• Annual adult survival drives trends in Arctic-breeding shorebirds but knowledge gaps in other vital rates remain 

      Weiser, Emily L.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Brown, Stephen C.; Gates, H. River; Bêty, Joël; Boldenow, Megan L.; Brook, Rodney W.; Brown, Glen S.; English, Willow B.; Flemming, Scott A.; Franks, Samantha E.; Gilchrist, H. Grant; Giroux, Marie-Andrée; Johnson, Andrew; Koloski, Laura; Kwon, Eunbi; Lamarre, Jean-François; Lank, David B.; Latty, Christopher J.; Lecomte, Nicolas; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; McGuire, Rebecca L.; McKinnon, Laura; Nol, Erica; Payer, David; Perz, Johanna; Rausch, Jennie; Robards, Martin; Saalfeld, Sarah T.; Senner, Nathan R.; Smith, Paul A.; Soloviev, Mikhail; Solovyeva, Diana; Ward, David H.; Woodard, Paul F.; Sandercock, Brett; Kendall, Steve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Conservation status and management priorities are often informed by population trends. Trend estimates can be derived from population surveys or models, but both methods are associated with sources of uncertainty. Many ...
    • Antarctic petrels ‘on the ice rocks’: wintering strategy of an Antarctic seabird 

      Delord, Karine; Kato, A.; Tarroux, Arnaud; Orgeret, F.; Cotté, C.; Ropert-Coudert, Yan; Cherel, Y.; Descamps, Sebastien (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      There is a paucity of information on the foraging ecology, especially individual use of sea-ice features and icebergs, over the non-breeding season in many seabird species. Using geolocators and stable isotopes, we defined ...
    • Anti-parasite treatment and blood biochemistry in raptor nestlings 

      Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Sonne, Christian; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Schnug, Lisbeth; Bourgeon, Sophie; Ballesteros, Manuel; Eulaers, Igor; Moum, Truls Borg; Johnsen, Trond Vidar; Kjelgaard-Hansen, Mads; Herzke, Dorte; Jaspers, Veerle; Covaci, Adrian; Eens, Marcel; Halley, Duncan John; Erikstad, Kjell Einar; Ims, Rolf Anker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We investigated the effects of parasite removal on various blood clinical–chemical variables (BCCVs). BCCVs are indicators of health, reflecting, e.g., homeostasis of liver, kidney function, and bone metabolism. The study ...
    • Arctic browning: extreme events and trends reversing arctic greening 

      Phoenix, G. K.; Bjerke, Jarle W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    • Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) re-established in a formerly acidified and highly dilute mountain lake under declining acidic deposition 

      Hesthagen, Trygve H.; Saksgård, Randi J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Arctic charr in Rondvatn, a formerly highly acidified mountain lake in southern Norway, was re-established through stocking. The population became extinct during the early 1980s when the lake had an annual mean pH of ...
    • Arctic greening from warming promotes declines in caribou populations 

      Fauchald, Per; Park, Taejin; Tømmervik, Hans; Myneni, Ranga B.; Hausner, Vera Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Themigratory tundra caribou herds in North America follow decadal population cycles, and browsing from abundant caribou could be expected to counteract the current climate-driven expansion of shrubs in the circumpolar ...
    • Arthropod distribution in a tropical rainforest: tackling a four dimensional puzzle 

      Basset, Yves; Cizek, Lukas; Cuénoud, Philippe; Didham, Raphael K.; Novotny, Vojtech; Ødegaard, Frode; Roslin, Tomas; Tishechkin, Alexey K.; Schmidl, Jürgen; Winchester, Neville N.; Roubik, David W.; Aberlenc, Henri-Pierre; Bail, Johannes; Barrios, Héctor; Bridle, Jonathan R.; Castano-Meneses, Gabriela; Corbara, Bruno; Curletti, Gianfranco; da Rocha, Wesley Duarte; de Bakker, Domir; Medianero, Enrique; de Oliveira, Evandro Gama; Orivel, Jérôme; Marc, Pollet; Rapp, Mathieu; Ribeiro, Sérvio P.; Roisin, Yves; Schmidt, Jesper B.; Sørensen, Line; Lewinsohn, Thomas M.; Leponce, Maurice; Kitching, Roger L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Quantifying the spatio-temporal distribution of arthropods in tropical rainforests represents a first step towards scrutinizing the global distribution of biodiversity on Earth. To date moststudies have focused on narrow ...
    • Assessing incidental bycatch of seabirds in Norwegian coastal commercial fisheries: Empirical and methodological lessons 

      Fangel, Kirstin; Aas, Øystein; Vølstad, Jon Helge; Bærum, Kim Magnus; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Nedreaas, Kjell Harald; Overvik, Modolf; Wold, Line Camilla; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      With diminishing seabird populations and little knowledge on incidental bycatch in fisheries in the Northeast Atlantic, this study aimed to screen seabird bycatch in Norwegian coastal fisheries in 2009. The purpose was ...
    • Assessing the consequences of habitat fragmentation for two migratory salmonid fishes 

      Junge, Claudia; Museth, Jon; Hindar, Kjetil; Kraabøl, Morten; Vøllestad, Leif Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      1. Man-made barriers such as dams affect the movement of aquatic species, reducing gene flow and Genetic variability. Such encroachments may also lead to selective changes in life history and behaviour. Hydropower construction ...
    • Assessing the effects of climate on host-parasite interactions: a comparative study of European birds and their parasites 

