetil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
    • Transplanting turfs to facilitate recovery in a low-alpine environment — What matters? 

      Mehlhoop, Anne Catriona; Evju, Marianne; Hagen, Dagmar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Questions: Restoration of disturbed alpine ecosystems is difficult due to harsh environmental conditions. Transplanting of vegetation turfs into disturbed areas has been used as a restoration method in disturbed alpine ...
    • Trawling disturbance on megabenthos and sediment in the Barents Sea: Chronic effects on density, diversity, and composition 

      Buhl-Mortensen, Lene; Ellingsen, Kari Elsa; Buhl-Mortensen, Pål; Skaar, Kristian Landmark; Gonzalez-Mirelis, Genoveva (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Bottom-trawl fisheries are expanding into deeper habitats and higher latitudes, but our understanding of their effects in these areas is limited. The ecological importance of habitat-forming megabenthos and their vulnerability ...
    • Trees enhance soil carbon sequestration and nutrient cycling in a silvopastoral system in south-western Nicaragua 

      Hoosbeek, Marcel R.; Remme, Roy P.; Rusch, Graciela (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Tree occurrence in silvopastoral systems of Central America has been under pressure for various reasons including attempts to improve grassland productivity and the need for wood. However, scattered isolated trees are ...