Now showing items 118-137 of 671

    • Comparing land use impacts using ecosystem quality, biogenic carbon emissions, and restoration costs in a case study of hydropower plants in Norway 

      Lillesund, Vilde Fluge; Hagen, Dagmar; Michelsen, Ottar; Foldvik, Anders; Barton, David Nicholas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Purpose Habitat destruction is today the most severe threat to global biodiversity. Despite decades of efforts, there is still no proper methodology on how to assess all aspects of impacts on biodiversity from land use and ...
    • Comparisons of reproductive function and fatty acid fillet quality between triploid and diploid farm Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) 

      Murray, D.S.; Kainz, M.J.; Hebberecht, L.; Sales, K.R.; Hindar, Kjetil; Gage, Matthew J.G. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Triploidy could prevent escaped farm salmon breeding in the wild, while also improving nutrient quality within farmed fillets. Despite these potential advantages, triploid Atlantic salmon have not been widely used in ...
    • Competition between apex predators? Brown bears decrease wolf kill rate on two continents 

      Tallian, Aimee; Ordiz, Andres; Metz, Matthew C.; Milleret, Cyril; Wikenros, Camilla; Smith, Douglas W.; Stahler, Daniel R.; Kindberg, Jonas; MacNulty, Daniel R.; Wabakken, Petter; Swenson, Jon; Sand, Håkan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Trophic interactions are a fundamental topic in ecology, but we know little about how competition between apex predators affects predation, the mechanism driving top-down forcing in ecosystems.We used long-term datasets ...
    • Complacency or resilience? Perceptions of environmental and social change in Lofoten and Vesterålen in northern Norway 

      Kaltenborn, Bjørn Petter; Linnell, John Durrus; Thomassen, Jørn; Lindhjem, Henrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Arctic and northern coastal regions are among the least developed in the world in terms of density of settlements, population and resource exploitation. It is often assumed that these regions will be frontiers of future ...
    • Complexity revealed in the greening of the Arctic 

      Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Kerby, Jeffrey T.; Phoenix, Gareth K.; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Epstein, Howard E.; Assmann, Jakob J.; John, Christian; Andreu-Hayles, Laia; Angers-Blondin, Sandra; Beck, Pieter S. A.; Berner, Logan T.; Bhatt, Uma S.; Bjorkman, Anne D.; Blok, Daan; Bryn, Anders; Christiansen, Casper Tai; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Cunliffe, Andrew M.; Elmendorf, Sarah C.; Forbes, Bruce C.; Goetz, Scott J.; Hollister, Robert D.; de Jong, Rogier; Loranty, Michael M.; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Maseyk, Kadmiel; Normand, Signe; Olofsson, Johan; Parker, Thomas C.; Parmentier, Frans-Jan W.; Post, Eric; Schaepman-Strub, Gabriela; Stordal, Frode; Sullivan, Patrick F.; Thomas, Haydn J.D.; Tømmervik, Hans; Treharne, Rachael; Tweedie, Craig E.; Walker, Donald A.; Wilmking, Martin; Wipf, Sonja (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      As the Arctic warms, vegetation is responding, and satellite measures indicate widespread greening at high latitudes. This ‘greening of the Arctic’ is among the world’s most important large-scale ecological responses to ...
    • Composición florística de pastizales en Muy Muy y Rivas, Nicaragua 

      Morales, Julio; Rusch, Graciela; Casanoves, Fernando; Söderström, Lars; Rocha, Lester (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      A pesar de ser ecosistemas manejados, surgidos de la transformación de ambientes naturales, los pastizales compuestos por especies nativas y exóticas pueden tener un papel importante en la conservación de la biodiversidad ...
    • Composition and Drivers of Gut Microbial Communities in Arctic-Breeding Shorebirds 

      Grond, Kirsten; Domingo, Jorge W. Santo; Lanctot, Richard B.; Jumpponen, Ari; Bentzen, Rebecca L.; Boldenow, Megan L.; Brown, Stephen C.; Casler, Bruce; Cunningham, Jenny A.; Doll, Andrew C.; Freeman, Scott; Hill, Brooke L.; Kendall, Steven J.; Kwon, Eunbi; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; Pirie-Dominix, Lisa; Rausch, Jennie; Sandercock, Brett (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Gut microbiota can have important effects on host health, but explanatory factors and pathways that determine gut microbial composition can differ among host lineages. In mammals, host phylogeny is one of the main drivers ...
    • Computer vision enables short- and long-term analysis of Lophelia pertusa polyp behaviour and colour from an underwater observatory 

      Osterloff, Jonas; Nilssen, Ingunn; Järnegren, Johanna; Van Engeland, Tom; Buhl-Mortensen, Pål; Nattkemper, Tim W. (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      An array of sensors, including an HD camera mounted on a Fixed Underwater Observatory (FUO) were used to monitor a cold-water coral (Lophelia pertusa) reef in the Lofoten-Vesterålen area from April to November 2015. ...
    • Concern about climate change, biodiversity loss, habitat degradation andlandscape change: Embedded in different packages of environmental concern? 