      Møller, Anders Pape; Merino, Santiago; Soler, Juan José; Antonov, Anton; Badás, Elisa P.; Calero-Torralbo, Miguel A.; de Lope, Florentino; Eeva, Tapio; Figuerola, Jordi; Flensted-Jensen, Einar; Garamszegi, László Zsolt; González-Braojos, Sonia; Gwinner, Helga; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Heylen, Dieter; Ilmone, Petteri; Klarborg, Kurt; Korpimäki, Erkki; Martínez, Javier; Martínez-de la Puente, Josue; Marzal, Alfonso; Matthysen, Erik; Matyjasiak, Piotr; Molina-Morales, Mercedes; Moreno, Juan; Mousseau, Timothy A.; Nielsen, Jan Tøttrup; Pap, Peter László; Rivero-de Aguilar, Juan; Shurulinkov, Peter; Slagsvold, Tore; Szép, Tibor; Szöllösi, Eszter; Török, Janos; Vaclav, Radovan; Valera, Fransisco; Ziane, Nadia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: Climate change potentially has important effects on distribution, abundance, transmission and virulence of parasites in wild populations of animals. Methodology/Principal Finding: Here we analyzed paired ...
    • Assessing the resilient provision of ecosystem services by social-ecological systems: introduction and theory 

      Sarkki, Simo; Ficko, Andrej; Wielgolaski, Frans Emil; Abraham, Eleni M.; Bratanova-Doncheva, Svetla; Grunewald, Karsten; Hofgaard, Annika; Holtmeier, Friedrich-Karl; Kyriazopoulos, Apostolos P.; Broll, Gabriele; Nijnik, Maria; Sutinen, Marja-Liisa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    • Assessing the Use of Artificial Hibernacula by the Great Crested Newt (Triturus cristatus) and Smooth Newt (Lissotriton vulgaris) in Cold Climate in Southeast Norway 

      Dervo, Børre Kind; Museth, Jon; Skurdal, Jostein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Construction of artificial overwintering habitats, hibernacula, or newt hotels, is an important mitigation measure for newt populations in urban and agricultural areas. We have monitored the use of four artificial hotels ...
    • At which spatial and temporal scales can fungi indicate habitat connectivity? 

      Nordén, Jenni; Åström, Jens; Josefsson, Torbjörn; Blumentrath, Stefan; Ovaskainen, Otso; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Nordén, Björn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Isolation of habitats in space and time affects species globally and in a multitude of ecosystems. It is however often difficult to assess the level of isolation from the point of view of the focal species. Indicator species ...
    • Attitudes towards returning wolves (Canis lupus) in Germany: exposure, information sources and trust matter 

      Arbieu, Ugo; Mehring, Marion; Bunnefeld, Nils; Kaczensky, Petra; Reinhardt, Ilka; Ansorge, Hermann; Böhning-Gaesea, Katrin; Glikman, Jenny A.; Kluth, Gesa; Nowak, Carsten; Müller, Thomas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Understanding how exposure and information affect public attitudes towards returning large carnivores in Europe is critical for human-carnivore coexistence, especially for developing efficient and de-escalating communication ...
    • “Å, nå telte han deg også” – er det noe vits da? 

      Wold, Line Camilla; Gundersen, Vegard; Fangel, Kirstin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Automatiske ferdselstellere benyttes i stadig flere naturområder. Vi får vite hvor mange mennesker som gikk her eller der. Vi sitter med et tall. Men hva sier tallene oss egentlig, og hvordan kan vi bruke dem i en adaptiv ...
    • Barns lek i natur – i spennet fra selvutfoldelse til kontroll 

      Skår, Margrete; Follo, Gro Irene; Gundersen, Vegard; Ingebrigtsen, Kim; Stordal, Gjertrud; Tordsson, Bjørn Stefan; Wold, Line Camilla (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      I en 3-årig studie finansiert av Norges forskningsråds program Miljø 2015 (prosjektperiode 2012–2015) har vi i bred forstand undersøkt hvordan barn erfarer natur i dag. I denne artikkelen vil vi rette fokuset mot barns lek ...
    • Behavioral buffering of extreme weather events in a high-Arctic herbivore 

      Loe, Leif Egil; Hansen, Brage Bremset; Stien, Audun; Albon, Steve D.; Bischof, Richard; Carlsson, Anja M.; Irvine, Justin; Meland, Morten; Rivrud, Inger Maren; Ropstad, Erik; Veiberg, Vebjørn; Mysterud, Atle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      As global warming advances, there is a growing concern about the impact of extreme weather events on ecosystems. In the Arctic, more frequent unseasonal warm spells and rain-on- snow events in winter cause changes in ...
    • Behaviour and mortality of downstream migrating Atlantic salmon smolts at a small power station with multiple migration routes 

      Kärgenberg, Einar; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Järvekülg, Rein; Sandlund, Odd Terje; Saadre, Ene; Økland, Finn; Thalfeldt, Mart; Tambets, Meelis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Salmon smolts were released upstream of a run‐of‐river hydropower site and recaptured downstream for inspection. Descending fish behaviour through three possible migration routes (turbines, fishway, spillway) was analysed ...
    • Behaviour and survival of wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar captured and released while surveillance angling for escaped farmed salmon 

      Lennox, Robert J.; Havn, Torgeir Børresen; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Liberg, Egil; Cooke, Steven J.; Uglem, Ingebrigt (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In many Norwegian rivers, spawning stocks are surveyed for escaped farmed salmon with surveillance fishing by rod and reel after the recreational angling season. However, the benefits of surveillance fishing depend on the ...
    • Being stressed outside the park — conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia 

      Hunninck, Louis; Ringstad, Iris; Jackson, Craig Ryan; May, Roelof Frans; Fossøy, Frode; Uiseb, Kenneth; Killian, Werner; Røskaft, Eivin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The conservation of the African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) is of prime importance for many African countries. Interactions between elephants and humans are known to induce stress and thereby have the potential ...