Now showing items 21-40 of 471

    • Arctic greening from warming promotes declines in caribou populations 

      Fauchald, Per; Park, Taejin; Tømmervik, Hans; Myneni, Ranga B.; Hausner, Vera Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Themigratory tundra caribou herds in North America follow decadal population cycles, and browsing from abundant caribou could be expected to counteract the current climate-driven expansion of shrubs in the circumpolar ...
    • A review of acoustic telemetry in Europe and the need for a regional aquatic telemetry network 

      Abecasis, David; Steckenreuter, Andre; Reubens, Jan; Aarestrup, Kim; Alós, Josep; Badalamenti, Fabio; Bajona, Lenore; Boylan, Patrick; Deneudt, Klaas; Greenberg, Larry; Brevé, Niels; Hernández, Francisco; Humphries, Nick; Meyer, Carl; Sims, David; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Walker, Alan M.; Whoriskey, Fred; Afonso, Pedro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: Globally, there are a large and growing number of researchers using biotelemetry as a tool to study aquatic animals. In Europe, this community lacks a formal network structure. The aim of this study is to review ...
    • A road in the middle of one of the last wild reindeer migration routes in Norway: crossing behaviour and threats to conservation 

      Panzacchi, Manuela; Van Moorter, Bram F. A.; Strand, Olav (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The development of roads and associated infrastructure has interrupted several traditional migrations of wild reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) in Norway. The population in the Setesdal Austhei wild reindeer area still ...
    • Arthropod distribution in a tropical rainforest: tackling a four dimensional puzzle 

      Basset, Yves; Cizek, Lukas; Cuénoud, Philippe; Didham, Raphael K.; Novotny, Vojtech; Ødegaard, Frode; Roslin, Tomas; Tishechkin, Alexey K.; Schmidl, Jürgen; Winchester, Neville N.; Roubik, David W.; Aberlenc, Henri-Pierre; Bail, Johannes; Barrios, Héctor; Bridle, Jonathan R.; Castano-Meneses, Gabriela; Corbara, Bruno; Curletti, Gianfranco; da Rocha, Wesley Duarte; de Bakker, Domir; Medianero, Enrique; de Oliveira, Evandro Gama; Orivel, Jérôme; Marc, Pollet; Rapp, Mathieu; Ribeiro, Sérvio P.; Roisin, Yves; Schmidt, Jesper B.; Sørensen, Line; Lewinsohn, Thomas M.; Leponce, Maurice; Kitching, Roger L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Quantifying the spatio-temporal distribution of arthropods in tropical rainforests represents a first step towards scrutinizing the global distribution of biodiversity on Earth. To date moststudies have focused on narrow ...
    • Assessing incidental bycatch of seabirds in Norwegian coastal commercial fisheries: Empirical and methodological lessons 

      Fangel, Kirstin; Aas, Øystein; Vølstad, Jon Helge; Bærum, Kim Magnus; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Nedreaas, Kjell Harald; Overvik, Modolf; Wold, Line Camilla; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      With diminishing seabird populations and little knowledge on incidental bycatch in fisheries in the Northeast Atlantic, this study aimed to screen seabird bycatch in Norwegian coastal fisheries in 2009. The purpose was ...
    • Assessing the consequences of habitat fragmentation for two migratory salmonid fishes 

      Junge, Claudia; Museth, Jon; Hindar, Kjetil; Kraabøl, Morten; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      1. Man-made barriers such as dams affect the movement of aquatic species, reducing gene flow and Genetic variability. Such encroachments may also lead to selective changes in life history and behaviour. Hydropower construction ...
    • Assessing the effects of climate on host-parasite interactions: a comparative study of European birds and their parasites 

      Møller, Anders Pape; Merino, Santiago; Soler, Juan José; Antonov, Anton; Badás, Elisa P.; Calero-Torralbo, Miguel A.; de Lope, Florentino; Eeva, Tapio; Figuerola, Jordi; Flensted-Jensen, Einar; Garamszegi, László Zsolt; González-Braojos, Sonia; Gwinner, Helga; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Heylen, Dieter; Ilmone, Petteri; Klarborg, Kurt; Korpimäki, Erkki; Martínez, Javier; Martínez-de la Puente, Josue; Marzal, Alfonso; Matthysen, Erik; Matyjasiak, Piotr; Molina-Morales, Mercedes; Moreno, Juan; Mousseau, Timothy A.; Nielsen, Jan Tøttrup; Pap, Peter László; Rivero-de Aguilar, Juan; Shurulinkov, Peter; Slagsvold, Tore; Szép, Tibor; Szöllösi, Eszter; Török, Janos; Vaclav, Radovan; Valera, Fransisco; Ziane, Nadia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: Climate change potentially has important effects on distribution, abundance, transmission and virulence of parasites in wild populations of animals. Methodology/Principal Finding: Here we analyzed paired ...
    • Assessing the resilient provision of ecosystem services by social-ecological systems: introduction and theory 

      Sarkki, Simo; Ficko, Andrej; Wielgolaski, Frans Emil; Abraham, Eleni M.; Bratanova-Doncheva, Svetla; Grunewald, Karsten; Hofgaard, Annika; Holtmeier, Friedrich-Karl; Kyriazopoulos, Apostolos P.; Broll, Gabriele; Nijnik, Maria; Sutinen, Marja-Liisa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    • Assessing the Use of Artificial Hibernacula by the Great Crested Newt (Triturus cristatus) and Smooth Newt (Lissotriton vulgaris) in Cold Climate in Southeast Norway 

