Now showing items 41-60 of 499

    • Berry production drives bottom – up effects on body mass and reproductive success in an omnivore 

      Hertel, Anne Gabriela; Bischof, Richard; Langval, Ola; Mysterud, Atle; Kindberg, Jonas; Swenson, Jon; Zedrosser, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Obligate herbivores dominate studies of the eff ects of climate change on mammals, however there is limited empirical evidence for how changes in the abundance or quality of plant food aff ect mammalian omnivores. Omnivores ...
    • Best practice for the use of scenarios for restoration planning 

      Metzger, Jean Paul; Esler, Karen; Krug, Cornelia; Arias, Melissa; Tambosi, Leandro; Crouzeilles, Renato; Acosta, André Luis; Brancalion, Pedro H.S.; D'Albertas, Francisco; Duarte, Gabriela Teixeira; Garcia, Letícia Couto; Grytnes, John-Arvid; Hagen, Dagmar; Jardim, André Vitor Fleuri; Kamiyama, Chiho; Latawiec, Agnieszka Ewa; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro; Ruggiero, Patricia G.C.; Sparovek, Gerd; Strassburg, Bernardo; Saraiva, Antonio Mauro; Joly, Carlos (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Scenarios are important tools to facilitate the communication among scientists, practitioners, and decision-makers, and, thus to support policy and management decisions. The use of scenarios has an enormous potential ...
    • Bias in estimates of electrofishing capture probability of juvenile Atlantic salmon 

      Hedger, Richard David; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Saksgård, Laila M.; Ugedal, Ola; Bremset, Gunnbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We evaluated the effect of the total number of passes used, and the application of block nets, on multi-pass electrofishing removal sampling for estimating juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) abundance and body size ...
    • Bigger, more diverse and better? Mapping structural diversity and its recreational value in urban green spaces 

      Soy Massoni, Emma; Barton, David Nicholas; Rusch, Graciela; Gundersen, Vegard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-07)
      Are bigger green spaces more diverse in terms of their natural and manmade elements? Does higher diversity mean they are more attractive to users and encourage more diversity of activities, and thereby provide a wider range ...
    • Biocide Treatment of Invasive Signal Crayfish: Successes, Failures and Lessons Learned 

      Peay, Stephanie; Johnsen, Stein Ivar; Bean, Colin W.; Dunn, Alison M.; Sandodden, Roar; Edsman, Lennart (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Signal crayfish, as an invasive alien species in Europe, have caused impacts on aquatic communities and losses of native crayfish. Eradication of recently established populations may be possible in small ponds (<2.5 ha) ...
    • Biodiversity may wax or wane depending on metrics or taxa 

      Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Ellingsen, Kari Elsa; Tveraa, Torkild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Biodiversity policy beyond economic growth 

      Otero, Iago; Farrell, Katharine N.; Pueyo, Salvador; Kallis, Giorgos; Kehoe, Laura; Haberl, Helmut; Plutzar, Christoph; Hobson, Peter; Garcia-Marquez, Jaime; Rodríguez-Labajos, Beatriz; Martin, Jean-Louis; Erb, Karl-Heinz; Schindler, Stefan; Nielsen, Jonas; Skorin, Teuta; Settele, Josef; Essl, Franz; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; Brotons, Lluis; Rabitsch, Wolfgang; Schneider, Francois; Pe'er, Guy (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Increasing evidence—synthesized in this paper—shows that economic growth contributes to biodiversity loss via greater resource consumption and higher emissions. Nonetheless, a review of international biodiversity and ...
    • Bioenergetic consequences of warming rivers to adult Atlantic salmon Salmo salar during their spawning migration 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Eliason, Erika J.; Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Johansen, Martin Rognli; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Cooke, Steven J.; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Whoriskey, Frederick G.; Farrell, Anthony P.; Uglem, Ingebrigt (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. Climate change poses a challenge to wild fishes, yet little is known about the behavioural use and metabolic consequences of thermally heterogeneous water encountered by wild salmon during their energetically demanding ...
    • Biotic and abiotic determinants of the ascent behaviour of adult Atlantic salmon transiting passable waterfalls 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Økland, Finn; Cooke, Steven J.; Aasestad, Ingar; Forseth, Torbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The spawning migration of Atlantic salmon has been characterized by tracking salmon carrying electronic tags as they ascend rivers, but still little is known about how natural obstacles such as waterfalls influence migratory ...
    • BioTIME: A database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene 

      Dornelas, Maria; Antao, Laura H.; Moyes, Faye; Bates, Amanda E.; Magurran, Anne E.; Adam, Dusan; Akhmetzhanova, Asem A.; Appeltans, Ward; Arcos, Jose Manuel; Arnold, Haley; Ayyappan, Narayanan; Badihi, Gal; Baird, Andres H.; Barbosa, Miguel; Barreto, Tiago Egydio; Bässler, Claus; Bellgrove, Alecia; Belmaker, Jonathan; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Bett, Brian J.; Bjorkman, Anne D.; Błazewicz, Magdalena; Blowes, Shane A.; Bloch, Christopher P.; Bonebrake, Timothy C.; Boyd, Susan; Bradford, Matt; Brooks, Andrew J.; Brown, James H.; Bruelheide, Helge; Budy, Phaedra; Carvalho, Fernando; Castaneda-Moya, Edward; Chen, Chaolun Allen; Chamblee, John F.; Chase, Tory J.; Collier, Laura Siegwart; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Cotano, Unai; Crow, Shannan Kyle; Damasceno, Gabriella; Davies, Claire H.; Davis, Robert A.; Day, Frank P.; Degraer, Steven; Doherty, Tim S.; Dunn, Timothy E.; Durigan, Giselda; Hofgaard, Annika; Johannessen, Tore; Klanderud, Kari; Knutsen, Halvor; Olsen, Esben Moland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Bird collisions with power lines: State of the art and priority areas for research 