      Skogen, Ketil; Helland, Håvard; Kaltenborn, Bjørn Petter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate change and biodiversity loss are often seen as the two most serious environmental threats facing humanity. It also seems to be a common notion that concerns about these issues are embedded in the same package of ...
    • Consequences of past climate change and recent human persecution on mitogenomic diversity in the arctic fox 

      Larsson, Petter; von Seth, Johanna; Hagen, Ingerid Julie Hagen; Götherström, Anders; Androsov, Semyon; Germonpré, Mietje; Bergfeldt, Nora; Fedorov, Sergey; Eide, Nina E.; Sokolova, Natalia; Berteaux, Dominique; Angerbjörn, Anders; Flagstad, Øystein; Plotnikov, Valeri; Norén, Karin; Díez-del-Molino, David; Dussex, Nicolas; Stanton, David W.G.; Dalén, Love (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Ancient DNA provides a powerful means to investigate the timing, rate and extent of population declines caused by extrinsic factors, such as past climate change and human activities. One species probably affected by both ...
    • Consequences of past climate change and recent human persecution on mitogenomic diversity in the arctic fox 

      Larsson, Petter; von Seth, Johanna; Hagen, Ingerid Julie; Götherström, Anders; Androsov, Semyon; Germonpre, Mietje; Bergfeldt, Nora; Fedorov, Sergey; Eide, Nina Elisabeth; Sokolova, Natalia; Berteaux, Dominique; Angerbjörn, Anders; Flagstad, Øystein; Plotnikov, Valeri; Norén, Karin; Diez-Del-Molino, David; Dussex, Nicolas; Stanton, David W.G.; Dalén, Linda (Journal article, 2019)
      Ancient DNA provides a powerful means to investigate the timing, rate and extent of population declines caused by extrinsic factors, such as past climate change and human activities. One species probably affected by both ...
    • Conservation decision-making under uncertainty: Identifying when to reintroduce tiger Panthera tigris to Cambodia 

      Gray, Thomas N.E.; Grainger, Matthew; Grosu, Romica (Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Conservationists need to present biological monitoring data to decision makers in a way which clearly represents uncertainty. Providing results in terms of the probability of a hypothesis being true may have greater utility ...
    • Conservation professionals agree on challenges to coexisting with large carnivores but not on solutions 

      Lute, Michelle L.; Carter, Neil H.; López-Bao, José V.; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Although many studies explore characteristics of stakeholders or publics “for” or “against” large carnivores, disagreements among conservation professionals advocating different conservation strategies also occur, but are ...
    • Conserving on the edge: genetic variation and structure in Northern populations of the endangered plant Dracocephalum ruyschiana L. (Lamiaceae) 

      Kyrkjeeide, Magni Olsen; Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Kleven, Oddmund; Evju, Marianne; Endrestøl, Anders; Brandrud, Marie Kristine; Stabbetorp, Odd Egil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Loss of biodiversity is accelerating, including the loss of genetic diversity. Conservation of small, isolated populations may be important, as they can provide valuable contributions to overall genetic variation and ...
    • Conserving Wolves by Transforming Them? The Transformative E!fects of Technologies of Government in Biodiversity Conservation 

      Stokland, Håkon B. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This article investigates the construction of instruments and techniques employed in the management of Norwegian wolves since the early 1980s by construing the tools as technologies of government. The proliferation of such ...
    • Constraining forest certificate's market to improve cost-effectiveness of biodiversity conservation in São Paulo state, Brazil 

      Bernasconi, Paula; Blumentrath, Stefan; Barton, David Nicholas; Rusch, Graciela; Romeiro, Ademar R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The recently launched Brazilian ªforest certificatesº market is expected to reduce environmental compliance costs for landowners through an offset mechanism, after a long history of conservation laws based in command-and-control ...
    • Contemporary ocean warming and freshwater conditions are related to later sea age at maturity in Atlantic salmon spawning in Norwegian rivers 

      Villar, Jaime Otero; Jensen, Arne Johan; Stenseth, Nils Christian; Storvik, Geir Olve; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn; L'Abée Lund, Henning (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Atlantic salmon populations are reported to be declining throughout its range, raising major management concerns. Variation in adult fish abundance may be due to variation in survival, growth, and timing of life history ...
    • Contrasting survival and physiological responses of sub-Arctic plant types to extreme winter warming and nitrogen 

      Bokhorst, Stef; Jaakola, Laura; Karppinen, Katja; Edvinsen, Guro Kristine; Mæhre, Hanne Kirsti; Bjerke, Jarle W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Main conclusion Evergreen plants are more vulnerable than grasses and birch to snow and temperature variability in the sub-Arctic. Most Arctic climate impact studies focus on single factors, such as summer warming, while ...
    • Controlled exposure reduces fear of brown bears 

      Johansson, Maria; Flykt, Anders; Frank, Jens; Støen, Ole-Gunnar (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Fear of large carnivores such as brown bears may restrict people’s outdoor activities regardless of experts’ estimated risk of attack. This research study empirically examined three exposure interventions in the form of ...
    • Cool dudes in Norway: climate change denial among conservative Norwegian men 

      Krange, Olve; Kaltenborn, Bjørn Petter; Hultman, Martin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In their article “Cool dudes: The denial of climate change among conservative white males in the United States” (McCright and Dunlap 2011a) the authors state: “Clearly the extent to which the conservative white male effect ...