      Dervo, Børre Kind; Museth, Jon; Skurdal, Jostein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Construction of artificial overwintering habitats, hibernacula, or newt hotels, is an important mitigation measure for newt populations in urban and agricultural areas. We have monitored the use of four artificial hotels ...
    • A stage-structured Bayesian hierarchical model for salmon lice populations at individual salmon farms – Estimated from multiple farm data sets 

      Aldrin, Magne Tommy; Huseby, Ragnar Bang; Stien, Audun; Grøntvedt, Randi Nygaard; Viljugrein, Hildegunn; Jansen, Peder A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Salmon farming has become a prosperous international industry over the last decades. Along with growth in the production farmed salmon, however, an increasing threat by pathogens has emerged. Of special concern is the ...
    • Attitudes towards returning wolves (Canis lupus) in Germany: exposure, information sources and trust matter 

      Arbieu, Ugo; Mehring, Marion; Bunnefeld, Nils; Kaczensky, Petra; Reinhardt, Ilka; Ansorge, Hermann; Böhning-Gaesea, Katrin; Glikman, Jenny A.; Kluth, Gesa; Nowak, Carsten; Müller, Thomas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Understanding how exposure and information affect public attitudes towards returning large carnivores in Europe is critical for human-carnivore coexistence, especially for developing efficient and de-escalating communication ...
    • At which spatial and temporal scales can fungi indicate habitat connectivity? 

      Nordén, Jenni; Åström, Jens; Josefsson, Torbjörn; Blumentrath, Stefan; Ovaskainen, Otso; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Nordén, Björn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Isolation of habitats in space and time affects species globally and in a multitude of ecosystems. It is however often difficult to assess the level of isolation from the point of view of the focal species. Indicator species ...
    • Barns lek i natur – i spennet fra selvutfoldelse til kontroll 

      Skår, Margrete; Follo, Gro Irene; Gundersen, Vegard; Ingebrigtsen, Kim; Stordal, Gjertrud; Tordsson, Bjørn Stefan; Wold, Line Camilla (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      I en 3-årig studie finansiert av Norges forskningsråds program Miljø 2015 (prosjektperiode 2012–2015) har vi i bred forstand undersøkt hvordan barn erfarer natur i dag. I denne artikkelen vil vi rette fokuset mot barns lek ...
    • Behavioral buffering of extreme weather events in a high-Arctic herbivore 

      Loe, Leif Egil; Hansen, Brage Bremset; Stien, Audun; Albon, Steve D.; Bischof, Richard; Carlsson, Anja M.; Irvine, Justin; Meland, Morten; Rivrud, Inger Maren; Ropstad, Erik; Veiberg, Vebjørn; Mysterud, Atle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      As global warming advances, there is a growing concern about the impact of extreme weather events on ecosystems. In the Arctic, more frequent unseasonal warm spells and rain-on- snow events in winter cause changes in ...
    • Behaviour and mortality of downstream migrating Atlantic salmon smolts at a small power station with multiple migration routes 

      Kärgenberg, Einar; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Järvekülg, Rein; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Saadre, Ene; Økland, Finn; Thalfeldt, Mart; Tambets, Meelis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Salmon smolts were released upstream of a run‐of‐river hydropower site and recaptured downstream for inspection. Descending fish behaviour through three possible migration routes (turbines, fishway, spillway) was analysed ...
    • Behaviour and survival of wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar captured and released while surveillance angling for escaped farmed salmon 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Liberg, Egil; Cooke, Steven J.; Uglem, Ingebrigt (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In many Norwegian rivers, spawning stocks are surveyed for escaped farmed salmon with surveillance fishing by rod and reel after the recreational angling season. However, the benefits of surveillance fishing depend on the ...
    • Being stressed outside the park — conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia 

      Hunninck, Louis; Ringstad, Iris; Jackson, Craig Ryan; May, Roelof Frans; Fossøy, Frode; Uiseb, Kenneth; Killian, Werner; Røskaft, Eivin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The conservation of the African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) is of prime importance for many African countries. Interactions between elephants and humans are known to induce stress and thereby have the potential ...
    • Berry production drives bottom – up effects on body mass and reproductive success in an omnivore 

      Hertel, Anne Gabriela; Bischof, Richard; Langval, Ola; Mysterud, Atle; Kindberg, Jonas; Swenson, Jon; Zedrosser, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Obligate herbivores dominate studies of the eff ects of climate change on mammals, however there is limited empirical evidence for how changes in the abundance or quality of plant food aff ect mammalian omnivores. Omnivores ...
    • Best practice for the use of scenarios for restoration planning 

      Metzger, Jean Paul; Esler, Karen; Krug, Cornelia; Arias, Melissa; Tambosi, Leandro; Crouzeilles, Renato; Acosta, André Luis; Brancalion, Pedro H.S.; D'Albertas, Francisco; Duarte, Gabriela Teixeira; Garcia, Letícia Couto; Grytnes, John-Arvid; Hagen, Dagmar; Jardim, André Vitor Fleuri; Kamiyama, Chiho; Latawiec, Agnieszka Ewa; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro; Ruggiero, Patricia G.C.; Sparovek, Gerd; Strassburg, Bernardo; Saraiva, Antonio Mauro; Joly, Carlos (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Scenarios are important tools to facilitate the communication among scientists, practitioners, and decision-makers, and, thus to support policy and management decisions. The use of scenarios has an enormous potential ...
    • Bias in estimates of electrofishing capture probability of juvenile Atlantic salmon 

      Hedger, Richard David; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Saksgård, Laila M.; Ugedal, Ola; Bremset, Gunnbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We evaluated the effect of the total number of passes used, and the application of block nets, on multi-pass electrofishing removal sampling for estimating juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) abundance and body size ...