      Bernardino, J.; Bevanger, Kjetil Modolv; Barrientos, R.; Dwyer, J.F.; Marques, A.T.; Martins, R.C.; Shaw, J.M.; Silva, J.P.; Moreira, F. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Transmission and distribution electricity grids are expanding rapidly worldwide, with significant negative impacts on biodiversity and, in particular, on birds. We performed a systematic review of the literature available ...
    • Birds of different feather flock together - genetic structure of Taiga Bean Goose in Central Scandinavia 

      de Jong, Adriaan; Kleven, Oddmund; Østnes, Jan Eivind; Kroglund, Rolf Terje; Vahlström, Isak; Nilsson, Jan; Spong, Göran (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      During their flightless summer moult, Taiga Bean Geese Anser fabalis fabalis gather at communal moulting sites. Individuals from the Nord-Trøndelag breeding area in Norway have been observed to join with local individuals ...
    • Black-legged kittiwakes as messengers of Atlantification in the Arctic 

      Vihtakari, Mikko; Welcker, Jorg; Moe, Børge; Chastel, Olivier; Tartu, Sabrina; Hop, Haakon; Bech, Claus; Descamps, Sébastien; Gabrielsen, Geir W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate warming is rapidly altering marine ecosystems towards a more temperate state on the European side of the Arctic. However, this “Atlantification” has rarely been confirmed, as long-term datasets on Arctic marine ...
    • Blood may buy goodwill: no evidence for a positive relationship between legal culling and poaching in Wisconsin 

      Stien, Audun (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      ecology, environmental science
    • Border Security Fencing and Wildlife: The End of the Transboundary Paradigm in Eurasia? 

      Linnell, John Durrus; Trouwborst, Arie; Boitani, Luigi; Kaczensky, Petra; Huber, Djuro; Reljic, Slaven; Kusak, Josip; Majic, Aleksandra; Skrbinsek, Tomaz; Potočnik, Hubert; Hayward, Matt W.; Milner-Gulland, E.J.; Buuveibaatar, Bayarbaatar; Olson, Kirk A.; Badamjav, Lkhagvasuren; Bischof, Richard; Zuther, Steffen; Breitenmoser, Urs (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The ongoing refugee crisis in Europe has seen many countries rush to construct border security fencing to divert or control the flow of people. This follows a trend of border fence construction across Eurasia during the ...
    • Breeding ecology of Kori Bustard Ardeotis kori strunthiunculus in the Serengeti National Park 

      Mmassy, Emmanuel Clamsen; Fyumagwa, Robert D.; Bevanger, Kjetil Modolv; Røskaft, Eivin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The breeding ecology of the Kori Bustard Ardeotis kori strunthiunculus was studied in the plains of the Serengeti National Park, Tanzania in 2014 and 2015. Random transects were used to search for male courtship displays, ...
    • Breeding persistence of Slavonian Grebe (Podiceps auritus) at long-term monitoring sites: predictors of a steep decline at the northern European range limit 

      Stien, Jenny; Strann, Karl Birger; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Frivoll, Vigdis Irene; Ims, Rolf Anker (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The Slavonian Grebe (Podiceps auritus) has its European northern range limit in northern Norway, and is a species of national conservation concern due to its small population size and unknown population trend. ...
    • Brood parasitism on Meadow Pipits Anthus pratensis by Common Cuckoos Cuculus canorus in two mountain areas in Norway 

      Berstad, Jan; Stokke, Bård Gunnar; Moksnes, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      In the period 2001–2014 we studied Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus brood parasitism on Meadow Pipits Anthus pratensis in two mountain areas; one located in the eastern and one in the western part of southern Norway. In the ...
    • Bruk av miljø-DNA for deteksjon av arter 

      Taugbøl, Annette; Fossøy, Frode; Dervo, Børre Kind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Tradisjonell overvåkning av storsalamandere kan ofte være utfordrende da dyrene kan ha lav fangbarhet ved f.eks. lav temperatur og etter forplantning. Overvåkning av mange lokaliteter er svært tidkrevende, og i perioder ...
    • Bryocentria hypothallina (Hypocreales) – a new species on Metzgeria furcata 

      Nordén, Björn; Gardiennet, Alain; Priou, Jean-Paul; Döbbeler, Peter (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Bryocentria hypothallina (Bionectriaceae, Hypocreales) is described as a new species. It grows necrotrophically on the liverwort Metzgeria furcata (Metzgeriales), causing bleached, insular infections. Ascomata are formed ...